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What is Applied Ethnomusicology & Why Did They Say so Many Terrible Things About it?
 
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Jeff Titon defines applied ethnomusicology as ethnomusicology put to practical use in a community for a social improvement, a cultural good, an economic advantage, a musical benefit or a combination of these. After defining applied ethnomusicology and offering some examples, Titon traces its history and suggests why the founding generation of the Society for Ethnomusicology held applied ethnomusicology in low regard, and why and how a new generation of ethnomusicologists, beginning in the 1980s, practiced applied work and gradually turned opinions around. Speaker Biography: Jeff Titon is co-editor of "The Oxford Handbook of Applied Ethnomusicology." For transcript and more information, visit http://www.loc.gov/today/cyberlc/feature_wdesc.php?rec=8477
Views: 265 LibraryOfCongress
Alex Epstein: "The Moral Case for Fossil Fuels"  | Talks at Google
 
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Energy philosopher Alex Epstein, author of The Moral Case for Fossil Fuels, challenges conventional wisdom about the fossil fuel industry and argues that if we look carefully at the positives and negatives of all our energy alternatives, we have a moral obligation to use more fossil fuels, not less. Get the book here: https://goo.gl/nejqGy
Views: 27923 Talks at Google
SQL injection
 
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SQL injection is a code injection technique, used to attack data-driven applications, in which malicious SQL statements are inserted into an entry field for execution (e.g. to dump the database contents to the attacker). SQL injection must exploit a security vulnerability in an application's software, for example, when user input is either incorrectly filtered for string literal escape characters embedded in SQL statements or user input is not strongly typed and unexpectedly executed. SQL injection is mostly known as an attack vector for websites but can be used to attack any type of SQL database. In a 2012 study, security company Imperva observed that the average web application received 4 attack campaigns per month, and retailers received twice as many attacks as other industries. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 108 Audiopedia
Google I/O 2010 - BigQuery and Prediction APIs
 
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Google I/O 2010 - BigQuery and Prediction APIs App Engine 101 Amit Agarwal, Max Lin, Gideon Mann, Siddartha Naidu Google relies heavily on data analysis and has developed many tools to understand large datasets. Two of these tools are now available on a limited sign-up basis to developers: (1) BigQuery: interactive analysis of very large data sets and (2) Prediction API: make informed predictions from your data. We will demonstrate their use and give instructions on how to get access. For all I/O 2010 sessions, please go to http://code.google.com/events/io/2010/sessions.html
Views: 57572 Google Developers
Erin Kerrison on 'the Costs and Benefits of Addiction Diagnosis'
 
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Erin Kerrison is an assistant professor of Social Welfare at UC Berkeley. Her work extends from a legal epidemiological framework, wherein law and legal institutions operate as social determinants of health. Specifically, through varied agency partnerships, her mixed-method research agenda investigates the impact that compounded structural disadvantage, concentrated poverty and state supervision has on service delivery, substance abuse, violence and other health outcomes for individuals and communities marked by criminal justice intervention. This talk was part of the Haas Institute's Research to Impact Faculty Colloquium Series. Read more about the series here: http://haasinstitute.berkeley.edu/researchtoimpactseries
The Creation model (Creation Magazine LIVE! 4-22)
 
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The theory of evolution is described in much detail in most classrooms today. Names, dates, classifications, etc., all seem to point to a very ‘scientific’ history of the world. But what about Creation? Does it have a cohesive historical narrative that can be backed up scientifically? Absolutely! Look at the ‘big picture’ of the Bible’s history on this week’s show. The Creation Magazine LIVE! TV program is a ministry of Creation Ministries International. With offices in seven countries and more PhD scientists than any Christian organization this program shows how the latest scientific discoveries support the Bible and refute evolution and million of years. Related Articles: Genesis Verse-by-Verse (http://creation.com/vbv) Related Products: Creation without compromise (http://creation.com/s/10-2-551) Creation magazine (free sample copy) (http://creation.com/free-mag)
Views: 3759 CMIcreationstation
Question Period: Jobs, NAFTA, Industry development — September 27, 2018
 
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Follow along as opposition parties question the Trudeau government in the House of Commons. Question Period, formally known as oral questions, generally begins at 2:15 p.m. ET and lasts for 45 minutes. To read more: http://cbc.ca/ »»» Subscribe to CBC News to watch more videos: http://bit.ly/1RreYWS Connect with CBC News Online: For breaking news, video, audio and in-depth coverage: http://bit.ly/1Z0m6iX Find CBC News on Facebook: http://bit.ly/1WjG36m Follow CBC News on Twitter: http://bit.ly/1sA5P9H For breaking news on Twitter: http://bit.ly/1WjDyks Follow CBC News on Instagram: http://bit.ly/1Z0iE7O Download the CBC News app for iOS: http://apple.co/25mpsUz Download the CBC News app for Android: http://bit.ly/1XxuozZ »»»»»»»»»»»»»»»»»» For more than 75 years, CBC News has been the source Canadians turn to, to keep them informed about their communities, their country and their world. Through regional and national programming on multiple platforms, including CBC Television, CBC News Network, CBC Radio, CBCNews.ca, mobile and on-demand, CBC News and its internationally recognized team of award-winning journalists deliver the breaking stories, the issues, the analyses and the personalities that matter to Canadians.
Views: 4139 CBC News
403 Forbidden
 
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A 403 Forbidden error is a particular type of error that occurs when trying to access a URL. There are a couple of possible causes to an HTTP 403 error, and we'll take a look at those along with the possible resolutions. Get more answers to technical questions at http://www.helpdesk-blog.com If you'd like to learn more about Help Desk Premier, please visit us at http://www.help-desk-software.com 403 Forbidden Errors -- Finding and Fixing the Source A 403 Forbidden error is a particular type of error that occurs when trying to access a URL. If you're seeing a 403 Forbidden error, there are two possible causes. It could be due to a removal of file permission, or restriction of access based on the IP address of the user. The second possible cause is accidental misconfiguration of the webserver. As mentioned, a lack of proper permission access to the file or resource can cause 403 forbidden error. This will result in a 403 error, sometimes combined with a 404 file not found error stating the following message: "Forbidden You don't have permission to access /asd.html on this server. Additionally, a 404 Not Found error was encountered while trying to use an ErrorDocument to handle the request." However, the title of the web page will display a 403 Forbidden error. To fix a http 403 error, you should set proper permissions for a folder or a file. Normal file permission is 644 and folder permission is 755. File/folder permissions can be set using variety of ways. In Windows Web Hosting, it's simply set using IIS. Open Internet Information Service Manager: Select the relevant website or folder, and set the necessary permissions via "Edit Permissions". However, if you are using shared hosting, you may not be able to access the IIS Manager or the Apache configuration file to set file/folder permissions. In this case, permissions can be easily set using FileZilla FTP client, or through the cPanel interface f or the particular web resource. You can download the FileZilla FTP client from the URL below: http://filezilla-project.org/download.php?type=client Install it and run. Then access the web resource using your FTP details in the area marked as (1). Right click and select the file or folder for which you intend to change permission, and select the "File Permissions ..." option in the area marked as (2). Next let's look at how to fix the permission of a folder which generates a 403 error. The rectified permission value will be 755. If you are having an issue with file permission, you should set the file's permission value to 644 instead of 755. If the cause of the 403 error is restricted access based on IP address, you will see a message somewhat similar this: "Forbidden You don't have permission to access / on this server. Additionally, a 403 Forbidden error was encountered while typing an ErrorDocument to handle the request. " If you have cPanel access, check whether you have properly configured the IP Deny Manager. It may be that you have added your own IP range accidentally. If so, click on IP Deny Manager and remove any unnecessary IP deny lists. If it is an Apache server, you can do this by editing ".htaccess" file. To edit the .htaccess file you must have direct access to files in the hosting space, or you may use FTP or SSH. You can download and edit ".htaccess" file using a text editor such as Notepad. In the ".htaccess" file you may see something similar to these lines. Edit or remove deny lists as you wish: Sometimes the ".htaccess" file is not visible in the hosting space, and as such can't be found for viewing or download. If so, you need to enable viewing of hidden files by clicking the "Server" tab and ticking the "force showing hidden files" box in your FileZilla FTP client. To Remove IP restrictions Using IIS 7.5 in Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2 Select the website or directory in the Internet Information Services Manager and click on "IP Address and Domain Restrictions": Remove unnecessary IP addresses or ranges 403 Forbidden errors can occur if there's no default index page present when directory browsing is denied. For example if you are using IIS 7.5 in Microsoft Windows Server 2008 R2, you will receive something similar to the 403 Forbidden error below, if directory browsing is denied. This error will be 403.14 - directory listing denied. Fix the 403.14 error by either creating an index.html /index.php file, or enabling the directory browsing. To Enable directory browsing Open IIS Manager and select the appropriate web folder/web site , and click on "Directory Browsing": Then click on enable ... Other than above causes, there's one other possible source of a 403 Forbidden error if you are using Apache. It's possible that the error stems from your mod_security rules if directory listings have been disabled in the server using the mod_proxy extension. It may be worth checking those settings if you are using an Apache server.
Views: 429228 Help Desk Premier
Lecture - 9
 
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Lecture Series on Systems Analysis and Design by Prof. V Rajaraman Department of Super Computer Education and Research IISC Bangalore For more Courses visit http://nptel.iitm.ac.in
Views: 4658 nptelhrd
Towards Telesophy: Federating All the World' s Knowledge
 
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Google Tech Talks July 11, 2007 ABSTRACT The Net is the global network, which enables users worldwide to interact with information. As new technologies mature, the functions of the protocols deepen, moving closer to cyberspace visions of "being one with all the world's knowledge". The Evolution of the Net has already proceeded from data transmission in the Internet to information retrieval in the Web. The global protocols are evolving towards knowledge navigation in the Interspace, moving from syntax to semantics. In the future, infrastructure will support analysis, for interactive correlations across knowledge sources. This moves closer towards "telesophy", (transparent infrastructure for)...
Views: 4278 Google
Jerome Friedman & Phillip Sharp - Nobel Laureates Lecture at MIT 2003
 
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Supreme Court: The Term in Review (2014–2015) Part 1 of 2
 
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Six of the nation's top legal scholars discuss and analyze the decisions of the U.S. Supreme Court's 2014–2015 Term that are most likely to affect the work of federal judges in the coming years. Free speech, same-sex marriage, criminal law, search and seizure, patent and trademark, and bankruptcy decisions are among the topics explored and explained. Faculty: Erwin Chemerinsky (University of California Irvine, School of Law), Evan Tsen Lee (University of California, Hastings College of the Law), Suzanna Sherry (Vanderbilt University Law School), Laurie Levenson (Loyola Law School), John S. Cooke (Federal Judicial Center), Jim Chance (Federal Judicial Center), Elizabeth C. Wiggins (Federal Judicial Center), John R. Thomas (Georgetown Law Center), and Michelle Harner (University of Maryland School of Law). Speech A review of four speech related cases looking at permissible and impermissible constraints on possible threats made on the internet, judicial campaign fund raising, government speech and evidence of content-neutrality in speech regulation. Same Sex marriage An analysis of the Court’s decision relating to the constitutionality of state bans on same sex marriage. Election Law Three decisions discussing constitutional and statutory requirements and limits on state powers to define congressional districts are examined. Federal Civil Rights Statutes Decisions regarding protections provided by federal laws in the areas of employment, housing and religious observance are discussed and analyzed. Federal Statutes Limits on environmental regulation, federal subsidies under the Affordable Care Act and whether a fish is a tangible object under a federal law that protects against the destruction of evidence in federal court were some of the issues addressed by the Court in decisions interpreting federal statutes that the faculty will discuss. Patent and Trademark Patent and Trademark law expert Professor John R. Thomas of Georgetown Law Center describes and discusses the most important aspects of four decisions reached by the Court in this area this term.
Views: 1018 United States Courts
The Galaxy Primes by E. E. "Doc" Smith
 
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They were four of the greatest minds in the Universe: Two men, two women, lost in an experimental spaceship billions of parsecs from home. And as they mentally charted the Cosmos to find their way back to earth, their own loves and hates were as startling as the worlds they encountered. Chapter 1 - 00:00 Chapter 2 - 1:01:23 Chapter 3 - 1:39:51 Chapter 4 - 2:26:40 Chapter 5 - 3:09:57 Chapter 6 - 4:06:35 Chapter 7 - 4:59:15 Chapter 8 - 5:54:35 Chapter 9 - 6:42:55 Read by: Mark Nelson (https://librivox.org/reader/251)
Views: 3886 Audiobooks Unleashed
DEF CON 21 - Alexandre Pinto - Defending Networks with Incomplete Information
 
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Defending Networks with Incomplete Information: A Machine Learning Approach ALEXANDRE PINTO SECURITY RESEARCHER Let's face it: we may win some battles, but we are losing the war pretty badly. Regardless of the advances in malware and targeted attacks detection technologies, our top security practitioners can only do so much in a 24 hour day. Even less, if you let them eat and sleep. On the other hand, there is a severe shortage of capable people to do "simple" security monitoring effectively, let alone complex incident detection and response. Enter the use of Machine Learning as a way to automatically prioritize and classify potential events and attacks as something can could potentially be blocked automatically, is clearly benign, or is really worth the time of your analyst. In this presentation we will present publicly for the first time an actual implementation of those concepts, in the form of a free-to-use web service. It leverages OSINT and knowledge about the spatial distribution of the Internet to generate a fluid and constantly updated classifier that pinpoints areas of interest on submitted network traffic logs. Alexandre Pinto (@alexcpsec) has over 13 years dedicated to information security solutions architecture, strategy advisory and monitoring. He has experience with a great range of security products, and has even been know to do pen-testing from time to time. Alex holds the CISSP-ISSAP, CISA, CISM, CREST CCT APP and PMP certifications. And somehow he is still a nice guy. He was also a PCI QSA for 5+ years, but is almost fully recovered. Alex has been responsible over the last 3 years to kickstart his previous company's offices in 2 different countries mainly because he is able to perform competently on a very deep technical level on all the company services, from risk auditing (*sigh*) to network and web application penetration testing. For the past year, as a part of his sabbatical, he has been researching and exploring the applications of Machine Learning and Predictive Analytics into Information Security Data, specially in supporting the mess that we currently face in trying to make sense of day to day usage of SIEM solutions as a whole Materials: https://www.defcon.org/images/defcon-21/dc-21-presentations/Pinto/DEFCON-21-Pinto-Defending-Networks-Machine-Learning-Updated.pdf https://www.defcon.org/images/defcon-21/dc-21-presentations/Pinto/DEFCON-21-Pinto-Defending-Networks-Machine-Learning-WP-Updated.pdf
Views: 1020 DEFCONConference
Indian Kanoon - IPC Section 506 punishment for criminal intimidation - आईपीसी धारा 506 - LawRato
 
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http://lawrato.com is an interactive online platform that makes it faster and easier to find and hire the best Lawyers in any city/court in India. IPC Section 506 lays down the punishment for the offence of criminal intimidation which is defined under section 503. Section 506 says that whoever commits the offence of criminal intimidation shall be punished with simple or rigorous imprisonment for a term extending up to two years, or with fine, or with both; and if the threat under the offence of criminal intimidation be either to cause death or grievous hurt, or to cause destruction of any property by fire, or to cause an offence punishable with death or imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment for a term extending up to seven years, or to impute unchastity to a woman, shall be punished with simple or rigorous imprisonment for a term extending up to seven years, or with fine, or with both. The section contemplates that the offender must threaten another with any injury to his person, reputation or property, or to the person or reputation, and not to property, of any one in whom that person is interested. The intention of the offender must be to cause alarm to the person threatened, or to cause the person threatened either to do any act which he is not legally bound to do, or to omit to do any act which he is legally entitled to do, as the means of avoiding the execution of such threat. The word ‘injury’ has the same meaning as given under section 44 of the Code, and therefore, threatening with divine displeasure or spiritual hardship and the like, cannot form the basis of any guilt for criminal intimidation. The language of the section unambiguously says that if the offender threatens not the victim but anyone in whom the victim is interested then the threat must be to the person or reputation of such person and threat to property has been deliberately omitted from this part of the section. Whereas the normal punishment for the offence of criminal intimidation provided under the first part of the section seems neither lenient nor stern, the one under the latter part being an aggravated form of the offence wherein the circumstances in which that part would be applicable have been clearly stated, has been visited with a sterner penalty. Entering a house at midnight armed with a knife and threatening with death anyone who dared to come between the accused and the victim has been held to be punishable under this section. The offence under this section is non-cognizable, bailable and compoundable, and is triable by any magistrate. If the threat be to cause death or grievous hurt etc. as stated under the second part of the section, the offence is non-compoundable and triable by magistrate of the first class. Advocate Jaspreet Singh Rai can be consulted for further information at https://goo.gl/unVQKp or by calling at +91-9599000555
Views: 56127 LawRato.com
Moving beyond token women: The need for radical reform in corporate Australia by Dr Linley Lord
 
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http://odu.curtin.edu.au/clare_burton.cfm Presented by Dr Linley Lord, Graduate School of Business, Curtin University The Australian Institute of Company Directors (AICD) recently reported that the number of women directors of Australia's top listed companies has now reached 10%. While this statistic indicates an upward trend, does it really mark significant improvement in women's representation in senior decision making roles in Australian organisations? Much of the local focus to date has been on 'fixing' women so that they can fit into existing structures. Will the initiatives addressing the lack of women on company boards recently launched by the Australian Securities Exchange (ASX), the Australian Institute of Company Directors, and the Business Council of Australia address some of the systemic problems leading to women's underrepresentation? The 2010 Clare Burton Memorial Lecture tackles these questions by examining overseas experience and the seemingly glacial rate of change in Australia. The lecture will explore ways that Australia could move beyond tokenism and towards achieving the diversity of thinking, experience and expertise needed in Australia's organisations. The Speaker Linley Lord is Director of the Maureen Bickley Centre for Women in Leadership and a senior lecturer in the Graduate School of Business at Curtin University. Linley's research focuses on women on boards, women's experience in and transition into leadership roles, new models of leadership, and women in non-traditional areas of employment. She is currently collaborating with the International Centre for Women Leaders at the UK's Cranfield University and has this year brought to Australia Cranfield's highly successful Women as Leaders Program.
Views: 669 Curtin University
Punjabi Meaning
 
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Video shows what Punjabi means. Of, pertaining to, descended from the people or culture of the Punjab, or written in the Punjabi language.. Punjabi pronunciation. How to pronounce, definition by Wiktionary dictionary. Punjabi meaning. Powered by MaryTTS
Views: 77890 SDictionary
CalHFA Board Meeting - 09/13/2018
 
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CalHFA Board Meeting - 09/13/2018
A Conversation with Vladimir Putin, Continued 2010 (English Subtitles)
 
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16 december 2010 Television channels Rossiya and Rossiya 24 and radio stations Mayak and Vesti FM have started broadcasting the annual Q&A session, "A Conversation with Vladimir Putin, Continued" http://government.ru/eng/docs/13427/ video http://government.ru/eng/docs/13427/video.html
Views: 22054 putinlove2010
Presidency of Barack Obama | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Presidency of Barack Obama 00:02:30 1 Major acts and legislation 00:02:40 2 2008 presidential election 00:04:15 3 Transition period and inauguration 00:05:27 4 Personnel 00:05:36 4.1 Cabinet appointees 00:06:59 4.2 Notable non-Cabinet positions 00:09:20 4.3 Judicial nominees 00:09:29 4.3.1 United States Supreme Court 00:10:57 4.3.2 Other courts 00:11:53 5 First 100 days 00:14:36 6 Domestic affairs 00:14:45 6.1 Health care reform 00:19:00 6.2 Wall Street reform 00:21:04 6.3 Climate change and the environment 00:25:42 6.4 Economy 00:29:31 6.5 Taxation 00:32:17 6.6 Budget and debt ceiling 00:35:31 6.7 LGBT rights 00:37:37 6.8 Education 00:40:37 6.9 Immigration 00:42:47 6.10 Energy 00:44:47 6.11 Drug policy and criminal justice reform 00:46:46 6.12 Gun control 00:48:39 6.13 Cybersecurity 00:49:55 6.14 Racial issues 00:51:58 6.15 NASA 00:53:33 6.16 Other initiatives 00:54:52 7 Foreign affairs 00:56:30 7.1 Iraq and Afghanistan 01:00:03 7.2 East Asia 01:01:29 7.3 Russia 01:03:21 7.4 Israel 01:04:56 7.5 Trade agreements 01:07:26 7.6 Guantanamo Bay detention camp 01:09:11 7.7 Killing of Osama bin Laden 01:10:32 7.8 Drone warfare 01:12:52 7.9 Cuban thaw 01:14:52 7.10 Iranian nuclear negotiations 01:16:39 7.11 Arab Spring and its aftermath 01:17:53 7.12 Syrian civil war 01:19:59 7.13 Libya 01:21:33 7.14 Foreign and domestic surveillance 01:23:15 8 Ethics 01:23:24 8.1 Lobbying reform 01:24:46 8.2 Transparency 01:27:29 9 Elections during the Obama presidency 01:27:40 9.1 2010 mid-term elections 01:28:40 9.2 2012 re-election campaign 01:30:12 9.3 2014 mid-term elections 01:30:54 9.4 2016 elections and transition period 01:32:45 10 Approval ratings and other opinions 01:38:20 11 See also 01:38:41 12 Notes Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The presidency of Barack Obama began at noon EST on January 20, 2009, when Barack Obama was inaugurated as the 44th President of the United States, and ended on January 20, 2017. Obama, a Democrat, took office following a decisive victory over Republican John McCain in the 2008 presidential election. Four years later, in the 2012 election, he defeated Republican Mitt Romney to win re-election. He was the first African American president, the first multiracial president, the first non-white president, and the first president to have been born in Hawaii. Obama was succeeded by Republican Donald Trump, who won the 2016 presidential election. Obama's first-term actions addressed the global financial crisis and included a major stimulus package, a partial extension of the Bush tax cuts, legislation to reform health care, a major financial regulation reform bill, and the end of a major US military presence in Iraq. Obama also appointed Supreme Court Justices Elena Kagan and Sonia Sotomayor, the latter of whom became the first Hispanic American on the Supreme Court. Democrats controlled both houses of Congress until Republicans won a majority in the House of Representatives in the 2010 elections. Following the elections, Obama and Congressional Republicans engaged in a protracted stand-off over government spending levels and the debt ceiling. The Obama administration's policy against terrorism downplayed Bush's counterinsurgency model, expanding air strikes and making extensive use of special forces and encouraging greater reliance on host-government militaries. The Obama administration orchestrated the military operation that resulted in the death of Osama bin Laden in 2011. In his second term, Obama took steps to combat climate change, signing a major international climate agreement and an executive order to limit carbon emissions. Obama also presided over the implementation of the Affordable Care Act and other legislation passed in his first term, and he negotiated rapprochements with Iran and Cuba. The number of American soldiers in Afghanistan fell dramatically during Obama's second term, though U.S. soldiers remained in Afghanistan throughout Obama's presidency and continue to as of 2018 ...
Views: 23 wikipedia tts
Crime prevention
 
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Crime prevention is the attempt to reduce and deter crime and criminals. It is applied specifically to efforts made by governments to reduce crime, enforce the law, and maintain criminal justice. This video is targeted to blind users. Attribution: Article text available under CC-BY-SA Creative Commons image source in video
Views: 41 Audiopedia
Internet censorship and surveillance by country | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_censorship_and_surveillance_by_country 00:00:13 1 Classifications 00:00:50 1.1 iFreedom on the Net/i reports 00:02:56 1.2 OpenNet Initiative 00:06:31 1.3 Reporters Without Borders 00:06:40 1.3.1 RWB iEnemies of the Internet/i and iCountries under Surveillance/i lists 00:08:22 1.3.2 RWB iSpecial report on Internet Surveillance/i 00:09:33 1.4 iCountry Reports on Human Rights Practices/i 00:10:30 2 Alphabetical index to classifications 00:10:41 3 Country classifications 00:11:24 3.1 Pervasive censorship or surveillance 00:12:34 3.1.1 span  00:14:50 3.1.2 span  00:16:57 3.1.3 span  00:19:24 3.1.4 span  00:21:15 3.1.5 span  00:23:37 3.1.6 span  00:25:40 3.1.7 span  00:27:43 3.1.8 span  00:28:47 3.1.9 span  00:29:46 3.1.10 span  00:30:28 3.1.11 span  00:31:56 3.1.12 span  00:32:44 3.1.13 span  00:34:41 3.1.14 span  00:36:20 3.1.15 span  00:37:12 3.1.16 span  00:38:28 3.1.17 span  00:40:16 3.1.18 span  00:41:38 3.1.19 span  00:43:35 3.2 Substantial censorship or surveillance 00:44:46 3.2.1 span  00:46:58 3.2.2 span  00:48:33 3.2.3 span  00:50:18 3.2.4 span  00:51:08 3.2.5 span  00:53:20 3.2.6 span  00:55:13 3.2.7 span  00:56:21 3.2.8 span  00:58:09 3.2.9 span  01:04:00 3.2.10 span  01:07:14 3.3 Selective censorship or surveillance 01:08:22 3.3.1 span  01:10:50 3.3.2 span  01:11:34 3.3.3 span  01:14:15 3.3.4 span  01:15:36 3.3.5 span  01:18:02 3.3.6 span  01:19:55 3.3.7 span  01:21:55 3.3.8 span  01:24:51 3.3.9 span  01:25:29 3.3.10 span  01:28:19 3.3.11 span  01:29:42 3.3.12 span  01:31:19 3.3.13 span  01:33:03 3.3.14 span  01:35:15 3.3.15 span  01:36:34 3.3.16 span  01:37:38 3.3.17 span  01:39:52 3.3.18 span  01:40:50 3.3.19 span  01:42:05 3.3.20 span  01:44:09 3.3.21 span  01:47:48 3.3.22 span  01:49:35 3.3.23 span  01:50:35 3.3.24 span  01:51:50 3.3.25 span  01:53:37 3.3.26 span  01:53:45 3.3.27 span  01:56:32 3.3.28 span  01:56:40 3.3.29 span  01:59:15 3.3.30 span  02:00:50 3.3.31 span  02:02:30 3.3.32 span  02:03:22 3.3.33 span  02:05:34 3.3.34 span  02:06:40 3.3.35 span  02:09:07 3.3.36 span  02:13:10 3.3.37 span  02:16:26 3.3.38 span  02:17:52 3.3.39 span  02:18:56 3.3.40 span  02:19:51 3.4 Little or no censorship or surveillance 02:21:03 3.4.1 span  02:23:40 3.4.2 span  02:24:18 3.4.3 span  02:24:58 3.4.4 span  02:27:29 3.4.5 span  02:28:31 3.4.6 span  02:31:59 3.4.7 span  02:33:23 3.4.8 span  02:34:07 3.4.9 span  02:35:13 3.4.10 span  02:36:26 3.4.11 span  02:37:18 3.4.12 span  02:38:17 3.4.13 span  02:38:52 3.4.14 span  02:40:05 3.4.15 span  02:41:08 3.4.16 span  02:42:35 3.4.17 span  02:44:02 3.4.18 span  02:45:16 3.4.19 span  02:46:44 3.4.20 span  02:47:47 3.4.21 span  02:48:39 3.4.22 span  02:49:48 3.4.23 span  02:50:54 3.4.24 span  02:51:56 3.4.25 span  02:53:00 3.4.26 span  02:53:56 3.4.27 span  02:55:18 3.4.28 span  02:57:13 3.4.29 span  02:58:07 3.4.30 span  02:58:49 3.4.31 span  02:59:45 3.4.32 span  03:00:46 3.4.33 span  03:03:44 3.4.34 span  03:06:01 3.4.35 span  03:07:17 3.4.36 span  03:10:27 3.4.37 span  03:11:37 3.4.38 span  03:14:06 3.4.39 span  03:15:00 3.4.40 span  03:17:06 3.4.41 span  03:18:27 3.4.42 span  03:20:44 3.4.43 span  03:21:44 3.4.44 span  03:22:41 3.4.45 span  03:23:35 3.4.46 span  03:24:51 3.4.47 span  03:25:50 3.4.48 span  03:26:57 3.4.49 span  03:29:00 3.4.50 span  03:30:38 3.4.51 span  03:31:56 3.4.52 span  03:32:40 3.4.53 span  03:34:06 3.4.54 span  03:35:16 3.4.55 span  03:36:16 3.4.56 span  03:40:48 3.4.57 span  03:42:21 3.4.58 span  03:43:41 3.4.59 span  03:44:33 3.4.60 span  03:45:13 3.4.61 span  03:46:46 3.4.62 span  03:47:31 3.4.63 span  03:48:45 3.4.64 span  03:50:19 3.4.65 span  03:52:03 3.4.66 span  03:52:44 3.4.67 span  03:53:21 3.4.68 span    03:53:52 3.4.69 span  03:56:00 3.4.70 span  03:56:41 3.4.71 span  03:58:09 3.4.72 span  03:58:52 3.4.73 span  03:59:52 3.4.74 span  04:01:31 3.4.75 span  04:02:42 3.4.76 span  04:03:58 3.4.77 span  04:04:42 3.4.78 span  04:05:09 3.4.79 span  04:06:32 3.4.80 span  04:07:12 3.4.81 span  04:08:08 3.4.82 span  04:09:47 3.4.83 span  04:10:46 3.4.84 span  04:12:25 3.4.85 span  04:13:23 3.4.86 span  04:15:22 3.4.87 span  04:16:34 3.4.88 span  04:18:26 ...
Views: 56 wikipedia tts
Outline of formal science | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:34:38
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outline_of_science 00:01:04 1 Essence of science 00:02:18 2 Scientific method 00:07:04 3 Branches of science 00:07:28 3.1 Natural science 00:08:35 3.2 Formal science 00:55:27 3.3 Social science 00:56:37 3.4 Applied science 00:57:07 4 How scientific fields differ 00:58:13 5 Politics of science 00:59:33 6 History of science 01:01:46 6.1 By period 01:04:08 6.1.1 By date 01:05:03 6.2 By field 01:08:58 6.3 By region 01:09:07 6.3.1 History of science in present states, by continent 01:09:25 6.3.2 History of science in historic states 01:09:59 7 Philosophy of science 01:10:20 8 Scientific community 01:10:47 8.1 Scientific organizations 01:11:07 8.2 Scientists 01:11:50 8.2.1 Types of scientist 01:11:59 8.2.1.1 By field 01:28:07 8.2.1.2 By employment status 01:28:56 8.2.2 Famous scientists 01:33:12 9 Science education 01:33:59 10 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7254187033487707 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-F "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The following outline is provided as a topical overview of science: Science – the systematic effort of acquiring knowledge—through observation and experimentation coupled with logic and reasoning to find out what can be proved or not proved—and the knowledge thus acquired. The word "science" comes from the Latin word "scientia" meaning knowledge. A practitioner of science is called a "scientist". Modern science respects objective logical reasoning, and follows a set of core procedures or rules in order to determine the nature and underlying natural laws of the universe and everything in it. Some scientists do not know of the rules themselves, but follow them through research policies. These procedures are known as the scientific method.
Views: 7 wikipedia tts
Internet censorship in Turkey | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:32:18
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Censorship_in_Turkey 00:05:12 1 History 00:21:08 2 Legislative framework 00:25:22 2.1 Article 301 00:28:15 2.2 Article 312 00:30:15 2.3 Other 00:40:50 2.4 ECHR oversight 00:47:56 3 Attacks and threats against journalists 00:48:08 3.1 Physical attacks and assassinations of journalists 00:51:47 3.2 Arrests of journalists 00:56:27 3.3 Judicial prosecution 00:59:52 3.4 Denial of accreditation and deportation of foreign journalists 01:02:10 3.5 Hostile public rhetoric and smear campaigns 01:03:42 3.6 Arbitrary denial of access 01:04:50 4 Government control over the media 01:07:08 4.1 Direct control over state media 01:08:25 4.2 Pro-governmental "Pool Media" 01:10:55 4.3 Direct pressures and self-censorship of major media outlets 01:15:24 4.4 Prosecution of journalists and closure of media 01:24:03 4.5 Government seizure of independent media companies 01:26:31 4.6 Removing channels from government-controlled TV satellites 01:30:03 5 Censorship of the media 01:32:18 5.1 Reporting bans and gag orders 01:38:11 5.2 Broadcasting 01:40:55 5.3 Print 01:42:28 6 Censorship of works of art 01:46:21 7 Censorship of films, movies and theater plays 01:49:58 8 Censorship of Books 01:53:52 9 Internet censorship 02:02:09 9.1 Legal framework 02:06:12 9.2 Blocking of Internet sites 02:27:59 10 Civil society initiatives 02:30:31 11 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.711980065637492 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Censorship in Turkey is regulated by domestic and international legislation, the latter (in theory) taking precedence over domestic law, according to Article 90 of the Constitution of Turkey (so amended in 2004).Despite legal provisions, media freedom in Turkey has steadily deteriorated from 2010 onwards, with a precipitous decline following the attempted coup in July 2016. President Tayyip Erdoğan has arrested hundreds of journalists, closed or taken over dozens of media outlets, and prevented journalists and their families from traveling. By some accounts, Turkey currently accounts for one-third of all journalists imprisoned around the world.Since 2013, Freedom House ranks Turkey as "Not Free". Reporters Without Borders ranked Turkey at the 149th place out of over 180 countries, between Mexico and DR Congo, with a score of 44.16. In the third quarter of 2015, the independent Turkish press agency Bianet recorded a strengthening of attacks on the opposition media during the Justice and Development Party (AKP) interim government. Bianet's final 2015 monitoring report confirmed this trend and underlined that once regained majority after the AKP interim government period, the Turkish government further intensified its pressure on the country's media.According to Freedom House, The government enacted new laws that expanded both the state’s power to block websites and the surveillance capability of the National Intelligence Organization (MİT). Journalists faced unprecedented legal obstacles as the courts restricted reporting on corruption and national security issues. The authorities also continued to aggressively use the penal code, criminal defamation laws, and the antiterrorism law to crack down on journalists and media outlets. Verbal attacks on journalists by senior politicians—including Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, the incumbent prime minister who was elected president in August—were often followed by harassment and even death threats against the targeted journalists on social media. Meanwhile, the government continued to use the financial and other leverage it holds over media owners to influence coverage of politically sensitive issues. Several dozen journalists, including prominent columnists, lost their jobs as a result of such pressure during the year, and those who remained had to operate in a climate of increasing self-censorship and media polarization. In 2012 and ...
Views: 23 wikipedia tts
Outline of science | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:10:05
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outline_of_science 00:00:47 1 Essence of science 00:01:43 2 Scientific method 00:05:13 3 Branches of science 00:05:32 3.1 Natural science 00:06:22 3.2 Formal science 00:40:51 3.3 Social science 00:41:44 3.4 Applied science 00:42:08 4 How scientific fields differ 00:42:58 5 Politics of science 00:43:59 6 History of science 00:45:37 6.1 By period 00:47:24 6.1.1 By date 00:48:06 6.2 By field 00:50:59 6.3 By region 00:51:07 6.3.1 History of science in present states, by continent 00:51:22 6.3.2 History of science in historic states 00:51:48 7 Philosophy of science 00:52:05 8 Scientific community 00:52:27 8.1 Scientific organizations 00:52:44 8.2 Scientists 00:53:17 8.2.1 Types of scientist 00:53:25 8.2.1.1 By field 01:05:11 8.2.1.2 By employment status 01:05:48 8.2.2 Famous scientists 01:08:58 9 Science education 01:09:34 10 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The following outline is provided as a topical overview of science: Science – the systematic effort of acquiring knowledge—through observation and experimentation coupled with logic and reasoning to find out what can be proved or not proved—and the knowledge thus acquired. The word "science" comes from the Latin word "scientia" meaning knowledge. A practitioner of science is called a "scientist". Modern science respects objective logical reasoning, and follows a set of core procedures or rules in order to determine the nature and underlying natural laws of the universe and everything in it. Some scientists do not know of the rules themselves, but follow them through research policies. These procedures are known as the scientific method.
Views: 3 wikipedia tts
North Korea | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:23:17
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: North Korea Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, with Pyongyang the capital and the largest city in the country. To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in Chinese) and Tumen rivers; it is bordered to the south by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two. Nevertheless, North Korea, like its southern counterpart, claims to be the legitimate government of the entire peninsula and adjacent islands. Both North Korea and South Korea became members of the United Nations in 1991.In 1910, Korea was annexed by Imperial Japan. After the Japanese surrender at the end of World War II in 1945, Korea was divided into two zones, with the north occupied by the Soviet Union and the south occupied by the United States. Negotiations on reunification failed, and in 1948, separate governments were formed: the socialist Democratic People's Republic of Korea in the north, and the capitalist Republic of Korea in the south. An invasion initiated by North Korea led to the Korean War (1950–1953). The Korean Armistice Agreement brought about a ceasefire, but no peace treaty was signed.North Korea officially describes itself as a self-reliant socialist state, and formally holds elections. Various media outlets have called it Stalinist, particularly noting the elaborate cult of personality around Kim Il-sung and his family. The Workers' Party of Korea (WPK), led by a member of the ruling family, holds power in the state and leads the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland of which all political officers are required to be members. Juche, an ideology of national self-reliance, was introduced into the constitution in 1972. The means of production are owned by the state through state-run enterprises and collectivized farms. Most services such as healthcare, education, housing and food production are subsidized or state-funded. From 1994 to 1998, North Korea suffered a famine that resulted in the deaths of between 240,000 and 420,000 people, and the population continues to suffer malnutrition. North Korea follows Songun, or "military-first" policy. It is the country with the highest number of military and paramilitary personnel, with a total of 9,495,000 active, reserve and paramilitary personnel. Its active duty army of 1.21 million is the fourth largest in the world, after China, the United States and India. It possesses nuclear weapons.International organizations have assessed that human rights violations in North Korea are commonplace and are so severe as to have no parallel in the contemporary world. The North Korean government strongly denies most allegations, accusing international organizations of fabricating human rights abuses as part of a smear campaign with the covert intention of regime change, although they admit that there are human rights issues relating to living conditions which the government is attempting to correct.
Views: 25 wikipedia tts
Indiana | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:12:43
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Indiana Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Indiana (listen) is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America. Indiana is the 38th largest by area and the 17th most populous of the 50 United States. Its capital and largest city is Indianapolis. Indiana was admitted to the United States as the 19th U.S. state on December 11, 1816. Indiana borders Lake Michigan to the northwest, Michigan to the north, Ohio to the east, Kentucky to the south and southeast, and Illinois to the west. Before becoming a territory, various indigenous peoples and Native Americans inhabited Indiana for thousands of years. Since its founding as a territory, settlement patterns in Indiana have reflected regional cultural segmentation present in the Eastern United States; the state's northernmost tier was settled primarily by people from New England and New York, Central Indiana by migrants from the Mid-Atlantic states and from adjacent Ohio, and Southern Indiana by settlers from the Southern states, particularly Kentucky and Tennessee.Indiana has a diverse economy with a gross state product of $359.12 billion in 2017. Indiana has several metropolitan areas with populations greater than 100,000 and a number of smaller industrial cities and towns. Indiana is home to professional sports teams, including the NFL's Indianapolis Colts and the NBA's Indiana Pacers, and hosts several notable athletic events, such as the Indianapolis 500 and Brickyard 400 motorsports races.
Views: 6 wikipedia tts
Indiana | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:12:45
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Indiana Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Indiana (listen) is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America. Indiana is the 38th largest by area and the 17th most populous of the 50 United States. Its capital and largest city is Indianapolis. Indiana was admitted to the United States as the 19th U.S. state on December 11, 1816. Indiana borders Lake Michigan to the northwest, Michigan to the north, Ohio to the east, Kentucky to the south and southeast, and Illinois to the west. Before becoming a territory, various indigenous peoples and Native Americans inhabited Indiana for thousands of years. Since its founding as a territory, settlement patterns in Indiana have reflected regional cultural segmentation present in the Eastern United States; the state's northernmost tier was settled primarily by people from New England and New York, Central Indiana by migrants from the Mid-Atlantic states and from adjacent Ohio, and Southern Indiana by settlers from the Southern states, particularly Kentucky and Tennessee.Indiana has a diverse economy with a gross state product of $359.12 billion in 2017. Indiana has several metropolitan areas with populations greater than 100,000 and a number of smaller industrial cities and towns. Indiana is home to professional sports teams, including the NFL's Indianapolis Colts and the NBA's Indiana Pacers, and hosts several notable athletic events, such as the Indianapolis 500 and Brickyard 400 motorsports races.
Views: 10 wikipedia tts
Economy of Egypt | Wikipedia audio article
 
01:19:06
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Economy of Egypt 00:00:59 1 Macroeconomic trend 00:04:05 2 Reform era 00:08:01 2.1 External trade and remittances 00:10:02 2.2 Public finances 00:13:17 2.3 Opportunity cost of conflict 00:13:49 2.4 The financial sector 00:14:24 2.4.1 Monetary policy 00:17:54 2.4.2 Exchange rate policy 00:20:42 3 Natural resources 00:20:52 3.1 Land, agriculture and crops 00:26:37 3.2 Water resources 00:28:15 3.3 Groundwater 00:28:53 3.4 Mineral and energy resources NaN:NaN:NaN 4 Main economic sectors NaN:NaN:NaN 4.1 Agricultural sector NaN:NaN:NaN 4.1.1 Irrigation NaN:NaN:NaN 4.1.2 Crops NaN:NaN:NaN 4.1.3 Land ownership NaN:NaN:NaN 4.2 Industrial sector NaN:NaN:NaN 4.2.1 Automobiles manufacturing NaN:NaN:NaN 4.2.2 Chemicals NaN:NaN:NaN 4.2.3 Consumer electronics and home appliances NaN:NaN:NaN 4.2.4 Steel industries NaN:NaN:NaN 4.2.5 Textiles and clothing NaN:NaN:NaN 4.3 Construction and contracting sector NaN:NaN:NaN 4.4 Services sector NaN:NaN:NaN 4.4.1 Banking & insurance NaN:NaN:NaN 4.4.2 Communications NaN:NaN:NaN 4.4.3 Transport NaN:NaN:NaN 4.4.4 Tourism sector NaN:NaN:NaN 5 Emerging sectors NaN:NaN:NaN 5.1 ICT sector NaN:NaN:NaN 6 Largest companies NaN:NaN:NaN 7 Investment NaN:NaN:NaN 7.1 Investment climate NaN:NaN:NaN 8 Response to the global financial crisis NaN:NaN:NaN 9 Poverty and income distribution NaN:NaN:NaN 10 Causes of poverty NaN:NaN:NaN 10.1 High cost of doing business NaN:NaN:NaN 10.2 Corruption NaN:NaN:NaN 10.3 Ineffective policies NaN:NaN:NaN 10.4 High population growth NaN:NaN:NaN 11 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The economy of Egypt was a highly centralized planned economy focused on import substitution under President Gamal Abdel Nasser. In the 1990s, a series of International Monetary Fund arrangements, coupled with massive external debt relief resulting from Egypt's participation in the Gulf War coalition, helped Egypt improve its macroeconomic performance. Since 2000, the pace of structural reforms, including fiscal, monetary policies, taxation, privatization and new business legislations, helped Egypt move towards a more market-oriented economy and prompted increased foreign investment. The reforms and policies have strengthened macroeconomic annual growth results which averaged 8% annually between 2004 and 2009 but the government largely failed to equitably share the wealth and the benefits of growth have failed to trickle down to improve economic conditions for the broader population, especially with the growing problem of unemployment and underemployment.
Views: 15 wikipedia tts
List of federal political scandals in the United States | Wikipedia audio article
 
02:12:36
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: List of federal political scandals in the United States 00:00:10 1 Scope and organization of political scandals 00:02:50 2 Federal government scandals 00:03:00 2.1 Donald Trump administration (2017–present) 00:03:11 2.1.1 Executive Branch 00:08:36 2.1.2 Legislative Branch 00:11:53 2.1.3 Judicial Branch 00:12:12 2.2 Barack Obama administration (2009–2017) 00:12:24 2.2.1 Executive Branch 00:15:59 2.2.2 Legislative Branch 00:25:36 2.2.3 Judicial Branch 00:27:12 2.3 George W. Bush administration (2001–2009) 00:27:21 2.3.1 Executive Branch 00:45:15 2.3.2 Legislative Branch 00:52:39 2.4 Bill Clinton administration (1993–2001) 00:52:51 2.4.1 Executive Branch 00:54:44 2.4.2 Legislative Branch 00:59:56 2.5 George H. W. Bush administration (1989–1993) 01:00:05 2.5.1 Executive Branch 01:01:44 2.5.2 Legislative Branch 01:02:40 2.5.3 Judicial Branch 01:03:06 2.6 Ronald Reagan administration (1981–1989) 01:03:19 2.6.1 Executive Branch 01:15:06 2.6.2 Legislative Branch 01:19:52 2.6.3 Judicial Branch 01:20:21 2.7 James E. Carter administration (1977–1981) 01:20:30 2.7.1 Executive Branch 01:20:47 2.7.2 Legislative branch 01:23:29 2.7.3 Judicial 01:24:07 2.8 Gerald Ford administration (1974–1977) 01:24:20 2.8.1 Executive Branch 01:24:52 2.8.2 Legislative Branch 01:26:53 2.9 Richard M. Nixon administration (1969–1974) 01:27:02 2.9.1 Executive Branch 01:31:48 2.9.2 Legislative Branch 01:34:06 2.9.3 Judicial Branch 01:35:11 2.10 Lyndon B. Johnson administration (1963–1969) 01:35:20 2.10.1 Executive Branch 01:35:41 2.10.2 Legislative Branch 01:36:54 2.10.3 Judicial Branch 01:37:14 2.11 John F. Kennedy administration (1961–1963) 01:37:23 2.11.1 Legislative Branch 01:38:05 2.12 Dwight D. Eisenhower administration (1953–1961) 01:38:14 2.12.1 Executive Branch 01:39:09 2.12.2 Legislative Branch 01:40:29 2.13 Harry S. Truman administration (1945–1953) 01:40:38 2.13.1 Executive Branch 01:41:11 2.13.2 Legislative Branch 01:42:20 2.14 Franklin Delano Roosevelt administration (1933–1945) 01:42:34 2.14.1 Executive Branch 01:42:53 2.14.2 Legislative Branch 01:43:29 2.14.3 Judicial Branch 01:44:22 2.15 Herbert Hoover administration (1929–1933) 01:44:34 2.15.1 Legislative Branch 01:45:13 2.16 Calvin Coolidge administration (1923–1929) 01:45:25 2.16.1 Executive 01:45:57 2.16.2 Legislative 01:46:48 2.16.3 Judicial 01:47:08 2.17 Warren G. Harding administration (1921–1923) 01:47:16 2.17.1 Executive Branch 01:48:51 2.17.2 Legislative Branch 01:49:42 2.18 Woodrow Wilson administration (1913–1921) 01:49:55 2.18.1 Executive Branch 01:50:24 2.19 William Howard Taft administration (1909–1913) 01:50:37 2.19.1 Legislative Branch 01:51:13 2.19.2 Judicial Branch 01:51:43 2.20 Theodore Roosevelt administration (1901–1909) 01:51:56 2.20.1 Legislative Branch 01:52:40 2.20.2 Judicial Branch 01:53:01 2.21 William McKinley administration (1897–1901) 01:53:14 2.21.1 Executive Branch 01:53:55 2.21.2 Legislative Branch 01:54:35 2.22 Grover Cleveland administration (1885–1889) 01:54:47 2.22.1 Legislative Branch 01:55:09 2.23 Chester A. Arthur administration (1881–1885) 01:55:18 2.23.1 Executive Branch 01:55:49 2.24 James A. Garfield administration (1881–1881) 01:55:58 2.24.1 Legislative Branch 01:56:21 2.25 Rutherford B. Hayes administration (1877–1881) 01:56:30 2.25.1 Executive Branch 01:56:50 2.25.2 Judicial Branch 01:57:28 2.26 Ulysses S. Grant administration (1869–1877) 01:57:37 2.26.1 Executive Branch 01:59:45 2.26.2 Legislative Branch 02:00:53 2.26.3 Judicial Branch 02:01:54 2.27 Andrew Johnson administration (1865–1869) 02:02:07 2.27.1 Executive branch 02:02:25 2.28 Abraham Lincoln administration (1861–1865) 02:02:38 2.28.1 Executive Branch 02:03:15 2.28.2 Legislative Branch 02:04:05 2.29 James Buchanan administration (1857–1861) 02:04:18 2.29.1 Legislative Branch 02:05:01 2.30 Zachary Taylor administration (1849–1850) 02:05:13 2.30.1 Executive Branch 02:05:44 2.31 Andrew Jackson administrations (1829–1836) 02:05:57 2.31.1 Executive Branch 02:06:41 2.31.2 Legislative Branch 02:07:07 2.32 James Monroe administrations (1817–1824) 02:07:20 2.32.1 Legislative Branch 02:07:36 2.33 Thomas Jefferson administrations (1801–1808) 02:07:48 2.33.1 Executive Branch 02:08:36 2.33.2 Judicial Branch 02:09:08 2.34 John Adams administration (1797–1800) 02:09:20 2.34.1 Executive Branch 02:09:49 2.34.2 Legislative Branch 02:10:18 2.35 George Washington administration (1789–1796) 02:10:30 2.35.1 Legislative Branch 02:10:49 2.36 Government under the Articles of Confederation (1777–1788) 02:11:03 2.36.1 Executive Branch 02:11:24 2.36.2 Legislative Branch 02:11:47 3 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening s ...
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North Korea | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: North Korea Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ In case you don't find one that you were looking for, put a comment. This video uses Google TTS en-US-Standard-D voice. SUMMARY ======= North Korea, officially the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (abbreviated as DPRK, PRK, DPR Korea, or Korea DPR), is a country in East Asia constituting the northern part of the Korean Peninsula, with Pyongyang the capital and the largest city in the country. To the north and northwest, the country is bordered by China and by Russia along the Amnok (known as the Yalu in Chinese) and Tumen rivers; it is bordered to the south by South Korea, with the heavily fortified Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) separating the two. Nevertheless, North Korea, like its southern counterpart, claims to be the legitimate government of the entire peninsula and adjacent islands. Both North Korea and South Korea became members of the United Nations in 1991.In 1910, Korea was annexed by Imperial Japan. After the Japanese surrender at the end of World War II in 1945, Korea was divided into two zones, with the north occupied by the Soviet Union and the south occupied by the United States. Negotiations on reunification failed, and in 1948, separate governments were formed: the socialist Democratic People's Republic of Korea in the north, and the capitalist Republic of Korea in the south. An invasion initiated by North Korea led to the Korean War (1950–1953). The Korean Armistice Agreement brought about a ceasefire, but no peace treaty was signed.North Korea officially describes itself as a self-reliant socialist state, and formally holds elections. Various media outlets have called it Stalinist, particularly noting the elaborate cult of personality around Kim Il-sung and his family. The Workers' Party of Korea (WPK), led by a member of the ruling family, holds power in the state and leads the Democratic Front for the Reunification of the Fatherland of which all political officers are required to be members. Juche, an ideology of national self-reliance, was introduced into the constitution in 1972. The means of production are owned by the state through state-run enterprises and collectivized farms. Most services such as healthcare, education, housing and food production are subsidized or state-funded. From 1994 to 1998, North Korea suffered a famine that resulted in the deaths of between 240,000 and 420,000 people, and the population continues to suffer malnutrition. North Korea follows Songun, or "military-first" policy. It is the country with the highest number of military and paramilitary personnel, with a total of 9,495,000 active, reserve and paramilitary personnel. Its active duty army of 1.21 million is the fourth largest in the world, after China, the United States and India. It possesses nuclear weapons.International organizations have assessed that human rights violations in North Korea are commonplace and are so severe as to have no parallel in the contemporary world. The North Korean government strongly denies most allegations, accusing international organizations of fabricating human rights abuses as part of a smear campaign with the covert intention of regime change, although they admit that there are human rights issues relating to living conditions which the government is attempting to correct.
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Indiana | Wikipedia audio article
 
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This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indiana 00:01:49 1 Etymology 00:03:02 2 History 00:03:11 2.1 Aboriginal inhabitants 00:06:19 2.2 European exploration and sovereignty 00:09:34 2.3 The frontier 00:12:54 2.4 Statehood and settlement 00:15:20 2.5 Civil War 00:17:04 2.6 Early 20th century 00:19:35 2.7 Modern era 00:21:36 3 Geography 00:22:47 3.1 Geology and terrain 00:25:19 3.2 Hydrology 00:27:01 3.3 Climate 00:30:23 3.4 Ecosystem 00:30:32 3.5 Time zones 00:31:33 4 Indiana counties and statistical areas 00:32:12 4.1 Major cities 00:32:43 5 Demographics 00:32:52 5.1 Population 00:34:07 5.2 Ancestry 00:36:25 5.3 Population growth 00:39:34 5.4 Median income 00:40:56 5.5 Religion 00:42:56 5.6 Language 00:43:12 6 Law and government 00:49:31 6.1 Politics 00:54:56 6.2 Military installations 00:56:29 7 Culture 00:56:38 7.1 Arts 00:56:47 7.2 Sports 00:56:56 7.2.1 Motorsports 00:58:18 7.2.2 Professional sports 01:00:55 7.2.3 Professional teams 01:01:21 7.2.4 College athletics 01:02:32 8 Economy and infrastructure 01:04:22 8.1 Business 01:06:34 8.2 State budget 01:09:11 8.3 Energy 01:11:06 8.4 Transportation 01:11:15 8.4.1 Airports 01:13:20 8.4.2 Highways 01:15:08 8.4.3 County roads 01:17:17 8.4.4 Rail 01:18:25 8.4.5 Ports 01:19:40 9 Education 01:24:20 10 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.8109996302073358 Voice name: en-GB-Wavenet-B "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Indiana (listen) is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America. Indiana is the 38th largest by area and the 17th most populous of the 50 United States. Its capital and largest city is Indianapolis. Indiana was admitted to the United States as the 19th U.S. state on December 11, 1816. Indiana borders Lake Michigan to the northwest, Michigan to the north, Ohio to the east, Kentucky to the south and southeast, and Illinois to the west. Before becoming a territory, various indigenous peoples and Native Americans inhabited Indiana for thousands of years. Since its founding as a territory, settlement patterns in Indiana have reflected regional cultural segmentation present in the Eastern United States; the state's northernmost tier was settled primarily by people from New England and New York, Central Indiana by migrants from the Mid-Atlantic states and from adjacent Ohio, and Southern Indiana by settlers from the Southern states, particularly Kentucky and Tennessee.Indiana has a diverse economy with a gross state product of $359.12 billion in 2017. Indiana has several metropolitan areas with populations greater than 100,000 and a number of smaller industrial cities and towns. Indiana is home to professional sports teams, including the NFL's Indianapolis Colts and the NBA's Indiana Pacers, and hosts several notable athletic events, such as the Indianapolis 500 and Brickyard 400 motorsports races.
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