Proof of the Rabin-Miller Theorem, Showing the Validity of the Rabin-Miller Test for Composite Numbers In this video we have discussed about how the Primality Testing failed proving Fermat's Theorem so to overcome that we learned about this new method known as Miller Rabin Test. Visit Our Channel :- https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCxik... Follow Smit Kadvani on :- Facebook :- https://www.facebook.com/smit.kadvani Instagram :- https://www.instagram.com/the_smit0507 Follow Dhruvan Tanna on :- Facebook :- https://www.facebook.com/dhruvan.tanna1 Instagram :- https://www.instagram.com/dhru1_tanna Follow Keyur Thakkar on :- Facebook :- https://www.facebook.com/keyur.thakka... Instagram :- https://www.instagram.com/keyur_1982 Snapchat :- keyur1610 Follow Ankit Soni on:- Facebook :- https://www.facebook.com/ankitsoni.1511 Instagram :- https://www.instagram.com/ankit_soni1511
Views: 26770 Quick Trixx
Using the Miller-Rabin (probabilistic) primality test. NOTE: if bo (and only bo) had been either +1 OR -1, n would be prime (it was 263, in this example). BUT for b1, b2, and so on, +1 implies composite, -1 implies prime. Questions? Feel free to post them in the comments and I'll do my best to answer!
Views: 41083 Theoretically
This talk will consist of a series of light mini-talks inspired by Atkin's papers on recognizing primes (1982, 'On a primality test of Solovay and Strassen'; 1995, 'Intelligent primality test offer'), proving primes to be prime (1993, 'Elliptic curves and primality proving'), factoring integers into primes (1993, 'Finding suitable curves for the elliptic curve method of factorization'), and enumerating primes (2004, 'Prime sieves using binary quadratic forms').
Views: 1548 Microsoft Research
The AKS Test has been a major break-through in the search for Prime Numbers. More links & stuff in full description below ↓↓↓ See the previous video about Fermat's Prime Test at: http://youtu.be/jbiaz_aHHUQ The video features Dr James Grime - http://singingbanana.com The AKS Test paper: http://bit.ly/primetest Support us on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/numberphile NUMBERPHILE Website: http://www.numberphile.com/ Numberphile on Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/numberphile Numberphile tweets: https://twitter.com/numberphile Subscribe: http://bit.ly/Numberphile_Sub Numberphile is supported by the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI): http://bit.ly/MSRINumberphile Videos by Brady Haran Brady's videos subreddit: http://www.reddit.com/r/BradyHaran/ Brady's latest videos across all channels: http://www.bradyharanblog.com/ Sign up for (occasional) emails: http://eepurl.com/YdjL9 Numberphile T-Shirts: https://teespring.com/stores/numberphile Other merchandise: https://store.dftba.com/collections/numberphile
Views: 642863 Numberphile
In this paper, we introduce a primitive known as Verifiable Oblivious Transfer. It is similar to oblivious transfer except that the sender is committed to its input. We then generate protocols for Generalized Oblivious Transfer by secret sharing using the Verifiable Oblivious Transfer primitive based on previous work. The protocols are universally composable. The GOT protocol is used to instantiate Batch Single-Choice Cut-And-Choose OT which in conjunction with a modification to the main protocol of [LP11], achieves constant round secure function evaluation based on Yao's Garbled Circuit. In addition, the idea of GOT is used in conjunction with linear secret sharing and commitments to instantiate a primitive known as Multi-Sender K-Out-of-N OT. This primitive is the most important building block of the optimization of the IPS compiler presented in [LOP11]. In contrast to their specific computational assumptions, our protocols only require black-box Verifiable OT. In addition, the GOT protocols can be used to execute Priced Oblivious Transfer.
Views: 119 Microsoft Research
If you find our videos helpful you can support us by buying something from amazon. https://www.amazon.com/?tag=wiki-audio-20 Las Vegas algorithm In computing, a Las Vegas algorithm is a randomized algorithm that always gives correct results; that is, it always produces the correct result or it informs about the failure.In other words, a Las Vegas algorithm does not gamble with the correctness of the result; it gambles only with the resources used for the computation. -Video is targeted to blind users Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA image source in video https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WHK35yMQIfs
Views: 4429 WikiAudio
Full article: https://opensource.com/life/16/10/top-5-october-28 *Top 5 articles of the week* 5. 12 open source games for Android https://opensource.com/life/16/10/12-open-source-games-android 4. Python file-management tricks for digital artists https://opensource.com/life/16/10/python-file-management-tricks-digital-artists 3. MySQL and database programming for beginners https://opensource.com/life/16/10/all-things-open-interview-dave-stokes 2. Distributing encryption software may break the law https://opensource.com/law/16/10/distributing-encryption-software-may-break-law 1. 3 open source time management tools https://opensource.com/life/16/10/tools-time-management
Views: 307 Opensource.com
Step by step instructions on how to use The Chinese Remainder Theorem to solve a system of linear congruence. Visit Our Channel :- https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCxikHwpro-DB02ix-NovvtQ In this lecture we have taught about what how to solve multiplicative cipher method. Follow Smit Kadvani on :- Facebook :- https://www.facebook.com/smit.kadvani Instagram :- https://www.instagram.com/the_smit0507 Follow Dhruvan Tanna on :- Facebook :- https://www.facebook.com/dhruvan.tanna1 Instagram :- https://www.instagram.com/dhru1_tanna Follow Keyur Thakkar on :- Facebook :- https://www.facebook.com/keyur.thakka... Instagram :- https://www.instagram.com/keyur_1982 Snapchat :- keyur1610 Follow Ankit Soni on:- Facebook :- https://www.facebook.com/ankitsoni.1511 Instagram :- https://www.instagram.com/ankit_soni1511
Views: 51780 Quick Trixx
A History of Primes Manindra Agrawal, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, October 2002 The Clay Mathematics Institute (CMI) 2002 Annual Meeting took place on Wednesday, October 30, 2002, from 2:30 to 5:30 PM, at the American Academy of Arts & Sciences in Cambridge, Massachusetts. The Annual Meeting brought together an international assembly of mathematicians to celebrate the universality of mathematical thought. This meeting provided a public forum for discussion among leading mathematicians and scientists, and it strengthened relations between mathematicians, the public, and the scientific research community. The meeting began with the presentation of the 2002 Clay Research Award to Oded Schramm (for his work on the Loewner equation) and to Manindra Agrawal (for his work on primality testing). CMI President Arthur Jaffe and Directors Landon Clay and Lavinia Clay gave the awards. This Research Award recognizes major recent breakthroughs in two mathematical directions, and represents the pinnacle of recognition of research achievement by CMI. Each prizewinner becomes a Clay Research Scholar, and receives a bronze model of the CMI logo, an elegant sculpture "Figureight Knot Complement vii/ CMI" by sculptor Helaman Ferguson. Former winners are: Andrew Wiles, Laurent Lafforgue, Alain Connes, Stanislav Smirnov and Edward Witten. Two talks followed the awards ceremony. Manindra Agrawal of the Indian Institute of Technology surprised all experts in August 2002 by solving an ancient problem (working with two undergraduate students). They showed that one could determine the primality of a number in polynomial time. This was the first talk in the United States by the inventor of the new method. Vladimir Voevodsky from the Institute of Advanced Study gave the second talk. He spoke about the mathematical breakthroughs that led to his receiving the Fields Medal in August 2002. "We have a very impressive set of ground-breaking mathematicians at this year's meeting as award winners and speakers. The meeting certainly will inspire young mathematicians who attend, as well as all those who read about it or view the meeting on the web," said Arthur Jaffe, President of the Clay Mathematics Institute. "Agrawal will discuss his exciting discovery - the ASK algorithm for primality testing, and Voevodsky will explain his novel approach to the mathematical modeling of shapes known as "motivic homotopy theory." http://www.claymath.org/annual_meeting/2002_Annual_Meeting/
Views: 13312 PoincareDuality
Public-key cryptography, also known as asymmetric cryptography, is a class of cryptographic algorithms which require two separate keys, one of which is secret (or private) and one of which is public. Although different, the two parts of this key pair are mathematically linked. The public key is used to encrypt plaintext or to verify a digital signature; whereas the private key is used to decrypt ciphertext or to create a digital signature. The term "asymmetric" stems from the use of different keys to perform these opposite functions, each the inverse of the other -- as contrasted with conventional ("symmetric") cryptography which relies on the same key to perform both. Public-key algorithms are based on mathematical problems which currently admit no efficient solution that are inherent in certain integer factorization, discrete logarithm, and elliptic curve relationships. It is computationally easy for a user to generate their own public and private key-pair and to use them for encryption and decryption. The strength lies in the fact that it is "impossible" (computationally infeasible) for a properly generated private key to be determined from its corresponding public key. Thus the public key may be published without compromising security, whereas the private key must not be revealed to anyone not authorized to read messages or perform digital signatures. Public key algorithms, unlike symmetric key algorithms, do not require a secure initial exchange of one (or more) secret keys between the parties. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 767 Audiopedia
Fundamentals of Computer Network Security This specialization in intended for IT professionals, computer programmers, managers, IT security professionals who like to move up ladder, who are seeking to develop network system security skills. Through four courses, we will cover the Design and Analyze Secure Networked Systems, Develop Secure Programs with Basic Cryptography and Crypto API, Hacking and Patching Web Applications, Perform Penetration Testing, and Secure Networked Systems with Firewall and IDS, which will prepare you to perform tasks as Cyber Security Engineer, IT Security Analyst, and Cyber Security Analyst. course 2 Basic Cryptography and Programming with Crypto API: About this course: In this MOOC, we will learn the basic concepts and principles of cryptography, apply basic cryptoanalysis to decrypt messages encrypted with mono-alphabetic substitution cipher, and discuss the strongest encryption technique of the one-time-pad and related quantum key distribution systems. We will also learn the efficient symmetric key cryptography algorithms for encrypting data, discuss the DES and AES standards, study the criteria for selecting AES standard, present the block cipher operating modes and discuss how they can prevent and detect the block swapping attacks, and examine how to defend against replay attacks. We will learn the Diffie-Hellman Symmetric Key Exchange Protocol to generate a symmetric key for two parties to communicate over insecure channel. We will learn the modular arithmetic and the Euler Totient Theorem to appreciate the RSA Asymmetric Crypto Algorithm, and use OpenSSL utility to realize the basic operations of RSA Crypto Algorithm. Armed with these knowledge, we learn how to use PHP Crypto API to write secure programs for encrypting and decrypting documents and for signing and verify documents. We then apply these techniques to enhance the registration process of a web site which ensures the account created is actually requested by the owner of the email account. Asymmetric Key Cryptography In this module we will learn the modular arithmetic, the Euler Totient Theorm, the RSA Asymmetric Crypto Algorithm, use OpenSSL to realize the basic operations of RSA Crypto Algorithm, and Diffie-Hellman Symmetric Key Exchange Protocol to derive session keys. Learning Objectives • Use Diffi-Hellman algorithm for Key Exchange • Apply RSA with OpenSSL for signing and encryption • Describe RSA Asymmetric Crypto Algorithm Subscribe at: https://www.coursera.org
Views: 115 intrigano
In this youtube channel we are going to teach you the basic concepts of Cryptography and Network Security. In this video we have discussed about how to find Inverse using Fermant's Little Theorem. Visit Our Channel :- https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCxik... Programming Interview, Software Interview, Data Structure, Algorithm, modular multiplicative inverse, multiplicative inverse, modular arithmetic, fermats theorem, euler's totient, Euler's Totient Function, Fermat's Little Theorem, Modular Multiplicative Inverse | Fermat's Theorem | Euler's Totient, yt:crop=16:11, Follow Smit Kadvani on :- Facebook :- https://www.facebook.com/smit.kadvani Instagram :- https://www.instagram.com/the_smit0507 Follow Dhruvan Tanna on :- Facebook :- https://www.facebook.com/dhruvan.tanna1 Instagram :- https://www.instagram.com/dhru1_tanna Follow Keyur Thakkar on :- Facebook :- https://www.facebook.com/keyur.thakka... Instagram :- https://www.instagram.com/keyur_1982 Snapchat :- keyur1610 Follow Ankit Soni on:- Instagram :- https://www.instagram.com/ankit_soni1511
Views: 10210 Quick Trixx
Some Prime Functions I created over the past year or so with some patterns I've noticed and a few functions I've derived. Still lots of work to be done, exciting stuff!
Views: 887 Albert Renshaw
Title was changed from "Universal Constructions and Robust Combiners for Indistinguishability Obfuscation and Witness Encryption", by Prabhanjan Ananth and Aayush Jain and Moni Naor and Amit Sahai and Eylon Yogev, Crypto 2016. See http://www.iacr.org/cryptodb/data/paper.php?pubkey=27649
Views: 450 TheIACR
Previous video: https://youtu.be/uPh6IUhiFUo Next video: https://youtu.be/wD7paOvy-3Q
Views: 780 Leandro Junes
ECC2K-130 is the smallest unsolved Certicom discrete-logarithm challenge. Certicom originally stated that breaking ECC2K-130 was 'infeasible' and would require 2700000000 machine days. This talk reports on an ongoing joint project by researchers from 12 different universities to break ECC2K-130. The project has increased our knowledge of the mathematical speedups for attacking elliptic-curve cryptosystems, has led to a new representation for finite fields in 'optimal polynomial bases', and has led to a better understanding of the randomness of pseudorandom walks used in Pollard's rho method. The project has produced optimized implementations of a highly tuned iteration function for different platforms ranging from standard CPUs to customized FPGA clusters. These optimizations have moved the ECC2K-130 computation to the range of feasibility. The computation would finish in only two years using 1595 standard PCs, or 1231 PlayStation 3 game consoles, or 534 GTX 295 graphics cards, or 308 XC3S5000 FPGAs, or any combination of the above. We are now actively performing the computations. See our twitter page for updates.
Views: 273 Microsoft Research
How to factories any number with the help of Fermat method. Fermat's method to solve numericals. NUMBER THEORY. Fermat's little theorem.
Views: 387 Mathematics Analysis
Chinese Remainder Theorem = https://youtu.be/XcIjdXqXayY Euler φ function = https://youtu.be/XA6SfdQcTNs Primitive Roots = https://youtu.be/9CuICxmal60 --------------------------------------------------------------------- STAY SUBSCRIBED --------------------------------------------------------------------- #fermattheorem
Views: 21 PRASHANT CLASSES
In number theory, integer factorization or prime factorization is the decomposition of a composite number into smaller non-trivial divisors, which when multiplied together equal the original integer. When the numbers are very large, no efficient, non-quantum integer factorization algorithm is known; an effort by several researchers concluded in 2009, factoring a 232-digit number (RSA-768), utilizing hundreds of machines over a span of two years. However, it has not been proven that no efficient algorithm exists. The presumed difficulty of this problem is at the heart of widely used algorithms in cryptography such as RSA. Many areas of mathematics and computer science have been brought to bear on the problem, including elliptic curves, algebraic number theory, and quantum computing. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 3729 Audiopedia
A prime number is a natural number greater than 1 that cannot be formed by multiplying two smaller natural numbers. A natural number greater than 1 that is not prime is called a composite number. For example, 5 is prime, because the only ways of writing it as a product, or , involve 5 itself. However, 6 is composite, because it is the product of two numbers that are both smaller than 6. Primes are central in number theory, because of the fundamental theorem of arithmetic: every natural number greater than 1 is either a prime itself or can be factorized as a product of primes that is unique up to their order. The property of being prime is called primality. A simple, but slow method of checking the primality of a given number n, called trial division, tests whether n is a multiple of any integer between 2 and \sqrt. Faster algorithms include the Miller–Rabin primality test, which is fast, but has a small chance of error, and the AKS primality test, which always produces the correc... http://www.wikividi.com ____________________________________ Shortcuts to chapters: 00:02:45 Definition and examples 00:05:10 History 00:09:11 Primality of one 00:11:05 Unique factorization ____________________________________ Copyright WikiVidi. Licensed under Creative Commons. Wikipedia link: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prime_number
Views: 21 WikiVidi Documentaries
Here's a test for determining the primality of a number that's similar to Proth's Theorem (1878). It lays hidden, except when the base "b" is co-prime to the number 3. You'll have to brush up on a few number theory ideas to enjoy it! Enjoy! William Bouris www.oddperfectnumbers.com
Views: 213 William Bouris
PCI DSS Encryption: Secure your data, complying with PCI DSS Encryption rules. Vormetric : data security simplified http://enterprise-encryption.vormetric.com/eva4-pcidss-singleStep-landingpage.html Visit this link to download free whitepapers. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ This whitepaper outlines how Vormetric addresses PCI DSS compliance; it addresses Vormetric's position relative to the Payment Card Industry Security Standards Council's (PCI SSC) guidance on point-to-point encryption solutions. The whitepaper also features case studies of PCI DSS regulated companies leveraging Vormetric for PCI DSS compliance and maps PCI DSS requirements to Vormetric Data Security capabilities. Vormetric Data Security helps organizations meet PCI DSS compliance demands with a transparent data security approach for diverse IT environments that requires minimal administrative support and does not undermine performance. Follow CTOBuddy on Facebook : https://www.facebook.com/pages/CTOBuddy/163641553830817?ref=hl
Views: 378 CTOBuddy
Testing to see if a Boolean circuit computes the identically zero function is a fundamental problem in computational complexity. Known as the SAT (for satisfiability) problem, it is the first NP-complete problem, and a polynomial time algorithm for this problem would show P=NP. The algebraic analog of this problem, which attempts to determine if an arithmetic circuit (whose inputs are integers, and gates add or multiply their inputs) computes the identically zero function turns to be an equally interesting problem. Every gate of such a circuit computes a polynomial in the input variables and so the goal here is to test if the output polynomial is the identically zero function, leading to this problem being known as the Polynomial Identity Testing problem (PIT). Unlike SAT, PIT does have fast randomized solutions: Just pick random values for the input variables and the output is very unlikely to be zero if the polynomial is not identically zero. However a deterministic solution to this problem is not known and, as recent work by Impagliazzo and Kabanets, and Agrawal and Vinay have shown, such solutions have major implications for both complexity theory and algorithm design. A complete derandomization of PIT would imply superpolynomial circuit lower bounds, one of the major quests of complexity theory. In addition, special cases of PIT play an important role in algorithmic problems like primality testing and perfect matching. In this talk I will describe a recent work giving a deterministic polynomial time algorithm for blackbox identity testing for depth three circuits with bounded top fanin. Obtaining a similar result for general circuits of depth 4 would essentially derandomize identity testing for general circuits (Agrawal-Vinay 08)! Our result resolves a question posed by Klivans and Spielman in 2001. The main technical result that I will describe is a structure theorem for depth 3 circuits that compute the zero polynomial. I will show that under mild assumptions, any such circuit is essentially made up of only constantly many variables. This proves a conjecture of Dvir and Shpilka from 2005. Our blackbox identity test follows from this structure theorem by combining it with a construction of Karnin and Shpilka.
Views: 161 Microsoft Research
As A Man Think, So Is He...
Not Without the Rest by Twin Musicom is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) Artist: http://www.twinmusicom.org/ I created this video with the YouTube Video Editor (https://www.youtube.com/editor)
Views: 114 Nathaniel Seagren
Interviewed about what has influenced him, his life, his research work, and his accomplishments since receiving the Turing Award. More information: http://amturing.acm.org/award_winners/adleman_7308544.cfm
Views: 1627 Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
Public-key cryptography, also known as asymmetric cryptography, is a class of cryptographic algorithms which require two separate keys, one of which is secret and one of which is public. Although different, the two parts of this key pair are mathematically linked. The public key is used to encrypt plaintext or to verify a digital signature; whereas the private key is used to decrypt ciphertext or to create a digital signature. The term "asymmetric" stems from the use of different keys to perform these opposite functions, each the inverse of the other -- as contrasted with conventional cryptography which relies on the same key to perform both. This video targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Public domain image source in video
Views: 2099 encyclopediacc
Hello friends, this is (probably) high level Dota 2 play with Blue Span. Please be respectful in chat and we will be friends thank you. Daily stream around 0630 PST/2000 WIB/2100 GMT+8/1830PM IST Hero ranking/stat https://www.opendota.com/players/80467654/rankings Help support me! Come become a patron at https://www.patreon.com/bluespan Donate here https://youtube.streamlabs.com/bluespan Play free games which help me out here https://platform.gawkbox.com/BlueSpan PLAYLISTS RAP https://goo.gl/a7UttU KOREAN RAP https://goo.gl/Eukvcj POP https://goo.gl/h83npA NINTENDO https://bit.ly/2HSXVoW PERMANENT STREAM LINK TO BOOKMARK: https://gaming.youtube.com/c/BlueSpan/live LIKE US? JOIN US AT OUR DISCORD https://discord.gg/2nhPhsN Chat Rules: 1: No racism/hate/harassing. 2: Don't advertise your channel / beg for subscribers or shout outs. 3: English ONLY. 4: No backseat gaming (i.e. telling Blue Span what to do). Things I like: compliments, donations, encouragement and support, and friendly and nice people :-) Not looking for friend list adds or parties sry. PC SPECS: i7-8700K 16GB DDR4 2666 MHZ RAM GTX 1080 TI 512GB SAMSUNG 850 PRO SSD GEAR: LOGITECH G502 MOUSE RAZER BLACKWIDOW 2016 LOGITECH C922 CAMERA BLUE YETI MICROPHONE SENNHEISER CX 686 G / BOSE QC 35-2 ALIENWARE AW2518H 240HZ MONITOR TOBII EYE TRACKER 4C Follow my social media! Instant notifications for LIVE STREAMS/VIDS, ask me anything any time! Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/bluespandota Twitter: https://twitter.com/bluespangaming Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/bluespangaming Twitch: http://www.twitch.tv/bluespantwitch Dotabuff: http://www.dotabuff.com/players/80467654
Views: 4723 Blue Span
En menos de 5 minutos el Test de ARTEAGA depura el 79% de numeros de Mersenne que son compuestos, estando en el 21% restante, la mitad de los primos de Mersenne es decir desde (2^2)-1 hasta (2^11213)-1 rapido verdad? siendo que es el primer desarrollo del test de primalidad.
Views: 281 Victor Arteaga
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_important_publications_in_theoretical_computer_science 00:00:31 1 Computability 00:00:40 1.1 iCutland's /iComputability: An Introduction to Recursive Function Theoryi (Cambridge)/i 00:01:58 1.2 iDecidability of second order theories and automata on infinite trees/i 00:02:32 1.3 iFinite automata and their decision problems/i 00:03:05 1.4 iIntroduction to Automata Theory, Languages, and Computation/i 00:03:30 1.5 iOn certain formal properties of grammars/i 00:04:11 1.6 iOn computable numbers, with an application to the Entscheidungsproblem/i 00:05:18 1.7 iRekursive Funktionen/i 00:05:58 1.8 iRepresentation of Events in Nerve Nets and Finite Automata/i 00:06:41 2 Computational complexity theory 00:06:52 2.1 iArora & Barak's /iComputational Complexityi and Goldreich's /iComputational Complexityi (both Cambridge)/i 00:08:13 2.2 iA machine-independent theory of the complexity of recursive functions/i 00:08:51 2.3 iAlgebraic methods for interactive proof systems/i 00:09:32 2.4 iThe complexity of theorem proving procedures/i 00:10:32 2.5 iComputers and Intractability: A Guide to the Theory of NP-Completeness/i 00:11:17 2.6 iDegree of difficulty of computing a function and a partial ordering of recursive sets/i 00:11:52 2.7 iHow good is the simplex method?/i 00:12:48 2.8 iHow to construct random functions/i 00:13:27 2.9 iIP = PSPACE/i 00:13:41 2.10 iReducibility among combinatorial problems/i 00:14:37 2.11 iThe Knowledge Complexity of Interactive Proof Systems/i 00:15:09 2.12 iA letter from Gödel to von Neumann/i 00:15:45 2.13 iOn the computational complexity of algorithms/i 00:16:09 2.14 iPaths, trees, and flowers/i 00:16:51 2.15 iTheory and applications of trapdoor functions/i 00:17:33 2.16 iComputational Complexity/i 00:18:25 2.17 iInteractive proofs and the hardness of approximating cliques/i 00:18:53 2.18 iProbabilistic checking of proofs: a new characterization of NP/i 00:19:31 2.19 iProof verification and the hardness of approximation problems/i 00:20:07 2.20 iThe Intrinsic Computational Difficulty of Functions/i 00:20:57 3 Algorithms 00:21:30 3.1 "A machine program for theorem proving" 00:21:40 3.2 "A machine-oriented logic based on the resolution principle" 00:22:24 3.3 "The traveling-salesman problem and minimum spanning trees" 00:23:05 3.4 "A polynomial algorithm in linear programming" 00:23:51 3.5 "Probabilistic algorithm for testing primality" 00:24:45 3.6 "Optimization by simulated annealing" 00:25:24 3.7 iThe Art of Computer Programming/i 00:26:20 3.8 iAlgorithms + Data Structures = Programs/i 00:26:56 3.9 iThe Design and Analysis of Computer Algorithms/i 00:27:23 3.10 iHow to Solve It By Computer/i 00:27:53 3.11 iAlgorithms/i 00:28:26 3.12 iIntroduction to Algorithms/i 00:28:56 4 Algorithmic information theory 00:29:37 4.1 "On Tables of Random Numbers" 00:29:47 4.2 "A formal theory of inductive inference" 00:30:46 4.3 "Algorithmic information theory" 00:31:31 5 Information theory 00:32:16 5.1 "A mathematical theory of communication" 00:32:25 5.2 "Error detecting and error correcting codes" 00:32:57 5.3 "A method for the construction of minimum redundancy codes" 00:33:43 5.4 "A universal algorithm for sequential data compression" 00:34:19 5.5 iElements of Information Theory/i 00:35:04 6 Formal verification 00:35:32 6.1 Assigning Meaning to Programs 00:35:41 6.2 An Axiomatic Basis for Computer Programming 00:36:33 6.3 Guarded Commands, Nondeterminacy and Formal Derivation of Programs 00:37:19 6.4 iProving Assertions about Parallel Programs/i 00:38:19 6.5 iAn Axiomatic Proof Technique for Parallel Programs I/i 00:38:45 6.6 iA Discipline of Programming/i 00:39:28 6.7 iDenotational Semantics/i 00:39:59 6.8 The Temporal Logic of Programs 00:40:28 6.9 iCharacterizing correctness properties of parallel programs using fixpoints (1980)/i 00:41:06 6.10 iCommunicating Sequential Processes (1978)/i 00:41:39 6.11 iA Calculus of Communicating Systems/i 00:42:10 6.12 iSoftware Development: A Rigorous Approach/i 00:42:42 6.13 iThe Science of Programming/i 00:43:24 6.14 iCommunicating Sequential Processes (1985)/i 00:44:24 6.15 iLinear logic (1987)/i 00:45:00 6.16 iA Calculus of Mobile Processes (1989)/i 00:45:47 6.17 iThe Z Notation: A Reference Manual/i 00:46:25 6.18 iCommunication and Concurrency/i 00:47:03 6.19 ia Practical Theory of Programming/i 00:47:29 7 References Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping ...
Views: 3 wikipedia tts