Search results “Cryptogenic ischemic stroke definition who”
Cryptogenic Stroke Collaborative Care Testimonial
In about 1 in 3 ischemic strokes, the root cause is still unknown after testing. That’s when it’s important to dig deeper for a definitive diagnosis. Collaboration by neurologists, cardiologists, electrophysiologists and other integral team members may reveal the answers needed to provide targeted treatment for preventing recurrent strokes. Look for a variety of cryptogenic stroke resources at http://spr.ly/605482W62.
Cryptogenic Stroke Patients
About one in four strokes in the U.S. are “cryptogenic” meaning the cause is undetermined. Statistics show cryptogenic stroke patients have reason to be concerned: A prior stroke is the number one risk factor for a second stroke. According to a new survey by the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association more than 50 percent of stroke patients and family caregivers report feeling anxious and frustrated when the cause of stroke is not detected.
Views: 81 KGUN9
Cryptogenic Strokes
Dr. Mary Ann Bauman tells us more about cryptogenic strokes and the new patient guide.
Views: 632 KMTV 3 News Now
What Is A Cryptogenic Stroke?
In this video, I describe what a cryptogenic stroke and its connection with atrial fibrillation is. A crypotegenic stroke is basically an explained stroke, and can be linked to undiagnosed atrial fibrillation. Visit my website at https://drafib.com Information is strictly educational in nature Check Out these Affiliate Links: Check out the KardiaMobile and KardiaBand - Mobile ECG for at home monitoring of atrial fibrillation- https://shareasale.com/r.cfm?b=877806&u=1919372&m=66320&urllink=&afftrack= #afib #atrialfibrillation #stroke #afibsymptoms #drafib #afibtreatment #cardiology #heart #health #doctor #hearthealth #cryoptogenicstroke
Views: 274 Doctor AFib
2015 American Stroke Association Cryptogenic Stroke Conference
Highlights from the 2015 American Stroke Association Cryptogenic Stroke Conference in Washington, D.C. – Learn more about what the American Stroke Association is doing to advance the diagnosis and treatment of strokes of unknown etiology.
Investigating Cryptogenic Stroke
In many ways, cryptogenic strokes are a mystery; one that strikes a younger than normal patient population with very little warning. “Typically we see the cryptogenic stoke, which means stroke from unknown cause, in the young age group. This is the 40-60 year old population. Sometimes it’s as low as 30’s,” says Dr. Robert Cross, who is an interventional cardiologist with Lee Memorial Health System. Mostly seen in people under 45 without common risk factors, cryptogenic strokes leave little doubt, but many questions. “A patient may come in with full blown stroke symptoms - numbness, slurred speech, drooling. They’re treated aggressively then you’re looking for the reason they had the stroke,” says Dr. Cross. Cardiologists often get involved because of a potential link between cryptogenic strokes and the heart condition Afib. An irregular heartbeat heightens stroke risk and with a third of stroke survivors vulnerable to a second stroke, it is important to get answers. An implantable loop recorder is frequently used to track heart activity. “It’s a wireless system that monitors the patients to see if they have any of these arrhythmias which sometimes could take months to manifest themselves,” says Dr. Cross. Studies find monitoring long term, greatly increases the chance of identifying elusive Afib and treating it appropriately. “Is this just a benign rhythm that just needs lifestyle changes, treatment with medicines, or is this a more malignant rhythm that can predetermine stroke?” says Dr. Cross. Employing super-sleuth tactics are worth the effort to solve a life-threatening mystery. View More Health Matters video segments at leememorial.org/healthmatters/ Lee Memorial Health System in Fort Myers, FL is the largest network of medical care facilities in Southwest Florida and is highly respected for its expertise, innovation and quality of care. For nearly a century, we’ve been providing our community with everything from primary care treatment to highly specialized care services and robotic assisted surgeries. Visit leememorial.org
Views: 185 Lee Health
Secondary prevention after ESUS - M Rubiera del Fueyo
This video was recorded during the ESC Heart & Brain workshop course held at Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic. The goal of this first edition of this workshop was to bring together leading experts in the field of stroke and cardiologists, neurologists, radiologists, surgeons and other specialists to learn from each other. Find out more about the ESC Council on Stroke: https://www.escardio.org/Councils/Council-on-Stroke?hit=youtube
Identifying Better Ways to Diagnose and Manage Patients with Cryptogenic Stroke
Approximately 800,000 Americans have a stroke each year, and about 200,000 of these are considered “cryptogenic.” Mary Ann Bauman, MD, Medical Director for Women’s Health and Community Relations at INTEGRIS Family Care Central, Oklahoma City, talks with CSWN on the topic. This interview was conducted at AHA 2015 in Orlando.
Views: 87 CSWNews
Young Stroke
Stroke is often considered as an older person's disease, and only 10% of stroke patients are younger than 50 years. But Recent reports show an apparent increasing trend in ischemic stroke among young adults, a figure that is particularly concerning, when compared to the overall decrease in stroke incidence and mortality. Although certain rare risk factors have been suggested as possible causes, reports show that traditional risk factors for stroke also high in this population. The lifetime impact of stroke on young adults carries substantial costs to the individual's family and to society. Youtube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/drzulfiquar Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/drzulfiquarahmed Google+: https://plus.google.com/+ZulfiquarAhmed Website: http://www.drzulfiquar.com
Views: 147 Dr. Zulfiquar Ahmed
Cryptogenic Stroke - Sydney's Story
Cryptogenic Stroke - This is a common diagnosis in children and young adults with stroke.  It simply means that the cause for stroke is unknown.  While in some cases, even after thorough investigation, the cause may remain unknown, stroke experts at referral centers may offer investigations that find a cause that was missed.  Sometimes this is very important for management strategies to prevent recurrent stroke.  In children, a cause of stroke can be identified in most cases.  Our Foundation wants to provide education to local hospitals to improve diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of young stroke patients.   Let's work together to create solutions for families not problems.  A ray of hope is a powerful treatment for the despair that comes with a new diagnosis of stroke.
Stroke Survivor Story: Overcoming the Unknown
Dan Merritt had a stroke while waiting for a doctor’s appointment on Halloween and then a second later that night. After a third cryptogenic stroke, finding answers became the trick. Learn more about cryptogenic stroke at www.StrokeAssociation.org/CS
Cryptogenic Stroke Multidisciplinary Pathways Video
Learn about a collaborative care approach and model to better support stroke survivors who suffer a stroke of an unknown/unexplained cause; also known as cryptogenic stroke.
AHA/ASA and Medtronic’s Cryptogenic Stroke Initiative
The initiative will find effective ways to educate patients on cryptogenic strokes and work physicians to improve their options for diagnosing and treating patients to help reduce their risk of suffering a more serious secondary stroke.
Improving Outcomes in Stroke
Trials have shown that endovascular thrombectomy within 6 hours after the onset of ischemic stroke symptoms has a clinical benefit, but the effect after more than 6 hours is not known. New research findings are summarized in a short video. See the related NEJM article: http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1706442
Views: 3391 NEJMvideo
Computer intelligence system for acute stroke detection
With this ground-breaking computer technology, frontline medical professionals are able to achieve speedy and accurate diagnosis for stroke patients. For details, please visit: http://www.polyu.edu.hk/web/en/media/media_releases/index_id_6109.html
Stroke (for patients & families)
Find more videos at http://osms.it/more. Study better with Osmosis Prime. Retain more of what you’re learning, gain a deeper understanding of key concepts, and feel more prepared for your courses and exams. Sign up for a free trial at http://osms.it/more. Subscribe to our Youtube channel at http://osms.it/subscribe. Get early access to our upcoming video releases, practice questions, giveaways and more when you follow us on social: Facebook: http://osms.it/facebook Twitter: http://osms.it/twitter Instagram: http://osms.it/instagram Thank you to our Patreon supporters: Sumant Nanduri Omar Berrios Alex Wright Suzanne Peek Arfan Azam Mingli Féng Osmosis Vision: Empowering the world’s caregivers with the best learning experience possible.
Views: 61955 Osmosis
Webinar: Real World Success in Multi-Disciplinary Care of Cryptogenic Stroke Patients
The team from Cone Health in Greensboro, NC shares what they have learned on their multi-disciplinary journey to improving the pathway for Cryptogenic Stroke patients. The unique program links Neurology with Cardiology, working collaboratively to improve the diagnosis and treatment of Cryptogenic Stroke patients. Find additional Cryptogenic Stroke pathway resources at: Stroke-Pathway.com
Views: 451 MedtronicCardiac
Clinical Trials - Navigate Esus
The Navigate Esus Trial, presented and discussed at the 4th European Stroke Organisation Conference (ESOC 2018) by Geroge Ntaios & Robert Hart. Learn more on the ESOC website: https://eso-conference.org/2019/information/esoc-2018-conference-news
#10 Cryptogenic stroke: Solving the unsolved
Diagnostic dilemmas, cryptogenic infarcts account for almost a third of all stroke subtypes. But if you break it down, it's really not so complicated. In our tenth episode, Dr. Noah Levinson gets some insight into the diagnostic approach of this confounding condition. BrainWaves podcasts and online content are intended for medical education only and should not be used to guide medical decision making in routine clinical practice. Any cases discussed in this episode are fictional and do not contain any patient health identifying information. The content in this episode was vetted and approved by Michael Mullen. REFERENCES 1. Hart RG, Diener HC, Coutts SB, Easton JD, Granger CB, O'Donnell MJ, Sacco RL, Connolly SJ and Cryptogenic Stroke EIWG. Embolic strokes of undetermined source: the case for a new clinical construct. The Lancet Neurology. 2014;13:429-38. 2. Jacobs BS, Boden-Albala B, Lin IF and Sacco RL. Stroke in the young in the northern Manhattan stroke study. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation. 2002;33:2789-93. 3. Putaala J, Metso AJ, Metso TM, Konkola N, Kraemer Y, Haapaniemi E, Kaste M and Tatlisumak T. Analysis of 1008 consecutive patients aged 15 to 49 with first-ever ischemic stroke: the Helsinki young stroke registry. Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation. 2009;40:1195-203. 4. Bang OY, Lee PH, Joo SY, Lee JS, Joo IS and Huh K. Frequency and mechanisms of stroke recurrence after cryptogenic stroke. Annals of neurology. 2003;54:227-34.
Views: 19 BrainWaves Staff
Ischemic Stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack for USMLE Step 1 and Step 2
Today we are looking at ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack for USMLE Step 1 and Step 2. PATHOGENESIS Emboli is a major cause, which may be cardiogenic or Cardiogenic emboli leads to atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter. Mural thrombus occurs after an Myocardial infarction which forms an emboli in the left ventricular. Stroke may also be due to Valvular causes either prosthetic valve, rheumatic valve, vegetations. If there is a patent foramen ovale a stroke may also occur from a DVT. Artery to artery emboli can be from plaques located in Aorta and Carotid Artery and are audible on auscultation as a bruit. Thrombus may also be a cause of stroke that forms in carotid and vertebral artery. They decrease blood flow to the brain. Thrombus in the intracranial arteries, such as circle of willis, may also lead to eventual ischemic stroke. Lacunar infarcts occur in smaller vessels secondary to hypertension. With chronic hypertension develops lipohyalonis and fibrinoid deposition which eventually occludes the artery. TIA lasts less than 24 hours, but now defined more as whether or not infarction has occurred. TIA also increases the risk of future stroke and is associated with syncope, amnesia and seizures. Must differentiate multiple sclerosis, brain tumor, brain abscess and intracerebral hemorrhage. RISK FACTORS Risk factors for stroke are generally the same as MI, Hypertension, Atherosclerosis, Diabetes and obesity. Also hypercoagulable state, amyloid angiopathy. Atrial Fibrillation, MI, Previous TB. NEUROANATOMY Anterior Circulation – Begins with internal carotid artery. Then branches anteriorly to Anterior Cerebral Artery and the Middle Cerebral Artery. Posterior Circulation – Starts with the vertebral artery and gives off branches to the Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery (PICA). Combines to form the Basilar Artery, Superior Cerebellar Artery and the Posterior Cerebral Artery (PCA). STROKE SYNDROMES Stroke in Internal Carotid Artery is usually due to atherosclerotic plaque, but are generally asymptomatic because of compensation from circle of Willis. However, patient may still experience monocular blindness and a bruit. Strokes in the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) affect the lower extremity, abulia and urinary incontinence. Strokes in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) affect the upper limb and face as well as speech, decrease conjugate gaze, homonymous hemianopia. Lacunar strokes present with pure motor or pure sensory loss, ataxia, clumsy hand. Vertebral artery strokes are divided as extracranial which is known as the subclavian steal syndrome, and intracranial strokes affect the medullar oblongata. Anterior Spinal Artery Strokes Lateral Medullar Syndrome aka Wallenberg Syndrome, PICA syndrome have ipsilateral pain and numbness in the face, diplopia, vertigo, nausea/vomiting and Horner Syndrome. On the contralateral defect in pain and temperature in the body. Medial Medullar Syndrome is due to stroke in the anterior cerebellar artery. Ipsilateral tongue paralysis due to 12 cranial nerve. Contralateral paralsysi and decrease proprioception due to pyramidal and medial lemniscus. Basilar artery strokes leads to locked in syndrome and there is no volitional besides moving their eyes. Strokes affecting the midbrain include CN 3 and so they will have down and out. If there is contralateral hemiplegia is known as weber syndrome. Benedikt Syndrome there is additional gait abnormalities. Posterior Cerebral Artery strokes have visual problems and homonymous hemianopia with macular sparing. MANAGEMENT Start with the airway, breathing, circulation. Then check blood glucose and ABG that might mimic strokes. Non-contrast CT within 25 minutes to rule our hemorrhage, which will require surgery. Then begin thrombolysis or thrombolectomy. Contraindications for thrombolysis include, history of stroke or head trauma, atriovenous malformation, aneurysm, recent surgery, hypertension, hypoglycemia, internal bleeding, coagulopathy. Must be given less than 3 hours. Thrombolectomy only up to internal carotid artery. Then determine the cause with Doppler ultrasound of carotid or vertebral artery. CT Angiography or MRA looking for thrombus of smaller arteries and distinguish where the lesion or stroke occurred. Transcranial Doppler helps identify in MCA, ACA, PCA strokes. Cardiac evaluation to look for emboli in the heart with echo, ECG, lipid levels.
Views: 16740 the study spot
Mercy Stroke Coordinator Discusses TIAs
Diane Handler, Mercy Medical Center Stroke Coordinator, discusses Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs) with Ashley Hinson of KCRG-TV9 News on April 9, 2012. TIAs are warning signs that a major stroke could occur soon. Learn about risk factors, symptoms and what to do if you have one.
Views: 196 Mercy Cedar Rapids
Coagulation and ischemic stroke - W Doehner
This video was recorded during the ESC Heart & Brain workshop course held at Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic. The goal of this first edition of this workshop was to bring together leading experts in the field of stroke and cardiologists, neurologists, radiologists, surgeons and other specialists to learn from each other. Find out more about the ESC Council on Stroke: https://www.escardio.org/Councils/Council-on-Stroke?hit=youtube
Vanja Douglas, MD, Acute Stroke Treatment Part 2: Small Vessel and Large Vessel Strokes
How do small vessel strokes differ from large vessel strokes? Dr. Douglas illustrates these differences, and discusses effects & pathology. More on Dr. Douglas: http://profiles.ucsf.edu/vanja.douglas UC San Francisco advances health through education, research, patient care and public service. With seven major sites in the San Francisco Bay Area and Fresno, the UCSF School of Medicine is dedicated to improving human health by accelerating scientific discovery and transforming medical education. The school’s new Bridges curriculum is pioneering a new approach to medical education to prepare physicians for practice in the 21st century. Through mentorship and collaborative learning, students are trained to care for patients, conduct research and contribute vital knowledge to improve our health system. Visit our channel home page: https://www.youtube.com/c/UCSFSchoolofMedicine Subscribe to this channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCprcipiXNXTzJYJfN02rHsA?sub_confirmation=1
What Causes Stroke Animated Video HD
Each year, about 800,000 Americans suffer a stroke. In some cases, doctors can't pinpoint exactly why a stroke occurs– this is called a cryptogenic stroke, or a stroke of unknown cause. Knowing what's behind your stroke is the first step to preventing a second one. Learn more about cryptogenic stroke at www.StrokeAssociation.org/CS
Ischemic stroke | Wikipedia audio article
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stroke 00:03:13 1 Classification 00:03:54 1.1 Definition 00:04:59 1.2 Ischemic 00:06:58 1.3 Hemorrhagic 00:08:32 2 Signs and symptoms 00:09:15 2.1 Early recognition 00:10:56 2.2 Subtypes 00:13:39 2.3 Associated symptoms 00:14:07 3 Causes 00:14:16 3.1 Thrombotic stroke 00:16:09 3.2 Embolic stroke 00:18:24 3.3 Cerebral hypoperfusion 00:19:25 3.4 Venous thrombosis 00:19:52 3.5 Intracerebral hemorrhage 00:20:51 3.6 Other 00:21:04 3.7 Silent stroke 00:22:14 4 Pathophysiology 00:22:23 4.1 Ischemic 00:26:34 4.2 Hemorrhagic 00:27:20 5 Diagnosis 00:28:03 5.1 Physical examination 00:28:27 5.2 Imaging 00:29:48 5.3 Underlying cause 00:31:44 5.4 Misdiagnosis 00:33:08 6 Prevention 00:34:05 6.1 Risk factors 00:35:49 6.1.1 Blood pressure 00:36:47 6.1.2 Blood lipids 00:37:16 6.1.3 Diabetes mellitus 00:37:43 6.1.4 Anticoagulation drugs 00:39:23 6.1.5 Surgery 00:41:01 6.1.6 Diet 00:41:23 6.2 Women 00:41:58 6.3 Previous stroke or TIA 00:43:15 7 Management 00:43:24 7.1 Ischemic stroke 00:44:27 7.1.1 Thrombolysis 00:46:35 7.1.2 Surgery 00:47:49 7.2 Hemorrhagic stroke 00:48:50 7.3 Stroke unit 00:49:22 7.4 Rehabilitation 00:55:56 7.5 Self-management 00:56:47 8 Prognosis 01:00:44 9 Epidemiology 01:03:09 10 History 01:05:12 11 Research 01:05:21 11.1 Angioplasty and stenting 01:05:39 11.2 Neuroprotection Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9273800195716434 Voice name: en-AU-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death. There are two main types of stroke: ischemic, due to lack of blood flow, and hemorrhagic, due to bleeding. They result in part of the brain not functioning properly. Signs and symptoms of a stroke may include an inability to move or feel on one side of the body, problems understanding or speaking, dizziness, or loss of vision to one side. Signs and symptoms often appear soon after the stroke has occurred. If symptoms last less than one or two hours it is known as a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or mini-stroke. A hemorrhagic stroke may also be associated with a severe headache. The symptoms of a stroke can be permanent. Long-term complications may include pneumonia or loss of bladder control.The main risk factor for stroke is high blood pressure. Other risk factors include tobacco smoking, obesity, high blood cholesterol, diabetes mellitus, a previous TIA, and atrial fibrillation. An ischemic stroke is typically caused by blockage of a blood vessel, though there are also less common causes. A hemorrhagic stroke is caused by either bleeding directly into the brain or into the space between the brain's membranes. Bleeding may occur due to a ruptured brain aneurysm. Diagnosis is typically based on a physical exam and supported by medical imaging such as a CT scan or MRI scan. A CT scan can rule out bleeding, but may not necessarily rule out ischemia, which early on typically does not show up on a CT scan. Other tests such as an electrocardiogram (ECG) and blood tests are done to determine risk factors and rule out other possible causes. Low blood sugar may cause similar symptoms.Prevention includes decreasing risk factors, as well as possibly aspirin, statins, surgery to open up the arteries to the brain in those with problematic narrowing, and warfarin in those with atrial fibrillation. A stroke or TIA often requires emergency care. An ischemic stroke, if detected within three to four and half hours, may be treatable with a medication that can break down the clot. Aspirin should be used. Some hemorrhagic strokes benefit from surgery. Treatment to try to recover lost function is called stroke rehabilitation and ideally takes place in a stroke unit; however, these are not available in much of the world.In 2013 approximately 6.9 million people had an ischemic stroke and 3.4 million people had a hemorrhagic stroke. In 2015 th ...
Views: 72 wikipedia tts
Prof M V Padma (AIIMS) - PFO Closure in ESUS ? (No)
Should closure of PFO be recommended treatment and standard care of patient with ESUS ? PFO is associated with cryptogenic stroke (stroke of unclear etiology). PFO is present in 20-25% of the adult population, but in 40% of adults with cryptogenic stroke. Despite the association between PFO and cryptogenic stroke, three early randomized clinical trials (CLOSURE I, PC trial, and RESPECT short-term) did not show a clear benefit of PFO closure for secondary stroke prevention. In March 2016, a meta-analysis of patient-level data from CLOSURE I, PC, and RESPECT was published. This meta-analysis found that PFO closure was superior to medical therapy for the prevention of recurrent ischemic stroke. When the analysis was restricted to the trials in which only the Amplatzer PFO occluder device was used (PC and RESPECT), the benefit appeared even greater. Should closure of PFO be recommended treatment and standard care of patient with ESUS ? Prof. M V Padma Srivastava(MBBS, MD, DM. FAMS, F.N.A.Sc) Dr Padma Srivastava has a primary area of interest in Stroke, Vascular Dementia and Multiple Sclerosis besides actively participating in the Epilepsy Program at AIIMS. She initiated the Hyperacute Reperfusion strategies including the thrombolysis program  for acute ischemic stroke at AIIMS. She is currently the President of the Indian Stroke Association and was instrumental in formulating the India Stroke Guidelines which are now endorsed by the ISA. She has been the visiting professor to the Department of Neurology, UMASS, Boston. She has more than 200 publications in peer reviewed publications including journals and chapters in books. She is also the recipient of the prestigious Vimla Virmani Oration,  Achanta Laxmipathy Oration from  NAMS, K.L.Wig Oratin from API & Fellowship from NAMS and NASI.
Views: 134 Stroke Neurology
Unusual Causes of Stroke
There multiple causes of stroke, many of them out of the ordinary.
Views: 596 HenryFordTV
Animation showing an ischaemic stroke
In an ischaemic stroke the blood vessel is blocked by a blood clot, which interrupts the brain’s blood supply. Please visit the 'Self-Help 4 Stroke' website, a self-management resource for people who have had a stroke - http://selfhelp4stroke.org
Stroke syndromes OCSP  Etiology TOAST
This is a Learning in 10 voice annotated presentation (VAP) on Stroke syndromes OCSP Etiology TOAST To learn more about Learning in 10 (LIT), please visit learningin10.com. -- Learning in 10 (LIT) Reviews is a collection of 10-minute, user-friendly video lectures covering topics in the United States Medical Licensing Exam (USMLE) Step 2CK examination. LIT Reviews can be used by medical students to supplement their lecture materials. LIT Reviews have been created by world-class clinical faculty and each video undergoes a peer-review process to ensure accuracy of information.
Views: 466 Learning in 10
Dr Subhash Kaul - PFO Closure in ESUS Stroke? (Yes)
Should closure of PFO be recommended treatment and standard care of patient with ESUS ? PFO is associated with cryptogenic stroke (stroke of unclear etiology). PFO is present in 20-25% of the adult population, but in 40% of adults with cryptogenic stroke.  Despite the association between PFO and cryptogenic stroke, three early randomized clinical trials (CLOSURE I, PC trial, and RESPECT short-term) did not show a clear benefit of PFO closure for secondary stroke prevention. In March 2016, a meta-analysis of patient-level data from CLOSURE I, PC, and RESPECT was published. This meta-analysis found that PFO closure was superior to medical therapy for the prevention of recurrent ischemic stroke. When the analysis was restricted to the trials in which only the Amplatzer PFO occluder device was used (PC and RESPECT), the benefit appeared even greater. Should closure of PFO be recommended treatment and standard care of patient with ESUS ? Dr. Subhash Kaul MD (Gen Medicine), DM (Neurology), FRCP(Glasgow), FAAN (USA)Sr. Consultant Neurologist Qualifications: MBBS, Govt. Medical College, Srinagar, 1975-80MD (Gen.Medicine), Govt.Medical College, Srinagar, 1980-85DM (Neurology), PGIMER, Chandigarh, 1985-90Stroke Fellowship (NIH Maryland, USA), 1994-1996 Experience : Professor of Neurology, Head Unit II, NIMS, Hyderabad 2000-04 Head, Department of Neurology, NIMS, Hyderabad 2004-18 Dean Incharge, NIMS, Hyderabad 2015-18 Publications: 120 in National and International journals Awards And Honors: State Teachers Award, Government of Telengana 2017Past President, Andhra Pradesh Neuroscientists AssociationPast President, Indian Stroke AssociationPast President, Indian Academy of NeurologyFellow of Indian Academy of NeurologyFellow of American Academy of NeurologyFellow of American Stroke AssociationFellow of Royal College of Physicians (Glasgow)
Views: 189 Stroke Neurology
Can a Biomarker Predict Which Ischemic Stroke Patients Benefit From Different Therapies?
From the 2013 AAN Annual Meeting: Can a biomarker predict which ischemic stroke patients benefit from anticoagulants or antiplatelet agents? In a video interview, Neurology Today's Editor-in-Chief Steven P. Ringel, MD, and Associate Editor Robert Holloway, MD, discuss the key clinical takeaways from the latest analysis of data from the Antiphospholipid Antibodies and Stroke Study and the Warfarin-Aspirin Recurrent Stroke Study. The full story here: http://bit.ly/1cZcek5
Views: 153 Neurology Today
Recurrent Stroke with Patent Foramen Ovale: Updated Guideline - American Academy of Neurology
The AAN has updated its Practice Advisory for Recurrent Stroke with Patent Foramen Ovale, or a hole in the heart. Access additional tools at AAN.com/guidelines. Visit the American Academy of Neurology at https://www.aan.com Connect with the AAN Facebook: http://bit.ly/2feMxW4 Twitter: https://bit.ly/1orvPet Instagram: http://bit.ly/2eVgsz4 LinkedIn: http://bit.ly/22mKzkM
Views: 609 AANChannel
Together to End Stroke Initiative, 2013-2015
In 2013, the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association announced Covidien (now Medtronic) as the first national sponsor of Together to End Stroke™, an initiative to help people understand that stroke is largely preventable, treatable and beatable. In the past three years, this collaboration has helped increase stroke education and awareness, ultimately reducing death and disability caused by stroke.
New Updates in Ischemic Stroke and TIA
This is a Grand Rounds from the Department of Emergency Medicine at the University of Ottawa. The presenter is Dr. Simeon Mitchell. The presenter has no conflicts of interest to declare. The views and opinions expressed on this video are those of Dr. Mitchell's and do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of The Department of Emergency Medicine at the University of Ottawa or The Ottawa Hospital. This video should not be construed as personal medical advice and is not intended to replace medical advice offered by physicians.
Views: 3959 EM Ottawa
Radiology 9 6 18
"Imaging of Acute Ischemic Stroke" Hugo Cuellar, MD, PhD Associate Professor of Neurosurgery, Neurology, and Radiology Director of Neurointerventional Surgery LSU Health Shreveport Co-Director, Stroke Center UH/LSUHSC-Shreveport
Views: 89 LSUHSC-Shreveport
Etiology of stroke (From Medical School in Songs)
Take this magic carpet ride into the world of stroke and learn classification of stroke in a flash.
Views: 451 yourmusicmylyrics
Stroke Care Continuum Economic Value
This video is directed to Health Care Professionals across Europe and describes the Economic Value of Medtronic innovative solutions through the stroke care continuum specifically of Solitaire™, Reveal LINQ™ and Synchromed™ infusion system.
Views: 595 MedtronicEurope
5th Annual Neuroscience Symposium | Dr. Richard Fessler | Endovascular Treatment of Stroke
5th Annual Neuroscience Symposium Topic: Keynote Address – Endovascular Treatment of Stroke: Where Are We Now? Speaker: Richard Fessler, MD Presented by: St. Mary's Medical Center - West Palm Beach, FL Palm Beach Neuroscience Institute - West Palm Beach, FL Palm Beach Children Hospital at St. Mary's Medical Center
Views: 410 TFPS Docs
MR WITNESS: Expanding TPA for Unwitnessed Stroke?
Colin Derdeyn, MD interviews Lee Schwamm, MD about the results of the MR WITNESS trial, which he presented for ISC 2016 in Los Angeles. 2/19/2016 | ISC 2016 | Colin Derdeyn, MD, Lee Schwamm, MD
Views: 553 AHAScienceNews
Walter Kernan, MD interviews Richard Bernstein, MD, primary investigator of the study, "Cryptogenic Stroke and Underlying Atrial Fibrillation (CRYSTAL AF), which he presented at ISC 2014 in San Diego.
Views: 886 AHAScienceNews
Atherosclerosis and stroke - N Bornstein
This video was recorded during the ESC Heart & Brain workshop course held at Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic. The goal of this first edition of this workshop was to bring together leading experts in the field of stroke and cardiologists, neurologists, radiologists, surgeons and other specialists to learn from each other. Find out more about the ESC Council on Stroke: https://www.escardio.org/Councils/Council-on-Stroke?hit=youtube
Everything you need to know about stroke
Strokes are brain attacks. They occur when the blood supply to the brain becomes blocked. A stroke is a medical emergency that needs immediate medical attention. Stroke is the fifth-leading cause of death in the United States. Nearly 800,000 people have a stroke each year. That equates to about one person every 40 seconds. This MNT Knowledge Center article will explain why strokes occur and how they are treated, as well as exploring the different types and the steps a person can take to prevent a stroke. Fast facts on stroke: During a stroke, the brain does not receive enough oxygen or nutrients, causing brain cells to die. Strokes need to be diagnosed and treated as quickly as possible to minimize brain damage. Treatment depends on the type of stroke. The most effective way to prevent strokes is through maintaining a healthy lifestyle and treating underlying conditions that could be a risk factor. What is a stroke? A stroke occurs when the supply of blood to the brain is either interrupted or reduced. When this happens, the brain does not get enough oxygen or nutrients, and brain cells start to die. In the U.S., approximately 40 percent of people who die from stroke are male, with 60 percent of deaths occurring in females. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), compared with Caucasian people, African-Americans have nearly twice the risk of a first-time stroke and a much higher risk of death from stroke. Treatment As ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes have different causes, both require different forms of treatment. It is not only important that the type of stroke is diagnosed quickly to reduce the damage done to the brain, but also because a treatment suitable for one type of stroke may be harmful when treating different type. Ischemic stroke Ischemic strokes are caused by arteries being blocked or narrowed, and so treatment focuses on restoring an adequate flow of blood to the brain. Treatment starts with drugs that break down clots and prevent others from forming. Aspirin can be given, as can an injection of tissue plasminogen activator (TPA). TPA is very effective at dissolving clots but needs to be injected within 4.5 hours of stroke symptoms starting. Emergency procedures include administering TPA directly into an artery in the brain or using a catheter to physically remove the clot. Research is still ongoing as to the benefit of these procedures. There are other procedures that can be carried out to decrease the risk of strokes or TIAs. A carotid endarterectomy involves a surgeon opening the carotid artery and removing any plaque that might be blocking it. Alternatively, an angioplasty involves a surgeon inflating a small balloon in a narrowed artery via catheter and then inserting a mesh tube called a stent into the opening. This prevents the artery from narrowing again. Hemorrhagic stroke Hemorrhagic strokes are caused by blood leaking into the brain, so treatment focuses on controlling the bleeding and reducing the pressure on the brain. Treatment can begin with drugs given to reduce the pressure in the brain, control overall blood pressure, prevent seizures and prevent sudden constrictions of blood vessels. If an individual is taking blood-thinning anticoagulants or an antiplatelet medication like warfarin or clopidogrel, they can be given drugs to counter the effects of the medication or blood transfusions to make up for blood loss. Surgery can be used to repair any problems with blood vessels that have led or could lead to hemorrhagic strokes. Surgeons can place small clamps at the base of aneurysms or fill them with detachable coils to stop blood flow and prevent rupture. If the hemorrhage is caused by arteriovenous malformations (AVMs), surgery can also be used to remove them if they are not too big and not too deep in the brain. AVMs are tangled connections between arteries and veins that are weaker and burst more easily than other normal blood vessels. Rehabilitation Strokes are life-changing events that can affect a person both physically and emotionally. After a stroke, successful recovery will often involve specific therapies and support, such as: Speech therapy: This helps with any problems producing or understanding speech. Practice, relaxation, and changing communication style can all help. Physical therapy: This can help a person relearn movement and co-ordination. It is important to stay active, even if it is difficult at first. Occupational therapy: This is used to help a person to improve their ability to carry out routine daily activities, such as bathing, cooking, dressing, eating, reading, and writing. Support groups: These help with common mental health problems such as depression that can occur after a stroke. Many find it useful to share common experiences and exchange information. Support from friends and family: The people closest to a person should offer practical support and comfort after a stroke.
Views: 2 arupa laka
Prevention of First and Recurrent Stroke
For additional information about SMA and quality continuing medical education, visit our website - http://sma.org.
San Diego Health: Preventing and Treating Strokes
Host Susan Taylor and Dr. Kalafut discuss the risk factors, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of strokes. Learn more or find a neurologist: http://bit.ly/2E8ew5r 0:50 - What is a stroke? 1:04 - What causes a stroke? 1:16 - What are the symptoms of a stroke? 1:29 - Do all symptoms of a stroke come in a cluster? 1:54 - Are there different types of strokes? 2:31 - What is a transient ischemic attack? 3:34 - What is a cryptogenic stroke? 5:39 - What is the age for someone at risk for a cryptogenic stroke? 6:32 - Why is time so critical in diagnosing a stroke? 7:45 - When you're having a stroke, should you call 911 and have an ambulance come or should you drive yourself to the hospital? 8:17 - Who is at risk for having a stroke? 8:36 - What tests are used to diagnose a stroke? 9:59 - What is the likelihood of having a second stroke? 10:57 - What does FAST stand for? 11:45 - If you have a stroke, what is the treatment? 12:45 - Where does family history stand as a risk factor? 13:00 - Who makes up the stroke rehabilitation team? 13:37 - How long does it take to come back from a stroke? 13:56 - Are strokes largely preventable? 14:31 - What is the difference between a primary and a comprehensive stroke center? 15:35 - What is the Gold Plus status for stroke hospitals?
Views: 85 Scripps Health
Stroke gene discovered
Ischemic stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide. Only one moderately effective therapy exists, albeit with contraindications that exclude 90% of the patients. This medical need contrasts with a high failure rate of more than 1,000 pre-clinical drug candidates for stroke therapies. Thus, there is a need for translatable mechanisms of neuroprotection and more rigid thresholds of relevance in pre-clinical stroke models. One such candidate mechanism is oxidative stress. However, antioxidant approaches have failed in clinical trials, and the significant sources of oxidative stress in stroke are unknown. We here identify NADPH oxidase type 4 (NOX4) as a major source of oxidative stress and an effective therapeutic target in acute stroke. Upon ischemia, NOX4 was induced in human and mouse brain. Mice deficient in NOX4 (Nox42/2) of either sex, but not those deficient for NOX1 or NOX2, were largely protected from oxidative stress, blood-brain-barrier leakage, and neuronal apoptosis, after both transient and permanent cerebral ischemia. This effect was independent of age, as elderly mice were equally protected. Restoration of oxidative stress reversed the stroke-protective phenotype in Nox42/2 mice. Application of the only validated low-molecular-weight pharmacological NADPH oxidase inhibitor, VAS2870, several hours after ischemia was as protective as deleting NOX4. The extent of neuroprotection was exceptional, resulting in significantly improved long-term neurological functions and reduced mortality. NOX4 therefore represents a major source of oxidative stress and novel class of drug target for stroke therapy. Citation: Kleinschnitz C, Grund H, Wingler K, Armitage ME, Jones E, et al. (2010) Post-Stroke Inhibition of Induced NADPH Oxidase Type 4 Prevents Oxidative Stress and Neurodegeneration. PLoS Biol 8(9): e1000479. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1000479
Views: 745 Harald Schmidt
Cardiology Countdown | PFO, Ischemia and Diabetes Goals
Does a PFO increase the risk of stroke? Does ischemia on stress testing increase mortality? Achieving goals for diabetics is improving.
Solitaire Value Animation
This video describes the economic burden of stroke and how Solitaire device should be established as the new standard of care for acute ischemic stroke patients due to its proven better clinical outcomes at the same time as being a cost effective treatment for health care systems.
Views: 312 MedtronicEurope