Search results “Oil sands surface mining process diagram”
How Suncor Gets Oil from Sand
Learn about the process Suncor uses to extract bitumen from the oil sands: both surface mining as well as steam-assisted gravity drainage (SAGD) while trying to minimize our impact on the environment. This video also features facts about the massive equipment used in our operations. You can read more about our oil sands operations at http://www.suncor.com/en/about/242.aspx
Views: 84527 Suncor Energy
019 - Mining In this video Paul Andersen explains how mining is used to extract valuable minerals from the Earth's crust. Surface and subsurface mining are used to extract ore which is then processed. A discussion of ecosystem impacts and legislation is also included. Do you speak another language? Help me translate my videos: http://www.bozemanscience.com/translations/ Music Attribution Intro Title: I4dsong_loop_main.wav Artist: CosmicD Link to sound: http://www.freesound.org/people/CosmicD/sounds/72556/ Creative Commons Atribution License Outro Title: String Theory Artist: Herman Jolly http://sunsetvalley.bandcamp.com/track/string-theory All of the images are licensed under creative commons and public domain licensing: Cateb, M. (2010). Português: Cobre e latão para soldas. Lingote de prata 950 e chapa de prata. Liga para ser adicionada à prata, com cobre e germânio. Grânulos de prata fina. Foto : Mauro Cateb, joalheiro brasileiro. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Metals_for_jewellery.jpg English: Anthracite coal. ([object HTMLTableCellElement]). Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Coal_anthracite.jpg File:MKingHubbert.jpg. (2011, September 13). In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:MKingHubbert.jpg&oldid=450215564 Jones, N. (2007). English: Sand and gravel strata on the southern edge of Coxford Wood The sand and gravel quarry goes right up to the edge of wood. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sand_and_gravel_strata_on_the_southern_edge_of_Coxford_Wood_-_geograph.org.uk_-_610732.jpg Jyi1693. (2006). English: Seawater photographed from aboard the MV Virgo out of Singapore, 2006. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sea_water_Virgo.jpg KVDP. (2009). English: A schematic showing the locations of certain ores in the world. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Simplified_world_mining_map_1.png printer, -G. F. Nesbitt & Co. (1850). English: Sailing card for the clipper ship California, depicting scenes from the California gold rush. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:California_Clipper_500.jpg USA, G. ([object HTMLTableCellElement]). Italiano: Grafico che rappresenta il picco di Hubbert della produzione petrolifera mondiale. Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Hubbert_world_2004.svg Vance, R. H. (1850). English: “Photomechanical reproduction of the 1850(?) daguerreotype by R. H. Vance shows James Marshall standing in front of Sutter’s sawmill, Coloma, California, where he discovered gold.” Retrieved from https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sutters_Mill.jpg
Views: 90680 Bozeman Science
bentonite processing procedure
More Details : http://wwa.stonecrushersolution.org/solutions/solutions.html we will provide a professional answer and quality of services. If this video does not meet your needs I apologize here. Visit Website: http://www.gospellightbaptistschool.com Contact Us For Help: http://www.gospellightbaptistschool.com/chat.html bentonite adhesive price in philippines, Crusher Machine For bentonite adhesive price in philippines manufacturer in Shanghai, China. bentonite adhesive price in philippines is manufactured from Shanghai ZME,It is the main Performance of magnesium oxide, coated bentonite in removal This paper presents the adsorption of Cu(II) ions from aqueous solution on modified Unye bentonite. Adsorption of Cu(II) ions by magnesium oxide, coated bentonit bentonite exploitation process in south africa The exploitation procedure affects the quality of the raw A small bentonite, processing plant has been operated by the Wyotana . imports came primarily from mining and processing of bentonite bentonite processing procedure, process crusher, mining processcrusher mining solutions bentoniteopen pit mines conveying system; open pit mines feeding . Preparing Clay Powder, Clay Magma, Powdered Bentonite Preparing Powdered Clay for External Use. Preparing powdered bentonite for external use is not difficult, but may require some patience. Sodium Activated Bentonite Process bentonite processing procedure. Aim of this paper is to describe the bentonite benefi, ciation process. 2. Bentonite. Processing methods used in the production of Bentonite usage in Wine and Juice Clarification and as Bentonite is also used as an initiator or starter for flocs in water treatment plants using common industrial Used in the “fining” step of processing wine, process of sulphur with bentonite mix for new application Fertilizer, Forms of Sulfur Fertilizer Break down into small particles can more quickly be accomplished through mixing of the sulfur with bentonite clay in the bentonite processing equipment Bentonite, MoreWine. Bentonite is a negative charged, clay, like mineral, that, like sparkalloid, removes positively charged particles. It works best when the wine is bentonite production process sttp steps of bentonite mining process process . steps of bentonite mining process process. If you want to get more detailed product information and prices, ZME recommend miduim bentonite processing machine bentonite processing plant machinery . can you filter press machine bentonite processing plant, YouTube. 9 Feb 2014 . More details:goo.gl/Pajuu7 More About can you bentonite mining process and equiptment bentonite processing, SCC 3, 05, 045 for fuller's earth processing, and SCC necessary equipment and procedures for well installation and development. used bentonite beneficiation process, SlideShare http://crusherexporters.com used bentonite beneficiation process, Process Of Beneficiation Ppt , Dry Magnetite Ore Beneficiation Process Diagram , Flow Proc Process engineer bentonite, Crusher Unit Get pdf (667k) wiley online library. 2. background. 2.1 the structure and engineering properties of bentonite interlayer process due to the relative amounts of WELL DEVELOPMENT, well drilling school Screen Well Development In screen well development, the processes are the same whether a natural pack or an artificial pack has been used in the construction of the well. universal bentonite processing machines bentonite processing procedure, Jaw Crusher VSI Crusher Cone Crusher, Crusher. universal bentonite processing machines, gmecrusher.com. universal bentonite gravel crushing and screening process description gravel gravel crushing and screening process description gravel, bentonite processing facilities in california beneficiation process of bentonite bentonite processing procedure . beneficiation process of bentonite. PUDONG EPC Provides Mineral Processing Solutions with Work and Cost Saving Wear process for preparing a bentonite powder How to Use Bentonite to Clarify Wine, Winemaker's Academy . A bentonite slurry being prepared for clarifying wine. Re, hydrate the bentonite powder by vigorously Cowboy Mining Company, Bentonite Mining / Welcome / Welcome Cowboy Mining Company is the bentonite mining, processing, and packaging division of PDSCo, Inc. We surface mine high quality sodium bentonite and further process the Hyperactivation of Bentonite in Pelletizing Process (PDF Official Full, Text Publication: Hyperactivation of Bentonite in Pelletizing Process on ResearchGate, the professional network for scientists. bentonite production equipment bentonite production eq
Views: 2759 Dacuk Porty
SAGD & WellPad Project Experience of Czarjeff Laban in Canada and Venezuela
Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage Process and Well Pads  In Alberta, Canada, 80 per cent of the oil sands are buried too deep below the surface for open pit mining and can only be accessed through in-situ methods such as Steam Assisted Gravity Drainage (SAGD). With the SAGD technique, a pair of horizontal wells, situated 4 to 6 metres above the other, is drilled from a central well pad. In a plant nearby, water is transformed into steam which then travels through above-ground pipelines to the wells and enters the ground via a steam injection (top) well. The steam heats the heavy oil to a temperature at which it can flow by gravity into the producing (bottom) well. The steam injection and oil production happen continuously and simultaneously.  The resulting oil and condensed steam emulsion is then piped from the producing well to the plant, where it is separated and treated. The water is recycled for generating new steam.  Up to 90 per cent of the water used during extraction is recycled.  Steam oil ratio, an efficiency measure of steam assisted gravity drainage operations, has been significantly lowered and one project in Alberta is achieving a ratio as low as two. This means using two barrels of water, injected as steam, to produce one barrel of oil.  A lower ratio also means less use of natural gas. It can take as little as one gigajoule per barrel to heat water into steam, which results in lower greenhouse gas emissions.  Emissions for SAGD project are around .06 tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent per barrel of bitumen. When emissions from SAGD are compared with combined emissions from mining and upgrading, the carbon dioxide emissions per barrel are at par.  While in Orinoco Petroleum Belt in Venezuela, which has a better geology and footprint uses conventional heavy oil production methods such as water-flooding or CHOP (Cold Heavy Oil Production), where oil flows to long horizontal wells with a large number of multi-lateral branches, without the use of heat or steam. Venezuela's oil recovery is quite low, often less than 10%, and there has been little incentive for producers to improve production rates.
Views: 507 Czarjeff Laban
Oil  and Gas  Wells--Start to Finish
Oil and Gas Wells--Start to Finish - California Department of Conservation - DVD 2 - California Department of Conservation. Division of Oil, Gas, and Geothermal Resources. How oil and gas wells are drilled, produced, and abandoned. Surface and subsurface environmental concerns are described, including the protection of fresh waters and drilling in urban areas.
Views: 451155 PublicResourceOrg
Animation of Hydraulic Fracturing (fracking)
Safe, cost-effective refinements in hydraulic fracturing (also known as fracking), horizontal drilling and other innovations now allow for the production of oil and natural gas from tight shale formations that previously were inaccessible. This video introduces the proven techniques used to extract resources from shale formations in a safe, environmentally responsible manner. Includes Spanish subtitles. For more information, visit: http://www.marathonoil.com/Social_Responsibility/Environmental_Stewardship/Hydraulic_Fracturing/
Views: 1891987 MarathonOilCorp
In-situ leaching
Horizontal wells instead of vertical as usual
Views: 2637 Chingiz Kashkay
Fracking explained: opportunity or danger
Fracking explained in five minutes. Fracking is a controversial topic. On the one side the gas drilling companies, on the other citizen opposed to this drilling method. Politicians are also divided on the matter. We try to take a neutral look on fracking. It is relevant for all of us, because of high prices for energy and the danger for our drinking water. This video focuses mostly on the debate currently ongoing in europe. In a lot of european countries there is a public outcry against fracking, espacially in germany. But the facts in this video are relevant to all of us. Short videos, explaining things. For example Evolution, the Universe, Stock Market or controversial topics like Fracking. Because we love science. We would love to interact more with you, our viewers to figure out what topics you want to see. If you have a suggestion for future videos or feedback, drop us a line! :) We're a bunch of Information designers from munich, visit us on facebook or behance to say hi! https://www.facebook.com/Kurzgesagt https://www.behance.net/kurzgesagt Fracking explained: opportunity or danger Help us caption & translate this video! http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCsXVk37bltHxD1rDPwtNM8Q&tab=2
process and refining gold flow diagram
More Details : http://wwa.stonecrushersolution.org/solutions/solutions.html we will provide a professional answer and quality of services. If this video does not meet your needs I apologize here. Visit Website: http://www.gospellightbaptistschool.com Contact Us For Help: http://www.gospellightbaptistschool.com/chat.html Flow Diagram Process Of Mining And Refining Iron Ore iron ore mining process diagram Solution for ore mining. Free iron ore mining process diagram article flow diagram of ore mining to refining process. process flow diagram for gold plant, Coal Surface Mining process flow diagram for gold plant Gold Ore Refining Process Flow Chart,Gold Extraction Process Flow Gold Ore Refining Process Flow Chart. Process Flow Of Refinery Plant, Tricia Joy Introduction. As mentioned in the definitions, use of excess process heat in a plant for Figure 6 Schematic process flow chart for an oil refinery. process flow diagram of gold plant GOLD PLANT PROCESS FLOW SHEET Mining & Metallurgy. GOLD PLANT PROCESS FLOW SHEET. Principles of Lode Prospecting Gold Pans KNELSON: Concentrator KNELSON: Flowsheet gold ore process flow diagram, ZME gold ore process flow diagram. Products; Solutions; Applications; About Us; Contact Us; Gold Ore Refining Process Flow Chart,Gold Extraction Process Flow … a flow diagram for a gold ore crushing process Home Application a flow diagram for a gold ore crushing process. a flow diagram for a gold ore crushing 10 Mar 2014 Gold Ore Refining Process Flow Chart Pelletizing Plant Process Flow Diagram Gold Mining Equipments Pelletizing Plant Process Flow Diagram Gold Mining Equipments Main Contents. diagram for sand washing plant. . Hot Mining Equipments . Silica Sand With Acid Leaching gold how gold made flow diagram gold process flow diagram, OneMine Mining and Minerals TITLE: Hydrometallurgical Extraction of Precious Metals Using Thiourea : SUMMARY PROCESS FLOW DIAGRAM gold handling plant process flow diagram, ore crusher mill Joseph Kabwe, South Africa, LinkedIn. Currently working for Rand Refinery the world largest Gold refinery and Smelting Managing plant process control (KPI's) of Chemical Stripping Process Flow Diagram, Colt Refining Chemical Stripping Process Flow Diagram ? 2015 Colt Refining & Recycling All rights reserved, Site Map, Contact Us gold recovery process flow diagram block flow diagram of nickel processing plant. Find the Right and the Top nickel processing flow chart for your PLATING PLANT PROCESS MAP (CHART 1) gold, lead, nickel gold recovery process flow diagram pdf Estimated Water Requirements for Gold Figure 1 is a simplified flow diagram of the gold heap leach process Ore Gold Ore Refining Process Flow Chart,Gold Gold Process Handbooks, Hydrocarbon Processing Produced by the staff of Hydrocarbon Processing magazine, this comprehensive industry reference source contains flow diagrams and descriptions of more than 194 gold processing process flow diagram Bench Scale Metallurgical Testing to Develop a Process Flow Diagram . Bench Scale Metallurgical Testing to Develop a Process Flow Diagram gold ore process flow diagram Processing Flow Chart Of Gold . Processing Flow Chart Of Gold. Processing In A Simple Diagram usually very often contain minerals of gold ore. process flow diagram for tin ore processing plant Gold ore mining process and gold ore processing equipments. The process flow diagram refining and smelting process. Iron Ore Process Plant Flow Diagram: Related Iron flow diagram of ore mining to refining process gold refining process flow chart, Process Crusher, Mining . Gold Ore Refining Process Flow Chart,Gold Extraction Process Flow Iron ore processing plant Flow flow diagram and process description of gold refining Refinery, Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia . A refinery is a production facility composed of a group of chemical engineering unit processes and unit operations gold ore process flow diagram pdf co2 recovery plant process flow diagram, Coal Surface Mining, [.pdf]. Get Prices. Pioneer Energy Figure 3.4 Process flow diagram for CO2 recovery from flue gas by Gold Plant Process Flow Diagram, Crusher, stone crusher Gold Plant Process Flow Diagram. Gold Mining Process Flow Chart, Crusher Dealers. Gold Mining Process Flow Chart. Zenith Group is a professional mining machinery alumina refinery process flow diagram, price,manufacturer Flowchart. Process; Inputs; Locations; Employment; Trade; Environment Alumina refineries process bauxite ore to produce alumina, which is then used to extract gold handling plant process flow diagram, ore crusher mill Process plant act
Views: 569 Dacuk Porty
Magnet Drum Seperator
ELECTRO FLUX Magnetic drum separators offer the highest level of magnetic strength and are appropriate for many different applications, including scrap processing, auto shredding, mining, aggregate, or anywhere large volumes of metal need to be removed The concept of drum separation is very simple - material is fed to a rotating shell revolving around a stationary magnet. Ferrous metal remains on the shell surface until it passes from the magnetic field - separating it from the normal trajectory of the nonferrous material. The design of the Drum Separator features a continuously self-cleaning magnet, which can be provided as the drum only or as a complete assembly with the housing & drive included. Material to be processed enters the top of the drumseparator and flows across the surface of the drum. As the drum shell rotates around the stationary magnetic field, all Non ferrous product which is unaffected by the magnet falls free from the drum into the cleaned material flow. Any ferrous tramp metal is captured by the magnetic field and held on the drums surface. As the drum rotates, the metal is carried past the diverter and released outside of the magnetic field.
How Cyclone Separator Works
This video explains what a cyclone separator is, how it functions, its advantages over filters and its typical applications. The 3D model in the video can be found at saVRee.com or 3D-knowledge.com. All 3D models used in the video are available at www.saVRee.com. If you like the website, 3D models or the tutorial videos, please do support us on Patreon, or, spread the word via social media! https://www.patreon.com/3dknowledge https://www.facebook.com/3ddashknowledge/ https://twitter.com/3D_knowledge Thanks for watching! Jon Note: There are times in the video when I mention 'solution', it would have been better simply to use the word 'liquid', apologies for the lack of clarity on that point. Sources http://ssurethane.com/images/cone2.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Dyson_DC07_Vacuum_Cleaner.jpg
Views: 187820 3D-knowledge
How coal is formed - Practically demonstration!
Learn about the coal formation process, where coal mines are located and different types of coal like peat, lignite, sub-bituminous, bituminous and anthracite coals. Chapter 2 - Class 11 NCERT | Origin of the earth https://goo.gl/IAcfjV Click here if you want to subscribe https://www.youtube.com/user/TheRealSengupta Check the other playlists of NCERT Geography videos Class 6 - https://goo.gl/DDFtIF Class 7 - https://goo.gl/ppPK05 Class 8 - https://goo.gl/OD3Gwh Class 9 - https://goo.gl/AIEXxQ Class 10 - https://goo.gl/inWIAR Class 11 - https://goo.gl/Pn5EIE Class 11 (Part 2) - https://goo.gl/X4zY9K Class 12 - https://goo.gl/Kszpz5 schools online online classes for middle schoolers online education programs for high school teaching online high school online courses for middle school
Views: 73901 Amit Sengupta
Metal Refining & Recovery, Episode 21: Separate Gold From Sand With Heavy Liquid
I put one of my heavy liquids to work. Making the liquid: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gwJyzsSjJrE Help me make videos by donating here: https://www.patreon.com/CodysLab Follow me on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/codydonreeder SubReddit: https://www.reddit.com/r/codyslab/
Views: 291878 Cody'sLab
Froth Floatation Process
Follow us at: https://plus.google.com/+tutorvista/ Check us out at http://chemistry.tutorvista.com/inorganic-chemistry/metallurgy.html Froth Floatation Process Froth flotation is a process for selectively separating hydrophobic materials from hydrophilic. This is used in several processing industries. Historically this was first used in the mining industry The following steps are followed: 1.Grinding to liberate the mineral particles 2.Reagent conditioning to achieve hydrophobic surface charges on the desired particles 3.Collection and upward transport by bubbles in an intimate contact with air or nitrogen 4.Formation of a stable froth on the surface of the flotation cell 5.Separation of the mineral laden froth from the bath (flotation cell) Simple flotation circuit for mineral concentration. Numbered triangles show direction of stream flow, Various flotation reagents are added to a mixture of ore and water (called pulp) in a conditioning tank. The flow rate and tank size are designed to give the minerals enough time to be activated. The conditioner pulp [1] is fed to a bank of rougher cells which remove most of the desired minerals as a concentrate. The rougher pulp [2] passes to a bank of scavenger cells where additional reagents may be added. The scavenger cell froth [3] is usually returned to the rougher cells for additional treatment, but in some cases may be sent to special cleaner cells. The scavenger pulp is usually barren enough to be discarded as tails. More complex flotation circuits have several sets of cleaner and re-cleaner cells, and intermediate re-grinding of pulp or concentrate. froth flotation cell. Numbered triangles show direction of stream flow. A mixture of ore and water called pulp [1] enters the cell from a conditioner, and flows to the bottom of the cell. Air [2] or nitrogen is passed down a vertical impeller where shearing forces break the air stream into small bubbles. The mineral concentrate froth is collected from the top of the cell [3], while the pulp [4] flows to another cell. Please like our facebook page http://www.facebook.com/tutorvista
Views: 274522 TutorVista
the refinery process of coal mining in south africa
More Details : http://wwa.stonecrushersolution.org/solutions/solutions.html we will provide a professional answer and quality of services. If this video does not meet your needs I apologize here. Visit Website: http://www.gospellightbaptistschool.com Contact Us For Help: http://www.gospellightbaptistschool.com/chat.html Howstuffworks mining And Refining AluminumAluminium Ore Mining aluminium ore extraction and refining process, ZME . HowStuffWorks "Mining and Refining Aluminum" 29 Sep 2008 Aluminum is produced by aluminum ore refining refinery and mining new project in indonesia coal refining process in jakarta indonesia . Dec 24, 2013 Also, get information on suppliers and other industriesrefinery and mining new project in indonesia list of refining and coal mine in india ? mines crusher for sale list of refining and coal mine in india Description : It owns Fortune India's largest edible oil brand through a joint venture with Willmar in Singapore. gold refining process machine gold refining machine, page 1, chemkind. Detailed Gold Refining Machine. 1:Process Automation 2:ISO 3:Gold Mining Machines Manufacture since1985 High Recovery Gold Gold Refining Machine Price In India Binq Mining, China Gold Refining Machine Price In India Binq Mining Main Contents. aluvial gold sand refinery machine portable india BINQ Mining. spiral alluvial gold Portable Gold clean coal refining corporation, Crusher Screen Plate Clean Coal Refining CTL plant, Beyond Coal. Clean Coal Refining Corporation / Newport Chemical Depot Reuse Authority. City: Newport. Plant State: IN. gold refining equipments for sale in south africa gold processing equipments . Gold Mining Equipment For Sale in South Africa, Request for Quotation CRUSHING EQUIPMENTS FOR SALE. Gold Ore Jaw Crusher. BHP Billiton, A leading global resources company Demerger of South32. BHP Billiton has simplified its portfolio by demerging a group of high quality assets to create an independent global metals and mining company Mine Water Treatment, Mine Wastewater Treatment, Veolia Mine process water treatment. Extract minerals from water streams; Re, use process water; Treat mine sludge; Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies South Africa custom Gold Mine Tours Johannesburg's Gold beginnings, South Africa Historical Gold mine tours, historical Gold mine shafts of Kromdraai, Blaauwbank and Johannesburg’s Gold reef City. PetroSA, South Africa's National Oil Company we sell petrochemical products to South Africa′s major oil companies and export petrochemical products SOUTH AFRICA. Operations and Refinery; GTL Technology gold mining and refinery process Gold Refinery Plants Machine In South Africa canada gold refinery process small scale gold mining equipment in south africa equipment indonesia coal mining Silver Modern Mining Refining Process, Protable Plant ? four main types of mining: dredging, surface mining, underground mining and insitu mining. ? mining and refining process of silica sand ? the mining refining of gold refining equipment supplier south africa equipments required for gold mining and refinery, Solution ? equipments required for gold mining Gold Mining Equipment And Ore Beneficiation South Africa Gold in South Africa 2007 gold in south africa table of contents chapter 1: summary and key findings chapter 2: mining chapter 3: refining and recycling chapter 4: jewellery manufacturing gold mining and refinery process process and refining of diamonds mining south africa . 9 The expansion of gold mining in the Rand of South Africa began to . coal mining construction companies; iron ore refinery process, Mining, Crushing, Milling Iron ore mining process flow chart gold ore refining process plant, gold ore refinery flow chart. In this process, many gold mining types of equipment are used, south african gold mines method of gold refining mine process . coal mining some of its South African coal mines of the refining mill is the gold mines method of gold refining . Gold Mining In About Our Management Team, Rand Refinery Praveen Baijnath Praveen is a Chemical Engineer by training with 28 year's experience in minerals beneficiation and the chemical process industry. coal refining coal mining and refining pakistan, Solution for ore mining portable gold refining system Pakistan, Ore Mining Machine, Ore Efficient crushing mill Large coal mining process flow chart in south africa the right and the top copper refining flow chart for your coal handling plant for gold mining process south africa iron ore mineral processing gold mining and processing in south africa, Gold Ore Crusher gold mini
Views: 524 Dacuk Porty
Extraction of Petroleum
Check out us at: http://chemistry.tutorvista.com/organic-chemistry/petroleum-refining.html Petroleum Extraction Petroleum, also called crude oil occurs naturally and is an inflammable liquid that consists of a complex mixture of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights. It also contains other organic compounds that are found in geologic formations beneath the earth's surface. Please like our facebook page http://www.facebook.com/tutorvista Follow us at: https://plus.google.com/+tutorvista/
Views: 78033 TutorVista
Scotland bans fracking
Visit http://archive.nextanimationstudio.com or contact [email protected] to license this or any News Direct video For story suggestions please contact [email protected] RESTRICTIONS: NONE The Scottish government looks set to make fracking illegal in the country following opposition against it from the public. Fracking miners bore a deep pipeline that curves and extends for several miles. Next, they ply it with fracking fluid. This is a cocktail of water, sand and toxic chemicals. Pressure from this creates underground fractures that the sand keeps open. Shale gas then flows back toward the surface where it is extracted for energy use." Opponents to the process fear it may cause cracks to form in near-surface underground rock. Methane gas can seep into and create flammable water. Scottish lawmakers will vote on whether or not to ban fracking later this year, reported Scotland newspaper The National. RUNDOWN SHOWS: 1. Location of Scotland on globe 2. Depiction of pipeline being created 3. Depiction of harvested shale gas moving back along pipeline 4. Depiction of cracks forming near and underneath Scottish homes VOICEOVER (in English): "The Scottish government looks set to make fracking illegal in the country following opposition against it from the public, but why is the process so controversial?" "Fracking miners bore a deep pipeline that curves and extends for miles." "Next, they ply it with fracking fluid. This is a cocktail of water, sand and toxic chemicals." "Pressure from this creates underground fractures that the sand keeps open." "Shale gas then flows back toward the surface where it is extracted for energy use." "Fracking opponents fear the process may cause cracks in near-surface underground rock. "Methane gas can seep into these fissures and create flammable water." SOURCES: BBC, The National (Scottish newspaper) http://bbc.in/2xe0Gvg http://bit.ly/2xTSYDx *** For story suggestions please contact [email protected] For technical and editorial support, please contact: Asia: +61 2 93 73 1841 Europe: +44 20 7542 7599 Americas and Latam: +1 800 738 8377 ----------------------------------------­­---------------------------------------­-­---------------- Next Animation Studio’s News Direct service provides daily, high-quality, informative 3D news animations that fill in for missing footage and help viewers understand breaking news stories or in-depth features on science, technology, and health. Sign up for a free trial of News Direct's news animations at http://newsdirect.nextanimationstudio.com/trial/ To subscribe to News Direct or for more info, please visit: http://newsdirect.nextanimationstudio.com
Views: 1063 News Direct
Chemistry Books | Extraction of Copper From Copper Pyrites | Froth Floatation | Bessemerisation
Extraction of copper from copper pyrites involves the following steps. This tutorial is created based on plus two Chemistry Books. Crushing and concentration The ore is crushed and then concentrated by froth-floatation process. What is froth floatation process? In this process the powdered ore is mixed with water and a little pine oil, that is a foaming agent and the whole mixture is then stir vigorously by blowing compressed air. The oil forms the foam or froth with the air. The ore particles stick to the froth which rises to the surface. While the rocky and earthy impurities that is the gangue or matrix are left in water. The froth is skimmed of collected and allow to subside to get the concentrated ore. Roasting The concentrated ore is heated strongly in the reverberatory furnace, in excess of air. During roasting, i) Moisture is removed. ii) The volatile impurities are removed. iii) Sulphur, phosphorus, arsenic and antimony which are present as impurity are removed as volatile oxides. Sulphur plus oxygen gives sulphur dioxide. Phosphorus plus oxygen gives phosphorus pentoxide. Arsenic plus oxygen gives arsenic trioxide. The copper pyrite is partly converted into sulphides of copper and iron. Copper pyrire plus oxygen gives copper sulphide plus iron sulphide plus sulphur dioxide. Iron sulphide plus oxygen gives iron two oxide plus sulphur dioxide. Smelting The roasted ore is mixed with powdered coke and sand and is heated in a blast furnace. It is made of steel plates lined inside with fire clay bricks. Hot air at 800 degree Celsius is introduced from the tuyers near the base of the furnace. As a result, the following changes occur. Iron sulphide plus oxygen gives iron two oxide plus sulphur di oxide. Iron oxide plus silicon dioxide gives ferro-silicate. that is a fusible slag. Copper glance plus oxygen gives cupride plus sulphur di oxide. Cupride plus iron sulphide gives copper glance plus iron oxide. Iron oxide plus silicon dioxide gives ferro-silicate. That is a fusible slag. As a result of smelting, two separate molten layers are formed at the bottom of the furnace. The upper layer consists of slag and is removed as a waste while the lower layer is called matte. It chiefly consists of cuprous sulphide and some unchanged ferrous sulphide. Bessemerisation The molten matte is transfered to a Bessemer converter as shown in the visual. The Bessemer is mounted on a horizontal axis and is fitted with small pipes called tuyeres through which a blast of hot air and fine sand is admitted. Any sulphur, arsenic and antimony still present escape as their respective oxides. Ferrous sulphide present in matte is oxidised to ferrous oxide which combines with silica to form slag. Iron sulphide plus oxygen gives Iron two oxide plus sulphur di oxide. Iron oxide plus silicon dioxide gives ferrosilicate. That is a fusible slag. Some of the cuprous sulphide undergoes oxidation to form cuprous oxide which then reacts with more cuprous sulphide to give copper metal. The impure metal thus obtained is called blister copper and is about 98% pure. Cuprus sulphide plus oxygen gives cuprus oxide plus sulphur dioxide. Cuprus oxide plus cuprus sulphide gives copper plus sulphur dioxide. Refining Blister copper contains about 2% of impurities and it is purified by electrolytic refining. Electrolytic Refining This method is used to get metal of high degree of purity. For electrolytic refining of copper, A block of impure copper metal acts as anode A thin plate of pure copper metal acts as cathode Copper sulphate solution acidified with sulphuric acid is taken as electrolyte. When electric current is passed through the electrolytic solution pure copper get deposited on the cathode ,impurities settle near the anode in the form of sludge called anode mud.
Views: 12353 Easy Tips 4 Learner
Unearthing coal seam gas
This animation provides an overview of the coal seam gas extraction process, from drilling the well to what happens to the extracted gas and water. Also explained are some potential impacts of coal seam gas development and the technique used to increase the rate of gas and water flow, known as hydraulic fracturing (fraccing). For more information about coal seam or shale gas and current research on the social and environmental impacts of Australia’s gas industry visit http://www.csiro.au/Outcomes/Energy/Energy-from-oil-and-gas/UnconventionalGas.aspx and http://www.gisera.org.au Video transcript available here: http://www.csiro.au/news/transcripts/YouTubeTranscripts/2014/Aug/Unearthing-coal-seam-gas.html
Views: 19747 CSIRO
Where Do We Get Oil From? - Geography for Kids | Educational Videos by Mocomi
https://mocomi.com/ presents: Where do we get oil from? The Earth’s surface, millions of years ago, was covered with more water than what it has today and living in this were billions of tiny plants and animals. When these plants and animals died, they fell to the ocean floor and piled up. Sand from eroding rocks and mud covered them up. These layers of sand and mud were heavy and this weight turned them into sedimentary rocks. Heat from the earth and the weight of the rocks caused the dead plants and animals to compress into oil. Once the oil is formed, it slowly moves up through pores in the rocks. However in some cases, rocks without any pores leaves oil trapped underground. Oil is found in different parts of the world. The places where oil is extracted are called oil fields. More than half of the world’s oil is produced in the Middle East. To get to the oil, a company must first drill down to it. A rig is set up to support the drill. Then a well is drilled into the ground until the oil is reached. If the oilfield is in the sea, then offshore rigs are used. Watch this interesting video on how oil is formed from fossils which are compressed under the ocean floor. To learn more about where we get oil from, go to: https://mocomi.com/where-do-we-get-oil-from/ For more such interesting videos and interactive articles related to earth and geography, visit: https://mocomi.com/learn/geography/ Follow Mocomi Kids - Top educational website for kids, on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/mocomikids/ on Twitter https://twitter.com/MocomiKids on Pinterest https://www.pinterest.com/mocomikids/ on Google+ https://plus.google.com/+mocomikids/ on LinkedIn https://www.linkedin.com/company/mocomi-kids
Views: 182962 MocomiKids
How Did So Much Oil Get Trapped Under The Ocean?
What is oil even made of? Here's how fossil fuels form in the ocean and how scientists know where to find it. How Uranium Becomes Nuclear Fuel - http://dne.ws/1zANhcb Sign Up For The Seeker Newsletter Here - http://bit.ly/1UO1PxI Read More: The Mysterious Origin And Supply Of Oil http://www.livescience.com/9404-mysterious-origin-supply-oil.html "It runs modern society and fuels serious political tension. But where does oil really come from, and how much is left? The far-out possibilities might surprise you. Nature has been transmuting dead life into black gold for millions of years using little more than heat, pressure and time, scientists tell us." Why Is Oil Usually Found In Deserts And Arctic Areas? http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/why-is-oil-usually-found/ "Plate tectonics determines the location of oil and gas reservoirs and is the best key we have to understanding why deserts and arctic areas seem to hold the largest hydrocarbon reserves on earth. But there are other important locations of large reserves: river deltas and continental margins offshore. Together, these four types of areas hold most of the oil and gas in the world today." Stanford Scientists Discover How Pangea Helped Make Coal http://news.stanford.edu/2016/01/22/coal-formation-pangea-012216/ "The same geologic forces that helped stitch the supercontinent Pangea together also helped form the ancient coal beds that powered the Industrial Revolution." ____________________ DNews is dedicated to satisfying your curiosity and to bringing you mind-bending stories & perspectives you won't find anywhere else! New videos daily. Watch More DNews on Seeker http://www.seeker.com/show/dnews/ Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel DNews on Twitter http://twitter.com/dnews Trace Dominguez on Twitter https://twitter.com/tracedominguez DNews on Facebook https://facebook.com/DiscoveryNews DNews on Google+ http://gplus.to/dnews Discovery News http://discoverynews.com Sign Up For The Seeker Newsletter Here: http://bit.ly/1UO1PxI
Views: 224188 Seeker
Forecasting U.S. Crude Oil Production Webinar
EIA hosted this webinar to examine trends in U.S. crude oil production during 2017 and the implications for 2018 and 2019. EIA’s goals were to share the agency’s current analysis and approach for forecasting U.S. oil production, hear from several other oil market analysts and then field questions and recommendations from the audience. Speakers included John Conti (EIA, Acting Administrator), John Staub (EIA, Director of Office of Petroleum, Natural Gas & Biofuels Analysis), Harold Hamm (Domestic Energy Producers Alliance (DEPA) Chairman and Continental Resources), Phillip Dunning (Drillinginfo, Manager, Consulting Services), and Artem Abramov (Rystad Energy, VP Analysis). This webinar aired on Thursday, November 16, 2017. The Powerpoint from this webinar can be found on EIA's website: https://www.eia.gov/petroleum/workshop/crude_production/pdf/Agenda_Bios.pdf
Views: 1601 EIAgov
The How, Why, and How Much of Oil
Everyone does it -- using oil, that is. But how much do we have left? How do scientists find it? And where are they looking for it now that the easiest pickings have been taken? Hank has the answers to the how, why and how much of oil. Like SciShow? Want to help support us, and also get things to put on your walls, cover your torso and hold your liquids? Check out our awesome products over at DFTBA Records: http://dftba.com/artist/52/SciShow -- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com
Views: 756172 SciShow
#SAVEBOR Фильм про Бузулукский бор (+18)
#SaveBor – это фильм о национальном парке «Бузулукский Бор», единственном в мире реликтовом степном сосновом лесу. Весной 2015 года в России был объявлен тендер на добычу в нем нефти. This is a film about the Buzuluksky Bor National Park. It is the only steppe relict pine forest in the world. In the spring of 2015 a tender to produce oil here was published in Russia. Его выиграла компания «Новый поток» – предприятие, занимающееся только переработкой и не имеющее опыта добычи нефти на особо охраняемых территориях. Объявило тендер министерство природных ресурсов России. Ведомство, которое должно было защищать заповедники, само предложило добывать нефть в центре национального парка. It went to the New Stream company which at the moment only dealt with oil processing and had no experience of oil production on protected territories. The tender was published by the Ministry of Natural Resources of Russia. The state institution which has to protect national parks offered to produce oil right in the center of one of them. Фильм про Бузулукский бор – это фильм об огромном живом организме, который хотят уничтожить на наших глазах. Сайт фильма: http://www.savebor.com/ Site: http://www.savebor.com/eng (+18) фильм с цензурой и детьми можно посмотреть в социальных сетях: https://vk.com/buzulukforest https://www.facebook.com/savebor/
Views: 44692 UNITED GEO
Colombia's Hidden Cocaine Route: El Naya
Colombia is one of the world's top cocaine-producing countries with a majority of the drug ending up on US soil. VICE Colombia take a dangerous trip along El Naya to examine the grueling production process. Click here to subscribe to VICE: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE Check out our full video catalog: http://bit.ly/VICE-Videos Videos, daily editorial and more: http://vice.com More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideo Like VICE on Facebook: http://fb.com/vice Follow VICE on Twitter: http://twitter.com/vice Read our Tumblr: http://vicemag.tumblr.com Follow us on Instagram: http://instagram.com/vice Check out our Pinterest: https://pinterest.com/vicemag Download VICE on iOS: http://apple.co/28Vgmqz Download VICE on Android: http://bit.ly/28S8Et0
Views: 2383142 VICE
Living off the Grid: Paving Our Driveway with Gravel (3/4" Minus Rock)
Full blog post: http://purelivingforlife.com/paving-driveway/ Enjoy our videos? Want to see more? Learn how to support our channel here: http://purelivingforlife.com/support/ We recently bought 5 acres where we will be living in a travel trailer while we build our home and homestead. One of the things that was getting on our nerves was the amount of dust we would track into the home so we decided to stop the dust long before it got to the door. Our solution was to pave our driveway with 3/4" minus rock. ENJOY THIS VIDEO? SUPPORT US WITHOUT PAYING A DIME! It takes us 40+ hours a week to document our journey on both our blog and our YouTube channel. If you enjoy watching our videos and want to help us to produce more of them, learn how you can help us without spending a dime! http://purelivingforlife.com/support/ POSTS YOU MAY LIKE Living off the Grid: Month One of Our Off Grid Homestead Development: http://purelivingforlife.com/month-one-roundup/ Living off the Grid: Month Two of Our Off Grid Homestead Development: http://purelivingforlife.com/month-two-roundup/ Our Portable RV Garage: http://purelivingforlife.com/our-portable-rv-garage/ Juicy Details of Our 5 Acre Property: http://purelivingforlife.com/our-property/ How We Researched, Found & Purchased the Best Land for Our Homestead: http://purelivingforlife.com/finding-land-for-homestead/ GET SOCIAL Follow us as we build our off grid homestead 100% from scratch! We post a lot of stuff to both our blog and our other social media channels that don't make it to YouTube, so be sure to follow us there for the full scoop of what we're working on! Blog: http://purelivingforlife.com Instagram: http://instagram.com/purelivingforlife Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/purelivingforlife Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/purlivforlif Twitter: https://twitter.com/pureliving4life EQUIPMENT USED TO PRODUCE OUR VIDEOS Camera #1: http://amzn.to/2aykTf8 Camera #2: http://amzn.to/2aCddvP Tripod: http://amzn.to/2aShOL4 Macbook Pro: http://amzn.to/2aCdGhy Editing software: http://bit.ly/1oTH5av
Views: 186608 Pure Living for Life
Geography Now! NIGER
Male beauty pageants, in the sand with Uranium and hippos. There you go. Check out http://www.GeographyNow.com ! You asked for merch so we made it for you! We now have a Public mailbox too! Feel free to send anything via mail! Our public mailbox address is: 1905 N Wilcox ave, #432 Los Angeles CA, 90068 SUBSCRIBE: http://bit.ly/1Os7W46 BTS info and tidbits? Check out the Facebook fan page: https://www.facebook.com/GeographyNowFanpage/?fref=ts Twitter: https://twitter.com/geographynow Instagram: http://instagram.com/GeographyNow_Official Become a patron! Donate to help pay for production of GN including Ken's salary. You also get exclusive BTS footage, pics/ and access to other perks! Go to: http://patreon.com/GeographyNow WATCH MORE: Countries A to Z: http://bit.ly/1T8Z9JY Europe: http://bit.ly/1YoRaIB ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Welcome to Geography Now! This is the first and only Youtube Channel that actively attempts to cover profiles on every single country of the world. We are going to do them alphabetically so be patient if you are waiting for one that's down the road. CONTACT US if you are from a country that is coming up! Teach us! Email: [email protected] Stay cool Stay tuned and remember, this is Earth, your home. Learn about it.
Views: 388990 Geography Now
Commerce & Chaos | Critical Role | Campaign 2, Episode 31
Thanks to D&D Beyond for sponsoring this episode of Critical Role! Be sure to check out D&D Beyond for all your digital toolset needs: https://www.dndbeyond.com/ The Mighty Nein take two weeks of down time in Zadash, shopping and researching, before embarking on their next adventure... Watch Critical Role Live Thursdays at 7pm PST on Twitch at https://www.twitch.tv/geekandsundry You can pick up Critical Role merch at http://shop.geekandsundry.com For more RPGs we love, go to http://bit.ly/GS_RPG Follow the cast on Twitter! Ashley: https://twitter.com/TheVulcanSalute Laura: https://twitter.com/LauraBaileyVO Liam: https://twitter.com/VoiceOfOBrien Matthew: https://twitter.com/matthewmercer Marisha: https://twitter.com/Marisha_Ray Taliesin: https://twitter.com/executivegoth Travis: https://twitter.com/WillingBlam Sam: https://twitter.com/samriegel Visit us on http://geekandsundry.com Subscribe to Geek and Sundry: http://goo.gl/B62jl Join our community at: http://geekandsundry.com/community Twitter: http://twitter.com/geekandsundry Facebook: http://facebook.com/geekandsundry Instagram: http://instagram.com/geekandsundry Thanks to @CRTranscript and all the critters for closed captions!
Views: 1031871 Geek & Sundry
http://ThoriumRemix.com/ Thorium is an abundant material which can be transformed into massive quantities of energy. To do so efficiently requires a very different nuclear reactor than the kind we use today- Not one that uses solid fuel rods, but a reactor in which the fuel is kept in a liquid state. Not one that uses pressurized water as a coolant, but a reactor that uses chemically stable molten salts. Such a reactor is called a "Molten Salt Reactor". Many different configurations are possible. Some of these configurations can harness Thorium very efficiently. This video explores the attributes of Molten Salt Reactors. Why are they compelling? And why do many people (including myself) see them as the only economical way of fully harnessing ALL our nuclear fuels... including Thorium. This video has been under development since 2012. I hope it conveys to you why I personally find Molten Salt Reactors so compelling, as do the many volunteers and supporters who helped create it. Much of the footage was shot by volunteers. All music was created by: http://kilowattsmusic.com To support this project, please visit: https://patreon.com/thorium Entities pursuing Molten Salt Reactors are... Flibe Energy - http://flibe-energy.com/ Terrestrial Energy - http://terrestrialenergy.com/ Moltex Energy - http://www.moltexenergy.com/ ThorCon Power - http://thorconpower.com/ Transatomic - http://www.transatomicpower.com/ Seaborg - http://seaborg.co/ Copenhagen Atomics - http://www.copenhagenatomics.com/ TerraPower - http://terrapower.com/ Bhabha Atomic Research Centre - http://www.barc.gov.in/ Chinese Academy of Sciences - http://english.cas.cn/ Regular Thorium conferences are organized by: http://thoriumenergyalliance.com/ http://thoriumenergyworld.com/ Table of Contents 0:00:00 Space 0:17:29 Constraints 0:28:22 Coolants 0:40:15 MSRE 0:48:54 Earth 0:59:46 Thorium 1:22:03 LFTR 1:36:13 Revolution 1:44:58 Forward 1:58:11 ROEI 2:05:41 Beginning 2:08:36 History 2:38:59 Dowtherm 2:47:57 Salt 2:51:44 Pebbles 3:06:07 India 3:18:44 Caldicott 3:35:55 Fission 3:56:22 Spectrum 4:04:25 Chemistry 4:12:51 Turbine 4:22:27 Waste 4:40:15 Decommission 4:54:39 Candlelight 5:13:06 Facts 5:26:08 Future 5:55:39 Pitches 5:56:17 Terrestrial 6:08:33 ThorCon 6:11:45 Flibe 6:20:51 End 6:25:53 Credits Some of this footage is remixed from non-MSR related sources, to help explain the importance of energy for both space exploration and everyday life here on Earth. Most prominently... Pandora's Promise - https://youtu.be/bDw3ET3zqxk Dr. Neil DeGrasse Tyson - https://youtu.be/Pun76NZMjCk Dr. Robert Zubrin - https://youtu.be/EKQSijn9FBs Mars Underground - https://youtu.be/tcTZvNLL0-w Andy Weir & Adam Savage - https://youtu.be/5SemyzKgaUU Periodic Table Videos - https://youtube.com/channel/UCtESv1e7ntJaLJYKIO1FoYw
Views: 145099 gordonmcdowell
2015 Isaac Asimov Memorial Debate: Water, Water
Join host and moderator Neil deGrasse Tyson and his panel of experts for a lively discussion about the past, present, and future of water on Earth. Earth is the only place in our solar system with liquid water on its surface. Even though water makes up only 0.03 percent of the Earth’s total mass, it covers 70 percent of the planet’s surface. Where did this water come from? Why is it mostly in liquid form? How much of it is drinkable and how vulnerable is this valuable resource? Will we ever run out? Will wars of the future be fought over access to it? Will future generations harness water from space? Is water essential to all life in the universe—or just to life on Earth? #IsaacAsimov #debates #Earth #water #panelists #naturalresources 2015 Asimov Panelists include: -Heidi Hammel, Planetary Astronomer,Executive Vice President of the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy -Tess Russo,Hydrologist,Assistant Professor in the Department of Geosciences at Pennsylvania State University  -Ellen Stofan, Planetary Geologist, Chief Scientist of NASA -Kathryn Sullivan, Geologist, Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Administrator -Charles Wald, General, U.S. Air Force, Retired; Director and Senior Advisor to the aerospace and defense industry for Deloitte LP The late Dr. Isaac Asimov, one of the most prolific and influential authors of our time, was a dear friend and supporter of the American Museum of Natural History.  In his memory, the Hayden Planetarium is honored to host the annual Isaac Asimov Memorial Debate — generously endowed by relatives, friends, and admirers of Isaac Asimov and his work — bringing the finest minds in the world to the Museum each year to debate pressing questions on the frontier of scientific discovery.  Proceeds from ticket sales of the Isaac Asimov Memorial Debates benefit the scientific and educational programs of the Hayden Planetarium. 2017 Isaac Asimov Memorial Debate: De-Extinction https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_LnAtMeSVeY&index=1&list=PLrfcruGtplwGKzxDI_Ne06NlpOKt-yonZ 2016 Isaac Asimov Memorial Debate: Is the Universe a Simulation? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wgSZA3NPpBs&index=2&t=25s&list=PLrfcruGtplwGKzxDI_Ne06NlpOKt-yonZ 2015 Isaac Asimov Memorial Debate: Water, Water https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FSF79uS3t04&index=3&t=25s&list=PLrfcruGtplwGKzxDI_Ne06NlpOKt-yonZ 2014 Isaac Asimov Memorial Debate: Selling Space https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GbmFeEIKBFI&index=4&t=25s&list=PLrfcruGtplwGKzxDI_Ne06NlpOKt-yonZ 2013 Isaac Asimov Memorial Debate: The Existence of Nothing https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1OLz6uUuMp8&index=5&t=25s&list=PLrfcruGtplwGKzxDI_Ne06NlpOKt-yonZ 2012 Isaac Asimov Memorial Debate: Faster Than the Speed of Light https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5qlLW60wOjo&list=PLrfcruGtplwGKzxDI_Ne06NlpOKt-yonZ&index=6 2011 Isaac Asimov Memorial Debate: The Theory of Everything https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Eb8_3BUHcuw&list=PLrfcruGtplwGKzxDI_Ne06NlpOKt-yonZ&index=7 Rose Center Anniversary Isaac Asimov Debate: Is Earth Unique? https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9Ji_GdAk9vU&index=8&list=PLrfcruGtplwGKzxDI_Ne06NlpOKt-yonZ&t=25s *** Subscribe to our channel: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=AMNHorg Check out our full video catalog: http://www.youtube.com/user/AMNHorg Facebook: http://fb.com/naturalhistory Twitter: http://twitter.com/amnh Tumblr: http://amnhnyc.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/amnh This video and all media incorporated herein (including text, images, and audio) are the property of the American Museum of Natural History or its licensors, all rights reserved. The Museum has made this video available for your personal, educational use. You may not use this video, or any part of it, for commercial purposes, nor may you reproduce, distribute, publish, prepare derivative works from, or publicly display it without the prior written consent of the Museum. © American Museum of Natural History, New York, NY
Rectangular sedimentation tank design.
hi dears! Eid mubarak! today in this lecture we will be learning the detail design of a rectangular sedimentation tank or settling tank. settling or sedimentation tank is just a nice component of modern system of water supply or wastewater treatment. A sedimentation tank allows suspended particles to settle out of water or wastewater as it flows slowly through the tank. also we will give little touch to the classes of sedimentation tank. in the design calculation we will give solution to the following problem. problem #1 :- Design a rectangular sedimentation tank for a population of one lack persons. Rate of water supply is 150 lit/no/day. Water will stay for 2 hours in tank (detention period) lets check the design process in the video lecture. watch next lecture for circular sedimentation tank design... pic link: https://www.sswm.info/content/septic-tank some other important links: More problems: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TBhR8NLknsk&list=PLkqQL18wHNCs0MRp-PepuCb5Ccdno8_-T Land survey: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6ujrkL59uFU&list=PLkqQL18wHNCs40pso05CRa5rje4FwSmaO Quantity survey: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fCuGzkwlqTE&list=PLkqQL18wHNCue8D3ubdFpK6bnFyIg6EPu RCC design etc. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KBL5qGFmr0w&list=PLkqQL18wHNCsB1F2-d41XoKkBi9eHBOOc public health engineering: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XBOpOE4a-N0&list=PLkqQL18wHNCviZaGTEfbo8CmcyUgUgMZG Area and volume calculation: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i6bCiO8xfdg&list=PLkqQL18wHNCtt3EwuyXazHt33xEeQ7zga support us on Facebook page: https://web.facebook.com/SLKSTUTS/ support us on Facebook group: https://web.facebook.com/groups/1491438474418612/ support us on blog: engineeringwithslk.blogspot.com thank you for watching....
Views: 51622 Engineer Boy
Pumpjack - Lufkin conventional pumping unit
I have no idea why this thing stopped pumping oil during my recording - there were no people around, no security systems, nothing to stop it as far as I could tell! However, Perdyfly1 wrote to say, "The pumpjack stopped because it was on a timer. I repair the wellheads and often have to wait for the timer to restart the pumpjack so I can shut it down myself." Thanks for the info Perdyfly1!!!! Anyway, a "pumpjack" can also be called a "nodding donkey," "pumping unit," "horsehead pump," "beam pump," "sucker rod pump (SRP)," "grasshopper pump, ""thirsty bird," and "jack pump." These types of pumps are used to mechanically lift liquid out of a well if there's not enough bottom pressure to naturally force the fluid up. I found this particular unit near the town of Rangely, Colorado, about 440 kilometres (270 miles) west of Denver. "Ken Bailey" provided this information on September 12, 2014: This pump is on a well not far from the Blue Mountain Cutoff, about 2/3 of the way eastward through the ten-mile-wide Rangely Field. The pump model is a Lufkin conventional we used to call '64's," the approximate length in inches that the pump would pull the "polished rod" out of the well on each upstroke. In the 1950's, Rangely had 500 pumping wells; today only about 90 still have surface pumpers remaining (many are pumped from underground). This Lufkin is an older model, the curved lines on the "Equalizer" (the part of the rear of the "walking beam" where the arms from the crank come up to meet it) give it away. At one time, these stretched out in straight rows for as far as the eye could see, set apart from each other on neat 40' spacing like a checkerboard. It was a neat place to grow up, and I wandered the field freely as a kid, but I wouldn't recommend it today..." In August 2013 GilbertLA63 provided this info: "These Lufkin pumping units were ubiquitous in the Long Beach and Signal Hill areas of southern Los Angeles County in the 1950's. None of the pumping units then were on timers, and there were literally wells everywhere you looked. Of course, that included the whole Los Angeles basin." [ed note: as a small boy in Long Beach, during the sixties, I, myself, remember so wells still visible in Long Beach while my family lived there] In October 2011 hefley4 provided this additional info: "Rangely is located in the great Uintah Desert in the extreme northwest corner of Colorado -- the desert stretches deep across the border into Utah, and much of Dinosaur National Monument is found on or near it. It is reputed to be the bed for an ancient inland sea, not surprising as many large oil deposits are found beneath former oceans that provided the immese pressure to crush the fossil remains into oil over long periods of time." "hefley4" added this information in October 2011 as well:: Artesia's named was changed to Dinosaur somewhere around 1960 to capitalize on the growing tourist trade coming to view the amazing bone discoveries and spectacular scenery of Dinosaur National Monument. In my days in Rangely in the '60's, Dinosaur had no high school, and their kids were bussed the 20 mi into Rangely -- Dinosaur was the Rangely "suburbs" ... ! In January 2011 hefley4 added this info: "This pump is a conventional "walking beam horsehead" type manufactured by Lufkin Industries, probably in the 1950's. Once found in Rangely by the hundreds, Lufkin conventional pumps shared the field with "Bethlehem," "National," "Continental EMSCO," and "Oil Well Supply" model pumps on original placements, many under silver derrick towers. Most were black back than, before environmental rules mandated the sand paint. All ran continuously back then, but have auto-on-off "load-sensors" now. There was a picture on the Colo. School of Mines website of this same wellsite with a wooden derrick over a 'National Oil Supply' 1940's oil pump..." In December, 2010 lucincutoff provided this info: Some wells have timers, others are controlled remotely etc.. I know exactly where this well is. It is about 2 miles west of the town of Rangely. This particular pump is one of the older styles found in the Rangely Weber Sand Unit and is more than 60 years old. Here's my personal web page about fossil fuels and Peak Oil: http://www.rogerwendell.com/fossilfuels.html 08-23-2010
Views: 47062 zeekzilch
Fracking Explained with Animation by A2L Consulting
For more information, refer to our blog post on fracking litigation: http://www.a2lc.com/blog/bid/39467/Hydraulic-Fracturing-Fracking-Advocacy-and-Lobbying-Presentations A2L Consulting is often called upon to create lobbying graphics for use outside the courtroom. This advocacy presentation demonstrates how a well crafted PowerPoint can be combined with a narrator to create a persuasive presentation. Such advocacy graphics can widely distributed in advance of litigation to educate a target audience, to communicate with regulators and also used in settlement negotiations. Designed for ease of use, our persuasive presentations may be distributed as self-running PowerPoint presentations, on YouTube or presented on an iPad. Copyright A2L Consulting 2011 - 800.337.7697 - A2LC.com Hydraulic Fracturing, more commonly known as "Fracking," is a process, which allows natural gas to be extracted. Fracking has proven itself to be helpful in alleviating some dependents on the importation of foreign fuels, and is a stepping-stone for new technologies and energy independence for the United States. Until recently, pockets of natural gas have been lying approximately 1.5 miles beneath the surface of U.S. soil. Fracking allows us to recover this resource and bring relief to the ever-growing energy crisis facing the U.S. The fracking process has been used, or is currently being used, in a number of states. The process begins with drilling a borehole into the earth to a depth of approximately 1.5 miles or about 7,700 feet below the surface. Safety is a top priority, and precautionary measures are in place surrounding the borehole, such as protective steel casing, as well as additional cement casing at ground water levels. To help visualize the extreme depths at which extraction occurs, imagine you are standing on the observation deck of the Sears Tower, now known as the Willis Tower, in Chicago, Illinois, and you were looking down to the streets below. Now imagine five of the Willis Tower's stacked on top of each other, and looking downward from that distance. Five Willis Towers stacked vertically are the equivalent of 7,700 feet, the approximate death at which extraction occurs. One of the main concerns voiced by those opposing fracking, is the potential to contaminate the underground water supply. Preservation of ground water quality is the first priority in the fracking process, and this is addressed by placing additional steel cement casings around the borehole to prevent leaks in the aquifer. As the borehole is drilled into the ground, it passes through many different layers of earth and several thousand feet of solid rock layers. These rock layers, such as granite for example, are extremely dense, and therefore not affected during the fracking process. The density of those layers acts as a natural barrier between the shale layer where the extraction occurs, and the groundwater level, and thereby will prevent any natural gas or chemicals from seeping into the ground water supply. Fracking provides a valuable energy source for the United States. Natural gas is a clean fossil fuel. Using natural gas as an energy source, in lieu of other energy sources, such as coal for example, will reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 17%, and thus lead the United States towards a carbon-light environment. Moreover, the abundance of natural gas on U.S. soil will not only support America's energy needs for a longer period of time than other fossil fuels, it will also create jobs, stimulate the economy, and enable the United States to produce its own energy supply that in turn reduces our need to rely on foreign fuel imports. Extracting natural gas by fracking provides enormous benefits with minimal risks. It lowers energy costs and benefits the environment. The potential risks involved in fracking are minimal, and are easily managed. As we have seen here, ground water is protected by thick steel tubing and cement casing, and fracking occurs miles away from drinking water. New technologies and processes continue to ensure that safety is a top priority.
Views: 391380 A2L Consulting
Lotus effect - superhydrophobic surfaces
You have just watched a video broadcasting the self-cleaning and water repellent properties on a leaf surface (lotus effect). What you have seen in the video occurs due to a specific surface phenomenon called superhydrophobicity. It is known that lotus leaf behaves as a super hydrophobic surface. So, Superhydrophobicity is sometimes referred to as the lotus effect. Let us now analyze the characteristics and applications of this phenomenon. Superhydrophobic surfaces contain micro protrusions that are coated by nano waxy materials. When water droplets are poured, they will sit on the tips of the hydrophobic protrusion. The combined structure will trap a layer of air between the surface and the leaf. So, the liquid droplets will not adhere to the surface but instead will move freely taking dirty particles. As shown in the video, the different liquids used (water and honey) roll easily off the surface of the leaf .The hydrophobic leaf surface has a low surface tension and roughness initiation components. This is why the liquid droplet has a very high contact angle (𝜽greater than150) with respect to the leaf surface. As a result, the contact area between the liquid drop and the surface will be minimized and leads to the droplets forming a spherical shape on the surface. For a surface that has a lotus effect, air can be trapped under the liquid droplet. This will cause the liquid droplet to settle on a surface as if on a bed of nails that have solid and air fractions. Cassie-Baxter equation can be used to describe this. The contact angle is a function of the surface roughness, solid fraction, air fraction and the corresponding contact angle measured at flat surface (Young equation). As the solid fraction approaches 0, the Cassie-Baxter contact angle will approach 1800. The interest in superhydrophobic surfaces has grown exponentially over recent decades resulting in the development of many practical applications. This phenomenon inspires engineers to produce superhydrophobic surfaces that mimic the natural ones. And because of this, many applications have been already established in food and beverage industry, oil-water separation, microcondensation, mining industries, construction, humidity proof coatings for electronic devices, controlling transportation of fluids, anti-bio fouling and water corrosion prevention. An interesting application which is currently under research is the development of micro fuel cell chips. Some of the chemical and physical methods used by engineers today to fabricate such superhydrophobic surfaces are wax solidification, lithography, vapor deposition, polymer reconformation, Sol-gel processing, electrohydrodynamics and electrospinning. It is our job as engineers to utilize these various methods in order to enhance the applications of superhydrophobic surfaces benefitting the human population in more than one way.
Views: 36105 husnain Manzoor
How To Compute Cubic Meters
Looking for a tutorial on How To Compute Cubic Meters? This useful short video explains precisely how it's done, and will help you get good at math. Enjoy this tutorial from the world's most comprehensive library of free factual video content online. Subscribe! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=videojugeducation Check Out Our Channel Page: http://www.youtube.com/user/videojugeducation Like Us On Facebook! https://www.facebook.com/videojug Follow Us On Twitter! http://www.twitter.com/videojug Watch This and Other Related films here: http://www.videojug.com/film/how-to-calculate-cubic-meters
Views: 97318 Two-Point-Four
Making clean and tasty water with cool science! License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://k12videos.mit.edu/terms-conditions
Views: 419651 MITK12Videos
Horizontal Directional Drilling - how it works
3D animation that shows the technique of Horizontal Directional Drilling (HDD) Directional drilling (or slant drilling) is the practice for drilling non-vertical wells. Obstacles and other objects can be by-passed using this computer controlled technique. With HDD, the drilling equipment, which connects to the drilling tube on the surface, pulls the cable, casing pipes or pipeline through the ground. This avoids the need for costly excavation. The drilling process is divided into 3 steps: 1. Pilot (drill head or drill bit) 2. Reaming (by a fly-cutter) 3. Pull-in (barrel reamer) Produced by: http://www.studiolex.nl Commissioned by: http://www.vshanab.nl HDD wiki: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Directional_drilling Music: Appetite for Beats by Jacek Dojwa - Partners in Rhyme: http://www.partnersinrhyme.com/royaltyfreemusic/Ambient-Chill-Music-and-Electronica/Groove-Salad-Vol-3
Views: 738281 Lex de Prieëlle
Oil Filtration in Laboratory. Filter your mineral oil samples. GlobeCore
Oil filtration. The UVR-L laboratory filtration unit is designed for purification, clarification and restoration of performance of used oil with viscosity below 70 cSt at 20ºС. The unit efficiently operates with the following products: * transformer oil; * industrial oil; * turbine oil; * heating oil; * diesel fuel; * gas condensate etc. The UVR-L unit can be used for: * optimization of used oil purification using the UVR unit; * testing of various adsorbent efficiency; * evaluation of final purification degree, rate of filtration and - * adsorbent consumption when processing an oil product without the need to use the large UVR unit. UVR-L components The UVR-L lab unit includes the following components: * regeneration module; * frame * vacuum chamber * vacuum pump * control cabinet * coalescer dryer * piping. Principle of operation The regeneration module is filled with the required amount of regenerating adsorbent and then with oil. Heating is engaged. The oil passes through the powder and flows into the vacuum chamber. The vacuum pump creates vacuum in the chamber. The regenerated oil is drained from the chamber through a tap. The regeneration module is a vessel which is half filled with the regenerating powder, which regenerates the oil. The top of module is equipped with a lid, through which the module is filled with regenerating powder and oil. The lower part of the module consists of a rubber sleeve filled with regenerating powder and the lower lid, through which the module is vacuumized, regenerated oil is removed and the exhausted regenerating power extracted. The external surface of the module is wrapped with an electric heating band and heat insulation. UVR-L features: * compact size * simple transportation * operation on regular power grid * capability to purify oil samples directly on location * noiseless operation. More information about oil filtration in laboratory: https://globecore.com/products/oil-processing-equipment/oil-filtration-pumping/laboratory-oil-filtration-unit-uvr-l.html. Visit our groups in the social networks: - https://www.facebook.com/GlobecoreGmbH - https://www.linkedin.com/company/globecore - https://twitter.com/GlobecoreCom - https://plus.google.com/u/0/+Globecore
Views: 331526 GlobeCore company
The science of milk - Jonathan J. O'Sullivan
View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/the-science-of-milk-jonathan-j-o-sullivan The milk industry produces in excess of 840 million tons of products each year. Why do humans drink so much milk? And given that all mammals lactate, why do we favor certain types of milk over others? Jonathan J. O’Sullivan describes how milk is made. Lesson by Jonathan J. O'Sullivan, animation by TED-Ed.
Views: 863641 TED-Ed
The Earth is NOT what we have been trained to believe - There are no Forests on Earth
THIS IS ABSOLUTELY MIND BLOWING!!! This will totally change your thinking about our earth and how you see it. Even if you are a Flat Earther, this is going to blow your mind! The pictures speak for themselves. It is fantastic and explains why these large rock structures are not lava formations, but are something much different than we’ve been told. No Forests on Flat Earth is a masterpiece of efficient storytelling. Many assumptions have been made about how trees could have been this large and where they went. This is a view of these giant tree stumps from a Biblical perspective. The evidence pointing to these large buttes and mountains being giant petrified tree stumps is astounding. Not only do they look just like tree stumps, but they exhibit characteristics only found in biological organisms and trees. It’s possible these ancient trees were made from silicone and were nearly as hard as stone. This is a voice over for those who can not understand the original creators thick Russian accent. We follow his words and pace of speech. There is much to discuss on this new paradigm. Is it all correct? Time, critical thinking and much discussion will tell. Even Earth's wounds are healed beautifully... Thanks to "Asgard" and "WakeUpHumans" for their hardest work! Original video: https://youtu.be/UHkiZNT3cyE Legal Information Note: This video is lincensed under Creative Commons Attribution license. Source of the video: https://youtu.be/VS3h6O-gD8c Fair-use copyright disclaimer Copyright Disclaimer: All audio content belongs to their original creators/owners. Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for "fair use" for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. Please notify by email if there is a copyright concern. Contact info: [email protected] NaTuber Tv does not own the rights to these video clips. They have, in accordance with fair use, been repurposed with the intent of educating and inspiring others. However, if any content owners would like their images removed, please contact us by email. If you want to help us, please support us by subscribing to our channel NaTuber Tv, like, comment, and share this video, to as many people you can, for a Better, Peaceful World, For EVERYONE, including ANIMALS as well !!! Thank You Very Much !!! For more Healing Art, copper coils, shapes, designs, Tutorials and Plasma Technology you can visit our Youtube channel here: http://www.youtube.com/c/NaTuberTv Visit our Shop: https://www.etsy.com/shop/NaTuberTv The world’s first flying saucer - Nikola Tesla - The world's first man who made UFO https://youtu.be/2j3wBldVBHo 200.000 Year Old Levitation Technology - Michael Tellinger https://youtu.be/TaWR3oaAFT4 Uncovering the impossible - 6 of the Heaviest Ancient Stones Ever Made - Lost Civilizations https://youtu.be/lEVTVAG3xTk Healing is Voltage - The Physics of Emotions https://youtu.be/oVi7BuO0eoo Try to watch this without crying https://youtu.be/9sSjY7zb3A8 How To Make The Magravs Power Plasma Generator For Free Energy, Tutorial https://youtu.be/7Y2nUnRiVwI Mans Right to Know - Dr. Wilhelm Reich and Orgone Energy - Cloudbuster https://youtu.be/QL6ocP0AyxA Making Plasma Orgonite Pyramid https://youtu.be/T2szAaQc1ys How i have cured the eye cataract from my dog with a lemon and the lethal disease of leishmaniasis https://youtu.be/_6gHm5xQVgs How To Make New Super Strong Giza Style Copper Pyramid Design With Triskelions and Tensor Ring https://youtu.be/IZtCbiZLsAM Measuring the energy on 27 different fruits and vegetables with a voltmeter, Everything is Energy https://youtu.be/yY-cwL6RWXo New Strong Design, How To Make The Flower of Life Health Pen https://youtu.be/-RrRUCSH1vs Orgone Energy - A breakthrough that has already happened, conference https://youtu.be/bVxU106frfo How to make a self running 3 phase dual permanent magnet generator for free energy - Tutorial https://youtu.be/AWmrEEmi3e0 Experiment - 4.58 Volt Plasma Battery - How To Make - Free Energy https://youtu.be/lzVizck9XlU The Physics of Crystals: Before, Through and Beyond by Les Brown - Full Documentary https://youtu.be/1t04WLq0qgk Breast Cancer Eliminated Using Keshe Technologies - Demo by Dr.Rodrigo https://youtu.be/05ffLglOaS8 4 simple ideas for making horizontal and vertical axis for wind generators https://youtu.be/bBfhaww8JnU Nano Coating Gold and Making Gold GANS - Keshe Plasma Technology https://youtu.be/P9VjNhYZwrY How to Make Rose Oil at Home Very Easy - Healthy Recipe With Olive Oil Rose Petals https://youtu.be/WtC7n6kjr4M The Flower of Life Health Pen https://youtu.be/-RrRUCSH1vs ☞ SUBSCRIBER - LIKE - COMMENT - SHARE - THANK YOU FOR WATCHING US #gianttrees #ancienttrees #natubertv
Views: 2067 NaTuber Tv
10. Wafer Silicon-Based Solar Cells, Part I
MIT 2.627 Fundamentals of Photovoltaics, Fall 2011 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/2-627F11 Instructor: Tonio Buonassisi This lecture begins with the question, "why silicon?," followed by an overview of current manufacturing methods and market shares, feedstock refining, and wafer fabrication. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu
Views: 14228 MIT OpenCourseWare
19. Land Use Law and Property Rights
Environmental Politics and Law (EVST 255) The lecture addresses the issue of takings and when the government has the right to seize private property for the public good. The government is required to compensate property owners in some circumstances. Through legal cases, Professor Wargo gives some examples of when compensation is required and why takings are an important management tool for environmental managers. Complete course materials are available at the Open Yale Courses website: http://open.yale.edu/courses 00:00 - Chapter 1. Property Rights: Fractured by Law and Custom 12:46 - Chapter 2. Managing Coastal Development and Resources 18:41 - Chapter 3. Surface and Mineral Rights on Public Lands 26:13 - Chapter 4. Nuisance Law; Takings Law 40:21 - Chapter 5. Taking Without Compensation This course was recorded in Spring 2010.
Views: 22364 YaleCourses
Natural Capitalism: The Next Industrial Revolution with Amory Lovins
Amory Lovins is Chairman and Chief Scientist, Rocky Mountain Institute. Lovins is active in crafting policy around the world in the fields of energy, resource, environmental development, and security, chiefly in the private sector. Series: UC Berkeley Graduate Council Lectures [12/2008] [Public Affairs] [Show ID: 15123]
Lecture - 32 Gear Manufacturing
Lecture Series on Manufacturing Processes II by Prof.A.B.Chattopadhyay, Prof. A. K. Chattopadhyay and Prof. S. Paul,Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Kharagpur. For more details on NPTEL visit http://nptel.iitm.ac.in.
Views: 110232 nptelhrd
Mod-01 Lec-02 Data Mining, Data assimilation and prediction
Dynamic Data Assimilation: an introduction by Prof S. Lakshmivarahan,School of Computer Science,University of Oklahoma.For more details on NPTEL visit http://nptel.ac.in
Views: 1935 nptelhrd
Bethany Ehlmann - Early Mars: A View from Rovers and Orbiters
NASA Ames 2016 Summer Series. Water signatures include geological changes and life. Surface and orbital interplanetary robotic missions are critical for obtaining knowledge on atmospheric, surface and subsurface conditions of planets in our solar system. Dr. Ehlmann discusses Mars data collected from orbital and rover missions and their implication for our understating of Mars past and present water environments. For more information about the Office of the Chief Scientist at NASA Ames, please visit http://www.nasa.gov/ames/ocs
The Deepest Hole in the World, And What We've Learned From It
SciShow takes you down the deepest hole in the world -- Russia's Kola Superdeep Borehole -- explaining who dug it and why, and what we learned about Earth in the process. Don't fall! ---------- Like SciShow? Want to help support us, and also get things to put on your walls, cover your torso and hold your liquids? Check out our awesome products over at DFTBA Records: http://dftba.com/artist/52/SciShow Written by Dave Loos ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Thanks Tank Tumblr: http://thankstank.tumblr.com Sources: http://www.atlasobscura.com/places/kola-superdeep-borehole http://www2.gi.alaska.edu/ScienceForum/ASF7/725.html http://www.damninteresting.com/the-deepest-hole/ http://www.wirelinedrilling.com/sites/default/files/Kozlovsky%20Kola%20Deepest%20Well%20.pdf http://www.csmonitor.com/1985/0822/drock.html http://www.nytimes.com/1981/09/29/science/russians-plan-dramatic-expansion-of-effort-in-earth-drilling.html
Views: 8783594 SciShow