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SIMON MANN - THE MERCENARY - Part 1/2 | London Real
 
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My Top 6 Success Habits: https://londonreal.link/laplc2yt/ SIMON MANN - THE MERCENARY - Part 1/2 | London Real FULL FREE EPISODE: https://londonreal.tv/simon-mann/ SUBSCRIBE ON YOUTUBE: http://bit.ly/SubscribeToLondonReal Simon Francis Mann (born 26 June 1952) is a British mercenary and former British Army officer. He served part of a 34-year prison sentence in Equatorial Guinea for his role in a failed coup d'état in 2004, before receiving a presidential pardon on humanitarian grounds on 2 November 2009. Mann was extradited from Zimbabwe to Equatorial Guinea on 1 February 2008, having been accused of planning a coup d'état to overthrow the government by leading a mercenary force into the capital Malabo in an effort to overthrow President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo. Charges in South Africa of aiding a coup in a foreign country were dropped on 23 February 2007, but the charges remained in Equatorial Guinea, where he had been convicted in absentia in November 2004. He lost an extradition hearing to Equatorial Guinea after serving three years of a four-year prison sentence in Zimbabwe for the same crimes and being released early on good behaviour. Upon Mann's arrival in Equatorial Guinea for his trial in Malabo, public Prosecutor Jose Olo Obono said that Mann would face three charges – crimes against the head of state, crimes against the government, and crimes against the peace and independence of the state. On 7 July 2008, he was sentenced to 34 years and four months in prison by a Malabo court. He was released on 2 November 2009, on humanitarian grounds. Chapters: 00:00 Trailer. 02:08 Brian’s thoughts on the episode. 06:13 Brian’s introduction. 06:56 An amazing period in Simon Mann’s’ life, satisfying and great fun. 08:33 Executive Outcomes role in the civil war in Angola against UNITA. 16:08 What the term mercenary means to Simon. 23:38 Thoughts on Erik Prince’s proposal to privatise the military force in Afghanistan. 25:26 Simon’s involvement in both the Angola and Sierra Leone wars. 32:05 The United Nations were useless in both Angola and Sierra Leone. 33:57 US & UK governments ordered them home when their task was almost complete. 35:25 Diamond mining in Sierra Leone and the film Blood Diamond. 36:25 What Simon did and where he went after the two wars. 39:25 Stratagem for doing business in Africa. 42:28 How an old Etonian become an SAS officer and then an ex mercenary diamond mine executive. 46:57 No good memories of his first SAS term of active duty in Northern Ireland. 50:08 When you look at any soldier you have to look at his military childhood. 55:41 A move to South Africa with different interests, but Executive Outcomes ceases after S.A. FMA. 57:43 Supplying arms to Sierra Leone and the resulting scandal, then Papua New Guinea issue. 59:29 Simon advises against British involvement in Iraq invasion. 1:08:36 Why Simon chose a military career. 1:11:30 The networking value of being an old Etonian. 1:13:38 Simon leads the 2003 Equatorial New Guinea coup amid a story of convoluted world politics. 1:36:46 Simon’s arrest, mock execution and torture by Zimbabwean forces 1:42:13 Pushing time in Chikurubi Prison, Zimbabwe 1:53:21 Feared rendition to Equatorial New Guinea. 2:11:52 A story stranger than fiction. 2:22:31 How the years in prison affected Simon and his family after his release. 2:27:37 Does Simon have any regrets for the decisions he took. 2:29:02 Life for Simon now. 2:32:29 How the British public perceives him now. 2:34:17 What does Simon hope his obituary will say. 2:35:13 Simon still has an adventure in mind. 2:37:43 Simon’s opinion of what people should consider about possible future use of PMCs. 2:42:27 Phone call to the 20 year old Simon Mann. 2:44:26 Advice to the 20 year old listening across the world who wants to be in the army. 2:45:45 Best advice ever received. 2:47:40 Brian’s summing up. Show Notes: Simon Mann on Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_Mann Simon Mann Books: Cry Havoc https://www.amazon.co.uk/Cry-Havoc-Simon-Mann/dp/1857826639 People mentioned in this episode: Tony Buckingham https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tony_Buckingham Erik Prince https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erik_Prince Eeben Barlow https://wikispooks.com/wiki/Eeben_Barlow Robert Friedland https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Friedland Beny Steinmetz https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beny_Steinmetz Charles Beckwith https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Alvin_Beckwith Sir Lachlan MacLean, 12th Baronet https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Lachlan_Maclean,_12th_Baronet Tim Spicer https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tim_Spicer David Hart https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Hart_(UK_political_activist) Richard Perle https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Perle Tony Blair https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tony_Blair Mark Thatcher https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mark_Thatcher FULL SHOW NOTES: http://londonreal.tv/simon-mann #LondonReal #Motivation
Views: 405585 London Real
U.S to stop issuing visas to Sierra Leone, Eritrea, Guinea and Cambodia
 
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The U.S. State Department says it will stop issuing certain visas to citizens from Eritrea, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Cambodia. The new restrictions are aimed at countries that have refused to take back citizens who've been deported. Under federal law, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson can stop all or specific types of visas from being issued to these nations. President Donald Trump has stepped up efforts to crack down on immigrants, who are in the United States illegally. Subscribe to us on YouTube: http://ow.ly/Zvqj30aIsgY Follow us on: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/cgtnafrica/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/cgtnafrica
Views: 14523 CGTN Africa
UK: CALL FOR BOYCOTT ON DIAMONDS
 
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English/Nat XFA The world's largest diamond company, De Beers, has called on its customers to boycott gems from war-torn countries. The move that comes after recent accusations that diamond sales are fueling African wars. Wednesday's announcement is part of a package of new measures for De Beers, which controls almost two-thirds of the world's supply of uncut diamonds. At a news conference in London top officials for De Beers, the worlds biggest diamond company, announced changes in the way they would operate in the future. Since the Great Depression of the 1930s, De Beers has stockpiled the world's diamonds in order to keep the gems rare and expensive. But now the company - which posted sales of 3.5 U-S dollars (b) billion in the first half of this year - is loosening its grip on the supply. It plans to slash its 3.9 (b) billion dollars stockpile to what they've describes as a "working level" of about 2.5 (b) billion U-S dollars. De Beers also will increase advertising and marketing in a bid to boost diamond sales, hoping to get a share of the 10 percent annual growth enjoyed by the luxury-goods sector. SOUNDBITE: (English) "How do we grow the demand for diamond jewellery how do we become a supplier of choice. It is in partnership with our clients through a better distribution system. It's through support for marketing initiatives. It's focused on supplying multiple brand initiatives out there on the retail market place. It's about establishing D-T-C (Diamond Trading Company) best practice principle in order to enhance the confidence of the consumer in diamonds as the ultimate luxury product." SUPERCAPTION: Gary Ralfe, De Beers managing director The South African conglomerate of De Beers instructed the 125 major buyers of its rough diamonds not to purchase so-called "blood diamonds" from African conflict zones. It also told them to avoid gems mined using child labor. De Beers chairman highlighted this problem on Wednesday. SOUNDBITE: (English) "All of us in the diamond industry are very concerned about conflict-diamonds. You only have to see the pictures shown in the newspapers from areas of conflict. Particularly Sierra Leone and Angola to see how emotive the are. It's important always however to remember that conflict-diamonds represent something slightly less than 4 percent the worlds production of gem diamonds. We at De Beers are busy with the cutting centres and the producers ...creating a trail of warrants which will make it clear where diamonds come from and what there provelance is." SUPERCAPTION: Nicky Oppenheimer, De Beers chairman The shake-up in the secretive diamond world follows accusations by the U-N and human rights groups that the diamond trade is fueling conflicts in Sierra Leone, Angola and the Democratic Republic of Congo by providing warring factions with income. Many in the industry fear a consumer boycott. This week, the U-N Security Council agreed on an embargo on diamonds mined by Sierra Leone's rebel Revolutionary United Front. A similar ban has been imposed on Angola's UNITA rebels. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/bbce161a09c2928723636ffd9d52d7c9 Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Views: 173 AP Archive
Sunergy's Liberian Diamond and Gold Mining Operations Total 20 Licenses to Operate This Year
 
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MONROVIA, LIBERIA, via eTeligis, 4/16/2014 11:00:00 AMSunergy's Liberian Diamond and Gold Mining Operations Total 20 Licenses to Operate This Year Sunergy, Inc (the "Company") (OTCQB: SNEY) is pleased to report that its Liberia dredging operations are underway with all licenses and required permits in place. We are scaling up to control 4 Class B prospecting licenses in 4 separate complimentary areas. Each of these prospecting licenses will accommodate 4 Class C (Liberian only) licenses in which we will be the sponsor, aggregating 16 Class C and 4 Class B licenses active in Liberia this year. Dredgemaster David Price says: "We have a serious plan that we are executing in Liberia, involving Minerals Commission licensing, local artisanal mining personnel and licenses and equipment deployment. We have gained control of some historically rich mining sites that are just now re-opening after the conflict which are assured to provide excellent economic results. Our team of geologists and experienced artisanal mining persons coupled with a very cooperative minerals management group put us in a very aggressive position to achieve substantial returns for our shareholders. We are targeting more equipment and are finding that some vendors are also interested in owning our stock as part of a purchase agreement. This is good evidence that our Company is being highly regarded here in Liberia. I am very pleased to be a part of Sunergy's operating team and look forward to harvesting the fruits of our labor." Garrett Hale, President, CEO, stated: "First of all I would like to take this opportunity to thank all our loyal shareholders who have stayed with us through our darkest hours. The fact that Liberians are interested in owning our shares, because they have watched them increase in value over the past few weeks and months, is very encouraging. We owe thanks to our existing shareholders for this. There is a requirement to maintain our OTCQB listing that we must be current on our financial reporting and our shares need to be above a penny. We have delivered on this first piece, with the timely filing of our December 31, 2013 Annual report (10K), which filed yesterday. We are now asking our shareholders, both existing and new, to help us achieve this next important threshold prior to the May 1st deadline. We are receiving help and support from every entity that we are dealing with in Liberia and expect that reportable results will indeed support this new level." Please visit our website: www.sunergygold.com and review our Company's activities. SUNERGY, Inc., a Nevada corporation (OTCQB: SNEY) is a publicly listed and traded, production oriented, junior mining company headquartered in Scottsdale, Arizona, USA that is production oriented at the earliest possible profitable opportunity and has an appetite to grow by profitable acquisition. As its core business, the Company has made a transition from an exploration only company to a company now focused on production and cash flow. We now have four dredges operating, 2 in Sierra Leone and 2 in Liberia. An 8th dredge sits between the two countries awaiting the most favorable deployment opportunity for fast cash flow. In addition to our core mining activities, the Company has used its considerable contacts earned over the past 4 years to develop non-mining partnerships and agency agreements with major international businesses representing Airport Security and Affordable Housing projects and Solar energy projects up to 250 megawatts, in the five West Africa Countries of Ghana, Sierra Leone, Liberia, The Gambia and Senegal.
Views: 239 Eteligis.com
Stellar Diamonds – CEO Karl Smithson
 
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Karl Smithson, CEO of Stellar Diamonds, discusses the company’s Tongo-Tonguma project in Sierra Leone, aspects of the diamond industry and the company’s recent fundraising announcement. Core Finance is part of Core London, a TV production company based in Belgravia, London. Core Finance aims to provide its viewers with insightful market commentary, helping investors navigate global financial markets. Making the content provided invaluable to viewers. Our shows are closely followed by fund managers, day traders, retail investors, company CEO's, experienced investors and those new to the financial markets. Core Finance covers all asset classes ranging from currencies (forex), equities, bonds, commodities, crypto-currencies, ETF's, futures and options. Views expressed are solely those of guests and presenters and do not constitute investment advice and are not the views of Core Finance or Core London. See More At: www.corelondon.tv Twitter: @CoreLondonTV Facebook: CoreLondonTV
Views: 212 Core Finance
GIA Certified Diamonds UK
 
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Views: 366 Diamond Geezer
Gambia’s Agriculture Minister Omar A Jallow denies obsolete fertilizer sell allegation
 
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EYEAFRICA TV: Banjul, THE GAMBIA: Gambia’s Agriculture Minister Omar A Jallow has denied allegation of conniving with a Gambian businessman in the sale of tonnes of expired fertilizer in Senegal and The Gambia and vowed to fight to the end to clear his reputation. An online Gambian news media Kerr Fatou published last week about the minister in which it was stated that the minister was working with one Modou Dibba; a businessman who has trucked away an estimated twenty-seven thousand plus bags of outdated fertilizer from the government stores in Banjul before he was arrested by the state agents in June last year as he attempted to load ten more trucks. At a press conference organised at his office in the country’s capital, Banjul, Minister Jallow said the allegation is unfounded, malicious and defamatory, saying as a minister, he has never been involved in such transaction and has never signed a contract nor did he knew when a contract for such transaction was signed. He said the process of the fertilizer started in 2009 when it was not even imported into the country and found unfit for usage. “Some of the people responsible for the importation were arrested and detained,” he said. According to the Kerr Fatou article published on Minister Jallow, the Government of The Gambia in 2009, through the Ministry of Agriculture, purchased 9, 500 tons of fertilizer to the tune of D130, 800, 000. Delivered by Modou Ceesay of Tilikon Company, the fertilizer was meant to subsidise Gambian farmers but it was discovered out dated and spoilt. Minister Jallow said in yesterday’s press conference that, “I could not understand how I can be associated with a process that started in 2014 and as I said I was never contracted or was I aware of the contract.” He said some eight months ago, the State Intelligence Service (SIS) started an investigation into the saga and when they came to his office, he clearly told them that he was never informed about it nor was he involved in the whole process. “Now I would call on the publishers to come and provide evidence that I signed the contract and evidence for financial gains I received from the contract.”
Views: 327 EYE AFRICA TV
Stratex makes move into Cameroon with two gold exploration projects
 
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Stratex International plc (LON:STI) chief executive Tim Livesey caught up with Proactive's Andrew Scott to discuss their conditional option agreement with Bureau d'Etudes et d'Investigations Géologico-minières, Géotechniques et Géophysiques SARL (BEIG3), a well-established Cameroonian company with strong in-country technical and logistic support, for two early-stage gold exploration projects, Bibemi and Wapouzé, in north Cameroon. Under the terms of the option agreement, Stratex can earn-up to a 90% interest in the two projects projects.
Sierra Leone
 
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Sierra Leone , officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa that is bordered by Guinea to the northeast, Liberia to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest. Sierra Leone is a constitutional republic with a directly elected president and a unicameral legislature. The country has a tropical climate, with a diverse environment ranging from savannah to rainforests. The country covers a total area of 71,740 km2 and with an estimated population of 6 million . This video targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Public domain image source in video
Views: 6182 encyclopediacc
Gold Coast (British colony) | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Gold Coast (British colony) Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Gold Coast was a British colony on the Gulf of Guinea in west Africa from 1867 to its independence as the nation of Ghana in 1957. The first Europeans to arrive at the coast were the Portuguese in 1471. They encountered a variety of African kingdoms, some of which controlled substantial deposits of gold in the soil. The kingdoms had a tradition of enslaving captives taken in warfare. Some were sold to Arab traders from North Africa and transported to Islamic Mediterranean civilizations. In 1482, the Portuguese came to the continent for increased trade. They built the Castle of Elmina, the first European settlement on the Gold Coast. From here they acquired slaves and gold in trade for European goods, such as metal knives, beads, mirrors, rum, and guns. News of the successful trading spread quickly, and British, Dutch, Danish, Prussian and Swedish traders arrived as well. The European traders built several forts along the coastline. The Gold Coast had long been a name for the region used by Europeans because of the large gold resources found in the area. The slave trade was the principal exchange and major part of the economy for many years. In this period, European nations began to explore and colonize the Americas. Soon the Portuguese and Spanish began to export African slaves to the Caribbean, and North and South America. The Dutch and British also entered the slave trade, at first supplying markets in the Caribbean and on the Caribbean coast of South America. The Royal Trading Company was established by the Crown in 1752 to lead its trading in Africa. It was replaced by the African Company of Merchants, which led the British trading efforts into the early 19th century. In 1821 the British government withdrew their charter and seized privately held lands along the coast. In 1867 the government formed the British Gold Coast colony, after having taken over the remaining interests of other European countries. They purchased and incorporated the Danish Gold Coast in 1850 and the Dutch Gold Coast, including Fort Elmina, in 1872. Britain steadily expanded its colony through the invasion and subjection of local kingdoms as well, particularly the Ashanti and Fante confederacies. The Ashanti people had controlled much of the territory of Ghana before the Europeans arrived and were often in conflict with them. In the 21st century they continue to constitute the largest ethnic community in Ghana. Four wars, the Anglo-Ashanti Wars, were fought between the Ashanti (Asante) and the British, who were sometimes allied with the Fante. During the First Anglo-Ashanti War (1822–24), the two groups fought because of a disagreement over an Ashanti chief and slavery. The British had abolished the Atlantic slave trade but kept the institution in its colonies until 1834. Tensions increased in 1874 during the Second Ashanti War (1873–74) when the British sacked the Ashanti capital of Kumasi. The Third Ashanti War (1893–94) occurred because the new Ashanti ruler Asantehene wanted to exercise his new title. From 1895–96 the British and Ashanti fought in the Fourth and final Ashanti War, where the Ashanti fought for and lost their independence. In 1900 the Ashanti Uprising took place. The British suppressed the violence and captured of the city of Kumasi. At the end of this last Ashanti War, the territory of the Ashanti people became a British protectorate on 1 January 1902. By 1901, British had established a colony incorporating all of the Gold Coast, with its kingdoms and tribes considered a single unit. The British exploited and exported a variety of natural resources such as gold, metal ores, diamonds, ivory, pepper, timber, grain and cocoa. The British colonists built railways and a complex transport infrastructure to support the shipment of such commodity goods. This has formed the basis for the transport infrastructure in modern-day Ghana. They also built Weste ...
Views: 273 wikipedia tts
Sierra Leone | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Sierra Leone Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Sierra Leone (, UK also ), officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Guinea to the northeast, Liberia to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest. It has a tropical climate, with a diverse environment ranging from savanna to rainforests. The country has a total area of 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi) and a population of 7,075,641 as of the 2015 census. Sierra Leone is a constitutional republic with a directly elected president and a unicameral legislature. Sierra Leone has a dominant unitary central government. The president is the head of state and the head of government. The country's capital and largest city is Freetown. Kenema, located 185 miles from Freetown, is the country's second most populous city. Other major cities with a population above one hundred thousand are Bo, Koidu Town and Makeni. Sierra Leone is made up of five administrative regions: the Northern Province, North West Province, Eastern Province, Southern Province and the Western Area. These regions are subdivided into sixteen districts.Sierra Leone became independent from the United Kingdom on 27 April 1961, led by Sir Milton Margai, who became the country's first prime minister. In May 1962, Sierra Leone held its first general elections as an independent nation. Siaka Stevens" All People's Congress won the 1967 Sierra Leone parliamentary election over the governing Sierra Leone People's Party. Stevens ruled Sierra Leone from 1968 to 1985 in which he was intolerance of opposions and critics of his government. In 1971, Stevens abolished Sierra Leone's parliamentary government system and declared Sierra Leone a presidential republic. Sierra Leone was a one-party state from 1978 to 1985, in which Stevens' All People's Congress was the only legal political party in the country. The current constitution of Sierra Leone, which includes multi party democracy, was adopted in 1991 by the government of President Joseph Saidu Momoh, Stevens' hand-picked successor. In 1991, a rebel group known as the Revolutionary United Front led by former Sierra Leone army Corporal Foday Sankoh launched a brutal civil war in the country. In April 1992 a group of Junior military officers toppled Momoh from power and 25-year-old Captain Valentine Strasser became the head of state. In January 1996 Strasser was toppled from power by his deputy, Brigadier General Julius Maada Bio. Bio returned the country to multi-party democracy and the 1991 constitution was reestablished. Bio handed power to Ahmad Tejan Kabbah of the Sierra Leone People's Party after his victory in the 1996 Sierra Leone presidential election. In 1997, the military overthrew president Kabbah. However, in February 1998, a coalition of West African Ecowas armed forces led by Nigeria, removed the military Junta from power by force and president Kabbah was reinstated as president. In 1998, the coup leaders were executed after they were sentenced to death by a military court martial. Sierra Leone has had an uninterrupted democracy since 1998 to present. In January 2002, President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah fulfilled his campaign promise by officially ending the civil war as the rebels were defeated by military force with the help and support of Ecowas, the British government, the African Union, and the United Nations. About 16 ethnic groups inhabit Sierra Leone, each with its own language and customs. The two largest and most influential are the Temne and Mende. The Temne are predominantly found in the northwest of the country, and the Mende are predominant in the southeast. Comprising a small minority, about 2%, are the Krio people, who are descendants of freed African-American and West Indian slaves. The Krios are overwhelmingly found in the capital Freetown and its surrounding countryside. Although English is the official language, used in schools and government administration, Krio, an English-based creole, is the most widely spoken language across Sier ...
Views: 79 wikipedia tts
Sierra Leone | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Sierra Leone Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Sierra Leone (, UK also ), officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Guinea to the northeast, Liberia to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest. It has a tropical climate, with a diverse environment ranging from savanna to rainforests. The country has a total area of 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi) and a population of 7,075,641 as of the 2015 census. Sierra Leone is a constitutional republic with a directly elected president and a unicameral legislature. Sierra Leone has a dominant unitary central government. The president is the head of state and the head of government. The country's capital and largest city is Freetown. Kenema, located 185 miles from Freetown, is the country's second most populous city. Other major cities with a population above one hundred thousand are Bo, Koidu Town and Makeni. Sierra Leone is made up of five administrative regions: the Northern Province, North West Province, Eastern Province, Southern Province and the Western Area. These regions are subdivided into sixteen districts.Sierra Leone became independent from the United Kingdom on 27 April 1961, led by Sir Milton Margai, who became the country's first prime minister. In May 1962, Sierra Leone held its first general elections as an independent nation. Siaka Stevens" All People's Congress won the 1967 Sierra Leone parliamentary election over the governing Sierra Leone People's Party. Stevens ruled Sierra Leone from 1968 to 1985 in which he was intolerant of opponents and critics of his government. In 1971, Stevens abolished Sierra Leone's parliamentary government system and declared Sierra Leone a presidential republic. Sierra Leone was a one-party state from 1978 to 1985, in which Stevens' All People's Congress was the only legal political party in the country. The current constitution of Sierra Leone, which includes multi party democracy, was adopted in 1991 by the government of President Joseph Saidu Momoh, Stevens' hand-picked successor. In 1991, a rebel group known as the Revolutionary United Front led by former Sierra Leone army Corporal Foday Sankoh launched a brutal civil war in the country. In April 1992 a group of Junior military officers toppled Momoh from power and 25-year-old Captain Valentine Strasser became the head of state. In January 1996 Strasser was toppled from power by his deputy, Brigadier General Julius Maada Bio. Bio returned the country to multi-party democracy and the 1991 constitution was reestablished. Bio handed power to Ahmad Tejan Kabbah of the Sierra Leone People's Party after his victory in the 1996 Sierra Leone presidential election. In 1997, the military overthrew president Kabbah. However, in February 1998, a coalition of West African Ecowas armed forces led by Nigeria, removed the military Junta from power by force and president Kabbah was reinstated as president. In 1998, the coup leaders were executed after they were sentenced to death by a military court martial. Sierra Leone has had an uninterrupted democracy since 1998 to present. In January 2002, President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah fulfilled his campaign promise by officially ending the civil war as the rebels were defeated by military force with the help and support of Ecowas, the British government, the African Union, and the United Nations. About 16 ethnic groups inhabit Sierra Leone, each with its own language and customs. The two largest and most influential are the Temne and Mende. The Temne are predominantly found in the northwest of the country, and the Mende are predominant in the southeast. Comprising a small minority, about 2%, are the Krio people, who are descendants of freed African-American and West Indian slaves. The Krios are overwhelmingly found in the capital Freetown and its surrounding countryside. Although English is the official language, used in schools and government administration, Krio, an English-based creole, is the most widely spoken language across Sierr ...
Views: 209 wikipedia tts
Getting to zero | UNICEF
 
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“I never imagined doing this.” What this girl in Sierra Leone does after losing her parents will inspire you. Comment below with a message of support to the everyday heroes working to end the Ebola outbreak. Find out more about our efforts to #GetToZero: http://uni.cf/ebola _____________ This fictional short film takes place in Freetown, the capital of Sierra Leone where a 17-year-old girl decides to become a social mobilizer to spread awareness of Ebola prevention in her community and end the outbreak. ___________ Subscribe to UNICEF here: http://bit.ly/1ltTE3m The official UNICEF YouTube channel is your primary destination for the latest news updates from the frontline, documentaries, celebrity appeals, and more about our work to realize the rights of every child. Click here to see all of our latest trending videos: http://smarturl.it/TrendingAtUNICEF For more about UNICEF's work, visit: http://www.unicef.org Follow UNICEF here: UNICEF Connect blog: http://blogs.unicef.org Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/unicef Twitter: https://twitter.com/unicef Instagram: http://instagram.com/UNICEF Tumblr: http://unicef.tumblr.com Pinterest: http://www.pinterest.com/unicef
Views: 164456 UNICEF
Tiffany stop peddling in Israeli blood diamonds - Valentine's Protest 7 Feb 2015 [inminds]
 
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www.inminds.com, 7th February 2015 Last year Israel's business news Globes (16th Nov 2014) reported that in the wake of the genocidal assault on Gaza, economic results show Israel's economy had for the first time since 2009 contracted. The decline in GDP reflects decrease in investments and exports of goods and services right across the board. Tourism for example was down 77.5%. The only anomaly was the export of diamonds, they actually rose by 53.3% thus helping bail out the Israeli economy at this critical time when no one wanted to touch this genocidal regime. It would appear that most people don't readily associate diamonds with Israel and its war crimes. The reality is that Israel's diamond industry is a main source of funding for the Israeli military ( $1 billion every year according to testimony given at the Russell Tribunal in Nov 2010). Valentines Day is a traditional favourite for engagements with 1 in 10 proposals happening on Valentine's Day. According to the Israeli Diamond Industry, consumer surveys show 29.1% of men plan to buy Jewellery for Valentines Day. On Saturday 7th February 2015 - the saturday before Valentines Day - we proceed down Old Bond Street on a rolling protest stopping at the businesses of the main peddlers of Israeli blood diamonds to reveal to the public the complicity of these companies in war crimes in Gaza. TIFFANY One of Israel's leading diamonds companies - Steinmetz Diamonds Group (now Diacore) through its foundation adopted and funds the notorious Givati Brigade of the Israeli army which stands accused of war crimes in Gaza by the UN Human Rights Council. In particular the Givati Brigade is responsible for the Samouni family massacre in Gaza. Tiffany & Co. is in close partnership with Israel's Steinmetz Diamond Group. Tiffany's helped fund Steinmetz Koidu diamond mine in Sierra Leone by $50 million, in return Steinmetz (through its Octea Ltd unit) provides Tiffany's with its cut diamonds.
Views: 192 inminds
Echo Energy PLC making some noise today, but how high can it go this summer?
 
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Shares in Echo Energy PLC (LON:ECHO) are up 2% or so today (Tuesday), and technical analyst Zak Mir expects them to carry on rising over the next couple of months, potentially to as high as 25p. “There’s been a consolidation recently, a bit of a pullback from the peak last month just above 20p,” explains Mir in the latest Proactive Investors Bulletin Board. “We’ve got the floor of a rising trend channel from March and the 50-day moving average just below and while above that target here over the next one to two, the target here is still as high as 25p.”
FGM is...
 
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Plan International is working to eliminate all forms of violence against girls and women*, including ending harmful practices such as female genital mutilation / cutting (FGM/C) and child marriage. Join the Plan International Because I am a Girl campaign to support girls: https://plan-international.org/EndFGM/ *Names of girls and women in this video filmed in Sierra Leone have been changed.
Views: 2677 Plan International
270th Knowledge Seekers Workshop - April 4, 2019
 
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Main Topics this week: How to go to space Lengthy Q&A Session with many topics covered including new soul teachings. This weekly on-going public series of Knowledge Seekers Workshops brings us new teachings, universal knowledge and new understandings of true space technology to everyone on Earth direct from the Keshe Foundation Spaceship Institute. Each Thursday, at 9 am Central European Summer Time, we broadcast live, the latest news, developments, and M.T. Keshe teachings on our zoom channel and other public channels. (see below for channel links) If you wish to discover and learn more, please see our many categories of videos on our Youtube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/c/KeshefoundationOrg/playlists Become a student at the world's first Spaceship Institute! For only 100 euros, you get a full calendar year of access to live and recorded private teachings. There are thousands of hours of extended Private Teachings stored in our private portal at the Keshe Foundation Spaceship Institute (KF SSI) that you have access to, and we teach Live classes six days a week in English, plus we also have live classes 7 days a week in 18+ languages. Apply today to become a student at the KF SSI. More information is at our website http://kfssi.org. A direct link to Student Application Form is http://kfssi.org/study-apply. ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Live Streaming Channels ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- https://keshefoundation.org/zoom https://keshefoundation.org/youtube https://keshefoundation.org/livestream https://keshefoundation.org/facebook ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Other important KF links: ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- https://keshefoundation.org https://kfwiki.org/ https://www.facebook.com/KesheFoundationSSI/ https://twitter.com/KesheFoundation https://keshefoundation.org/uc https://keshefoundation.org/donate https://keshefoundation.org/volunteer (instructions at the bottom) https://keshefoundation.org/blueprint https://keshefoundation.org/blueprint-download (download blueprints) https://kfssi.org/student-application-form/ (become a student of KF SSI Education) https://keshefoundation.org/education/mozhan/ (become a MOZHAN) https://kfssi.org/ (KF SSI Education) https://spaceshipinstitute.org/ (SpaceShip Institute) https://usa.keshefoundation.org (USA Keshe Foundation) https://keshefoundation.org/about/wpt
Bose :The Forgotten Hero Full Movie | Hindi Movies 2019 Full Movie | Bollywood Movies
 
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#HindiMovies2019 #HindiDubbedMovies2019 #BollywoodMovies2019 #Bose Bose :The Forgotten Hero starring Sachin Khedekar, Kulbhushan Kharbanda, Rajit Kapur, Divya Dutta, Arif Zakaria among others.Born in a prominent Bengali family, Subhas had dedicated much of his younger years by being actively involved in ridding the British from India. For this purpose he joined hands with stalwarts such as Jawaharlal Nehru and Mohandas Gandhi, but expressed his frustration, especially with Gandhi's slow and painstaking way of trying to win over the enemy with love. It is for this reason, he decided to separate from the Congress Party. The British became weary of him, placed him under arrest, but when he started a hunger strike unto death, they let him go, but kept him under surveillance. Subhas eluded the police, under the guise of Pathan Mohammad Ziauddin, crossed the Indian border in Afghanistan so that he could enter Russia and form an Indian Army to oust the British. His efforts failed, he ended up as Italian Orlando Mashtar, with an office in Germany. This movie is an out and out biographical war film about the Hero, Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose. For Latest Updates, follow us on Facebook http://www.facebook.com/bollykick G + http://www.google.com/+bollykick Twitter http://www.twitter.com/bollykick
Views: 303895 Bolly Kick
Disaster Risk Reduction Is A Development Issue
 
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A changing climate and rapidly growing exposure to disaster risk presents the world with an unprecedented challenge. For developing countries, both less able to cope with the impact and more likely to be affected, the challenge is particularly severe. These countries face mounting losses from a range of natural hazards, from earthquakes and tsunamis through to severe flooding, storms and drought. We face the threat of decades of development progress being rolled back and poverty becoming entrenched. Meanwhile, climate change cuts across society, from agriculture to health, energy to water resources. UNDP’s work is to integrate issues of climate, disaster risk and energy at country level, and focus on building resilience and ensuring that development remains risk-informed and sustainable.
HLS in the Community | Human Rights Advocacy
 
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Harvard Law School Clinical Professors Susan Farbstein '04 and Tyler Giannini, co-directors of the HLS International Human Rights Clinic, led a workshop on human rights advocacy which examined how human rights advocates blend theory with practice in order to advance social justice. Drawing on their experiences in the clinic and elsewhere, panelists shared challenges, victories, and strategies in the human rights space, ultimately seeking to answer the question: what is responsible, effective human rights advocacy? The panel featured human rights advocates and HLS alumni Thomas Becker '08, Krizna Gomez LL.M. '13, Chris Mburu LL.M. '93, Meghan L. Morris '08, and Samantha Bent Weber '08. The Human Rights Advocacy workshop was part of the HLS in the Community bicentennial celebration which took place at Harvard Law School on Friday, April 20, 2018. For more on HLS' Bicentennial events, go to: http://200.hls.harvard.edu/.
Views: 906 Harvard Law School
You and Oxfam have reason to celebrate!
 
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Oxfam believes in the power of people working together to end the injustice of poverty. With 70 years of experience in more than 90 countries, Oxfam takes on the big issues that keep people poor: inequality, discrimination, and unequal access to resources including food, water, and land. We help people save lives in disasters, build stronger futures for themselves, and hold the powerful accountable. Join us at www.oxfamamerica.org
Views: 4922 Oxfam America
Gina built her farm through microloans
 
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www.kiva.org/about April is the Month of Microfinance, so it’s the perfect time to honor the hard work of borrowers around the world like Gina, a farmer in the Philippines. Gina is an inspiring example of how multiple microloans can help a family over many years, enabling them to steadily build a business and improve their lives. Watch her story and share to celebrate #MOMF16 Why we do what we do at Kiva: We envision a world where all people - even in the most remote areas of the globe - hold the power to create opportunity for themselves and others. We believe providing safe, affordable access to capital to those in need helps people create better lives for themselves and their families. How we do it: Making a loan on Kiva is so simple that you may not realize how much work goes on behind the scenes. Kiva works with microfinance institutions on five continents to provide loans to people without access to traditional banking systems. One hundred percent of your loan is sent to these microfinance institutions, which we call Field Partners, who administer the loans in the field. Kiva relies on a world wide network of over 450 volunteers who work with our Field Partners, edit and translate borrower stories, and ensure the smooth operation of countless other Kiva programs. 100% of every dollar you lend on Kiva goes directly towards funding loans; Kiva does not take a cut. Furthermore, Kiva does not charge interest to our Field Partners, who administer the loans. Kiva is primarily funded through the support of lenders making optional donations. We also raise funds through grants, corporate sponsors, and foundations. We are incredibly thankful for the support that has enabled us to do the work that has touched the lives of so many people. http://www.kiva.org/lend https://www.facebook.com/kiva https://twitter.com/kiva https://www.instagram.com/kiva_microloans
Views: 7026 Kiva
Changing Lives in Africa: Perspectives from SEED Volunteer Coaches
 
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The Stanford Institute for Innovation in Developing Economies' (SEED) SEED's ambitious goal is to transform the lives of people living in poverty by stimulating economic opportunities through innovation, entrepreneurship, and the scaling of businesses around the world. SEED launched its first regional center in West Africa in July 2013. During this panel you will hear first hand what it's like to work as a volunteer business coach in Africa from members of our inaugural team of coaches. This panel was recorded on October 24, 2014 as part of the Stanford Graduate School of Business Fall Reunion/Alumni Weekend. Introduction by: Christian Loucq, SEED Chief Operations Officer Moderated by: Collins Dobbs, GSB Instructor and Leadership Coach Panelists: Clinton Etheridge, MBA '74; Ed Forman, MBA '79; Jan Swanberg, '75, MBA '79; Bill Scull, MBA '81
Auburn Coach Wife Kristi Malzahn Agrees with Match & eHarmony: Men are Jerks
 
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My advice is this: Settle! That's right. Don't worry about passion or intense connection. Don't nix a guy based on his annoying habit of yelling "Bravo!" in movie theaters. Overlook his halitosis or abysmal sense of aesthetics. Because if you want to have the infrastructure in place to have a family, settling is the way to go. Based on my observations, in fact, settling will probably make you happier in the long run, since many of those who marry with great expectations become more disillusioned with each passing year. (It's hard to maintain that level of zing when the conversation morphs into discussions about who's changing the diapers or balancing the checkbook.) Obviously, I wasn't always an advocate of settling. In fact, it took not settling to make me realize that settling is the better option, and even though settling is a rampant phenomenon, talking about it in a positive light makes people profoundly uncomfortable. Whenever I make the case for settling, people look at me with creased brows of disapproval or frowns of disappointment, the way a child might look at an older sibling who just informed her that Jerry's Kids aren't going to walk, even if you send them money. It's not only politically incorrect to get behind settling, it's downright un-American. Our culture tells us to keep our eyes on the prize (while our mothers, who know better, tell us not to be so picky), and the theme of holding out for true love (whatever that is—look at the divorce rate) permeates our collective mentality. Even situation comedies, starting in the 1970s with The Mary Tyler Moore Show and going all the way to Friends, feature endearing single women in the dating trenches, and there's supposed to be something romantic and even heroic about their search for true love. Of course, the crucial difference is that, whereas the earlier series begins after Mary has been jilted by her fiancé, the more modern-day Friends opens as Rachel Green leaves her nice-guy orthodontist fiancé at the altar simply because she isn't feeling it. But either way, in episode after episode, as both women continue to be unlucky in love, settling starts to look pretty darn appealing. Mary is supposed to be contentedly independent and fulfilled by her newsroom family, but in fact her life seems lonely. Are we to assume that at the end of the series, Mary, by then in her late 30s, found her soul mate after the lights in the newsroom went out and her work family was disbanded? If her experience was anything like mine or that of my single friends, it's unlikely. And while Rachel and her supposed soul mate, Ross, finally get together (for the umpteenth time) in the finale of Friends, do we feel confident that she'll be happier with Ross than she would have been had she settled down with Barry, the orthodontist, 10 years earlier? She and Ross have passion but have never had long-term stability, and the fireworks she experiences with him but not with Barry might actually turn out to be a liability, given how many times their relationship has already gone up in flames. It's equally questionable whether Sex and the City's Carrie Bradshaw, who cheated on her kindhearted and generous boyfriend, Aidan, only to end up with the more exciting but self-absorbed Mr. Big, will be better off in the framework of marriage and family. (Some time after the breakup, when Carrie ran into Aidan on the street, he was carrying his infant in a Baby Björn. Can anyone imagine Mr. Big walking around with a Björn?)
Views: 208357 Shari Wing
Shot@Life supports United Nations' efforts to provide global childhood vaccines.
 
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http://www.shotatlife.org Often related to distance and hardship in transit, parents in developing countries will overcome tremendous obstacles for the chance to vaccinate their children. This video follows the journey of the vaccine and of the recipient in a remote village in Haiti.
Views: 20204 shotatlifecampaign
Tony Blair and his links to George Soros
 
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Aperk of being one of the world’s wealthiest men is you can buy the most expensive of everything — from homes and cars, to yachts, private jets — and, let’s not forget, politicians.So it goes that, when George Soros decided to help the president of an impoverished West African country cement his powerbase a few years back, he agreed to pay big bucks to secure the regular assistance of one Tony Blair.Financial records produced by the American-Hungarian billionaire’s non-profit organisation, The Open Society Foundation (formerly Institute), reveal that in 2012 it spent $601,753 (£429,000) hiring Blair and his aides to help the leader of Guinea ‘manage and execute his ambitious reform agenda effectively’.The cash was paid to Blair’s personal charity, the Africa Governance Initiative.In return, Soros’s chum (and Guinea president) Alpha Conde received much invaluable advice, including how to handle PR in the aftermath of violent clashes during which government forces shot dead nine opposition activists and injured hundreds more.‘We are losing the communications battle, in part because the government has remained largely silent over these past weeks,’ spin doctors from Team Blair advised the African politician in early 2013.They suggested he create a ‘new narrative’ in which ‘we must be seen as the side that has always been open to democratic process and dialogue’.On another occasion, Blair personally contacted Hillary Clinton, who was then U.S.Secretary of State, asking for help persuading the International Monetary Fund (IMF) to speed up moves to relieve Guinea’s national debt.‘My charity is helping the President of Guinea with [the] Soros Foundation,’ Blair told Mrs Clinton in a leaked February 2012 email, adding that financial assistance would ‘make a big difference since [the] President has elections in early summer . . .any support would be very welcome!’ Mrs Clinton passed Blair’s chummy request to U.S.Treasury officials, and suggested that Mr Soros personally call the Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner to see if strings might be pulled.A few months later — hey presto! — this cosy networking bore fruit.The IMF wrote off $2.1billion (£1.5billion) of Guinea’s debt.Not long afterwards, President Conde was successfully re-elected, too.Having paid Blair’s bills, Mr Soros also took a hands-on role in supporting Conde in advance of those elections, setting up meetings between him and foreign power-brokers (one, in September 2011, saw him host the African statesman and his son at his New York apartment).Occasionally during this period, Soros seemed to take it upon himself to act as a quasi-official negotiator for the Guinea government.Indeed, he appears to have informally represented the Conde regime at a meeting in London that year with a Brazilian mining firm which had interests in the African country.In an internal email sent soon afterwards, executives from the company, Vale, said they’d been told by Soros to contribute $250million (£178million) t
Views: 55 Dongo NEWS
#VlogLikeaBoss Launch Q&A!
 
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GET THE BOOK & BONUSES! http://vloglikeaboss.com Thank you to Enligtened Audiovisual for the help with this stream! https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCgmuYLdZaJYaJ1DmO2dm6NA Savvy Sexy Social, ep. 701
Views: 3404 Amy Landino
Pearson Global Forum 2018
 
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On Friday, October 5, The Pearson Institute will bring together international policy-makers, non-governmental organizations, and academics to create a robust agenda for the inaugural Pearson Global Forum. With keynote addresses from U.S. Senator Tammy Duckworth, former U.S. Senator George J. Mitchell, President of the U.S. Institute of Peace Nancy Lindborg, and former President of the UN General Assembly Vuk Jeremić, the conference will couple academic research and first-hand experiences to promote research practices and inform public policy.
Views: 2135 Harris Public Policy
Skoll World Forum 2018 Opening Plenary | Jimmy Carter, Bryan Stevenson, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka
 
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In a world transformed by immediate digital connectivity, physical nearness—proximity—has never been more critical to crafting solutions and creating lasting social change. As we gather as a community, we’ll explore the tremendous power of proximity in our work. Through this lens, we’ll consider lessons from the past that may illuminate a course to a more peaceful, prosperous, and just future. LADAMA, a musical ensemble of women from the Americas who use their art to address gender inequality and celebrate humanity, joins us for a Pan-American performance. MASTERS OF CEREMONIES Stephan Chambers, Director, Marshall Institute, London School of EconomicsJess Search, Chief Executive, Doc Society FEATURING Bryan Stevenson, Executive Director, Equal Justice InitiativeChristiana Figueres, Convenor, Mission 2020 & Former Executive Secretary, UNFCCCPhumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, UN Women Executive DirectorTara Houska, National Campaigns Director, Honor the Earth GLOBAL TREASURE AWARD Jimmy Carter PERFORMANCES Darius Simpson, Poet LADAMA About the Skoll World Forum: Each year, nearly 1,000 of the world’s most influential social entrepreneurs, key thought leaders, and strategic partners gather at the University of Oxford’s Saïd Business School to exchange ideas, solutions, and information. The Skoll World Forum on Social Entrepreneurship is the premier international platform for advancing entrepreneurial approaches and solutions to the world’s most pressing problems. Connect with the Skoll Foundation: Subscribe to our channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/skollfoundation Website: http://skoll.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/SkollFoundation Facebook: http://facebook.com/skollfoundation
Views: 2295 Skoll.org
Gold Coast (British colony) | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Gold Coast (British colony) Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Gold Coast was a British colony on the Gulf of Guinea in west Africa from 1867 to its independence as the nation of Ghana in 1957. The first Europeans to arrive at the coast were the Portuguese in 1471. They encountered a variety of African kingdoms, some of which controlled substantial deposits of gold in the soil. The kingdoms had a tradition of enslaving captives taken in warfare. Some were sold to Arab traders from North Africa and transported to Islamic Mediterranean civilizations. In 1482, the Portuguese came to the continent for increased trade. They built the Castle of Elmina, the first European settlement on the Gold Coast. From here they acquired slaves and gold in trade for European goods, such as metal knives, beads, mirrors, rum, and guns. News of the successful trading spread quickly, and British, Dutch, Danish, Prussian and Swedish traders arrived as well. The European traders built several forts along the coastline. The Gold Coast had long been a name for the region used by Europeans because of the large gold resources found in the area. The slave trade was the principal exchange and major part of the economy for many years. In this period, European nations began to explore and colonize the Americas. Soon the Portuguese and Spanish began to export African slaves to the Caribbean, and North and South America. The Dutch and British also entered the slave trade, at first supplying markets in the Caribbean and on the Caribbean coast of South America. The Royal Trading Company was established by the Crown in 1752 to lead its trading in Africa. It was replaced by the African Company of Merchants, which led the British trading efforts into the early 19th century. In 1821 the British government withdrew their charter and seized privately held lands along the coast. In 1867 the government formed the British Gold Coast colony, after having taken over the remaining interests of other European countries. They purchased and incorporated the Danish Gold Coast in 1850 and the Dutch Gold Coast, including Fort Elmina, in 1872. Britain steadily expanded its colony through the invasion and subjection of local kingdoms as well, particularly the Ashanti and Fante confederacies. The Ashanti people had controlled much of the territory of Ghana before the Europeans arrived and were often in conflict with them. In the 21st century they continue to constitute the largest ethnic community in Ghana. Four wars, the Anglo-Ashanti Wars, were fought between the Ashanti (Asante) and the British, who were sometimes allied with the Fante. During the First Anglo-Ashanti War (1822–24), the two groups fought because of a disagreement over an Ashanti chief and slavery. The British had abolished the Atlantic slave trade but kept the institution in its colonies until 1834. Tensions increased in 1874 during the Second Ashanti War (1873–74) when the British sacked the Ashanti capital of Kumasi. The Third Ashanti War (1893–94) occurred because the new Ashanti ruler Asantehene wanted to exercise his new title. From 1895–96 the British and Ashanti fought in the Fourth and final Ashanti War, where the Ashanti fought for and lost their independence. In 1900 the Ashanti Uprising took place. The British suppressed the violence and captured of the city of Kumasi. At the end of this last Ashanti War, the territory of the Ashanti people became a British protectorate on 1 January 1902. By 1901, British had established a colony incorporating all of the Gold Coast, with its kingdoms and tribes considered a single unit. The British exploited and exported a variety of natural resources such as gold, metal ores, diamonds, ivory, pepper, timber, grain and cocoa. The British colonists built railways and a complex transport infrastructure to support the shipment of such commodity goods. This has formed the basis for the transport infrastructure in modern-day Ghana. They also built Weste ...
Views: 74 wikipedia tts
Rhodesia | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Rhodesia Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Rhodesia (, ) was an unrecognised state in southern Africa from 1965 to 1979, equivalent in territory to modern Zimbabwe. Rhodesia was the de facto successor state to the British colony of Southern Rhodesia, which had been self-governing since achieving responsible government in 1923. A landlocked nation, Rhodesia was bordered by South Africa to the south, Bechuanaland (later Botswana) to the southwest, Zambia to the northwest, and Mozambique (a Portuguese province until 1975) to the east. In the late 19th century, the territory north of the Transvaal was chartered to the British South Africa Company, led by Cecil Rhodes. Rhodes and his Pioneer Column marched north in 1890, acquiring a huge bloc of territory that the Company would rule until the early 1920s. In 1923, the Company's charter was revoked, and Southern Rhodesia attained self-government and established a legislature. Between 1953 and 1963, Southern Rhodesia was joined with Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland in the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. The decolonisation of Africa in the early 1960s alarmed a significant proportion of Rhodesia's white population. In an effort to delay the transition to black majority rule, Rhodesia's predominantly white government issued its own Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) from the United Kingdom on 11 November 1965. (The government of the United Kingdom supported Rhodesia's transition to a multi-racial democracy.) The UDI administration initially sought recognition as an autonomous realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, but reconstituted itself as a republic in 1970. The Rhodesian Bush War, which pitted the government against two African nationalist organisations, ZANU and ZAPU, intensified in the 1970s, prompting Rhodesian premier Ian Smith to concede to multiracial democracy in 1978. However, a provisional government subsequently headed by Smith and his moderate colleague Abel Muzorewa failed in appeasing international critics or halting the bloodshed. By December 1979, Muzorewa had replaced Smith as Prime Minister and secured an agreement with the militant nationalists, allowing Rhodesia to briefly revert to colonial status pending elections under a universal franchise. It finally achieved internationally recognised independence in April 1980 as the Republic of Zimbabwe. Rhodesia's largest cities were its capital, Salisbury, and Bulawayo. The white population, which grew to nearly 300,000, dominated the country's politics and economy, though they never made up more than eight percent of the total population. Rhodesia developed an economy largely dependent on agriculture, manufacturing, and mining. Its largest exports were chrome, tobacco, and steel. International sanctions put increasing pressure on the country as time went on. The Parliament of Rhodesia, which included the lower House of Assembly and later a Senate, was predominantly white, with minority of seats reserved for blacks. After 1970, the country used a semi-presidential system, with a President, Prime Minister, and cabinet.
Views: 42 wikipedia tts
History of slavery
 
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The history of slavery traces the history of slavery and the slave trade from ancient times to the present. Slavery is a legally recognized system in which people are legally considered the property or chattel of another. A slave had few rights and could be bought or sold and made to work for the owner without any choice or pay. As Drescher argues, "The most crucial and frequently utilized aspect of the condition is a communally recognized right by some individuals to possess, buy, sell, discipline, transport, liberate, or otherwise dispose of the bodies and behavior of other individuals." In the American colonies and other places, an integral element was frequently the assignment of children of a slave mother to the status of slaves -- born into slavery. Slavery does not include other forced labor systems: historical forced labor by prisoners, labor camps, or other forms of unfree labor, in which laborers are not considered property. This video targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 1877 encyclopediacc
Eighth Annual Emerging Markets Forum Business Powering Africa Forward
 
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Presented by the Center for Global Business, sponsored in-part by CIBER, a title VI grant from the U.S. Department of Education, at the Robert H. Smith School of Business at the University of Maryland The Smith School's Center for Global Business convenes its 8th Annual Emerging Markets Forum on the theme of doing business in Africa. Since 2010, this conference series has examined the rise of new economic powers, increased awareness about emerging markets, and disseminated information about how U.S. companies can best succeed there. One of the fastest growing economies in the world, Africa has many countries that have made diversification a priority. Opportunities abound for businesses that understand that trade, not aid, is the road to future prosperity. Expert speakers from business, academia and policy will discuss the opportunities as well as challenges of doing business in Africa, including: ● Which countries are reforming and growing fastest? ● Which sectors are the most promising (now and in the future)? ● What opportunities have drawn U.S. businesses to Africa? ● What challenges do they face, and how have they overcome these challenges?
Views: 518 SmithBusinessSchool
United Kingdom | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: United Kingdom Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to its east, the English Channel to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The sovereign state is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy. The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state. The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include the conurbations centred on Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, Glasgow and Liverpool. The United Kingdom consists of four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Their capitals are London, Belfast, Edinburgh, and Cardiff respectively. Apart from England, the countries have devolved administrations, each with varying powers. The nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, and the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed almost a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language, culture and legal systems of many of its former colonies. The United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a very high Human Development Index, ranking 14th in the world. It was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The United Kingdom remains a great power with considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence internationally. It is a recognised nuclear weapons state and is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946. It has been a leading member state of the European Union (EU) and its predecessor, the European Economic Community (EEC), since 1973; however, a referendum in 2016 resulted in 51.9% of UK voters favouring leaving the European Union, and the country's exit is being negotiated. The United Kingdom is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Interpol and the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Views: 95 wikipedia tts
United Kingdom | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: United Kingdom Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to its east, the English Channel to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The sovereign state is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy. The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state. The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include the conurbations centred on Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, Glasgow and Liverpool. The United Kingdom consists of four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Their capitals are London, Belfast, Edinburgh, and Cardiff respectively. Apart from England, the countries have devolved administrations, each with varying powers. The nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, and the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed almost a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language, culture and legal systems of many of its former colonies. The United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a very high Human Development Index, ranking 14th in the world. It was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The United Kingdom remains a great power with considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence internationally. It is a recognised nuclear weapons state and is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946. It has been a leading member state of the European Union (EU) and its predecessor, the European Economic Community (EEC), since 1973; however, a referendum in 2016 resulted in 51.9% of UK voters favouring leaving the European Union, and the country's exit is being negotiated. The United Kingdom is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Interpol and the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Views: 121 wikipedia tts
Nelson Mandela | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Nelson Mandela Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (; Xhosa: [xoliɬaˈɬa manˈdɛla]; 18 July 1918 – 5 December 2013) was a South African anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and philanthropist who served as President of South Africa from 1994 to 1999. He was the country's first black head of state and the first elected in a fully representative democratic election. His government focused on dismantling the legacy of apartheid by tackling institutionalised racism and fostering racial reconciliation. Ideologically an African nationalist and socialist, he served as President of the African National Congress (ANC) party from 1991 to 1997. A Xhosa, Mandela was born to the Thembu royal family in Mvezo, British South Africa. He studied law at the University of Fort Hare and the University of the Witwatersrand before working as a lawyer in Johannesburg. There he became involved in anti-colonial and African nationalist politics, joining the ANC in 1943 and co-founding its Youth League in 1944. After the National Party's white-only government established apartheid, a system of racial segregation that privileged whites, he and the ANC committed themselves to its overthrow. Mandela was appointed President of the ANC's Transvaal branch, rising to prominence for his involvement in the 1952 Defiance Campaign and the 1955 Congress of the People. He was repeatedly arrested for seditious activities and was unsuccessfully prosecuted in the 1956 Treason Trial. Influenced by Marxism, he secretly joined the banned South African Communist Party (SACP). Although initially committed to non-violent protest, in association with the SACP he co-founded the militant Umkhonto we Sizwe in 1961 and led a sabotage campaign against the government. He was arrested and imprisoned in 1962, and subsequently sentenced to life imprisonment for conspiring to overthrow the state following the Rivonia Trial. Mandela served 27 years in prison, split between Robben Island, Pollsmoor Prison, and Victor Verster Prison. Amid growing domestic and international pressure, and with fears of a racial civil war, President F. W. de Klerk released him in 1990. Mandela and de Klerk led efforts to negotiate an end to apartheid, which resulted in the 1994 multiracial general election in which Mandela led the ANC to victory and became President. Leading a broad coalition government which promulgated a new constitution, Mandela emphasised reconciliation between the country's racial groups and created the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to investigate past human rights abuses. Economically, Mandela's administration retained its predecessor's liberal framework despite his own socialist beliefs, also introducing measures to encourage land reform, combat poverty, and expand healthcare services. Internationally, he acted as mediator in the Pan Am Flight 103 bombing trial and served as Secretary-General of the Non-Aligned Movement from 1998 to 1999. He declined a second presidential term, and in 1999 was succeeded by his deputy, Thabo Mbeki. Mandela became an elder statesman and focused on combating poverty and HIV/AIDS through the charitable Nelson Mandela Foundation. Mandela was a controversial figure for much of his life. Although critics on the right denounced him as a communist terrorist and those on the radical left deemed him too eager to negotiate and reconcile with apartheid's supporters, he gained international acclaim for his activism. Widely regarded as an icon of democracy and social justice, he received more than 250 honours—including the Nobel Peace Prize—and became the subject of a cult of personality. He is held in deep respect within South Africa, where he is often referred to by his Xhosa clan name, Madiba, and described as the "Father of the Nation".
Views: 182 wikipedia tts
Atlantic slave trade | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Atlantic slave trade Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Atlantic slave trade or transatlantic slave trade involved the transportation by slave traders of enslaved African people, mainly to the Americas. The slave trade regularly used the triangular trade route and its Middle Passage, and existed from the 16th to the 19th centuries. The vast majority of those who were enslaved and transported in the transatlantic slave trade were Africans from central and western Africa, who had been sold by other West Africans to Western European slave traders (with a small number being captured directly by the slave traders in coastal raids), who brought them to the Americas. The South Atlantic and Caribbean economies especially were dependent on the supply of secure labour for the production of commodity crops, making goods and clothing to sell in Europe. This was crucial to those western European countries which, in the late 17th and 18th centuries, were vying with each other to create overseas empires.The Portuguese were the first to engage in the Atlantic slave trade in the 16th century. In 1526, they completed the first transatlantic slave voyage to Brazil, and other European countries soon followed. Shipowners regarded the slaves as cargo to be transported to the Americas as quickly and cheaply as possible, there to be sold to work on coffee, tobacco, cocoa, sugar and cotton plantations, gold and silver mines, rice fields, construction industry, cutting timber for ships, in skilled labour, and as domestic servants. The first Africans imported to the English colonies were classified as "indentured servants", like workers coming from England, and also as "apprentices for life". By the middle of the 17th century, slavery had hardened as a racial caste, with the slaves and their offspring being legally the property of their owners, and children born to slave mothers were also slaves. As property, the people were considered merchandise or units of labour, and were sold at markets with other goods and services. The major Atlantic slave trading nations, ordered by trade volume, were: the Portuguese, the British, the French, the Spanish, and the Dutch Empires. Several had established outposts on the African coast where they purchased slaves from local African leaders. These slaves were managed by a factor who was established on or near the coast to expedite the shipping of slaves to the New World. Slaves were kept in a factory while awaiting shipment. Current estimates are that about 12 million Africans were shipped across the Atlantic, although the number purchased by the traders was considerably higher, as the passage had a high death rate. Near the beginning of the 19th century, various governments acted to ban the trade, although illegal smuggling still occurred. In the early 21st century, several governments issued apologies for the transatlantic slave trade.
Views: 47 wikipedia tts
PSA: Needs of People with Disabilities (PWD) Un women
 
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This PSA was produced as part of the UN Women project "Innovative Action for Gender Equality” IAGE (funded by EU). The PSA is based on the key needs and priorities identified in the baseline study of IDP and Conflict-affected women, with a focus on PWDs, single and elderly women. This PSA addresses the needs of People with Disabilities (PWDs) among IDPs and conflict affected women and its key message is that the barriers existing in the society should not prevent PWDs from development and self-realisation. The PSA is part of the project’s advocacy efforts to address the needs and priorities of the target groups of women. The PSA was aired through regional TV stations in Marneuli (Kvemo Kartli region), Gurjaani (Kakheti region), Ninotsminda (Samtskhe-Javakheti region), and Zugdidi (Samegrelo region), as well as Public Broadcaster and Tabula TV.
Views: 888 UN Women
National Anthem of Malawi - "Mulungu dalitsa Malaŵi"
 
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●▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ஜ۩ESPAÑOL۩ஜ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬● Mulungu dalitsa Malaŵi es el himno nacional de Malaui. Fue compuesto por Michael-Fredrick Paul Sauka, quien escribió las letras. Fue adoptado en 1964 como resultado de un concurso. Mulungu dalitsa malaŵi Traducido como: "Dios bendiga Malawi" ●▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ஜ۩ENGLISH۩ஜ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬● Mlungu dalitsani Malaŵi (en:O God bless our land of Malaŵi) is the national anthem of Malawi. It was composed by Michael-Fredrick Paul Sauka, who also wrote the words. It was adopted in 1964 as a result of a competition. ●▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬ஜ۩DEUTSCH۩ஜ▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬▬● Mulungu dalitsa Malaŵi (Gott segne Malaŵi) ist die Nationalhymne von Malaŵi. Die Melodie wie auch der Text in der malaŵischen Sprache Chicheŵa stammen von Michael-Fredrick Paul Sauka. Kurz vor der Unabhängigkeit Malaŵis 1964 wurde aufgerufen, eine Hymne für das Land zu komponieren, aus der Saukas Entwurf als Sieger hervorging. Sie folgt dabei dem Stil afrikanischer Volkslieder.
Views: 34090 DeroVolk
Slave trade | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Slave trade Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The history of slavery spans many cultures, nationalities, and religions from ancient times to the present day. However the social, economic, and legal positions of slaves were vastly different in different systems of slavery in different times and places.Slavery appears in the Mesopotamian Code of Hammurabi (c. 1860 BC), which refers to it as an established institution.Slavery is rare among hunter-gatherer populations, because it is developed as a system of social stratification. Slavery was known in the very first civilizations such as Sumer in Mesopotamia which dates back as far as 3500 BC. The Byzantine–Ottoman wars and the Ottoman wars in Europe resulted in the taking of large numbers of Christian slaves. Slavery became common within much of Europe during the Dark Ages and it continued into the Middle Ages. The Dutch, French, Spanish, Portuguese, British, Arabs and a number of West African kingdoms played a prominent role in the Atlantic slave trade, especially after 1600. David P. Forsythe wrote: "The fact remained that at the beginning of the nineteenth century an estimated three-quarters of all people alive were trapped in bondage against their will either in some form of slavery or serfdom." The Republic of Dubrovnik was the first European country to ban the slave trade in 1416, and in modern times Denmark-Norway in 1802. Although slavery is no longer legal anywhere in the world (with the exception of penal labour), human trafficking remains an international problem and an estimated 25-40 million people are enslaved today, the majority in Asia. During the 1983–2005 Second Sudanese Civil War people were taken into slavery. Evidence emerged in the late 1990s of systematic child slavery and trafficking on cacao plantations in West Africa; see the chocolate and slavery article. Slavery continues into the 21st-century. Although slavery in Mauritania was criminalized in August 2007, in Mauritania it is estimated that up to 600,000 men, women and children, or 20% of the population, are currently enslaved, many of them used as bonded labor. Slavery in 21st-century Islamism continues, and women and children have been abducted and enslaved (often as sex slaves) by Islamist quasi-states such as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and Boko Haram.
Views: 199 wikipedia tts
The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano  | Audiobook with Subtitles
 
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The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, written in 1789, is the autobiography of Olaudah Equiano. It discusses his time spent in slavery, serving primarily on galleys, documents his attempts at becoming an independent man through his study of the Bible, and his eventual success in gaining his own freedom and in business thereafter. The book contains an interesting discussion of slavery in West Africa and illustrates how the experience differs from the dehumanising slavery of the Americas. The Intereresting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano is also one of the first widely read slave narratives. It was generally reviewed favorably. (Wikipedia) This work was produced to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the abolition of the slave trade in Great Britain. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano Olaudah EQUIANO Genre(s): *Non-fiction, Biography & Autobiography Chapters: 0:15 | Introductory 3:05 | Chapter 1 41:22 | Chapter 2 1:09:58 | Chapter 3 1:45:00 | Chapter 4 2:26:09 | Chapter 5 3:07:58 | Chapter 6 3:50:58 | Chapter 7 4:27:23 | Chapter 8 5:03:36 | Chapter 9 5:47:46 | Chapter 10 6:29:58 | Chapter 11 7:25:24 | Chapter 12 Audio Book Audiobooks All Rights Reserved. This is a Librivox recording. All Librivox recordings are in the public domain. For more information or to volunteer visit librivox.org.
Views: 1211 Audio book Audiobooks
Internet censorship and surveillance by country | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_censorship_and_surveillance_by_country 00:00:13 1 Classifications 00:00:50 1.1 iFreedom on the Net/i reports 00:02:56 1.2 OpenNet Initiative 00:06:31 1.3 Reporters Without Borders 00:06:40 1.3.1 RWB iEnemies of the Internet/i and iCountries under Surveillance/i lists 00:08:22 1.3.2 RWB iSpecial report on Internet Surveillance/i 00:09:33 1.4 iCountry Reports on Human Rights Practices/i 00:10:30 2 Alphabetical index to classifications 00:10:41 3 Country classifications 00:11:24 3.1 Pervasive censorship or surveillance 00:12:34 3.1.1 span  00:14:50 3.1.2 span  00:16:57 3.1.3 span  00:19:24 3.1.4 span  00:21:15 3.1.5 span  00:23:37 3.1.6 span  00:25:40 3.1.7 span  00:27:43 3.1.8 span  00:28:47 3.1.9 span  00:29:46 3.1.10 span  00:30:28 3.1.11 span  00:31:56 3.1.12 span  00:32:44 3.1.13 span  00:34:41 3.1.14 span  00:36:20 3.1.15 span  00:37:12 3.1.16 span  00:38:28 3.1.17 span  00:40:16 3.1.18 span  00:41:38 3.1.19 span  00:43:35 3.2 Substantial censorship or surveillance 00:44:46 3.2.1 span  00:46:58 3.2.2 span  00:48:33 3.2.3 span  00:50:18 3.2.4 span  00:51:08 3.2.5 span  00:53:20 3.2.6 span  00:55:13 3.2.7 span  00:56:21 3.2.8 span  00:58:09 3.2.9 span  01:04:00 3.2.10 span  01:07:14 3.3 Selective censorship or surveillance 01:08:22 3.3.1 span  01:10:50 3.3.2 span  01:11:34 3.3.3 span  01:14:15 3.3.4 span  01:15:36 3.3.5 span  01:18:02 3.3.6 span  01:19:55 3.3.7 span  01:21:55 3.3.8 span  01:24:51 3.3.9 span  01:25:29 3.3.10 span  01:28:19 3.3.11 span  01:29:42 3.3.12 span  01:31:19 3.3.13 span  01:33:03 3.3.14 span  01:35:15 3.3.15 span  01:36:34 3.3.16 span  01:37:38 3.3.17 span  01:39:52 3.3.18 span  01:40:50 3.3.19 span  01:42:05 3.3.20 span  01:44:09 3.3.21 span  01:47:48 3.3.22 span  01:49:35 3.3.23 span  01:50:35 3.3.24 span  01:51:50 3.3.25 span  01:53:37 3.3.26 span  01:53:45 3.3.27 span  01:56:32 3.3.28 span  01:56:40 3.3.29 span  01:59:15 3.3.30 span  02:00:50 3.3.31 span  02:02:30 3.3.32 span  02:03:22 3.3.33 span  02:05:34 3.3.34 span  02:06:40 3.3.35 span  02:09:07 3.3.36 span  02:13:10 3.3.37 span  02:16:26 3.3.38 span  02:17:52 3.3.39 span  02:18:56 3.3.40 span  02:19:51 3.4 Little or no censorship or surveillance 02:21:03 3.4.1 span  02:23:40 3.4.2 span  02:24:18 3.4.3 span  02:24:58 3.4.4 span  02:27:29 3.4.5 span  02:28:31 3.4.6 span  02:31:59 3.4.7 span  02:33:23 3.4.8 span  02:34:07 3.4.9 span  02:35:13 3.4.10 span  02:36:26 3.4.11 span  02:37:18 3.4.12 span  02:38:17 3.4.13 span  02:38:52 3.4.14 span  02:40:05 3.4.15 span  02:41:08 3.4.16 span  02:42:35 3.4.17 span  02:44:02 3.4.18 span  02:45:16 3.4.19 span  02:46:44 3.4.20 span  02:47:47 3.4.21 span  02:48:39 3.4.22 span  02:49:48 3.4.23 span  02:50:54 3.4.24 span  02:51:56 3.4.25 span  02:53:00 3.4.26 span  02:53:56 3.4.27 span  02:55:18 3.4.28 span  02:57:13 3.4.29 span  02:58:07 3.4.30 span  02:58:49 3.4.31 span  02:59:45 3.4.32 span  03:00:46 3.4.33 span  03:03:44 3.4.34 span  03:06:01 3.4.35 span  03:07:17 3.4.36 span  03:10:27 3.4.37 span  03:11:37 3.4.38 span  03:14:06 3.4.39 span  03:15:00 3.4.40 span  03:17:06 3.4.41 span  03:18:27 3.4.42 span  03:20:44 3.4.43 span  03:21:44 3.4.44 span  03:22:41 3.4.45 span  03:23:35 3.4.46 span  03:24:51 3.4.47 span  03:25:50 3.4.48 span  03:26:57 3.4.49 span  03:29:00 3.4.50 span  03:30:38 3.4.51 span  03:31:56 3.4.52 span  03:32:40 3.4.53 span  03:34:06 3.4.54 span  03:35:16 3.4.55 span  03:36:16 3.4.56 span  03:40:48 3.4.57 span  03:42:21 3.4.58 span  03:43:41 3.4.59 span  03:44:33 3.4.60 span  03:45:13 3.4.61 span  03:46:46 3.4.62 span  03:47:31 3.4.63 span  03:48:45 3.4.64 span  03:50:19 3.4.65 span  03:52:03 3.4.66 span  03:52:44 3.4.67 span  03:53:21 3.4.68 span    03:53:52 3.4.69 span  03:56:00 3.4.70 span  03:56:41 3.4.71 span  03:58:09 3.4.72 span  03:58:52 3.4.73 span  03:59:52 3.4.74 span  04:01:31 3.4.75 span  04:02:42 3.4.76 span  04:03:58 3.4.77 span  04:04:42 3.4.78 span  04:05:09 3.4.79 span  04:06:32 3.4.80 span  04:07:12 3.4.81 span  04:08:08 3.4.82 span  04:09:47 3.4.83 span  04:10:46 3.4.84 span  04:12:25 3.4.85 span  04:13:23 3.4.86 span  04:15:22 3.4.87 span  04:16:34 3.4.88 span  04:18:26 ...
Views: 123 wikipedia tts
History of Africa | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa 00:03:07 1 Prehistory 00:03:16 1.1 Paleolithic 00:06:57 1.2 Emergence of agriculture and desertification of the Sahara 00:11:23 1.3 Central Africa 00:12:11 1.4 Metallurgy 00:14:05 2 Antiquity 00:14:57 2.1 Ancient Egypt 00:19:50 2.2 Nubia 00:23:09 2.3 Carthage 00:25:58 2.3.1 Role of the Berbers 00:27:58 2.4 Somalia 00:28:38 2.5 Roman North Africa 00:34:02 2.6 Aksum 00:36:32 2.7 West Africa 00:38:51 2.8 Bantu expansion 00:40:17 3 Medieval and Early Modern (6th to 18th centuries) 00:40:29 3.1 Sao civilization 00:41:29 3.2 Kanem Empire 00:43:26 3.3 Bornu Empire 00:45:53 3.4 Shilluk Kingdom 00:46:33 3.5 Baguirmi Kingdom 00:47:03 3.6 Wadai Empire 00:47:54 3.7 Luba Empire 00:49:22 3.8 Lunda Empire 00:50:54 3.9 Kingdom of Kongo 00:53:48 3.10 Horn of Africa 00:53:57 3.10.1 Somalia 00:56:43 3.10.2 Ethiopia 00:58:37 3.11 North Africa 00:58:46 3.11.1 Maghreb 01:04:18 3.11.2 Nile Valley 01:04:26 3.11.2.1 Egypt 01:08:25 3.11.2.2 Sudan 01:08:32 3.11.3 Christian and Islamic Nubia 01:11:35 3.12 Southern Africa 01:12:15 3.12.1 Great Zimbabwe and Mapungubwe 01:15:47 3.12.2 Namibia 01:16:35 3.12.3 South Africa and Botswana 01:16:44 3.12.3.1 Sotho–Tswana 01:17:23 3.12.3.2 Nguni peoples 01:18:03 3.12.3.3 Khoisan and Afrikaaner 01:20:15 3.13 Southeast Africa 01:20:24 3.13.1 Prehistory 01:20:50 3.13.2 Swahili coast 01:23:42 3.13.3 Urewe 01:25:19 3.13.4 Madagascar and Merina 01:27:23 3.13.5 Lake Plateau states and empires 01:27:43 3.13.5.1 Kitara and Bunyoro 01:28:54 3.13.5.2 Buganda 01:29:53 3.13.5.3 Rwanda 01:31:05 3.13.5.4 Burundi 01:31:44 3.13.6 Maravi (Malawi) 01:32:41 3.14 West Africa 01:32:49 3.14.1 Sahelian empires & states 01:32:52 3.14.1.1 Ghana 01:34:41 3.14.1.2 Mali 01:38:08 3.14.1.3 Songhai 01:41:28 3.14.1.4 Sokoto Caliphate 01:42:55 3.14.2 Forest empires and states 01:43:04 3.14.2.1 Akan kingdoms and emergence of Asante Empire 01:47:03 3.14.2.2 Dahomey 01:48:42 3.14.2.3 Yoruba 01:51:15 3.14.2.4 Benin 01:52:59 3.14.2.5 Niger Delta and Igbo 01:54:24 4 19th century 01:54:33 4.1 Southern Africa 01:56:29 4.2 Nguniland 01:58:44 4.3 Voortrekkers 02:00:32 4.4 European trade, exploration and conquest 02:05:44 4.5 France versus Britain: the Fashoda crisis of 1898 02:06:45 4.6 European colonial territories 02:08:27 5 20th century 02:10:00 5.1 World War I 02:12:41 5.2 World War II: Political 02:16:46 5.2.1 French Africa 02:18:18 5.3 World War II: Military 02:20:42 5.4 Post-war Africa: decolonization 02:21:51 5.4.1 East Africa 02:22:33 5.4.2 North Africa 02:24:53 5.4.3 Southern Africa 02:25:45 5.4.4 West Africa 02:26:47 5.5 Historiography of British Africa 02:29:05 6 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The history of Africa begins with the emergence of hominids, archaic humans and – at least 200,000 years ago – anatomically modern humans (Homo sapiens), in East Africa, and continues unbroken into the present as a patchwork of diverse and politically developing nation states. The earliest known recorded history arose in the Kingdom of Kush, and later in Ancient Egypt, the Sahel, the Maghreb and the Horn of Africa. Following the desertification of the Sahara, North African history became entwined with the Middle East and Southern Europe while the Bantu expansion swept from modern day Cameroon (West Africa) across much of the sub-Saharan continent in waves between around 1000 BC and 0 AD, creating a linguistic commonality across much of the central and Southern continent. During the Middle Ages, Islam spread west from Arabia to Egypt, crossing the Maghreb and the Sahel. Some notable pre-colonial states and societies in Africa include the Ajuran Empire, D'mt, Adal Sultanate, Warsangali Sultanate, Kingdom of Nri, Nok culture, Mali Empire, Songhai Empire, Benin Empire, Oyo Empire, Ashanti Empire, Ghana Empire, Mossi Kingdoms, Mutapa Empire, Kingdom of Mapungubwe, Kingdom of Sine, Kingdom of Sennar, Kingdom of Saloum, Kingdom of Baol, Kingdom of Cayor, Kingdom of Zimbabwe ...
Views: 435 wikipedia tts
Age of Discovery | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Age of Discovery Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The Age of Discovery, or the Age of Exploration (approximately from the beginning of the 15th century until the end of the 18th century) is an informal and loosely defined term for the period in European history in which extensive overseas exploration emerged as a powerful factor in European culture and was the beginning of globalization. It also marks the rise of the period of widespread adoption in Europe of colonialism and mercantilism as national policies. Many lands previously unknown to Europeans were discovered by them during this period, though most were already inhabited. From the perspective of many non-Europeans, the Age of Discovery marked the arrival of invaders from previously unknown continents. Global exploration started with the Portuguese discoveries of the Atlantic archipelagos of Madeira and the Azores, the coast of Africa, and the discovery of the sea route to India in 1498; and the Crown of Castile (Spain) the trans-Atlantic Voyages of Christopher Columbus to the Americas between 1492 and 1502 and the first circumnavigation of the globe in 1519–1522. These discoveries led to numerous naval expeditions across the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans, and land expeditions in the Americas, Asia, Africa and Australia that continued into the late 19th century, and ended with the exploration of the polar regions in the 20th century. European overseas exploration led to the rise of global trade and the European colonial empires, with the contact between the Old World (Europe, Asia and Africa) and the New World (the Americas and Australia) producing the Columbian Exchange; a wide transfer of plants, animals, food, human populations (including slaves), communicable diseases and culture between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. This represented one of the most-significant global events concerning ecology, agriculture and culture in history. The Age of Discovery and later European exploration allowed the global mapping of the world, resulting in a new world-view and distant civilizations coming into contact, but also led to the propagation of diseases that decimated populations not previously in contact with Eurasia and Africa and to the enslavement, exploitation, military conquest and economic dominance by Europe and its colonies over native populations. It also allowed for the expansion of Christianity throughout the world: with the spread of missionary activity, it eventually became the world's largest religion.
Views: 188 wikipedia tts
In Conversation: Awareness, Action and Dissent (Part II)
 
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The second installment of “In Conversation: Awareness, Action and Dissent,” the panel explores the power of art to raise awareness and inspire action amid politically and culturally tumultuous times. The New Yorker journalist and former Beijing bureau chief Evan Osnos will moderate the discussion between artists Tania Bruguera, Hank Willis Thomas and Eric Gottesman. Bruguera, Thomas and Gottesman have made headlines in both the art world and political world, recently by standing up for freedom of speech and through the creation of the first art based Super PAC.
Views: 62 Hirshhorn
Symposium on Private Military Security Companies Part 2
 
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19:03 - Panel Introduction 22:34 - Dr. C. Anthony Pfaff 38:38 - Ms. Caroline Batka 54:36 - Colonel (Ret.) Mark Cancian 1:12:46 - Mr. Chris Rothery 1:27:47 - Panel Discussion : Governance, Laws, and Ethical Standards 1:49:14 - Mr. Erik Prince 2:49:17 - Laura Dickinson
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Views: 46 tom bohan
We Won’t Stop Now: End Malaria For Good.
 
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We’ve come a long way in the fight against malaria. We have the knowledge, the tools and the ambitious goal to End Malaria For Good. We can’t and won’t stop now.
Views: 706 The Global Fund