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Stepan Degtyarev: "Minin and Pozharsky" or "The Liberation of Moscow" (1811)
Stepan Anikiyevich Degtyarev Opera/Oratorio: “Minin and Pozharsky” or “The Liberation of Moscow” Stepan Anikiyevich Degtyarev (Степан Аникиевич Дегтярёв) (1766 – 5 May 1813), was a renowned Russian composer of Ukrainian origin of the late 18th century. He was most famous for his nationalistic Russian Choral Music. His oratorio "Minin and Pozharsky" or "The Liberation of Moscow" (1811) concerned the 1612 liberation of Moscow from Polish occupation during the Time of Troubles interregnum by the Second Zemschina Army led by Kuzma Minin-Sukhoruk, a fishmonger, and Prince Dmitry Pozharsky. The Time of Troubles 5 (1598-1613) is the time after the death of Fyodor I 6, the last Russian tsar of the Rurik Dynasty (1157-1598). Boris Godunov (c.1551-1605) who during the reign of Fyodor I had been de facto regent of Russia from c.1585 to 1598 became the first non-Rurikid tsar from 1598 to 1605. His short reign was not as successful as his administration under the weak Fyodor I. After the death of Boris Godunov Russia suffered a period of dynastic crisis and overall internal chaos. The throne was vacant; the great nobles (boyars) quarreled among themselves; the Orthodox Patriarch Hermogenes was imprisoned; Catholic Poles occupied the Moscow Kremlin and Smolensk; the Protestant Swedes occupied Novgorod; continuing Tatar raids left the south borderlands of Russia completely depopulated and devastated, and enormous bands of brigands swarmed everywhere. During the Polish--Muscovite War (1605--1618), in Russia called the Polish invasion or Polish intervention Moscow fell into Polish hands. The nation rose together under the leadership of Kuzma Minin, a Nizhny Novgorod merchant, and Prince Pozharsky. They gathered an all-Russian volunteer army and expelled the forces of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth from Moscow, thus putting an end to the Time of Troubles in 1612. In the battle for Moscow they liberated the city. On November 1 (New Style) 1612 the invaders retreated to the Kremlin and some weeks later the nearby Polish army was forced to retreat. The garrison in the Kremlin surrendered to the triumphant Pozharsky. In 1613 Mikhail I (1596-1645) was elected the first Russian Tsar of what became the house of Romanov (1613-1917). (Ref: Wikipedia) A.Salnikov Tenor Anatolji Babykin Bass Russian State Symphony Cinema Orchestra Orchestra, Moscow State Academic Choir Chorus Andrey Kozhevnikov, Conductor 00:00 Overture 07:46 Act I 22:46 Act II 57:13 Act III Artwork: 1. St. Basils Cathedral.-Minin-and-Pozharsk 2. The-monument-to-Minin-and-Pozharsky-by Alexander Senin 3. Photo: a_different_aspect_hdr_by_isik5-d2zssw8 4. Monument-to-Minin-and-Pozharsky by Anton Khoff 5. Minin-and-Pozharsky by Mikhail Scotti (1850) 6. The ill Prince Dmitry Pozharsky admits Moscow ambassadors by Wilhelm Kotarbiński
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