Home
Search results “London mining sierra leone agreement to purchase”
SIMON MANN - THE MERCENARY - Part 1/2 | London Real
 
56:06
SIMON MANN - THE MERCENARY - Part 1/2 | London Real FULL FREE EPISODE: https://londonreal.tv/simon-mann/ SUBSCRIBE ON YOUTUBE: http://bit.ly/SubscribeToLondonReal Simon Francis Mann (born 26 June 1952) is a British mercenary and former British Army officer. He served part of a 34-year prison sentence in Equatorial Guinea for his role in a failed coup d'état in 2004, before receiving a presidential pardon on humanitarian grounds on 2 November 2009. Mann was extradited from Zimbabwe to Equatorial Guinea on 1 February 2008, having been accused of planning a coup d'état to overthrow the government by leading a mercenary force into the capital Malabo in an effort to overthrow President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo. Charges in South Africa of aiding a coup in a foreign country were dropped on 23 February 2007, but the charges remained in Equatorial Guinea, where he had been convicted in absentia in November 2004. He lost an extradition hearing to Equatorial Guinea after serving three years of a four-year prison sentence in Zimbabwe for the same crimes and being released early on good behaviour. Upon Mann's arrival in Equatorial Guinea for his trial in Malabo, public Prosecutor Jose Olo Obono said that Mann would face three charges – crimes against the head of state, crimes against the government, and crimes against the peace and independence of the state. On 7 July 2008, he was sentenced to 34 years and four months in prison by a Malabo court. He was released on 2 November 2009, on humanitarian grounds. Chapters: 00:00 Trailer. 02:08 Brian’s thoughts on the episode. 06:13 Brian’s introduction. 06:56 An amazing period in Simon Mann’s’ life, satisfying and great fun. 08:33 Executive Outcomes role in the civil war in Angola against UNITA. 16:08 What the term mercenary means to Simon. 23:38 Thoughts on Erik Prince’s proposal to privatise the military force in Afghanistan. 25:26 Simon’s involvement in both the Angola and Sierra Leone wars. 32:05 The United Nations were useless in both Angola and Sierra Leone. 33:57 US & UK governments ordered them home when their task was almost complete. 35:25 Diamond mining in Sierra Leone and the film Blood Diamond. 36:25 What Simon did and where he went after the two wars. 39:25 Stratagem for doing business in Africa. 42:28 How an old Etonian become an SAS officer and then an ex mercenary diamond mine executive. 46:57 No good memories of his first SAS term of active duty in Northern Ireland. 50:08 When you look at any soldier you have to look at his military childhood. 55:41 A move to South Africa with different interests, but Executive Outcomes ceases after S.A. FMA. 57:43 Supplying arms to Sierra Leone and the resulting scandal, then Papua New Guinea issue. 59:29 Simon advises against British involvement in Iraq invasion. 1:08:36 Why Simon chose a military career. 1:11:30 The networking value of being an old Etonian. 1:13:38 Simon leads the 2003 Equatorial New Guinea coup amid a story of convoluted world politics. 1:36:46 Simon’s arrest, mock execution and torture by Zimbabwean forces 1:42:13 Pushing time in Chikurubi Prison, Zimbabwe 1:53:21 Feared rendition to Equatorial New Guinea. 2:11:52 A story stranger than fiction. 2:22:31 How the years in prison affected Simon and his family after his release. 2:27:37 Does Simon have any regrets for the decisions he took. 2:29:02 Life for Simon now. 2:32:29 How the British public perceives him now. 2:34:17 What does Simon hope his obituary will say. 2:35:13 Simon still has an adventure in mind. 2:37:43 Simon’s opinion of what people should consider about possible future use of PMCs. 2:42:27 Phone call to the 20 year old Simon Mann. 2:44:26 Advice to the 20 year old listening across the world who wants to be in the army. 2:45:45 Best advice ever received. 2:47:40 Brian’s summing up. Show Notes: Simon Mann on Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_Mann Simon Mann Books: Cry Havoc https://www.amazon.co.uk/Cry-Havoc-Simon-Mann/dp/1857826639 People mentioned in this episode: Tony Buckingham https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tony_Buckingham Erik Prince https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erik_Prince Eeben Barlow https://wikispooks.com/wiki/Eeben_Barlow Robert Friedland https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Friedland Beny Steinmetz https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beny_Steinmetz Charles Beckwith https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Alvin_Beckwith Sir Lachlan MacLean, 12th Baronet https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Lachlan_Maclean,_12th_Baronet Tim Spicer https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tim_Spicer David Hart https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Hart_(UK_political_activist) Richard Perle https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_Perle Tony Blair https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tony_Blair Mark Thatcher https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mark_Thatcher FULL SHOW NOTES: http://londonreal.tv/simon-mann #LondonReal #Motivation #JockoWillink #ExtremeOwnership #DisciplineEqualsFreedom
Views: 412642 London Real
Stellar Diamonds – CEO Karl Smithson
 
12:58
Karl Smithson, CEO of Stellar Diamonds, discusses the company’s Tongo-Tonguma project in Sierra Leone, aspects of the diamond industry and the company’s recent fundraising announcement. Core Finance is part of Core London, a TV production company based in Belgravia, London. Core Finance aims to provide its viewers with insightful market commentary, helping investors navigate global financial markets. Making the content provided invaluable to viewers. Our shows are closely followed by fund managers, day traders, retail investors, company CEO's, experienced investors and those new to the financial markets. Core Finance covers all asset classes ranging from currencies (forex), equities, bonds, commodities, crypto-currencies, ETF's, futures and options. Views expressed are solely those of guests and presenters and do not constitute investment advice and are not the views of Core Finance or Core London. See More At: www.corelondon.tv Twitter: @CoreLondonTV Facebook: CoreLondonTV
Views: 220 Core Finance
U.S to stop issuing visas to Sierra Leone, Eritrea, Guinea and Cambodia
 
05:16
The U.S. State Department says it will stop issuing certain visas to citizens from Eritrea, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Cambodia. The new restrictions are aimed at countries that have refused to take back citizens who've been deported. Under federal law, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson can stop all or specific types of visas from being issued to these nations. President Donald Trump has stepped up efforts to crack down on immigrants, who are in the United States illegally. Subscribe to us on YouTube: http://ow.ly/Zvqj30aIsgY Follow us on: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/cgtnafrica/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/cgtnafrica
Views: 14791 CGTN Africa
Sunergy's Liberian Diamond and Gold Mining Operations Total 20 Licenses to Operate This Year
 
00:43
MONROVIA, LIBERIA, via eTeligis, 4/16/2014 11:00:00 AMSunergy's Liberian Diamond and Gold Mining Operations Total 20 Licenses to Operate This Year Sunergy, Inc (the "Company") (OTCQB: SNEY) is pleased to report that its Liberia dredging operations are underway with all licenses and required permits in place. We are scaling up to control 4 Class B prospecting licenses in 4 separate complimentary areas. Each of these prospecting licenses will accommodate 4 Class C (Liberian only) licenses in which we will be the sponsor, aggregating 16 Class C and 4 Class B licenses active in Liberia this year. Dredgemaster David Price says: "We have a serious plan that we are executing in Liberia, involving Minerals Commission licensing, local artisanal mining personnel and licenses and equipment deployment. We have gained control of some historically rich mining sites that are just now re-opening after the conflict which are assured to provide excellent economic results. Our team of geologists and experienced artisanal mining persons coupled with a very cooperative minerals management group put us in a very aggressive position to achieve substantial returns for our shareholders. We are targeting more equipment and are finding that some vendors are also interested in owning our stock as part of a purchase agreement. This is good evidence that our Company is being highly regarded here in Liberia. I am very pleased to be a part of Sunergy's operating team and look forward to harvesting the fruits of our labor." Garrett Hale, President, CEO, stated: "First of all I would like to take this opportunity to thank all our loyal shareholders who have stayed with us through our darkest hours. The fact that Liberians are interested in owning our shares, because they have watched them increase in value over the past few weeks and months, is very encouraging. We owe thanks to our existing shareholders for this. There is a requirement to maintain our OTCQB listing that we must be current on our financial reporting and our shares need to be above a penny. We have delivered on this first piece, with the timely filing of our December 31, 2013 Annual report (10K), which filed yesterday. We are now asking our shareholders, both existing and new, to help us achieve this next important threshold prior to the May 1st deadline. We are receiving help and support from every entity that we are dealing with in Liberia and expect that reportable results will indeed support this new level." Please visit our website: www.sunergygold.com and review our Company's activities. SUNERGY, Inc., a Nevada corporation (OTCQB: SNEY) is a publicly listed and traded, production oriented, junior mining company headquartered in Scottsdale, Arizona, USA that is production oriented at the earliest possible profitable opportunity and has an appetite to grow by profitable acquisition. As its core business, the Company has made a transition from an exploration only company to a company now focused on production and cash flow. We now have four dredges operating, 2 in Sierra Leone and 2 in Liberia. An 8th dredge sits between the two countries awaiting the most favorable deployment opportunity for fast cash flow. In addition to our core mining activities, the Company has used its considerable contacts earned over the past 4 years to develop non-mining partnerships and agency agreements with major international businesses representing Airport Security and Affordable Housing projects and Solar energy projects up to 250 megawatts, in the five West Africa Countries of Ghana, Sierra Leone, Liberia, The Gambia and Senegal.
Views: 240 Eteligis.com
Botswana Diamonds provides an update on the Company’s Frischgewaagt project
 
12:20
James Campbell, Managing Director of Botswana Diamonds provides an update on the Company’s Frischgewaagt project in South Africa. Campbell says, “The geophysics are nearing completion at Frischgewaagt and the second drill program is set to start next month.” The segment is hosted by Bonnie Hughes, Mining Head at Northland Capital. Also discussed is the company’s JV with Alrosa and an update on the third project at Maibwe. Tip TV Finance is a daily finance show based in Belgravia, London. Tip TV Finance prides itself on being able to attract the very highest quality guests on the show to talk markets, economics, trading and investing, keeping our audience informed via insightful and actionable infotainment. The Tip TV Daily Finance Show covers all asset classes ranging from currencies (forex), equities, bonds, commodities, futures and options. Guests share their high conviction market opportunities, covering fundamental, technical, inter-market and quantitative analysis, with the aim of demystifying financial markets for viewers at home. See More At: www.tiptv.co.uk Twitter: @OfficialTipTV Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/officialtiptv
Views: 323 Tip TV Finance
Eighth Annual Emerging Markets Forum Business Powering Africa Forward
 
06:22:02
Presented by the Center for Global Business, sponsored in-part by CIBER, a title VI grant from the U.S. Department of Education, at the Robert H. Smith School of Business at the University of Maryland The Smith School's Center for Global Business convenes its 8th Annual Emerging Markets Forum on the theme of doing business in Africa. Since 2010, this conference series has examined the rise of new economic powers, increased awareness about emerging markets, and disseminated information about how U.S. companies can best succeed there. One of the fastest growing economies in the world, Africa has many countries that have made diversification a priority. Opportunities abound for businesses that understand that trade, not aid, is the road to future prosperity. Expert speakers from business, academia and policy will discuss the opportunities as well as challenges of doing business in Africa, including: ● Which countries are reforming and growing fastest? ● Which sectors are the most promising (now and in the future)? ● What opportunities have drawn U.S. businesses to Africa? ● What challenges do they face, and how have they overcome these challenges?
Views: 530 SmithBusinessSchool
Crown Agents Corrupted 61 Cook St Land Transfer Title
 
01:00:01
Crown New Zealand Government Agents and the retired Australian Land Surveyor General Don Grant corrupted the 61 Cook Street Sale and Purchase Agreement by forging the Land Transfer Title Crown Road running through the middle of the land block. the land could not be sold until the Government got a Licensed British land Surveyor to tamper with the Good Title and convert it into a Bad Title. In order to do this the New Zealand Government Crown State Attorney General Christopher Finalization had to sign this Forged land Title signature of a Dead land Surveyor Sutherland and cut and paste his signature onto the little road that now had a date on it in order that it can be used to transfer the investors names onto this road then discharge them off the road Title which resulted in them all losing their NZD $300 million Investment in Jaymie Peters Property Development Complex worth an estimated NZD$3 Billion now worth $5 Billion to complete under our MOAI CROWN FEDERAL STATE GOVERNMENT KING WILLIAM IV QUEEN VICTORIA GOLD TRUST FUND Development Project Planning. The Government Ministers have Fraud Businesses inside parliament such as Judith Collins Minister of Police in John KEY National Government SCAM Milk Company and FRAUDSTER caught in a Corrupted Government MOAI wants a Full AUDIT of the New Zealand Government TRUST TREASURY Department under KINGS BENCH ROYAL REVENUE ORDERS with the British Military Police to assist me and our AUDIT TEAM to investigate our QUEEN VICTORIA TRUST FUND here now as we Collect the Ground Rentals in this Country to be paid to the KING OF ENGLAND QUEEN VICTORIA TRUST FUND and not teh QUEEN ELIZABETH II TRUST FUND any more. I am the HEAD TRUSTEE of this TRUST now making the KINGS ROYAL REVENUE LEVY DEBTORS Recovery ORDERS now on this Block of Land.
Views: 267 John Wanoa
Sierra Leone
 
01:40:53
Sierra Leone , officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa that is bordered by Guinea to the northeast, Liberia to the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest. Sierra Leone is a constitutional republic with a directly elected president and a unicameral legislature. The country has a tropical climate, with a diverse environment ranging from savannah to rainforests. The country covers a total area of 71,740 km2 and with an estimated population of 6 million . This video targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Public domain image source in video
Views: 6332 encyclopediacc
PPPs at the Sub-National Level: Trends, Practices, Challenges, and Implications
 
01:03:33
Kenya’s new constitution (passed in 2010), lay the groundwork for devolution. As with any country in transition, there is a lack of clarity between the roles and jurisdiction of the implementing authorities at the national and county levels in several areas. This creates challenges while implementing PPP projects, since the very right of the authority to develop the project or enter into an agreement with the private sector may be questioned. The Government of Kenya has recently drafted its County PPP Regulations, which aim for greater clarity in the roles and jurisdiction of implementing and contracting authorities at the national and county level. The regulations were developed in the context of the changes brought about by the devolution process. This webinar will discuss the trends, practices, challenges, and implications of the County PPP Regulations with a focus on clarifying roles at the national and subnational levels.
Views: 144 OLC WBG
Echo Energy PLC making some noise today, but how high can it go this summer?
 
00:50
Shares in Echo Energy PLC (LON:ECHO) are up 2% or so today (Tuesday), and technical analyst Zak Mir expects them to carry on rising over the next couple of months, potentially to as high as 25p. “There’s been a consolidation recently, a bit of a pullback from the peak last month just above 20p,” explains Mir in the latest Proactive Investors Bulletin Board. “We’ve got the floor of a rising trend channel from March and the 50-day moving average just below and while above that target here over the next one to two, the target here is still as high as 25p.”
HLS in the Community | Human Rights Advocacy
 
01:45:40
Harvard Law School Clinical Professors Susan Farbstein '04 and Tyler Giannini, co-directors of the HLS International Human Rights Clinic, led a workshop on human rights advocacy which examined how human rights advocates blend theory with practice in order to advance social justice. Drawing on their experiences in the clinic and elsewhere, panelists shared challenges, victories, and strategies in the human rights space, ultimately seeking to answer the question: what is responsible, effective human rights advocacy? The panel featured human rights advocates and HLS alumni Thomas Becker '08, Krizna Gomez LL.M. '13, Chris Mburu LL.M. '93, Meghan L. Morris '08, and Samantha Bent Weber '08. The Human Rights Advocacy workshop was part of the HLS in the Community bicentennial celebration which took place at Harvard Law School on Friday, April 20, 2018. For more on HLS' Bicentennial events, go to: http://200.hls.harvard.edu/.
Views: 935 Harvard Law School
Skoll World Forum 2018 Opening Plenary | Jimmy Carter, Bryan Stevenson, Phumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka
 
02:32:07
In a world transformed by immediate digital connectivity, physical nearness—proximity—has never been more critical to crafting solutions and creating lasting social change. As we gather as a community, we’ll explore the tremendous power of proximity in our work. Through this lens, we’ll consider lessons from the past that may illuminate a course to a more peaceful, prosperous, and just future. LADAMA, a musical ensemble of women from the Americas who use their art to address gender inequality and celebrate humanity, joins us for a Pan-American performance. MASTERS OF CEREMONIES Stephan Chambers, Director, Marshall Institute, London School of EconomicsJess Search, Chief Executive, Doc Society FEATURING Bryan Stevenson, Executive Director, Equal Justice InitiativeChristiana Figueres, Convenor, Mission 2020 & Former Executive Secretary, UNFCCCPhumzile Mlambo-Ngcuka, UN Women Executive DirectorTara Houska, National Campaigns Director, Honor the Earth GLOBAL TREASURE AWARD Jimmy Carter PERFORMANCES Darius Simpson, Poet LADAMA About the Skoll World Forum: Each year, nearly 1,000 of the world’s most influential social entrepreneurs, key thought leaders, and strategic partners gather at the University of Oxford’s Saïd Business School to exchange ideas, solutions, and information. The Skoll World Forum on Social Entrepreneurship is the premier international platform for advancing entrepreneurial approaches and solutions to the world’s most pressing problems. Connect with the Skoll Foundation: Subscribe to our channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/skollfoundation Website: http://skoll.org Twitter: https://twitter.com/SkollFoundation Facebook: http://facebook.com/skollfoundation
Views: 2330 Skoll.org
Sierra Leone | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:57:41
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Sierra Leone Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Sierra Leone (, UK also ), officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Guinea to the northeast, Liberia to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest. It has a tropical climate, with a diverse environment ranging from savanna to rainforests. The country has a total area of 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi) and a population of 7,075,641 as of the 2015 census. Sierra Leone is a constitutional republic with a directly elected president and a unicameral legislature. Sierra Leone has a dominant unitary central government. The president is the head of state and the head of government. The country's capital and largest city is Freetown. Kenema, located 185 miles from Freetown, is the country's second most populous city. Other major cities with a population above one hundred thousand are Bo, Koidu Town and Makeni. Sierra Leone is made up of five administrative regions: the Northern Province, North West Province, Eastern Province, Southern Province and the Western Area. These regions are subdivided into sixteen districts.Sierra Leone became independent from the United Kingdom on 27 April 1961, led by Sir Milton Margai, who became the country's first prime minister. In May 1962, Sierra Leone held its first general elections as an independent nation. Siaka Stevens" All People's Congress won the 1967 Sierra Leone parliamentary election over the governing Sierra Leone People's Party. Stevens ruled Sierra Leone from 1968 to 1985 in which he was intolerant of opponents and critics of his government. In 1971, Stevens abolished Sierra Leone's parliamentary government system and declared Sierra Leone a presidential republic. Sierra Leone was a one-party state from 1978 to 1985, in which Stevens' All People's Congress was the only legal political party in the country. The current constitution of Sierra Leone, which includes multi party democracy, was adopted in 1991 by the government of President Joseph Saidu Momoh, Stevens' hand-picked successor. In 1991, a rebel group known as the Revolutionary United Front led by former Sierra Leone army Corporal Foday Sankoh launched a brutal civil war in the country. In April 1992 a group of Junior military officers toppled Momoh from power and 25-year-old Captain Valentine Strasser became the head of state. In January 1996 Strasser was toppled from power by his deputy, Brigadier General Julius Maada Bio. Bio returned the country to multi-party democracy and the 1991 constitution was reestablished. Bio handed power to Ahmad Tejan Kabbah of the Sierra Leone People's Party after his victory in the 1996 Sierra Leone presidential election. In 1997, the military overthrew president Kabbah. However, in February 1998, a coalition of West African Ecowas armed forces led by Nigeria, removed the military Junta from power by force and president Kabbah was reinstated as president. In 1998, the coup leaders were executed after they were sentenced to death by a military court martial. Sierra Leone has had an uninterrupted democracy since 1998 to present. In January 2002, President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah fulfilled his campaign promise by officially ending the civil war as the rebels were defeated by military force with the help and support of Ecowas, the British government, the African Union, and the United Nations. About 16 ethnic groups inhabit Sierra Leone, each with its own language and customs. The two largest and most influential are the Temne and Mende. The Temne are predominantly found in the northwest of the country, and the Mende are predominant in the southeast. Comprising a small minority, about 2%, are the Krio people, who are descendants of freed African-American and West Indian slaves. The Krios are overwhelmingly found in the capital Freetown and its surrounding countryside. Although English is the official language, used in schools and government administration, Krio, an English-based creole, is the most widely spoken language across Sierr ...
Views: 247 wikipedia tts
U.S. Panel on Ebola Epidemic
 
02:16:31
Experts from the U.S. and around the world gathered to discuss the ongoing Ebola crisis, progress that had been made and potential solutions.
Views: 152 Mizzou
FGM is...
 
05:52
Plan International is working to eliminate all forms of violence against girls and women*, including ending harmful practices such as female genital mutilation / cutting (FGM/C) and child marriage. Join the Plan International Because I am a Girl campaign to support girls: https://plan-international.org/EndFGM/ *Names of girls and women in this video filmed in Sierra Leone have been changed.
Views: 3082 Plan International
New Perspectives on Health & Literacy
 
06:09:15
The Library sponsored a day-long symposium on literacy and heath, focusing on literacy in all its forms and how literacy affects personal well-being. The event was sponsored in cooperation with Nemours Children's Health System. For transcript and more information, visit http://www.loc.gov/today/cyberlc/feature_wdesc.php?rec=7449
Views: 921 LibraryOfCongress
Symposium on Private Military Security Companies Part 2
 
03:39:20
19:03 - Panel Introduction 22:34 - Dr. C. Anthony Pfaff 38:38 - Ms. Caroline Batka 54:36 - Colonel (Ret.) Mark Cancian 1:12:46 - Mr. Chris Rothery 1:27:47 - Panel Discussion : Governance, Laws, and Ethical Standards 1:49:14 - Mr. Erik Prince 2:49:17 - Laura Dickinson
Pearson Global Forum 2018
 
08:04:06
On Friday, October 5, The Pearson Institute will bring together international policy-makers, non-governmental organizations, and academics to create a robust agenda for the inaugural Pearson Global Forum. With keynote addresses from U.S. Senator Tammy Duckworth, former U.S. Senator George J. Mitchell, President of the U.S. Institute of Peace Nancy Lindborg, and former President of the UN General Assembly Vuk Jeremić, the conference will couple academic research and first-hand experiences to promote research practices and inform public policy.
Views: 2199 Harris Public Policy
History of Africa | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:29:38
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Africa 00:03:07 1 Prehistory 00:03:16 1.1 Paleolithic 00:06:57 1.2 Emergence of agriculture and desertification of the Sahara 00:11:23 1.3 Central Africa 00:12:11 1.4 Metallurgy 00:14:05 2 Antiquity 00:14:57 2.1 Ancient Egypt 00:19:50 2.2 Nubia 00:23:09 2.3 Carthage 00:25:58 2.3.1 Role of the Berbers 00:27:58 2.4 Somalia 00:28:38 2.5 Roman North Africa 00:34:02 2.6 Aksum 00:36:32 2.7 West Africa 00:38:51 2.8 Bantu expansion 00:40:17 3 Medieval and Early Modern (6th to 18th centuries) 00:40:29 3.1 Sao civilization 00:41:29 3.2 Kanem Empire 00:43:26 3.3 Bornu Empire 00:45:53 3.4 Shilluk Kingdom 00:46:33 3.5 Baguirmi Kingdom 00:47:03 3.6 Wadai Empire 00:47:54 3.7 Luba Empire 00:49:22 3.8 Lunda Empire 00:50:54 3.9 Kingdom of Kongo 00:53:48 3.10 Horn of Africa 00:53:57 3.10.1 Somalia 00:56:43 3.10.2 Ethiopia 00:58:37 3.11 North Africa 00:58:46 3.11.1 Maghreb 01:04:18 3.11.2 Nile Valley 01:04:26 3.11.2.1 Egypt 01:08:25 3.11.2.2 Sudan 01:08:32 3.11.3 Christian and Islamic Nubia 01:11:35 3.12 Southern Africa 01:12:15 3.12.1 Great Zimbabwe and Mapungubwe 01:15:47 3.12.2 Namibia 01:16:35 3.12.3 South Africa and Botswana 01:16:44 3.12.3.1 Sotho–Tswana 01:17:23 3.12.3.2 Nguni peoples 01:18:03 3.12.3.3 Khoisan and Afrikaaner 01:20:15 3.13 Southeast Africa 01:20:24 3.13.1 Prehistory 01:20:50 3.13.2 Swahili coast 01:23:42 3.13.3 Urewe 01:25:19 3.13.4 Madagascar and Merina 01:27:23 3.13.5 Lake Plateau states and empires 01:27:43 3.13.5.1 Kitara and Bunyoro 01:28:54 3.13.5.2 Buganda 01:29:53 3.13.5.3 Rwanda 01:31:05 3.13.5.4 Burundi 01:31:44 3.13.6 Maravi (Malawi) 01:32:41 3.14 West Africa 01:32:49 3.14.1 Sahelian empires & states 01:32:52 3.14.1.1 Ghana 01:34:41 3.14.1.2 Mali 01:38:08 3.14.1.3 Songhai 01:41:28 3.14.1.4 Sokoto Caliphate 01:42:55 3.14.2 Forest empires and states 01:43:04 3.14.2.1 Akan kingdoms and emergence of Asante Empire 01:47:03 3.14.2.2 Dahomey 01:48:42 3.14.2.3 Yoruba 01:51:15 3.14.2.4 Benin 01:52:59 3.14.2.5 Niger Delta and Igbo 01:54:24 4 19th century 01:54:33 4.1 Southern Africa 01:56:29 4.2 Nguniland 01:58:44 4.3 Voortrekkers 02:00:32 4.4 European trade, exploration and conquest 02:05:44 4.5 France versus Britain: the Fashoda crisis of 1898 02:06:45 4.6 European colonial territories 02:08:27 5 20th century 02:10:00 5.1 World War I 02:12:41 5.2 World War II: Political 02:16:46 5.2.1 French Africa 02:18:18 5.3 World War II: Military 02:20:42 5.4 Post-war Africa: decolonization 02:21:51 5.4.1 East Africa 02:22:33 5.4.2 North Africa 02:24:53 5.4.3 Southern Africa 02:25:45 5.4.4 West Africa 02:26:47 5.5 Historiography of British Africa 02:29:05 6 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The history of Africa begins with the emergence of hominids, archaic humans and – at least 200,000 years ago – anatomically modern humans (Homo sapiens), in East Africa, and continues unbroken into the present as a patchwork of diverse and politically developing nation states. The earliest known recorded history arose in the Kingdom of Kush, and later in Ancient Egypt, the Sahel, the Maghreb and the Horn of Africa. Following the desertification of the Sahara, North African history became entwined with the Middle East and Southern Europe while the Bantu expansion swept from modern day Cameroon (West Africa) across much of the sub-Saharan continent in waves between around 1000 BC and 0 AD, creating a linguistic commonality across much of the central and Southern continent. During the Middle Ages, Islam spread west from Arabia to Egypt, crossing the Maghreb and the Sahel. Some notable pre-colonial states and societies in Africa include the Ajuran Empire, D'mt, Adal Sultanate, Warsangali Sultanate, Kingdom of Nri, Nok culture, Mali Empire, Songhai Empire, Benin Empire, Oyo Empire, Ashanti Empire, Ghana Empire, Mossi Kingdoms, Mutapa Empire, Kingdom of Mapungubwe, Kingdom of Sine, Kingdom of Sennar, Kingdom of Saloum, Kingdom of Baol, Kingdom of Cayor, Kingdom of Zimbabwe ...
Views: 642 wikipedia tts
#VlogLikeaBoss Launch Q&A!
 
01:47:18
GET THE BOOK & BONUSES! http://vloglikeaboss.com Thank you to Enligtened Audiovisual for the help with this stream! https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCgmuYLdZaJYaJ1DmO2dm6NA Savvy Sexy Social, ep. 701
Views: 3508 Amy Landino
You and Oxfam have reason to celebrate!
 
01:33
Oxfam believes in the power of people working together to end the injustice of poverty. With 70 years of experience in more than 90 countries, Oxfam takes on the big issues that keep people poor: inequality, discrimination, and unequal access to resources including food, water, and land. We help people save lives in disasters, build stronger futures for themselves, and hold the powerful accountable. Join us at www.oxfamamerica.org
Views: 5158 Oxfam America
Sierra Leone | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:57:41
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Sierra Leone Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Sierra Leone (, UK also ), officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Guinea to the northeast, Liberia to the southeast and the Atlantic Ocean to the southwest. It has a tropical climate, with a diverse environment ranging from savanna to rainforests. The country has a total area of 71,740 km2 (27,699 sq mi) and a population of 7,075,641 as of the 2015 census. Sierra Leone is a constitutional republic with a directly elected president and a unicameral legislature. Sierra Leone has a dominant unitary central government. The president is the head of state and the head of government. The country's capital and largest city is Freetown. Kenema, located 185 miles from Freetown, is the country's second most populous city. Other major cities with a population above one hundred thousand are Bo, Koidu Town and Makeni. Sierra Leone is made up of five administrative regions: the Northern Province, North West Province, Eastern Province, Southern Province and the Western Area. These regions are subdivided into sixteen districts.Sierra Leone became independent from the United Kingdom on 27 April 1961, led by Sir Milton Margai, who became the country's first prime minister. In May 1962, Sierra Leone held its first general elections as an independent nation. Siaka Stevens" All People's Congress won the 1967 Sierra Leone parliamentary election over the governing Sierra Leone People's Party. Stevens ruled Sierra Leone from 1968 to 1985 in which he was intolerance of opposions and critics of his government. In 1971, Stevens abolished Sierra Leone's parliamentary government system and declared Sierra Leone a presidential republic. Sierra Leone was a one-party state from 1978 to 1985, in which Stevens' All People's Congress was the only legal political party in the country. The current constitution of Sierra Leone, which includes multi party democracy, was adopted in 1991 by the government of President Joseph Saidu Momoh, Stevens' hand-picked successor. In 1991, a rebel group known as the Revolutionary United Front led by former Sierra Leone army Corporal Foday Sankoh launched a brutal civil war in the country. In April 1992 a group of Junior military officers toppled Momoh from power and 25-year-old Captain Valentine Strasser became the head of state. In January 1996 Strasser was toppled from power by his deputy, Brigadier General Julius Maada Bio. Bio returned the country to multi-party democracy and the 1991 constitution was reestablished. Bio handed power to Ahmad Tejan Kabbah of the Sierra Leone People's Party after his victory in the 1996 Sierra Leone presidential election. In 1997, the military overthrew president Kabbah. However, in February 1998, a coalition of West African Ecowas armed forces led by Nigeria, removed the military Junta from power by force and president Kabbah was reinstated as president. In 1998, the coup leaders were executed after they were sentenced to death by a military court martial. Sierra Leone has had an uninterrupted democracy since 1998 to present. In January 2002, President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah fulfilled his campaign promise by officially ending the civil war as the rebels were defeated by military force with the help and support of Ecowas, the British government, the African Union, and the United Nations. About 16 ethnic groups inhabit Sierra Leone, each with its own language and customs. The two largest and most influential are the Temne and Mende. The Temne are predominantly found in the northwest of the country, and the Mende are predominant in the southeast. Comprising a small minority, about 2%, are the Krio people, who are descendants of freed African-American and West Indian slaves. The Krios are overwhelmingly found in the capital Freetown and its surrounding countryside. Although English is the official language, used in schools and government administration, Krio, an English-based creole, is the most widely spoken language across Sier ...
Views: 110 wikipedia tts
The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano  | Audiobook with Subtitles
 
08:05:28
The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, written in 1789, is the autobiography of Olaudah Equiano. It discusses his time spent in slavery, serving primarily on galleys, documents his attempts at becoming an independent man through his study of the Bible, and his eventual success in gaining his own freedom and in business thereafter. The book contains an interesting discussion of slavery in West Africa and illustrates how the experience differs from the dehumanising slavery of the Americas. The Intereresting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano is also one of the first widely read slave narratives. It was generally reviewed favorably. (Wikipedia) This work was produced to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the abolition of the slave trade in Great Britain. The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano Olaudah EQUIANO Genre(s): *Non-fiction, Biography & Autobiography Chapters: 0:15 | Introductory 3:05 | Chapter 1 41:22 | Chapter 2 1:09:58 | Chapter 3 1:45:00 | Chapter 4 2:26:09 | Chapter 5 3:07:58 | Chapter 6 3:50:58 | Chapter 7 4:27:23 | Chapter 8 5:03:36 | Chapter 9 5:47:46 | Chapter 10 6:29:58 | Chapter 11 7:25:24 | Chapter 12 Audio Book Audiobooks All Rights Reserved. This is a Librivox recording. All Librivox recordings are in the public domain. For more information or to volunteer visit librivox.org.
Views: 1281 Audio book Audiobooks
Nut Up and Squad Up 1/16/2017 BF1
 
04:53:01
Nut and Squad up chumps! Lets play with the squad!
Views: 56 Mastakaz Gaming
Colony of Jamaica | Wikipedia audio article
 
55:33
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Colony of Jamaica Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Jamaica was an English colony from 1655 (when it was captured by the English from Spain) or 1670 (when Spain formally ceded Jamaica to the English), and a British Colony from 1707 until 1962, when it became independent. Jamaica (Hamaïaqua) became a Crown colony in 1866.
Views: 24 wikipedia tts
Gold Coast (British colony) | Wikipedia audio article
 
44:24
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Gold Coast (British colony) Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Gold Coast was a British colony on the Gulf of Guinea in west Africa from 1867 to its independence as the nation of Ghana in 1957. The first Europeans to arrive at the coast were the Portuguese in 1471. They encountered a variety of African kingdoms, some of which controlled substantial deposits of gold in the soil. The kingdoms had a tradition of enslaving captives taken in warfare. Some were sold to Arab traders from North Africa and transported to Islamic Mediterranean civilizations. In 1482, the Portuguese came to the continent for increased trade. They built the Castle of Elmina, the first European settlement on the Gold Coast. From here they acquired slaves and gold in trade for European goods, such as metal knives, beads, mirrors, rum, and guns. News of the successful trading spread quickly, and British, Dutch, Danish, Prussian and Swedish traders arrived as well. The European traders built several forts along the coastline. The Gold Coast had long been a name for the region used by Europeans because of the large gold resources found in the area. The slave trade was the principal exchange and major part of the economy for many years. In this period, European nations began to explore and colonize the Americas. Soon the Portuguese and Spanish began to export African slaves to the Caribbean, and North and South America. The Dutch and British also entered the slave trade, at first supplying markets in the Caribbean and on the Caribbean coast of South America. The Royal Trading Company was established by the Crown in 1752 to lead its trading in Africa. It was replaced by the African Company of Merchants, which led the British trading efforts into the early 19th century. In 1821 the British government withdrew their charter and seized privately held lands along the coast. In 1867 the government formed the British Gold Coast colony, after having taken over the remaining interests of other European countries. They purchased and incorporated the Danish Gold Coast in 1850 and the Dutch Gold Coast, including Fort Elmina, in 1872. Britain steadily expanded its colony through the invasion and subjection of local kingdoms as well, particularly the Ashanti and Fante confederacies. The Ashanti people had controlled much of the territory of Ghana before the Europeans arrived and were often in conflict with them. In the 21st century they continue to constitute the largest ethnic community in Ghana. Four wars, the Anglo-Ashanti Wars, were fought between the Ashanti (Asante) and the British, who were sometimes allied with the Fante. During the First Anglo-Ashanti War (1822–24), the two groups fought because of a disagreement over an Ashanti chief and slavery. The British had abolished the Atlantic slave trade but kept the institution in its colonies until 1834. Tensions increased in 1874 during the Second Ashanti War (1873–74) when the British sacked the Ashanti capital of Kumasi. The Third Ashanti War (1893–94) occurred because the new Ashanti ruler Asantehene wanted to exercise his new title. From 1895–96 the British and Ashanti fought in the Fourth and final Ashanti War, where the Ashanti fought for and lost their independence. In 1900 the Ashanti Uprising took place. The British suppressed the violence and captured of the city of Kumasi. At the end of this last Ashanti War, the territory of the Ashanti people became a British protectorate on 1 January 1902. By 1901, British had established a colony incorporating all of the Gold Coast, with its kingdoms and tribes considered a single unit. The British exploited and exported a variety of natural resources such as gold, metal ores, diamonds, ivory, pepper, timber, grain and cocoa. The British colonists built railways and a complex transport infrastructure to support the shipment of such commodity goods. This has formed the basis for the transport infrastructure in modern-day Ghana. They also built Weste ...
Views: 500 wikipedia tts
Right- and left-hand traffic
 
01:51:17
The terms right-hand traffic and left-hand traffic refer to regulations requiring all bidirectional traffic, unless otherwise directed, to keep either to the right or the left side of the road, respectively. This is so fundamental to traffic flow that it is sometimes referred to as the rule of the road. This basic rule improves traffic flow and reduces the risk of head-on collisions. Today, about 65% of the world's population live in countries with right-hand traffic and 35% in countries with left-hand traffic. About 90% of the world's total road distance carries traffic on the right and 10% on the left. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 1197 Audiopedia
Gold Coast (British colony) | Wikipedia audio article
 
44:24
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Gold Coast (British colony) Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Gold Coast was a British colony on the Gulf of Guinea in west Africa from 1867 to its independence as the nation of Ghana in 1957. The first Europeans to arrive at the coast were the Portuguese in 1471. They encountered a variety of African kingdoms, some of which controlled substantial deposits of gold in the soil. The kingdoms had a tradition of enslaving captives taken in warfare. Some were sold to Arab traders from North Africa and transported to Islamic Mediterranean civilizations. In 1482, the Portuguese came to the continent for increased trade. They built the Castle of Elmina, the first European settlement on the Gold Coast. From here they acquired slaves and gold in trade for European goods, such as metal knives, beads, mirrors, rum, and guns. News of the successful trading spread quickly, and British, Dutch, Danish, Prussian and Swedish traders arrived as well. The European traders built several forts along the coastline. The Gold Coast had long been a name for the region used by Europeans because of the large gold resources found in the area. The slave trade was the principal exchange and major part of the economy for many years. In this period, European nations began to explore and colonize the Americas. Soon the Portuguese and Spanish began to export African slaves to the Caribbean, and North and South America. The Dutch and British also entered the slave trade, at first supplying markets in the Caribbean and on the Caribbean coast of South America. The Royal Trading Company was established by the Crown in 1752 to lead its trading in Africa. It was replaced by the African Company of Merchants, which led the British trading efforts into the early 19th century. In 1821 the British government withdrew their charter and seized privately held lands along the coast. In 1867 the government formed the British Gold Coast colony, after having taken over the remaining interests of other European countries. They purchased and incorporated the Danish Gold Coast in 1850 and the Dutch Gold Coast, including Fort Elmina, in 1872. Britain steadily expanded its colony through the invasion and subjection of local kingdoms as well, particularly the Ashanti and Fante confederacies. The Ashanti people had controlled much of the territory of Ghana before the Europeans arrived and were often in conflict with them. In the 21st century they continue to constitute the largest ethnic community in Ghana. Four wars, the Anglo-Ashanti Wars, were fought between the Ashanti (Asante) and the British, who were sometimes allied with the Fante. During the First Anglo-Ashanti War (1822–24), the two groups fought because of a disagreement over an Ashanti chief and slavery. The British had abolished the Atlantic slave trade but kept the institution in its colonies until 1834. Tensions increased in 1874 during the Second Ashanti War (1873–74) when the British sacked the Ashanti capital of Kumasi. The Third Ashanti War (1893–94) occurred because the new Ashanti ruler Asantehene wanted to exercise his new title. From 1895–96 the British and Ashanti fought in the Fourth and final Ashanti War, where the Ashanti fought for and lost their independence. In 1900 the Ashanti Uprising took place. The British suppressed the violence and captured of the city of Kumasi. At the end of this last Ashanti War, the territory of the Ashanti people became a British protectorate on 1 January 1902. By 1901, British had established a colony incorporating all of the Gold Coast, with its kingdoms and tribes considered a single unit. The British exploited and exported a variety of natural resources such as gold, metal ores, diamonds, ivory, pepper, timber, grain and cocoa. The British colonists built railways and a complex transport infrastructure to support the shipment of such commodity goods. This has formed the basis for the transport infrastructure in modern-day Ghana. They also built Weste ...
Views: 95 wikipedia tts
Age of Discovery | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:52:22
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Age of Discovery Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The Age of Discovery, or the Age of Exploration (approximately from the beginning of the 15th century until the end of the 18th century) is an informal and loosely defined term for the period in European history in which extensive overseas exploration emerged as a powerful factor in European culture and was the beginning of globalization. It also marks the rise of the period of widespread adoption in Europe of colonialism and mercantilism as national policies. Many lands previously unknown to Europeans were discovered by them during this period, though most were already inhabited. From the perspective of many non-Europeans, the Age of Discovery marked the arrival of invaders from previously unknown continents. Global exploration started with the Portuguese discoveries of the Atlantic archipelagos of Madeira and the Azores, the coast of Africa, and the discovery of the sea route to India in 1498; and the Crown of Castile (Spain) the trans-Atlantic Voyages of Christopher Columbus to the Americas between 1492 and 1502 and the first circumnavigation of the globe in 1519–1522. These discoveries led to numerous naval expeditions across the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans, and land expeditions in the Americas, Asia, Africa and Australia that continued into the late 19th century, and ended with the exploration of the polar regions in the 20th century. European overseas exploration led to the rise of global trade and the European colonial empires, with the contact between the Old World (Europe, Asia and Africa) and the New World (the Americas and Australia) producing the Columbian Exchange; a wide transfer of plants, animals, food, human populations (including slaves), communicable diseases and culture between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. This represented one of the most-significant global events concerning ecology, agriculture and culture in history. The Age of Discovery and later European exploration allowed the global mapping of the world, resulting in a new world-view and distant civilizations coming into contact, but also led to the propagation of diseases that decimated populations not previously in contact with Eurasia and Africa and to the enslavement, exploitation, military conquest and economic dominance by Europe and its colonies over native populations. It also allowed for the expansion of Christianity throughout the world: with the spread of missionary activity, it eventually became the world's largest religion.
Views: 228 wikipedia tts
Atlantic slave trade
 
01:17:12
The Atlantic slave trade or transatlantic slave trade took place across the Atlantic Ocean from the 16th through to the 19th centuries. The vast majority of those enslaved that were transported to the New World, many on the triangular trade route and its Middle Passage, were West Africans from the central and western parts of the continent sold by West Africans to Western European slave traders, or by direct European capture to the Americas. The numbers were so great that Africans who came by way of the slave trade became the most numerous Old-World immigrants in both North and South America before the late 18th century. Far more slaves were taken to South America than to the north. The South Atlantic economic system centered on producing commodity crops, and making goods and clothing to sell in Europe, and increasing the numbers of African slaves brought to the New World. This was crucial to those Western European countries which, in the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, were vying with each other to create overseas empires. The Portuguese were the first to engage in the New World slave trade in the 16th century, and others soon followed. Ship owners considered the slaves as cargo to be transported to the Americas as quickly and cheaply as possible, there to be sold to labour in coffee, tobacco, cocoa, sugar and cotton plantations, gold and silver mines, rice fields, construction industry, cutting timber for ships, in skilled labour, and as domestic servants. The first Africans imported to the English colonies were classified as "indentured servants," like workers coming from England, and also, "apprentices for life". By the middle of the 17th century, slavery had hardened as a racial caste; they and their offspring were legally the property of their owners, and children born to slave mothers were slaves. As property, the people were considered merchandise or units of labour, and were sold at markets with other goods and services. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 3106 Audiopedia
Responses to the West African Ebola virus epidemic | Wikipedia audio article
 
54:30
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Responses to the West African Ebola virus epidemic Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Organizations from around the world responded to the West African Ebola virus epidemic. In July 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) convened an emergency meeting with health ministers from eleven countries and announced collaboration on a strategy to co-ordinate technical support to combat the epidemic. In August, they declared the outbreak an international public health emergency and published a roadmap to guide and coordinate the international response to the outbreak, aiming to stop ongoing Ebola transmission worldwide within 6–9 months. In September, the United Nations Security Council declared the Ebola virus outbreak in the West Africa subregion a "threat to international peace and security" and unanimously adopted a resolution urging UN member states to provide more resources to fight the outbreak; the WHO stated that the cost for combating the epidemic will be a minimum of $1 billion.The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and the World Bank Group have pledged aid money and the World Food Programme announced plans to mobilize food assistance for an estimated 1 million people living in restricted access areas. Several Non-Governmental Organizations have provided assistance in the efforts to control the spread of the disease. Up until the end of September, the humanitarian aid organisation Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders) is the leading organization responding to the crisis, with several treatment centers in the area. Samaritan's Purse has also provided direct patient care and medical support in Liberia; many nations and charitable organizations, foundations, and individuals have also pledged assistance to control the epidemic. As of September 2014, a massive international response to the crisis is under way. The United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER) has the task of overall planning and coordination, directing the efforts of the UN agencies, national governments, and other humanitarian actors to the areas where they are most needed.Calling Ebola healthcare workers "the ones who answered the call", in December the editors of Time magazine named the Ebola health workers as Person of the Year. Editor Nancy Gibbs said, "The rest of the world can sleep at night because a group of men and women are willing to stand and fight. For tireless acts of courage and mercy, for buying the world time to boost its defenses, for risking, for persisting, for sacrificing and saving, the Ebola fighters are Time's 2014 Person of the Year." Both Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders) and Samaritan's Purse were singled out as organisations that responded very early in the epidemic with especially dedicated workers who had worked alongside local caregivers.
Views: 35 wikipedia tts
Internet censorship and surveillance by country | Wikipedia audio article
 
04:30:16
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_censorship_and_surveillance_by_country 00:00:13 1 Classifications 00:00:50 1.1 iFreedom on the Net/i reports 00:02:56 1.2 OpenNet Initiative 00:06:31 1.3 Reporters Without Borders 00:06:40 1.3.1 RWB iEnemies of the Internet/i and iCountries under Surveillance/i lists 00:08:22 1.3.2 RWB iSpecial report on Internet Surveillance/i 00:09:33 1.4 iCountry Reports on Human Rights Practices/i 00:10:30 2 Alphabetical index to classifications 00:10:41 3 Country classifications 00:11:24 3.1 Pervasive censorship or surveillance 00:12:34 3.1.1 span  00:14:50 3.1.2 span  00:16:57 3.1.3 span  00:19:24 3.1.4 span  00:21:15 3.1.5 span  00:23:37 3.1.6 span  00:25:40 3.1.7 span  00:27:43 3.1.8 span  00:28:47 3.1.9 span  00:29:46 3.1.10 span  00:30:28 3.1.11 span  00:31:56 3.1.12 span  00:32:44 3.1.13 span  00:34:41 3.1.14 span  00:36:20 3.1.15 span  00:37:12 3.1.16 span  00:38:28 3.1.17 span  00:40:16 3.1.18 span  00:41:38 3.1.19 span  00:43:35 3.2 Substantial censorship or surveillance 00:44:46 3.2.1 span  00:46:58 3.2.2 span  00:48:33 3.2.3 span  00:50:18 3.2.4 span  00:51:08 3.2.5 span  00:53:20 3.2.6 span  00:55:13 3.2.7 span  00:56:21 3.2.8 span  00:58:09 3.2.9 span  01:04:00 3.2.10 span  01:07:14 3.3 Selective censorship or surveillance 01:08:22 3.3.1 span  01:10:50 3.3.2 span  01:11:34 3.3.3 span  01:14:15 3.3.4 span  01:15:36 3.3.5 span  01:18:02 3.3.6 span  01:19:55 3.3.7 span  01:21:55 3.3.8 span  01:24:51 3.3.9 span  01:25:29 3.3.10 span  01:28:19 3.3.11 span  01:29:42 3.3.12 span  01:31:19 3.3.13 span  01:33:03 3.3.14 span  01:35:15 3.3.15 span  01:36:34 3.3.16 span  01:37:38 3.3.17 span  01:39:52 3.3.18 span  01:40:50 3.3.19 span  01:42:05 3.3.20 span  01:44:09 3.3.21 span  01:47:48 3.3.22 span  01:49:35 3.3.23 span  01:50:35 3.3.24 span  01:51:50 3.3.25 span  01:53:37 3.3.26 span  01:53:45 3.3.27 span  01:56:32 3.3.28 span  01:56:40 3.3.29 span  01:59:15 3.3.30 span  02:00:50 3.3.31 span  02:02:30 3.3.32 span  02:03:22 3.3.33 span  02:05:34 3.3.34 span  02:06:40 3.3.35 span  02:09:07 3.3.36 span  02:13:10 3.3.37 span  02:16:26 3.3.38 span  02:17:52 3.3.39 span  02:18:56 3.3.40 span  02:19:51 3.4 Little or no censorship or surveillance 02:21:03 3.4.1 span  02:23:40 3.4.2 span  02:24:18 3.4.3 span  02:24:58 3.4.4 span  02:27:29 3.4.5 span  02:28:31 3.4.6 span  02:31:59 3.4.7 span  02:33:23 3.4.8 span  02:34:07 3.4.9 span  02:35:13 3.4.10 span  02:36:26 3.4.11 span  02:37:18 3.4.12 span  02:38:17 3.4.13 span  02:38:52 3.4.14 span  02:40:05 3.4.15 span  02:41:08 3.4.16 span  02:42:35 3.4.17 span  02:44:02 3.4.18 span  02:45:16 3.4.19 span  02:46:44 3.4.20 span  02:47:47 3.4.21 span  02:48:39 3.4.22 span  02:49:48 3.4.23 span  02:50:54 3.4.24 span  02:51:56 3.4.25 span  02:53:00 3.4.26 span  02:53:56 3.4.27 span  02:55:18 3.4.28 span  02:57:13 3.4.29 span  02:58:07 3.4.30 span  02:58:49 3.4.31 span  02:59:45 3.4.32 span  03:00:46 3.4.33 span  03:03:44 3.4.34 span  03:06:01 3.4.35 span  03:07:17 3.4.36 span  03:10:27 3.4.37 span  03:11:37 3.4.38 span  03:14:06 3.4.39 span  03:15:00 3.4.40 span  03:17:06 3.4.41 span  03:18:27 3.4.42 span  03:20:44 3.4.43 span  03:21:44 3.4.44 span  03:22:41 3.4.45 span  03:23:35 3.4.46 span  03:24:51 3.4.47 span  03:25:50 3.4.48 span  03:26:57 3.4.49 span  03:29:00 3.4.50 span  03:30:38 3.4.51 span  03:31:56 3.4.52 span  03:32:40 3.4.53 span  03:34:06 3.4.54 span  03:35:16 3.4.55 span  03:36:16 3.4.56 span  03:40:48 3.4.57 span  03:42:21 3.4.58 span  03:43:41 3.4.59 span  03:44:33 3.4.60 span  03:45:13 3.4.61 span  03:46:46 3.4.62 span  03:47:31 3.4.63 span  03:48:45 3.4.64 span  03:50:19 3.4.65 span  03:52:03 3.4.66 span  03:52:44 3.4.67 span  03:53:21 3.4.68 span    03:53:52 3.4.69 span  03:56:00 3.4.70 span  03:56:41 3.4.71 span  03:58:09 3.4.72 span  03:58:52 3.4.73 span  03:59:52 3.4.74 span  04:01:31 3.4.75 span  04:02:42 3.4.76 span  04:03:58 3.4.77 span  04:04:42 3.4.78 span  04:05:09 3.4.79 span  04:06:32 3.4.80 span  04:07:12 3.4.81 span  04:08:08 3.4.82 span  04:09:47 3.4.83 span  04:10:46 3.4.84 span  04:12:25 3.4.85 span  04:13:23 3.4.86 span  04:15:22 3.4.87 span  04:16:34 3.4.88 span  04:18:26 ...
Views: 155 wikipedia tts
PSA: Needs of People with Disabilities (PWD) Un women
 
00:31
This PSA was produced as part of the UN Women project "Innovative Action for Gender Equality” IAGE (funded by EU). The PSA is based on the key needs and priorities identified in the baseline study of IDP and Conflict-affected women, with a focus on PWDs, single and elderly women. This PSA addresses the needs of People with Disabilities (PWDs) among IDPs and conflict affected women and its key message is that the barriers existing in the society should not prevent PWDs from development and self-realisation. The PSA is part of the project’s advocacy efforts to address the needs and priorities of the target groups of women. The PSA was aired through regional TV stations in Marneuli (Kvemo Kartli region), Gurjaani (Kakheti region), Ninotsminda (Samtskhe-Javakheti region), and Zugdidi (Samegrelo region), as well as Public Broadcaster and Tabula TV.
Views: 1039 UN Women
United Kingdom | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:01:42
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: United Kingdom Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to its east, the English Channel to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The sovereign state is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy. The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state. The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include the conurbations centred on Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, Glasgow and Liverpool. The United Kingdom consists of four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Their capitals are London, Belfast, Edinburgh, and Cardiff respectively. Apart from England, the countries have devolved administrations, each with varying powers. The nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, and the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed almost a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language, culture and legal systems of many of its former colonies. The United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a very high Human Development Index, ranking 14th in the world. It was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The United Kingdom remains a great power with considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence internationally. It is a recognised nuclear weapons state and is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946. It has been a leading member state of the European Union (EU) and its predecessor, the European Economic Community (EEC), since 1973; however, a referendum in 2016 resulted in 51.9% of UK voters favouring leaving the European Union, and the country's exit is being negotiated. The United Kingdom is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Interpol and the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Views: 119 wikipedia tts
UK | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:54:11
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom 00:04:04 1 Etymology and terminology 00:06:55 2 History 00:07:04 2.1 Background 00:10:55 2.2 Treaty of Union 00:12:27 2.3 From the union with Ireland to the end of the First World War 00:16:03 2.4 Between the World Wars 00:17:50 2.5 Since the Second World War 00:22:40 3 Geography 00:27:09 3.1 Climate 00:28:08 3.2 Administrative divisions 00:31:06 4 Dependencies 00:33:41 5 Politics 00:34:47 5.1 Government 00:37:22 5.2 Devolved administrations 00:40:24 5.3 Law and criminal justice 00:43:35 5.4 Foreign relations 00:45:11 5.5 Military 00:47:20 6 Economy 00:47:28 6.1 Overview 00:55:17 6.2 Science and technology 00:57:36 6.3 Transport 01:00:03 6.4 Energy 01:03:04 6.5 Water supply and sanitation 01:04:08 7 Demographics 01:06:39 7.1 Ethnic groups 01:10:52 7.2 Languages 01:13:29 7.3 Religion 01:16:46 7.4 Migration 01:22:50 7.5 Education 01:26:52 7.6 Health 01:28:24 8 Culture 01:29:20 8.1 Literature 01:33:48 8.2 Music 01:37:07 8.3 Visual art 01:38:52 8.4 Cinema 01:41:00 8.5 Cuisine 01:41:51 8.6 Media 01:44:01 8.7 Philosophy 01:45:07 8.8 Sport 01:51:42 8.9 Symbols 01:53:26 9 Historiography 01:53:35 10 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8910674719068494 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The United Kingdom (UK), officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and sometimes referred to as Britain, is a sovereign country located off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state, the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is a unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state. The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Greater Manchester, the West Midlands and West Yorkshire conurbations, Greater Glasgow and the Liverpool Built-up Area. The United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff, and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution (England does not have any devolved power). The nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, and the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are ...
Views: 39 wikipedia tts
Prague
 
40:50
Prague (/ˈprɑːɡ/; Czech: Praha pronounced [ˈpraɦa] ( )) is the capital and largest city of the Czech Republic. It is the fourteenth-largest city in the European Union. It is also the historical capital of Bohemia. Situated in the north-west of the country on the Vltava River, the city is home to about 1.24 million people, while its larger urban zone is estimated to have a population of nearly 2 million. The city has a temperate climate, with warm summers and chilly winters. Prague has been a political, cultural, and economic centre of central Europe with waxing and waning fortunes during its 1,100-year existence. Founded during the Romanesque and flourishing by the Gothic and Renaissance eras, Prague was not only the capital of the Czech state, but also the seat of two Holy Roman Emperors and thus also the capital of the Holy Roman Empire. It was an important city to the Habsburg Monarchy and its Austro-Hungarian Empire and after World War I became the capital of Czechoslovakia. The city played major roles in the Protestant Reformation, the Thirty Years' War, and in 20th-century history, during both World Wars and the post-war Communist era. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 49 Audiopedia
Deforestation | Wikipedia audio article
 
52:16
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deforestation 00:02:09 1 Causes 00:05:03 2 Environmental effects 00:05:12 2.1 Atmospheric 00:08:14 2.2 Hydrological 00:11:07 2.3 Soil 00:12:16 2.4 Biodiversity 00:14:48 3 Economic impact 00:17:06 4 Forest transition theory 00:18:53 5 Historical causes 00:19:01 5.1 Prehistory 00:19:11 5.2 Pre-industrial history 00:21:47 6 Industrial era 00:27:04 6.1 Rates of deforestation 00:28:11 6.1.1 Regions 00:32:56 7 Control 00:33:24 7.1 Reducing emissions 00:33:32 7.1.1 Payments for conserving forests 00:36:30 7.2 Land rights 00:37:19 7.3 Farming 00:37:54 7.4 Monitoring deforestation 00:38:53 7.5 Forest management 00:40:01 7.5.1 Sustainable practices 00:41:35 7.6 Reforestation 00:43:07 7.7 Forest plantations 00:45:57 8 Military context 00:47:39 9 Public health context 00:49:06 10 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9794473866469595 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-D "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees from land which is then converted to a non-forest use. Deforestation can involve conversion of forest land to farms, ranches, or urban use. The most concentrated deforestation occurs in tropical rainforests. About 31% of Earth's land surface is covered by forests.Deforestation can occur for several reasons: trees can be cut down to be used for building or sold as fuel (sometimes in the form of charcoal or timber), while cleared land can be used as pasture for livestock and plantation. The removal of trees without sufficient reforestation has resulted in habitat damage, biodiversity loss, and aridity. It has adverse impacts on biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Deforestation has also been used in war to deprive the enemy of vital resources and cover for its forces. Modern examples of this were the use of Agent Orange by the British military in Malaya during the Malayan Emergency and by the United States military in Vietnam during the Vietnam War. As of 2005, net deforestation rates had ceased to increase in countries with a per capita GDP of at least US$4,600. Deforested regions typically incur significant adverse soil erosion and frequently degrade into wasteland. Disregard of ascribed value, lax forest management, and deficient environmental laws are some of the factors that lead to large-scale deforestation. In many countries, deforestation–both naturally occurring and human-induced–is an ongoing issue. Deforestation causes extinction, changes to climatic conditions, desertification, and displacement of populations, as observed by current conditions and in the past through the fossil record. More than half of all plant and land animal species in the world live in tropical forests.Between 2000 and 2012, 2.3 million square kilometres (890,000 sq mi) of forests around the world were cut down. As a result of deforestation, only 6.2 million square kilometres (2.4 million square miles) remain of the original 16 million square kilometres (6 million square miles) of forest that formerly covered the Earth. An area the size of a football pitch is cleared from the Amazon rainforest every minute, with 136 million acres (55 million hectares) of rainforest cleared for animal agriculture overall.
Views: 28 wikipedia tts
United Kingdom | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:01:42
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: United Kingdom Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to its east, the English Channel to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The sovereign state is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy. The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state. The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include the conurbations centred on Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, Glasgow and Liverpool. The United Kingdom consists of four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Their capitals are London, Belfast, Edinburgh, and Cardiff respectively. Apart from England, the countries have devolved administrations, each with varying powers. The nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, and the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed almost a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language, culture and legal systems of many of its former colonies. The United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a very high Human Development Index, ranking 14th in the world. It was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The United Kingdom remains a great power with considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence internationally. It is a recognised nuclear weapons state and is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946. It has been a leading member state of the European Union (EU) and its predecessor, the European Economic Community (EEC), since 1973; however, a referendum in 2016 resulted in 51.9% of UK voters favouring leaving the European Union, and the country's exit is being negotiated. The United Kingdom is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Interpol and the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Views: 91 wikipedia tts
Internet censorship by country | Wikipedia audio article
 
04:45:39
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_censorship_and_surveillance_by_country 00:00:13 1 Classifications 00:00:53 1.1 iFreedom on the Net/i reports 00:03:07 1.2 OpenNet Initiative 00:06:55 1.3 Reporters Without Borders 00:07:04 1.3.1 RWB iEnemies of the Internet/i and iCountries under Surveillance/i lists 00:08:53 1.3.2 RWB iSpecial report on Internet Surveillance/i 00:10:07 1.4 iCountry Reports on Human Rights Practices/i 00:11:08 2 Alphabetical index to classifications 00:11:20 3 Country classifications 00:12:05 3.1 Pervasive censorship or surveillance 00:13:18 3.1.1 span  00:15:41 3.1.2 span  00:17:56 3.1.3 span  00:20:32 3.1.4 span  00:22:30 3.1.5 span  00:25:01 3.1.6 span  00:27:13 3.1.7 span  00:29:24 3.1.8 span  00:30:31 3.1.9 span  00:31:33 3.1.10 span  00:32:17 3.1.11 span  00:33:52 3.1.12 span  00:34:42 3.1.13 span  00:36:47 3.1.14 span  00:38:31 3.1.15 span  00:39:26 3.1.16 span  00:40:48 3.1.17 span  00:42:43 3.1.18 span  00:44:10 3.1.19 span  00:46:13 3.2 Substantial censorship or surveillance 00:47:28 3.2.1 span  00:49:48 3.2.2 span  00:51:28 3.2.3 span  00:53:20 3.2.4 span  00:54:12 3.2.5 span  00:56:33 3.2.6 span  00:58:33 3.2.7 span  00:59:46 3.2.8 span  01:01:40 3.2.9 span  01:07:53 3.2.10 span  01:11:20 3.3 Selective censorship or surveillance 01:12:31 3.3.1 span  01:15:08 3.3.2 span  01:15:55 3.3.3 span  01:18:44 3.3.4 span  01:20:10 3.3.5 span  01:22:45 3.3.6 span  01:24:45 3.3.7 span  01:26:51 3.3.8 span  01:29:59 3.3.9 span  01:30:39 3.3.10 span  01:33:38 3.3.11 span  01:35:06 3.3.12 span  01:36:50 3.3.13 span  01:38:41 3.3.14 span  01:41:01 3.3.15 span  01:42:26 3.3.16 span  01:43:35 3.3.17 span  01:45:57 3.3.18 span  01:47:00 3.3.19 span  01:48:18 3.3.20 span  01:50:28 3.3.21 span  01:54:21 3.3.22 span  01:56:15 3.3.23 span  01:57:18 3.3.24 span  01:58:38 3.3.25 span  02:00:32 3.3.26 span  02:00:40 3.3.27 span  02:03:36 3.3.28 span  02:03:44 3.3.29 span  02:06:29 3.3.30 span  02:08:09 3.3.31 span  02:09:56 3.3.32 span  02:10:50 3.3.33 span  02:13:11 3.3.34 span  02:14:22 3.3.35 span  02:16:58 3.3.36 span  02:21:15 3.3.37 span  02:24:44 3.3.38 span  02:26:14 3.3.39 span  02:27:21 3.3.40 span  02:28:20 3.4 Little or no censorship or surveillance 02:29:36 3.4.1 span  02:32:20 3.4.2 span  02:33:00 3.4.3 span  02:33:42 3.4.4 span  02:36:21 3.4.5 span  02:37:28 3.4.6 span  02:41:06 3.4.7 span  02:42:35 3.4.8 span  02:43:21 3.4.9 span  02:44:31 3.4.10 span  02:45:47 3.4.11 span  02:46:42 3.4.12 span  02:47:43 3.4.13 span  02:48:20 3.4.14 span  02:49:38 3.4.15 span  02:50:44 3.4.16 span  02:52:14 3.4.17 span  02:53:46 3.4.18 span  02:55:04 3.4.19 span  02:56:36 3.4.20 span  02:57:42 3.4.21 span  02:58:37 3.4.22 span  02:59:48 3.4.23 span  03:00:58 3.4.24 span  03:02:03 3.4.25 span  03:03:10 3.4.26 span  03:04:09 3.4.27 span  03:05:35 3.4.28 span  03:07:36 3.4.29 span  03:08:32 3.4.30 span  03:09:16 3.4.31 span  03:10:14 3.4.32 span  03:11:19 3.4.33 span  03:14:28 3.4.34 span  03:16:52 3.4.35 span  03:18:13 3.4.36 span  03:21:33 3.4.37 span  03:22:47 3.4.38 span  03:25:26 3.4.39 span  03:26:24 3.4.40 span  03:28:37 3.4.41 span  03:30:02 3.4.42 span  03:32:26 3.4.43 span  03:33:29 3.4.44 span  03:34:29 3.4.45 span  03:35:26 3.4.46 span  03:36:45 3.4.47 span  03:37:47 3.4.48 span  03:38:58 3.4.49 span  03:41:09 3.4.50 span  03:42:52 3.4.51 span  03:44:13 3.4.52 span  03:44:59 3.4.53 span  03:46:31 3.4.54 span  03:47:45 3.4.55 span  03:48:49 3.4.56 span  03:53:38 3.4.57 span  03:55:16 3.4.58 span  03:56:40 3.4.59 span  03:57:35 3.4.60 span  03:58:17 3.4.61 span  03:59:54 3.4.62 span  04:00:41 3.4.63 span  04:02:00 3.4.64 span  04:03:39 3.4.65 span  04:05:28 3.4.66 span  04:06:10 3.4.67 span  04:06:50 3.4.68 span    04:07:23 3.4.69 span  04:09:39 3.4.70 span  04:10:21 3.4.71 span  04:11:54 3.4.72 span  04:12:39 3.4.73 span  04:13:42 3.4.74 span  04:15:25 3.4.75 span  04:16:40 3.4.76 span  04:18:01 3.4.77 span  04:18:47 3.4.78 span  04:19:15 3.4.79 span  04:20:42 3.4.80 span  04:21:24 3.4.81 span  04:22:23 3.4.82 span  04:24:08 3.4.83 span  04:25:11 3.4.84 span  04:26:53 3.4.85 span  04:27:54 3.4.86 span  04:29:59 3.4.87 span  04:31:16 3.4.88 span  04:33:14 ...
Views: 99 wikipedia tts
Deforestation | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:00:07
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Deforestation Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Deforestation, clearance, or clearing is the removal of a forest or stand of trees where the land is thereafter converted to a non-forest use. Examples of deforestation include conversion of forestland to farms, ranches, or urban use. The most concentrated deforestation occurs in tropical rainforests. About 31 percent of Earth's land surface is covered by forests.Deforestation occurs for multiple reasons: trees are cut down to be used for building or sold as fuel (sometimes in the form of charcoal or timber), while cleared land is used as pasture for livestock and plantation. The removal of trees without sufficient reforestation has resulted in habitat damage, biodiversity loss, and aridity. It has adverse impacts on biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Deforestation has also been used in war to deprive the enemy of vital resources and cover for its forces. Modern examples of this were the use of Agent Orange by the British military in Malaya during the Malayan Emergency and the United States military in Vietnam during the Vietnam War. As of 2005, net deforestation rates have ceased to increase in countries with a per capita GDP of at least US$4,600. Deforested regions typically incur significant adverse soil erosion and frequently degrade into wasteland. Disregard of ascribed value, lax forest management, and deficient environmental laws are some of the factors that allow deforestation to occur on a large scale. In many countries, deforestation–both naturally occurring and human-induced–is an ongoing issue. Deforestation causes extinction, changes to climatic conditions, desertification, and displacement of populations as observed by current conditions and in the past through the fossil record. More than half of all plant and land animal species in the world live in tropical forests.Between 2000 and 2012, 2.3 million square kilometres (890,000 sq mi) of forests around the world were cut down. As a result of deforestation, only 6.2 million square kilometres (2.4 million square miles) remain of the original 16 million square kilometres (6 million square miles) of forest that formerly covered the Earth. An area the size of a football pitch is cleared from the Amazon rainforest every minute, with 136 million acres (55 million hectares) of rainforest cleared for animal agriculture overall.
Views: 40 wikipedia tts
United Kingdom | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:01:42
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: United Kingdom Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign country lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to its east, the English Channel to its south and the Celtic Sea to its south-south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The sovereign state is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary democracy. The monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state. The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include the conurbations centred on Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, Glasgow and Liverpool. The United Kingdom consists of four countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Their capitals are London, Belfast, Edinburgh, and Cardiff respectively. Apart from England, the countries have devolved administrations, each with varying powers. The nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, and the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed almost a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language, culture and legal systems of many of its former colonies. The United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a very high Human Development Index, ranking 14th in the world. It was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The United Kingdom remains a great power with considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence internationally. It is a recognised nuclear weapons state and is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946. It has been a leading member state of the European Union (EU) and its predecessor, the European Economic Community (EEC), since 1973; however, a referendum in 2016 resulted in 51.9% of UK voters favouring leaving the European Union, and the country's exit is being negotiated. The United Kingdom is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Interpol and the World Trade Organization (WTO).
Views: 134 wikipedia tts
Rhodesia | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:26:20
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Rhodesia Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= Rhodesia (, ) was an unrecognised state in southern Africa from 1965 to 1979, equivalent in territory to modern Zimbabwe. Rhodesia was the de facto successor state to the British colony of Southern Rhodesia, which had been self-governing since achieving responsible government in 1923. A landlocked nation, Rhodesia was bordered by South Africa to the south, Bechuanaland (later Botswana) to the southwest, Zambia to the northwest, and Mozambique (a Portuguese province until 1975) to the east. In the late 19th century, the territory north of the Transvaal was chartered to the British South Africa Company, led by Cecil Rhodes. Rhodes and his Pioneer Column marched north in 1890, acquiring a huge bloc of territory that the Company would rule until the early 1920s. In 1923, the Company's charter was revoked, and Southern Rhodesia attained self-government and established a legislature. Between 1953 and 1963, Southern Rhodesia was joined with Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland in the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. The decolonisation of Africa in the early 1960s alarmed a significant proportion of Rhodesia's white population. In an effort to delay the transition to black majority rule, Rhodesia's predominantly white government issued its own Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) from the United Kingdom on 11 November 1965. (The government of the United Kingdom supported Rhodesia's transition to a multi-racial democracy.) The UDI administration initially sought recognition as an autonomous realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, but reconstituted itself as a republic in 1970. The Rhodesian Bush War, which pitted the government against two African nationalist organisations, ZANU and ZAPU, intensified in the 1970s, prompting Rhodesian premier Ian Smith to concede to multiracial democracy in 1978. However, a provisional government subsequently headed by Smith and his moderate colleague Abel Muzorewa failed in appeasing international critics or halting the bloodshed. By December 1979, Muzorewa had replaced Smith as Prime Minister and secured an agreement with the militant nationalists, allowing Rhodesia to briefly revert to colonial status pending elections under a universal franchise. It finally achieved internationally recognised independence in April 1980 as the Republic of Zimbabwe. Rhodesia's largest cities were its capital, Salisbury, and Bulawayo. The white population, which grew to nearly 300,000, dominated the country's politics and economy, though they never made up more than eight percent of the total population. Rhodesia developed an economy largely dependent on agriculture, manufacturing, and mining. Its largest exports were chrome, tobacco, and steel. International sanctions put increasing pressure on the country as time went on. The Parliament of Rhodesia, which included the lower House of Assembly and later a Senate, was predominantly white, with minority of seats reserved for blacks. After 1970, the country used a semi-presidential system, with a President, Prime Minister, and cabinet.
Views: 45 wikipedia tts
Nigeria | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:36:29
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Nigeria Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Federal Republic of Nigeria, commonly referred to as Nigeria ( (listen)), is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the southeast, and Benin in the west. Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. The federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja is located. Nigeria is officially a democratic secular country.Nigeria has been home to a number of kingdoms and tribal states over the millennia. The modern state originated from British colonial rule beginning in the 19th century, and took its present territorial shape with the merging of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and Northern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914. The British set up administrative and legal structures whilst practicing indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms. Nigeria became a formally independent federation in 1960. It experienced a civil war from 1967 to 1970. It thereafter alternated between democratically elected civilian governments and military dictatorships until it achieved a stable democracy in 1999, with the 2011 presidential election considered the first to be reasonably free and fair.Nigeria is often referred to as the "Giant of Africa", owing to its large population and economy. With 186 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous country in the world. Nigeria has the third-largest youth population in the world, after India and China, with more than 90 million of its population under age 18. The country is viewed as a multinational state as it is inhabited by 250 ethnic groups, of which the three largest are the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba; these ethnic groups speak over 250 different languages and are identified with a wide variety of cultures. The official language is English. Nigeria is divided roughly in half between Christians, who live mostly in the southern part of the country, and Muslims, who live mostly in the north. A minority of the population practice religions indigenous to Nigeria, such as those native to the Igbo and Yoruba ethnicities. As of 2015, Nigeria is the world's 20th largest economy, worth more than $500 billion and $1 trillion in terms of nominal GDP and purchasing power parity respectively. It overtook South Africa to become Africa's largest economy in 2014. The 2013 debt-to-GDP ratio was 11 percent. Nigeria is considered to be an emerging market by the World Bank; it has been identified as a regional power on the African continent, a middle power in international affairs, and has also been identified as an emerging global power. However, it currently has a "low" Human Development Index, ranking 152nd in the world. Nigeria is a member of the MINT group of countries, which are widely seen as the globe's next "BRIC-like" economies. It is also listed among the "Next Eleven" economies set to become among the biggest in the world. Nigeria is a founding member of the African Union and a member of many other international organizations, including the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations and OPEC.
Views: 52 wikipedia tts
test
 
02:16:07
test
Views: 46 tom bohan
Nigeria | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:37:49
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Nigeria 00:03:20 1 Etymology 00:04:01 2 History 00:04:10 2.1 Early (500 BC – 1500) 00:05:39 2.2 Middle Ages (1500–1800) 00:08:42 2.3 British Nigeria (1800–1960) 00:12:34 2.4 Independent Federation and First Republic (1960–1966) 00:14:11 2.5 Civil war (1967–1970) 00:16:20 2.6 Military juntas (1970–1999) 00:20:34 2.7 Democratisation (1999–) 00:23:19 3 Government and politics 00:26:39 3.1 Law 00:27:40 3.2 Foreign relations 00:30:44 3.3 Military 00:32:12 4 Geography 00:36:14 4.1 Environmental issues 00:38:40 4.2 Administrative divisions 00:39:28 5 Economy 00:42:26 5.1 Agriculture 00:43:25 5.2 Oil 00:45:23 5.3 Overseas remittances 00:46:16 5.4 Services 00:47:06 5.5 Nigeria Air 00:47:58 5.6 Mining 00:48:26 5.7 Manufacturing and technology 00:50:04 5.8 Government satellites 00:54:00 6 Society 00:54:09 6.1 Demographics 00:57:02 6.2 Ethnic groups 00:58:58 6.3 Languages 01:01:28 6.4 Religion 01:07:15 6.5 Health 01:10:11 6.6 Education 01:11:20 6.7 Tertiary education 01:13:21 6.8 Crime 01:16:56 7 Tourism 01:21:44 8 Culture 01:21:52 8.1 Literature 01:23:07 8.2 Media 01:23:15 8.3 Music and film 01:27:30 8.4 Cuisine 01:28:05 8.5 Sport 01:30:55 9 Social issues 01:31:16 9.1 Human rights 01:33:02 9.2 Strife and sectarian violence 01:35:25 9.3 Media representation 01:36:18 9.4 Women 01:37:32 10 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Federal Republic of Nigeria, commonly referred to as Nigeria ( (listen)), is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the southeast, and Benin in the west. Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. The federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja is located. Nigeria is officially a democratic secular country.Nigeria has been home to a number of ancient and indigenous kingdoms and states over the millennia. The modern state originated from British colonial rule beginning in the 19th century, and took its present territorial shape with the merging of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and Northern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914. The British set up administrative and legal structures whilst practicing indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms. Nigeria became a formally independent federation in 1960. It experienced a civil war from 1967 to 1970. It thereafter alternated between democratically elected civilian governments and military dictatorships until it achieved a stable democracy in 1999, with the 2011 presidential election considered the first to be reasonably free and fair.Nigeria is often referred to as the "Giant of Africa", owing to its large population and economy. With 186 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous country in the world. Nigeria has the third-largest youth population in the world, after India and China, with more than 90 million of its population under age 18. The country is viewed as a multinational state as it is inhabited by 250 ethnic groups, of which the three largest are the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba; these ethnic groups speak over 250 different languages and are identified with a wide variety of cultures. The official language is English. Nigeria is divided roughly in half between Christians, who live mostly in the southern part of the country, and Muslims, who live mostly in the north. A minority of the population practice religions indigenous to Nigeria, such as those native to the Igbo and Yoruba ethnicities. As of 2015, Nigeria is the world's 20th largest economy, worth more than $500 billion and $1 trillion in terms of nominal GDP and purchasing power parity respectively. It overtook South Africa to become Africa's largest economy in 2014. The 2013 debt-to-GDP ratio was 11 percent. Nigeria is considered to be an emerging market by the World Bank; it has been identified as a regional power on the African continent, a middle power in international affa ...
Views: 89 wikipedia tts
UK | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:53:33
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom 00:06:02 1 Etymology and terminology 00:10:21 2 History 00:10:31 2.1 Background 00:16:28 2.2 Treaty of Union 00:18:46 2.3 Union with Ireland 00:24:14 2.4 Irish independence 00:26:46 2.5 Since the Second World War 00:34:09 3 Geography 00:41:10 3.1 Climate 00:42:38 3.2 Administrative divisions 00:47:13 4 Dependencies 00:51:09 5 Politics 00:52:48 5.1 Government 00:56:45 5.2 Devolved administrations 01:01:25 5.3 Law and criminal justice 01:06:19 5.4 Foreign relations 01:08:46 5.5 Military 01:12:00 6 Economy 01:12:09 6.1 Overview 01:24:15 6.2 Science and technology 01:27:36 6.3 Transport 01:31:09 6.4 Energy 01:35:44 6.5 Water supply and sanitation 01:37:20 7 Demographics 01:41:08 7.1 Ethnic groups 01:47:34 7.2 Languages 01:51:24 7.3 Religion 01:56:23 7.4 Migration 02:05:50 7.5 Education 02:11:59 7.6 Healthcare 02:14:19 8 Culture 02:15:41 8.1 Literature 02:22:34 8.2 Music 02:27:42 8.3 Visual art 02:30:27 8.4 Cinema 02:33:37 8.5 Cuisine 02:34:53 8.6 Media 02:38:08 8.7 Philosophy 02:39:47 8.8 Sport 02:49:59 8.9 Symbols 02:52:35 9 Historiography 02:52:45 10 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7054449102062181 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The United Kingdom, officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland but more commonly known as the UK or Britain, is a sovereign country lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017. The UK is a unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state. The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, Glasgow, Liverpool, and Newcastle. The United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff, and Belfast respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers. The nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, and the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed almost a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language, culture and politica ...
Views: 105 wikipedia tts
Cyfarfod Llawn Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru 03.07.18
 
05:07:23
Y Cyfarfod Llawn yw cyfarfod o'r Cynulliad cyfan, a gynhelir yn Siambr drafod y Senedd. Y Llywydd sy’n cadeirio’r Cyfarfod Llawn a dyma’r prif fforwm i Aelodau’r Cynulliad gyflawni eu rôl fel cynrychiolwyr sydd wedi’u hethol yn ddemocrataidd. Cynhelir y Cyfarfod Llawn ddwywaith yr wythnos ar ddydd Mawrth a dydd Mercher ac mae’n agored i’r cyhoedd neu ar gael i wylio yn fyw, neu ar alw yma ar YouTube neu ar wefan Senedd TV.
Views: 147 AssemblyCynulliad
Netherlands | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:04:16
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Netherlands Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= The Netherlands (Dutch: Nederland [ˈneːdərlɑnt] ( listen)) is a country located mainly in Northwestern Europe. Together with three island territories in the Caribbean (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba), it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve provinces and borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, sharing maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, the United Kingdom, and Germany. The five largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht (forming the Randstad megalopolis) and Eindhoven (leading the Brabantse Stedenrij). Amsterdam is the country's capital, while The Hague holds the seat of the States General, Cabinet and Supreme Court. The Port of Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe and the world's largest outside Asia.'Netherlands' literally means 'lower countries', referring to its low land and flat geography, with only about 50% of its land exceeding 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) above sea level. Most of the areas below sea level are the result of land reclamation beginning in the 16th century, resulting in large areas known as polders that amount to nearly 17% of the country's territory. With a population of 17.25 million living within a total area of roughly 41,500 square kilometres (16,000 sq mi), of which the land area is 33,700 square kilometres (13,000 sq mi), the Netherlands is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Nevertheless, it is the world's second-largest exporter of food and agricultural products after the United States, owing to its fertile soil, mild climate, and intensive agriculture.The Netherlands was the third country in the world to have representative government, and has been administered as a parliamentary constitutional monarchy since 1848, with a unitary structure. A policy of pillarisation historically segregated society and institutions between Catholics, Calvinists and socialists, but Dutch society is today one of the most cosmopolitan in the world. The country has a long history of social tolerance and is generally regarded as a liberal country, having legalised abortion, prostitution, and euthanasia, while maintaining a progressive drug policy. The Netherlands abolished the death penalty in 1870, allowed women's suffrage in 1917, and became the world's first country to legalise same-sex marriage in 2001. The Netherlands is a founding member of the EU, Eurozone, G10, NATO, OECD, and WTO, as well as a part of the Schengen Area and the trilateral Benelux Union. It hosts several intergovernmental organizations and international courts, many of which are centered in The Hague, which is consequently dubbed 'the world's legal capital.' Its mixed-market advanced economy had the thirteenth-highest per capita income globally. One of the world's most prosperous countries, the Netherlands ranks among the highest in international indexes of press freedom, economic freedom, human development, and quality of life. Its strong performance is owed in large part to a generous welfare state that provides universal healthcare, public education and infrastructure, and a range of social benefits. It is also known for its polder model, the country's leading socioeconomic model based on consensus decision-making.
Views: 133 wikipedia tts
Nigeria | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:37:49
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Nigeria 00:03:20 1 Etymology 00:04:01 2 History 00:04:10 2.1 Early (500 BC – 1500) 00:05:39 2.2 Middle Ages (1500–1800) 00:08:42 2.3 British Nigeria (1800–1960) 00:12:34 2.4 Independent Federation and First Republic (1960–1966) 00:14:11 2.5 Civil war (1967–1970) 00:16:20 2.6 Military juntas (1970–1999) 00:20:34 2.7 Democratisation (1999–) 00:23:19 3 Government and politics 00:26:39 3.1 Law 00:27:40 3.2 Foreign relations 00:30:44 3.3 Military 00:32:12 4 Geography 00:36:14 4.1 Environmental issues 00:38:40 4.2 Administrative divisions 00:39:28 5 Economy 00:42:26 5.1 Agriculture 00:43:25 5.2 Oil 00:45:23 5.3 Overseas remittances 00:46:16 5.4 Services 00:47:06 5.5 Nigeria Air 00:47:58 5.6 Mining 00:48:26 5.7 Manufacturing and technology 00:50:04 5.8 Government satellites 00:54:00 6 Society 00:54:09 6.1 Demographics 00:57:02 6.2 Ethnic groups 00:58:58 6.3 Languages 01:01:28 6.4 Religion 01:07:15 6.5 Health 01:10:11 6.6 Education 01:11:20 6.7 Tertiary education 01:13:21 6.8 Crime 01:16:56 7 Tourism 01:21:44 8 Culture 01:21:52 8.1 Literature 01:23:07 8.2 Media 01:23:15 8.3 Music and film 01:27:30 8.4 Cuisine 01:28:05 8.5 Sport 01:30:55 9 Social issues 01:31:16 9.1 Human rights 01:33:02 9.2 Strife and sectarian violence 01:35:25 9.3 Media representation 01:36:18 9.4 Women 01:37:32 10 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Federal Republic of Nigeria, commonly referred to as Nigeria ( (listen)), is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the southeast, and Benin in the west. Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. The federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja is located. Nigeria is officially a democratic secular country.Nigeria has been home to a number of ancient and indigenous kingdoms and states over the millennia. The modern state originated from British colonial rule beginning in the 19th century, and took its present territorial shape with the merging of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate and Northern Nigeria Protectorate in 1914. The British set up administrative and legal structures whilst practicing indirect rule through traditional chiefdoms. Nigeria became a formally independent federation in 1960. It experienced a civil war from 1967 to 1970. It thereafter alternated between democratically elected civilian governments and military dictatorships until it achieved a stable democracy in 1999, with the 2011 presidential election considered the first to be reasonably free and fair.Nigeria is often referred to as the "Giant of Africa", owing to its large population and economy. With 186 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and the seventh most populous country in the world. Nigeria has the third-largest youth population in the world, after India and China, with more than 90 million of its population under age 18. The country is viewed as a multinational state as it is inhabited by 250 ethnic groups, of which the three largest are the Hausa, Igbo and Yoruba; these ethnic groups speak over 250 different languages and are identified with a wide variety of cultures. The official language is English. Nigeria is divided roughly in half between Christians, who live mostly in the southern part of the country, and Muslims, who live mostly in the north. A minority of the population practice religions indigenous to Nigeria, such as those native to the Igbo and Yoruba ethnicities. As of 2015, Nigeria is the world's 20th largest economy, worth more than $500 billion and $1 trillion in terms of nominal GDP and purchasing power parity respectively. It overtook South Africa to become Africa's largest economy in 2014. The 2013 debt-to-GDP ratio was 11 percent. Nigeria is considered to be an emerging market by the World Bank; it has been identified as a regional power on the African continent, a middle power in international affa ...
Views: 56 wikipedia tts
Atlantic slave trade | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:20:35
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Atlantic slave trade Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The Atlantic slave trade or transatlantic slave trade involved the transportation by slave traders of enslaved African people, mainly to the Americas. The slave trade regularly used the triangular trade route and its Middle Passage, and existed from the 16th to the 19th centuries. The vast majority of those who were enslaved and transported in the transatlantic slave trade were Africans from central and western Africa, who had been sold by other West Africans to Western European slave traders (with a small number being captured directly by the slave traders in coastal raids), who brought them to the Americas. The South Atlantic and Caribbean economies especially were dependent on the supply of secure labour for the production of commodity crops, making goods and clothing to sell in Europe. This was crucial to those western European countries which, in the late 17th and 18th centuries, were vying with each other to create overseas empires.The Portuguese were the first to engage in the Atlantic slave trade in the 16th century. In 1526, they completed the first transatlantic slave voyage to Brazil, and other European countries soon followed. Shipowners regarded the slaves as cargo to be transported to the Americas as quickly and cheaply as possible, there to be sold to work on coffee, tobacco, cocoa, sugar and cotton plantations, gold and silver mines, rice fields, construction industry, cutting timber for ships, in skilled labour, and as domestic servants. The first Africans imported to the English colonies were classified as "indentured servants", like workers coming from England, and also as "apprentices for life". By the middle of the 17th century, slavery had hardened as a racial caste, with the slaves and their offspring being legally the property of their owners, and children born to slave mothers were also slaves. As property, the people were considered merchandise or units of labour, and were sold at markets with other goods and services. The major Atlantic slave trading nations, ordered by trade volume, were: the Portuguese, the British, the French, the Spanish, and the Dutch Empires. Several had established outposts on the African coast where they purchased slaves from local African leaders. These slaves were managed by a factor who was established on or near the coast to expedite the shipping of slaves to the New World. Slaves were kept in a factory while awaiting shipment. Current estimates are that about 12 million Africans were shipped across the Atlantic, although the number purchased by the traders was considerably higher, as the passage had a high death rate. Near the beginning of the 19th century, various governments acted to ban the trade, although illegal smuggling still occurred. In the early 21st century, several governments issued apologies for the transatlantic slave trade.
Views: 83 wikipedia tts