We went to the single most polluted place on earth, the coal-mining town of Linfen in Shanxi Province, China, where kids play in dirty rivers and the sun sets early behind a thick curtain of smog. Watch part 2 here: http://bit.ly/Toxic-China-2 Check out "Toxic: America's Water Crisis" here: http://bit.ly/Water-Crisis-1 Check out the Best of VICE here: http://bit.ly/VICE-Best-Of Check out our full video catalog: http://bit.ly/VICE-Videos Videos, daily editorial and more: http://vice.com Like VICE on Facebook: http://fb.com/vice Follow VICE on Twitter: http://twitter.com/vice Read our tumblr: http://vicemag.tumblr.com
Views: 2223712 VICE
Coal ash, which contains many of the world's worst carcinogens, is what's left over when coal is burnt for electricity. An estimated 113 million tons of coal ash are produced annually in the US, and stored in almost every state — some of it literally in people's backyards. With very little government oversight and few safeguards in place, toxic chemicals have been known to leak from these storage sites and into nearby communities, contaminating drinking water and making residents sick. VICE News travels across the US to meet the people and visit the areas most affected by this toxic waste stream. Since coal production is predicted to remain steady for the next few decades, coal ash will be a problem that will affect the US for years to come. Watch "Showdown in Coal Country" - http://bit.ly/16LRifW Watch "Petcoke: Toxic Waste in the Windy City" - http://bit.ly/1E2YejO Read "Green Groups Say Another Coal Ash Spill Remains Likely, One Year After North Carolina Accident" - http://bit.ly/1A7dVaC Read "Humans Are Destroying the Environment at a Rate Unprecedented in Over 10,000 Years" - http://bit.ly/1vgvC1R Read "The Economic Cost of Carbon Pollution Is Much Greater Than Estimated, Say Stanford University Researchers" - http://bit.ly/1ATb1b0 Subscribe to VICE News here: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE-News Check out VICE News for more: http://vicenews.com Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/vicenews More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideos
Views: 195372 VICE News
SciShow takes you to Centralia, Pennsylvania, site of one of the oldest, biggest coal fires in the United States, and explains the chemistry of spontaneous combustion. ---------- Like SciShow? Want to help support us, and also get things to put on your walls, cover your torso and hold your liquids? Check out our awesome products over at DFTBA Records: http://dftba.com/artist/52/SciShow Or help support us by subscribing to our page on Subbable: https://subbable.com/scishow ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Thanks Tank Tumblr: http://thankstank.tumblr.com Sources: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S036012850300042X http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/energy/2013/01/pictures/130108-centralia-mine-fire/ http://www.smithsonianmag.com/travel/fire-in-the-hole-77895126/?no-ist http://www.csmonitor.com/Environment/2010/0205/Centralia-Pa.-coal-fire-is-one-of-hundreds-that-burn-in-the-U.S http://www.businessinsider.com/photos-of-abandoned-centralia-pa-2012-5?op=1 http://discovermagazine.com/2010/jul-aug/28-earth-on-fre http://www.nytimes.com/2002/01/15/science/15FIRE.html http://blog.wsrb.com/2014/02/03/pennsylvania-is-burning-what-you-didnt-know-about-coal-seam-fires/ http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/UserFiles/works/pdfs/cmosh.pdf http://www.iea-coal.org.uk/documents/82476/7685/Propensity-of-coal-to-self-heat-(CCC/172)
Views: 563068 SciShow
Just gonna do a little damage control here and add that the video is purely opinion. I did very little intense research, and depression is a mental illness not a characteristic of a city. I based my argument on some facts, but I'm sure you can argue that war torn cities like Damascus could be more 'depressing'. Sorry if the video came off as if I was spouting the gospel. If you think you have found a more depressing city, comment. Just do not comment Detroit. Please. Full Script: It was my goal when making this video to decide which city is the most depressing (which in this situation is a synonym for depressing). This is obviously just an opinion, but I did put some research into this and I think that my answer is very reasonable. Before we get into this, let’s take a look at the rules. I decided that a city cannot have fewer than 50,000 people I know that that isnt the official definition, but This takes a lot of remote settlements in places like Greenland out of the mix. I decided to look at what factors cause unhappiness. I found this list, and while some factors have no relation to geography, two do: Inability to sleep or excessive sleeping, and Social isolation. In order for a city to make it hard to sleep, it has to be very far north, or very far south. Cities inside the arctic circle experience the polar night, where the sun simply does not come up for days at a time. This has been known to cause insomnia. In order for a city to cause social isolation, it needs to have a hostile environment. Luckily, most cities in the Arctic Circle check that box. It also has to be isolated from other cities, and inaccessible. There are many scandinavian cities that have hostile environments, but these cities, such as Tromso (traum-suh) are tourist destinations and generally good places to live. They have high standards of living. Next, we have to turn to Russia. Two cities caught my eye immediately: the coal mining town of Vorkuta and remote port Murmansk. However, coal mining has become unprofitable in vorcuteuh, so people are moving out at alarming rates. Plus, just look at this picture and tell me that does not look jolly. And being a port city, Murmansk naturally has contact with new ideas and people. However, there is one city that I have left out. (Papers please theme) Norilsk. The Nickel mining city of 170 something thousand people is so hostile it seems like something out of 1984. No roads lead to Norilsk, and it is one of three large cities in the continuous permafrost zone that means that the land is unfarmable. There is one freight railway that leads to the city, but the only way out is an airport or a port 40 miles away that freezes over in the winter. Norilsk enters continuous darkness for 45 days each year, and when people leave the city, they say that they are going to “the mainland”. the polar night syndrome is common in residents, you can probably figure out why. It is also one of the most polluted cities on earth. Here’s a quick list of facts about norilsk’s pollution: 1 percent of global emissions of sulfur dioxide comes from Norilsk nickel mines . It is so polluted that some people mine the soil for soot because it contains precious minerals. In September 2016, the nearby river turned red. The life expectancy of a worker in Norilsk is 10 years lower. A study done by Boris Revich showed that blood illnesses were 44% higher, nervous system illnesses 38% higher, and bone and muscle system illnesses 28% higher among children in Norilsk WHEN COMPARED TO OTHER CHILDREN IN SIBERA. In any other city, people might protest these terrible, polluted conditions. But in Norilsk, the income for nearly everybody comes from one company: Norilsk Nickel. Any protestors would be fired, because even if you do not work in the mines, Norilsk Nickel also owns nearly all businesses in town. And the Russian Government has no plans to step in, because this company is a cash cow. Norilsk Nickel is 2% of the Russian GDP. In comparison, the entire city of San Francisco is 2% of the US GDP. The city has a depressing past as well: it was built by 500,000 gulag prisoners working under starving conditions throughout the month long days and nights. Of which eighteen thousand died. The most obvious relic of this era can be found all over the city: the stalinist, utilitarian architecture of nearly every building in the city. But hey, they painted the city bright colors so it can’t be that bad right?
Views: 2176221 themcbobgorge
APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS, W. Va. -- The United States is known as the Saudi Arabia of coal, with over 50 percent of our electricity generated by this abundant natural resource. Coal also generates tremendous controversy. Much of the debate centers not on pollution, but getting the coal out of the ground.
Views: 3851 Boonedog Music
http://stopcoalexports.org There's a new front line in the battle to prevent catastrophic climate change. Arrested Development star Alia Shawkat (aka Maeby) explains the truth about the coal industry's plans to export American coal. Multi-billion dollar coal companies like Arch, Ambre, and Peabody want to ship the coal buried under the United States to Asia, releasing disastrous amounts of carbon pollution, just to line their own pockets. This expansion in US coal exports could release more carbon pollution than any other new fossil fuel project in the United States. Coal exports out of the Pacific Northwest could pose a bigger climate threat than the Keystone XL pipeline. Coal companies are scheming to export over 150 million tons of coal through the region. If we're serious about halting the worst impacts of climate change, we must do something to stop Arch, Ambre, and Peabody's plans, and keep this coal in the ground. The good news is that there is a growing movement to stop coal exports. In the past few months alone, over 10,000 people have turned out to public hearings in the Pacific Northwest to say no to new coal export terminals. Globally, renewable energy can power our homes, cars, and businesses, and make these massive extraction projects irrelevant. That's why Greenpeace is calling on elected officials to put people over profits and put the brakes on coal export expansion. The Obama Administration can declare a moratorium on new coal leasing in the Powder River Basin. Share this video so that politicians and regulators at all levels of government consider that green-lighting any new coal export-related infrastructure would just line coal companies' pockets at the taxpayer's expense.
Views: 254343 Greenpeace USA
A group in the United States called the Tennessee Conservative Union released an advertisement on Monday. The ad supports proposed state legislature that would ban mountain top removal for virgin peaks over 2,000 feet. But behind the ad is concern that a Chinese owned mining company, which has surface rights to about 48 square miles, would cause damage to Tennessee's mountains. [ADVERTISEMENT] "Tennessee has become the first state in our great nation to permit the red Chinese to destroy our mountains and take our coal. The same folks who hold our debt, hack our businesses, and have the worst conservation record in the world." Triple H Coal Company was bought by Chinese state-owned Guizhou Gouchuang Energy Holdings Group last year. This was the first Chinese acquisition of a US coal company, and a top Chinese CEO in the coal industry said Chinese coal companies were interested in further acquisitions. While TCU is worried about the destructive practice of mountain top removal, it is also concerned over Chinese companies with a poor environmental record acquiring US assets. [ADVERTISEMENT] "We're proud that Tennessee is a red state, but just how red are we willing to go?" Environmentalist group Appalachian Voices points out that while the coal is mostly sent to other US states now, it may not be that way for long. Last year the US sent 12% of US coal overseas, and as alternatives to coal become cheaper in the US, the group predicts, that percentage will increase. It also warns that if the coal industry becomes more international, the profits from Tennessee coal will go overseas while the pollution will stay at home. For more news and videos visit ☛ http://ntd.tv Follow us on Twitter ☛ http://twitter.com/NTDTelevision Add us on Facebook ☛ http://on.fb.me/s5KV2C
Views: 2246 NTDonChina
A United Nations treaty focused on lowering mercury pollution has been adopted by over 140 countries around the world, with some beginning the process of signing it. A United Nations treaty focused on lowering mercury pollution has been adopted by over 140 countries around the world, with some beginning the process of signing it. The treaty is called the Minamata Convention after the Japanese city that suffered from devastating mercury poisoning back in the 1950s. Data collected by the UN revealed that the level of mercury emissions in several developing countries was reportedly on the rise mostly due to pollution from small mining operations, and burning coal. Southeast Asian countries, where laws and regulations are struggling to keep up with the rate of industrialization, are responsible for nearly half of the yearly mercury emissions in the world. Juliane Kippenberg, senior researcher from the Human Rights Watch said: "Millions of people around the world are exposed to the toxic effect of mercury. This treaty will help protect both the environment and people's right to health." Mercury that has been released into the atmosphere then circulates through the air, water, and soil, and can end up in the bodies of living organisms. According to the World Health Organization, exposure to mercury inhalation can cause a number of different health problems and can be fatal in some cases.
Views: 274 GeoBeats News
Are electric cars greener than conventional gasoline cars? If so, how much greener? What about the CO2 emissions produced during electric cars' production? And where does the electricity that powers electric cars come from? Environmental economist Bjorn Lomborg, director of the Copenhagen Consensus Center, examines how environmentally friendly electric cars really are. Donate today to PragerU! http://l.prageru.com/2ylo1Yt Joining PragerU is free! Sign up now to get all our videos as soon as they're released. http://prageru.com/signup Download Pragerpedia on your iPhone or Android! Thousands of sources and facts at your fingertips. iPhone: http://l.prageru.com/2dlsnbG Android: http://l.prageru.com/2dlsS5e Join Prager United to get new swag every quarter, exclusive early access to our videos, and an annual TownHall phone call with Dennis Prager! http://l.prageru.com/2c9n6ys Join PragerU's text list to have these videos, free merchandise giveaways and breaking announcements sent directly to your phone! https://optin.mobiniti.com/prageru Do you shop on Amazon? Click https://smile.amazon.com and a percentage of every Amazon purchase will be donated to PragerU. Same great products. Same low price. Shopping made meaningful. VISIT PragerU! https://www.prageru.com FOLLOW us! Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/prageru Twitter: https://twitter.com/prageru Instagram: https://instagram.com/prageru/ PragerU is on Snapchat! JOIN PragerFORCE! For Students: http://l.prageru.com/29SgPaX JOIN our Educators Network! http://l.prageru.com/2c8vsff Script: Do electric cars really help the environment? President Obama thinks so. So does Leonardo DiCaprio. And many others. The argument goes like this: Regular cars run on gasoline, a fossil fuel that pumps CO2 straight out of the tailpipe and into the atmosphere. Electric cars run on electricity. They don’t burn any gasoline at all. No gas; no CO2. In fact, electric cars are often advertised as creating “zero emissions.” But do they really? Let’s take a closer look. First, there’s the energy needed to produce the car. More than a third of the lifetime carbon-dioxide emissions from an electric car comes from the energy used make the car itself, especially the battery. The mining of lithium, for instance, is not a green activity. When an electric car rolls off the production line, it’s already been responsible for more than 25,000 pounds of carbon-dioxide emission. The amount for making a conventional car: just 16,000 pounds. But that’s not the end of the CO2 emissions. Because while it’s true that electric cars don’t run on gasoline, they do run on electricity, which, in the U.S. is often produced by another fossil fuel -- coal. As green venture capitalist Vinod Khosla likes to point out, "Electric cars are coal-powered cars." The most popular electric car, the Nissan Leaf, over a 90,000-mile lifetime will emit 31 metric tons of CO2, based on emissions from its production, its electricity consumption at average U.S. fuel mix and its ultimate scrapping. A comparable Mercedes CDI A160 over a similar lifetime will emit just 3 tons more across its production, diesel consumption and ultimate scrapping. The results are similar for a top-line Tesla, the king of electric cars. It emits about 44 tons, which is only 5 tons less than a similar Audi A7 Quattro. So throughout the full life of an electric car, it will emit just three to five tons less CO2. In Europe, on its European Trading System, it currently costs $7 to cut one ton of CO2. So the entire climate benefit of an electric car is about $35. Yet the U.S. federal government essentially provides electric car buyers with a subsidy of up to $7,500. Paying $7,500 for something you could get for $35 is a very poor deal. And that doesn’t include the billions more in federal and state grants, loans and tax write-offs that go directly to battery and electric-car makers The other main benefit from electric cars is supposed to be lower pollution. But remember Vinod Khosla’s observation "Electric cars are coal-powered cars." Yes, it might be powered by coal, proponents will say, but unlike the regular car, coal plant emissions are far away from the city centers where most people live and where damage from air pollution is greatest. However, new research in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences found that while gasoline cars pollute closer to home, coal-fired power actually pollutes more -- a lot more. For the complete script, visit https://www.prageru.com/videos/are-electric-cars-really-green
Views: 1518206 PragerU
The Environmental Protection Agency has made history by issuing the first ever carbon dioxide emissions standards that all future power plants built in the United States will have to meet. Read the full story here: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/20/us/politics/obama-administration-announces-limits-on-emissions-from-power-plants.html?hp&gwh=0CEE49D3AAC30E7E1C1DA89F258C04E8 Subscribe to The Daily Conversation http://bit.ly/WZnLnd Join the conversation on Facebook http://www.facebook.com/thedailyconversation Add TDC to your circles on Google+ https://plus.google.com/100134925804523235350/posts Follow The Daily Conversation on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/thedailyconvo , United States Of America (Country),Greenhouse Gas,Carbon Dioxide,CO2,Emissions,Energy,Global,City,Power,Warming,First,Change,Climate,Free,Electric,Wind,Wind Power (Industry),Solar Energy (Industry),Electricity (Product Line),Environment,Natural Gas (Industry),Clean,President Barack Obama,EPA,Environmental Protection Agency,Global Warming,Gina McCarthy,EPA Administrator,Cap and Trade,Congress,House,power plants,coal,turbines,Generator,nuclear,Alternative,Senate,news, Power Station -The Environmental Protection Agency has issued the first ever carbon dioxide emissions rules that all future power plants built in the United States will have to meet. -This is long overdue, but given the current lack of movement on climate change from the United States, this is great news for the environment. -It will make it pretty much impossible for the coal industry to build new plants without adopting the newest carbon capture and sequestration technology. -The most efficient power plants in operation emit at a rate of at least 1,800 pounds of CO2 per MWh, but this new regulation will require new plants to cut those emissions by more than a third. -The mouthpieces for the dirty fossil fuel industry are saying this tech is unproven and that they'll challenge the rules in court, but with a large coal power plant under construction in Mississippi that will use CCS, it is proven and that major project - costing hundreds of millions of dollars - wouldn't be going forward unless the tech worked. -These new regulations will make America more energy independent by incentivising power companies to put a higher priority on clean energy, while simultaneously protecting the environment. -The administration is due to issue its proposal to limit emissions from existing power plants - which currently make up about a third of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions - in June 2014.
Views: 3104 The Daily Conversation
The goal of coal mining is to obtain coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content, and, since the 1880s, has been widely used to generate electricity. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production. In the United Kingdom and South Africa, a coal mine and its structures are a colliery. In Australia, "colliery" generally refers to an underground coal mine. In the United States "colliery" has historically been used to describe a coal mine operation, but the word today is not commonly used. Coal mining has had many developments over the recent years, from the early days of men tunneling, digging and manually extracting the coal on carts, to large open cut and long wall mines. Mining at this scale requires the use of draglines, trucks, conveyors, jacks and shearers The American share of world coal production remained steady at about 20 percent from 1980 to 2005, at about 1 billion short tons per year. The United States was ranked as the 2nd coal producing country in the world in 2010, and possesses the largest coal reserves in the world. In 2008 then-President George W. Bush stated that coal was the most reliable source of electricity. However, in 2011 President Barack Obama said that the US should rely more on "clean" sources of energy that emit lower or no carbon dioxide pollution. As of 2013, while domestic coal consumption for electric power was being displaced by natural gas, exports were increasing. US coal production increasingly comes from strip mines in the western United States, such as from the Powder River Basin in Wyoming and Montana. Coal has come under continued price pressure from natural gas and renewable energy sources, which has resulted in a rapid decline of coal in the U.S. and several notable bankruptcies including Peabody Energy. On April 13, 2016 it reported, its revenue tumbled 17 percent as coal price fell and lost 2 billion dollars on the previous year. It then filed Chapter 11 bankruptcy on April 13, 2016. The Harvard Business Review discussed retraining coal workers for solar photovoltaic employment because of the rapid rise in U.S. solar jobs. A recent study indicated that this was technically possible and would account for only 5% of the industrial revenue from a single year to provide coal workers with job security in the energy industry as whole. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coal_mining
Views: 875 Way Back
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environmental_impact_of_the_coal_industry 00:02:14 1 Land use management 00:02:23 1.1 Impact to land and surroundings 00:07:04 2 Water management 00:08:56 2.1 River water pollution 00:10:32 2.2 Waste management 00:11:25 2.3 Wildlife 00:14:11 3 Air pollution 00:14:20 3.1 Air emissions 00:17:30 3.2 Mercury emissions 00:19:11 3.3 Annual excess mortality and morbidity 00:20:27 3.4 Economic costs 00:21:56 4 Greenhouse gas emissions 00:24:11 5 Radiation exposure 00:26:03 6 Dangers to miners 00:29:17 7 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9963836114357754 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-A "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= The environmental impact of the coal industry includes issues such as land use, waste management, water and air pollution, caused by the coal mining, processing and the use of its products. In addition to atmospheric pollution, coal burning produces hundreds of millions of tons of solid waste products annually, including fly ash, bottom ash, and flue-gas desulfurization sludge, that contain mercury, uranium, thorium, arsenic, and other heavy metals. Coal is the largest contributor to the human-made increase of CO2 in the atmosphere. There are severe health effects caused by burning coal. According to a report by the World Health Organization in 2008, coal particulates pollution are estimated to shorten approximately 1,000,000 lives annually worldwide. A 2004 study commissioned by environmental groups, but contested by the US EPA, concluded that coal burning costs 24,000 lives a year in the United States. More recently, an academic study estimated that the premature deaths from coal related air pollution was about 52,000. When compared to electricity produced from natural gas via hydraulic fracturing, coal electricity is 10-100 times more toxic, largely due to the amount of particulate matter emitted during combustion. When coal is compared to solar photovoltaic generation, the latter could save 51,999 American lives per year if solar were to replace coal generation in the U.S. Due to the decline of jobs related to coal mining a study found that approximately one American suffers a premature death from coal pollution for every job remaining in coal mining.In addition, the list of historical coal mining disasters is a long one, although work related coal deaths has declined substantially as safety measures have been enacted and underground mining has given up market share to surface mining. Underground mining hazards include suffocation, gas poisoning, roof collapse and gas explosions. Open cut hazards are principally mine wall failures and vehicle collisions. In the United States, an average of 26 coal miners per year died in the decade 2005–2014.
This past October, nearly 200 nations signed the Paris Climate accords. Among the signatories were the United States and China, two nations that represent about 40 percent of the world's carbon emissions. The goal of the accords is to slow the rate the world is burning planet-warming carbon, and pumping it into the atmosphere. In some cases, ending the burning of coal will mean a door-to-door effort to change old habits. VOA's Kevin Enochs reports. Originally published at - http://www.voanews.com/a/3669980.html
Views: 1017 VOA News
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coal_pollution_mitigation 00:02:03 1 Regulations 00:03:27 2 Environmental impact of coal 00:03:37 2.1 Greenhouse gasses 00:04:44 2.2 Combustion By-products 00:06:54 3 Potential financial impact 00:07:15 3.1 Cost of converting a single coal-fired power plant 00:08:08 3.2 Cost implications for new coal-fired power plants 00:08:43 3.3 Costs for US-wide conversion 00:09:49 3.4 Potential financial benefits 00:10:24 4 Political support 00:10:33 4.1 Australia 00:11:01 4.2 Canada 00:11:33 4.3 China 00:12:06 4.4 Japan 00:13:06 4.5 United States 00:14:50 5 Criticism of the approach 00:17:16 6 Clean coal 00:17:39 6.1 Prior terminology 00:19:20 7 See also 00:19:29 8 Notes 00:19:38 9 Further reading 00:20:16 10 External links Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9960188869265105 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-C "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Coal pollution mitigation, often called clean coal, is a series of systems and technologies that seek to mitigate the pollution and other environmental effects normally associated with the burning (though not the mining or processing) of coal, which is widely regarded as the dirtiest of the common fuels for industrial processes and power generation.Approaches attempt to mitigate emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) and other greenhouse gases, and radioactive materials, that arise from the use of coal, mainly for electrical power generation, using various technologies. Historical efforts to reduce coal pollution focused on flue-gas desulfurization starting in the 1850s and clean burn technologies. These efforts have been very successful in countries with strong environmental regulation, such as the US, where emissions of acid-rain causing compounds and particulates have been reduced by up to 90% since 1995. More recent developments include carbon capture and storage, which pumps and stores CO2 emissions underground, and integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC) involve coal gasification, which provides a basis for increased efficiency and lower cost in capturing CO2 emissions.There are seven technologies deployed or proposed by the National Mining Association for deployment in the United States: carbon capture and storage (CCS), flue-gas desulfurization, fluidized-bed combustion, integrated gasification combined cycle (IGCC), low nitrogen oxide burners, selective catalytic reduction (SCR), and electrostatic precipitators.Of the 22 clean coal demonstration projects funded by the U.S. Department of Energy since 2003, none are in operation as of February 2017, having been abandoned or delayed due to capital budget overruns or discontinued because of excessive operating expenses.
Get smart with Brilliant for 20% off by being one of the first 500 people to sign up at http://brilliant.org/wendover Subscribe to Half as Interesting (The other channel from Wendover Productions): https://www.youtube.com/halfasinteresting Check out my podcast with Brian from Real Engineering: https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/showmakers/id1224583218?mt=2 (iTunes link) https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC_10vJJqf2ZK0lWrb5BXAPg (YouTube link) Support Wendover Productions on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/wendoverproductions Get a Wendover Productions t-shirt for $20: https://store.dftba.com/products/wendover-productions-shirt Youtube: http://www.YouTube.com/WendoverProductions Twitter: http://www.Twitter.com/WendoverPro Email: [email protected] Reddit: http://Reddit.com/r/WendoverProductions Animation by Josh Sherrington (https://www.youtube.com/heliosphere) Sound by Graham Haerther (http://www.Haerther.net) Thumbnail by Joe Cieplinski (http://joecieplinski.com/) Nuclear reactor footage courtesy Canada Science and Technology Museum Spent fuel pool courtesy IAEA Imagebank Onkalo photo courtesy Posiva Music: "Raw Deal" by Gunner Olsen, "Divider" by Chris Zabriskie, "My Luck" by Broke for Free, and "I Wanted to Live" by Lee Rosevere Big thanks to Patreon supporters: Kevin Song, David Cichowski, Andy Tran, Victor Zimmer, Paul Jihoon Choi, Dylan Benson, M van Kasbergen, Etienne Dechamps, Adil Abdulla, Arunabh Chattopadhyay, Ieng Chi Hin, Ken Rutabana, John Johnston, Connor J Smith, Rob Harvey, Arkadiy Kulev, Hagai Bloch Gadot, Aitan Magence, Eyal Matsliah, Sihien Goh, Joseph Bull, Marcelo Alves Vieira, Hank Green, Plinio Correa, Brady Bellini
Views: 2011279 Wendover Productions
Could cow farts blow up a barn? Apparently so! A static charge triggered an explosion of methane gas in a barn in Rasdorf, Germany earlier this week. How powerful is methane gas? Trace joins us and discusses cow farts and just how damaging methane gas can be to the environment. Read More: Do Cows Pollute As Much As Cars? http://science.howstuffworks.com/zoology/methane-cow.htm "Agriculture is responsible for an estimated 14 percent of the world's greenhouse gases. A significant portion of these emissions come from methane, which, in terms of its contribution to global warming, is 23 times more powerful than carbon dioxide." 90 Cows Exploded A Barn In Germany With Their Farts http://www.buzzfeed.com/patricksmith/90-cows-exploded-a-barn-in-germany-with-their-farts "Farting can be bad for your health if you're a cow. A barn containing 90 dairy cows in Rasdorf, Germany, exploded yesterday due to the build up of methane gas, according to Reuters and local media, quoting police reports." German Cows Cause Methane Blast in Rasdorf http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-25922514 "Methane gas released by dairy cows has caused an explosion in a cow shed in Germany, police said." Why Do Coal Mines Explode? http://www.livescience.com/6298-coal-mines-explode.html "The cause of the massive explosions that killed at least 25 miners in West Virginia yesterday remains unknown." Chemical of the Week: Methane http://scifun.chem.wisc.edu/chemweek/methane/methane.html "Methane is a colorless, odorless gas with a wide distribution in nature." Watch More: Furrocious: Persian Cats http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TpFbwWis3mw TestTube Wild Card http://testtube.com/dnews/dnews-364-whats-the-deal-with-genetically-modified?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=DNews&utm_campaign=DNWC Why We Fart More on Airplanes http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_zYIXmm-SRo ____________________ DNews is dedicated to satisfying your curiosity and to bringing you mind-bending stories & perspectives you won't find anywhere else! New videos twice daily. Watch More DNews on TestTube http://testtube.com/dnews Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel DNews on Twitter http://twitter.com/dnews Anthony Carboni on Twitter http://twitter.com/acarboni Laci Green on Twitter http://twitter.com/gogreen18 Trace Dominguez on Twitter http://twitter.com/trace501 DNews on Facebook http://facebook.com/dnews DNews on Google+ http://gplus.to/dnews Discovery News http://discoverynews.com
Views: 184653 Seeker
Mongols Shirts and Crash Course Posters! http://store.dftba.com/collections/crashcourse In which John Green wraps up revolutions month with what is arguably the most revolutionary of modern revolutions, the Industrial Revolution. While very few leaders were beheaded in the course of this one, it changed the lives of more people more dramatically than any of the political revolutions we've discussed. So, why did the Industrial Revolution happen around 1750 in the United Kingdom? Coal. Easily accessible coal, it turns out. All this, plus you'll finally learn the difference between James Watt and Thomas Newcomen, and will never again be caught telling people that your blender has a 900 Newcomen motor. Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! http://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-world-history-the-complete-series-dvd-set Follow us! @thecrashcourse @realjohngreen @raoulmeyer @crashcoursestan @saysdanica @thoughtbubbler Like us! http://www.facebook.com/youtubecrashcourse Follow us again! http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse
Views: 4305468 CrashCourse
Mining engineering is an engineering discipline that applies science and technology to the extraction of minerals from the earth. Mining engineering is associated with many other disciplines, such as geology, mineral processing and metallurgy, geotechnical engineering and surveying. A mining engineer may manage any phase of mining operations – from exploration and discovery of the mineral resource, through feasibility study, mine design, development of plans, production and operations to mine closure. With the process of Mineral extraction, some amount of waste and uneconomic material are generated which are the primary source of pollution in the vicinity of mines. Mining activities by their nature cause a disturbance of the natural environment in and around which the minerals are located. Mining engineers must therefore be concerned not only with the production and processing of mineral commodities, but also with the mitigation of damage to the environment both during and after mining as a result of the change in the mining area. Salary and statistics Mining salaries are usually determined by the level of skill required, where the position is, and what kind of organization the engineer is working for. When comparing salaries from one region to another, cost of living and other factors need to be taken into consideration. Mining engineers in India earn relatively high salaries in comparison to many other professions, with an average salary of $15,250. However, in comparison to mining engineer salaries in other regions, such as Canada, the United States, Australia and the United Kingdom, Indian salaries are low. In the United States, there are an estimated 6,630 employed mining engineers, with a mean yearly salary of USD$90,070. Education Students outside Colorado School of Mines campus There are many ways to become a Mining Engineer but all include a university degree in Mining Engineering. Primarily, training includes a Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng. or B.E.), Bachelor of Science (B.Sc. or B.S.), Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) orBachelor of Applied Science (B.A.Sc.) in Mining Engineering. Depending on the country and jurisdiction, to be licensed as a mining engineer a Master's degree; Master of Engineering (M.Eng.),Master of Science (M.Sc or M.S.) or Master of Applied Science(M.A.Sc.) maybe required. There are also mining engineers who have come from other disciplines e.g. from engineering fields likeMechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering,Geomatics Engineering, Environmental Engineering or from science fields like Geology, Geophysics, Physics, Geomatics, Earth Science,Mathematics, However, this path requires taking a graduate degree such as M.Eng, M.S., M.Sc. or M.A.Sc. in Mining Engineering after graduating from a different quantitative undergraduate program in order to be qualified as a mining engineer. The fundamental subjects of mining engineering study usually include: Mathematics; Calculus, Algebra, Differential Equations,Numerical Analysis Geoscience; Geochemistry, Geophysics, Mineralogy, Geomatics Mechanics; Rock mechanics, Soil Mechanics, Geomechanics Thermodynamics; Heat Transfer, Work (thermodynamics), Mass Transfer Hydrogeology Fluid Mechanics; Fluid statics, Fluid Dynamics Geostatistics; Spatial Analysis, Statistics Control Engineering; Control Theory, Instrumentation Surface Mining; Open-pit mining Underground mining (soft rock) Underground mining (hard rock) Computing; MATLAB, Maptek (Vulcan) Drilling and blasting Solid Mechanics; Fracture Mechanics In the United States, the University of Arizona offers a B.S. in Mining Engineering with tracks in mine operations, geomechanics, sustainable resource development and mineral processing. South Dakota School of Mines and Technology offers a B.S. in Mining Engineering and also an M.S. in Mining Engineering and Management and Colorado School of Mines offers a M.S. in Mining and Earth-Systems Engineering, also Doctorate (Ph.D.) degrees in Mining and Earth-Systems Engineering and Underground Construction and Tunnel Engineering respectively. In Canada, McGill University offers both undergraduate (B.Sc. or B.Eng.) and graduate (M.Sc. or M.S.) degrees in Mining Engineering. and the University of British Columbia in Vancouveroffers a Bachelor of Applied Science (B.A.Sc.) in Mining Engineering and also graduate degrees (M.A.Sc. or M.Eng and Ph.D.) in Mining Engineering. In Europe most programs are integrated (B.S. plus M.S. into one) after the Bologna Process and take 5 years to complete. InPortugal, the University of Porto offers a M.Eng. in Mining and Geo-Environmental Engineering and in Spain the Technical University of Madrid offers degrees in Mining Engineering with tracks in Mining Technology, Mining Operations, Fuels and Explosives, Metallurgy.
Views: 12629 Elisha Kriis
The Trump administration unveiled its plan to reverse President Obama's coal pollution rules. The new EPA proposal, called the Affordable Clean Energy Rule, would give states leeway on whether to limit emissions and by how much, and allow older power plants to operate longer. Yamiche Alcindor reports, and Judy Woodruff discusses the potential impact with Juliet Eilperin of the Washington Post. Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6 Follow us: Facebook: http://www.pbs.org/newshour Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/newshour Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/newshour Snapchat: @pbsnews Subscribe: PBS NewsHour podcasts: https://www.pbs.org/newshour/podcasts Newsletters: https://www.pbs.org/newshour/subscribe
Views: 4878 PBS NewsHour
According to the UN Environment Program, the rate of damage to the natural environment has increased globally. In some cases, living environments have been so severely damaged that they are almost irreparable. In Indonesian, experts have warned that more than a quarter of its capital Jakarta will be submerged in less than a decade, due to the overuse of ground water. The continued sinking will not only affect the stability of buildings and infrastructure, it will also increase the risk of tidal flooding. Silkina Ahluwalia spoke to residents in Jakarta to find out how the worsening subsidence has affected their daily lives. In southern Turkey, the Ulubey Canyon is known to be the second longest in the world after the Grand Canyon in the United States. But pollution has not only tarnished its pristine beauty, it has also affected the livelihoods of locals. Local citizens, especially farmers, have appealed to the authorities to help clean up the environment. As Michal Bardavid found out, even though clean-up efforts remain challenging, some visible progress has already been made. Subscribe to us on YouTube: https://goo.gl/lP12gA Download our APP on Apple Store (iOS): https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cctvnews-app/id922456579?l=zh&ls=1&mt=8 Download our APP on Google Play (Android): https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.imib.cctv Follow us on: Website: https://www.cgtn.com/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ChinaGlobalTVNetwork/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/cgtn/?hl=zh-cn Twitter: https://twitter.com/CGTNOfficial Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/CGTNOfficial/ Tumblr: http://cctvnews.tumblr.com/ Weibo: http://weibo.com/cctvnewsbeijing Tiktok: https://m.tiktok.com/h5/share/usr/6593878228716666886.html?u_code=d1kab7mki4ai6e&utm_campaign=client_share&app=musically&utm_medium=ios&user_id=6593878228716666886&tt_from=copy&utm_source=copy Douyin: https://www.youtube.com/redirect?q=http%3A%2F%2Fv.douyin.com%2F8QTXhV%2F&redir_token=WkBScl40kZbx7ZwJ9M7QhhTjErx8MTU0NTcyMTg3N0AxNTQ1NjM1NDc3&event=channel_description
Views: 282 CGTN
Superdump: Toxic waste seeps into the environment from South African mine dumps. December 2009 For downloads and more information visit: http://journeyman.tv/59894/documentary-films-archive/superdump.html After 120 years of gold mining, the land and water on Gautengs far West Rand are some of the most polluted in the country. The mine dumps that dot the area west of Johannesburg have been identified as public health risks. One of the biggest problems is uranium seeping into the watercourses, turning the sediment both poisonous and radioactive. Ecologists, the community and the mines all agree that the mine dumps must go. But no-one can agree what to do with them. This edition of Special Assignment takes a look at community resistance against two proposals to reprocess the mine dumps and relocate the resulting waste. Communities are clashing with the mines over two proposed superdumps mega-mine dumps proposed for Fochville and Randfontein. Should these communities suffer for the health of the entire region? And what impact will these superdumps have on food security? SABC - Ref. 4564 Journeyman Pictures is your independent source for the world's most powerful films, exploring the burning issues of today. We represent stories from the world's top producers, with brand new content coming in all the time. On our channel you'll find outstanding and controversial journalism covering any global subject you can imagine wanting to know about.
Views: 5084 Journeyman Pictures
In 1950 there were 388,000 coal miners in the U.S. Today there are 53,000. It's time to talk honestly about the real reasons why. SOURCES: [i] WashingtonPost.com. What really happened to coal? Jun 17 2017. https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/what-really-happened-to-coal/2017/06/07/74b3d1aa-4b90-11e7-9669-250d0b15f83b_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.0d51a9eec5b0 [ia] DATA.BLS.GOV. Employment, Hours, and Earnings from the Current Employment Statistics survey. Sept 12 2018. https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/CES1021210001 [ii] WashingtonPost.com. What really happened to coal? Jun 17 2017. https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/what-really-happened-to-coal/2017/06/07/74b3d1aa-4b90-11e7-9669-250d0b15f83b_story.html?noredirect=on&utm_term=.0d51a9eec5b0 [iii] NMA.org. U.S. Coal Mining Productivity Trends. September 2016. https://nma.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/productivity_trends_2015.pdf [iiia] EIA.Gov. Average U.S. coal mining productivity increases as production falls. Mar 7 2018. https://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.php?id=35232 [iv] Reuters.com. Old and worn out, U.S. coal-fired power plants easy prey for gas: Kemp. Nov 16 2014. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-coal-kemp-idUSKBN13920C [iva] ELP.com. EIA: Average U.S. coal plant is pushing 40 years old. Apr 17 2017. https://www.elp.com/articles/2017/04/eia-average-u-s-coal-plant-is-pushing-40-years-old.html [v] Reuters.com. Old and worn out, U.S. coal-fired power plants easy prey for gas: Kemp. Nov 16 2014. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-coal-kemp-idUSKBN13920C [vi] Forbes.com. Closing Coal Power Plants, Replacing With Natural Gas, Makes Economic Sense. Feb 26 2018. https://www.forbes.com/sites/jamestaylor/2018/02/26/closing-coal-power-plants-replacing-with-natural-gas-makes-economic-sense/#52425ae02389 [via] EndCoal.org. Global Coal Plant Tracker. Accessed Sept 12 2018. https://endcoal.org/global-coal-plant-tracker/ [vib] GreenTechMedia.com. Trump Can’t Save Coal. Feb 19 2018. https://www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/trump-cant-save-coal [vii] DailyYonder.com. Jul 31 2017. https://www.dailyyonder.com/coal-mining-jobs-fatalities/2017/07/31/20555/ [viia] UCSUSA.org. Smart Energy Solutions. Accessed Sept 12 2018. https://www.ucsusa.org/clean-energy/decrease-coal-use#.W5kpQJNKjOQ [viib] UCSUSA.org. Ripe for Retirement. December 2012. https://www.ucsusa.org/clean_energy/smart-energy-solutions/decrease-coal/ripe-for-retirement-closing-americas-costliest-coal-plants.html#.W5koeZNKjOQ [viic] Climate.NASA.Gov. FACTS. Accessed Sept 12 2018. https://climate.nasa.gov/causes/ [viid] EPA.gov. Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Accessed Sept 12 2018. https://www.epa.gov/ghgemissions/sources-greenhouse-gas-emissions [viii] Bloomberg.com. Half of All U.S. Coal Plants Would Lose Money Without Regulation. Mar 26 2018. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-03-26/half-of-all-u-s-coal-plants-would-lose-money-without-regulation [ix] BusinessInsider.com. May 8 2018. https://www.businessinsider.com/solar-power-cost-decrease-2018-5 [x] Ibid. [xi] Ibid. [xii] Electrek.co. EGEB: Solar power now 50% cheaper than coal, Congress bound to cut renewable energy funding, 10 millions jobs in green energy. May 9 2018. https://electrek.co/2018/05/09/egeb-solar-power-cheaper-congress-cut-renewable-energy-10-millions-jobs/ [xiia] InsideClimateNews.org. U.S. Renewable Energy Jobs Employ 800,000+ People and Rising. May 30 2017. https://insideclimatenews.org/news/26052017/infographic-renewable-energy-jobs-worldwide-solar-wind-trump [xiii] WashingtonPost.com. The entire coal industry employs fewer people than Arby’s. May 31 2017. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2017/03/31/8-surprisingly-small-industries-that-employ-more-people-than-coal/ [xiv] EWG.org. Half of Coal Plants Lose Too Much Money to Stay Open on the Free Market. Apr 4 2018. https://www.ewg.org/news-and-analysis/2018/04/half-coal-plants-lose-too-much-money-stay-open-free-market#.W5FYc5NKjOQ [xiva] VOX.com. The US coal industry is going out, not with a whimper, but with a burst of rent-seeking. Aug 26 2017. https://www.vox.com/energy-and-environment/2017/8/25/16201218/us-coal-industry-handouts [xivb] Siepr.Stanford.edu. What Is Killing the US Coal Industry?. March 2017. https://siepr.stanford.edu/research/publications/what-killing-us-coal-industry [xivc] DeSmogBlog.com. Coal Mining's Financial Failures: Two Thirds of World's Production Now Unprofitable. Dec 21 2015. https://www.desmogblog.com/2015/12/21/coal-s-financial-fail-two-thirds-world-s-production-now-unprofitable [xivd] NYTimes.com. Trump Wants to Bail Out Coal and Nuclear Power. Here’s Why That Will Be Hard. Jun 13 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/06/13/climate/coal-nuclear-bailout.html
Views: 439 The YEARS Project
Coal ash, which contains many of the world's worst carcinogens, is what's left over when coal is burnt for electricity. An estimated 113 million tons of coal ash are produced annually in the US, and stored in almost every state — some of it literally in people's backyards. With very little government oversight and few safeguards in place, toxic chemicals have been known to leak from these storage sites and into nearby communities, contaminating drinking water and making residents sick. On February 2, 2014, up to 39,000 tons of coal ash and 27 million gallons of contaminated water spilled out into the Dan River in North Carolina after a pipe broke underneath a coal ash pond at a Duke Energy power plant. The environmental disaster thrust Duke Energy, the country’s largest electricity company, into the spotlight, revealing a history of violations and inadequate oversight of ponds at all of its plants across the state. In part one, VICE News travels to North Carolina to visit a river that’s been poisoned with arsenic from a nearby Duke Energy site, speak with a resident who has found toxic heavy metals in her drinking water, and question a Duke Energy spokesperson about the power company’s policies. Watch "Showdown in Coal Country" - http://bit.ly/16LRifW Watch "Petcoke: Toxic Waste in the Windy City" - http://bit.ly/1E2YejO Read "Humans Are Destroying the Environment at a Rate Unprecedented in Over 10,000 Years" - http://bit.ly/1vgvC1R Read "The Economic Cost of Carbon Pollution Is Much Greater Than Estimated, Say Stanford University Researchers" - http://bit.ly/1ATb1b0 Read "The EPA Tightened Rules on Coal Waste, But Not Enough, Say Environmentalists” - http://bit.ly/1vXglsH Subscribe to VICE News here: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE-News Check out VICE News for more: http://vicenews.com Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/vicenews More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideos
Views: 179780 VICE News
(16 Nov 2015) Coal has long been China's key traditional energy and is known as "black gold", but it has seen a rapid decline in price and demand in recent months as Beijing tries to tackle the issue of air pollution. Many mines are closing as China looks to reduce its dependency on coal, many of these in the area of Ordos in Inner Mongolia. Qiu Zhijie is one of the investors in the Yongshun Coal Mine in Ordos and he is struggling to sell the last batch of his coal in storage before completely shutting down the mine. The miner said that most of his friends who invested in other coal mines have closed their operations and local media reported that 70 percent of private coal mines in Ordos have shut-down or stopped production. China's coal consumption last year fell by 2.9 percent and it was the first decrease in 15 years. Like many other cities that heavily relied on coal, Ordos feels the pain of the slowing growth of coal consumption. Trying to reduce reliance on coal, the city invested heavily in real estate and tourism but ended up building a huge new city that homes very few residents. It has become one of China's most infamous "ghost towns." Places like Ordos are bearing the brunt of China's promise to tackle the climate change issue. Although the current decline of coal consumption is good for China as it attempts to reduce emissions, it is far from enough, according to Dong Liansai, Climate and Energy Campaigner in Greenpeace's Beijing Office. After being accused of obstructing the last high-level climate negotiations in Copenhagen, Beijing has promised that in the upcoming Climate Change Conference in Paris it will play a constructive role. Efforts at home seem to show China is attempting to switch from coal to solar and wind power - and it has become a global leader in clean energy. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/7b122a0526d715a908a8cb8bcd4d7179 Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Views: 57 AP Archive
Three years ago, the United Nations commissioned the world's top scientists to find out if global warming can be limited. This week, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published their report, saying that it is possible to limit global warming and prevent a climate catastrophe. The report is seen as the main scientific guide for government policymakers on how to implement the 2015 Paris Agreement, which aims to limit the rise in global average temperatures to "well below" 2 degrees Celcius above pre-industrial levels, while seeking to tighten the goal to 1.5C. "The report maps out how much worse it would be if we get to 1.5C, how much worse again if we get to 2C. Some of those numbers are striking," says Michael Grubb, professor of energy and climate change at University College London. "The report estimates that with 1.5C warming we'll lose something like 70-90 percent of the world's coral reefs. If it goes up to 2C, then we're talking about [losing] 99 percent. Those kind of statistics give you a sense of what we're dealing with, similar to the change of the Arctic ice." The IPCC says we can limit global warming and prevent a climate catastrophe - but there is a deadline. One which critics say is not technologically feasible or economically practicable. Meeting the 1.5C target will require a 45-percent cut in carbon emissions by 2030 and building a global net zero carbon emissions economy by 2050. If you're putting money into coal power stations or mines, you're taking a huge strategic risk on all fronts. Michael Grubb , professor of energy and climate change, University College London Melissa Price, the Australian environment minister, was quick to respond to the report, saying she's more focused on bringing down electricity prices than phasing out coal. Of all the different types of fossil fuel, coal produces the most carbon dioxide - and Australia is the world's biggest producer. "In terms of any investors listening, my first advice would be, if you're putting money into coal power stations or mines, you're taking a huge strategic risk on all fronts," says Grubb. "Whether it's local air pollution, global, the general pressures, coal is the first in the line of fire, and we've seen dramatic reductions in the UK, much of Europe, and even North America." As things stand, decarbonising the world's electricity system fast enough to meet the IPCC's targets would involve, at the very least, global consensus, a major paradigm shift, and trillions of dollars. "One of the big changes in the political dynamics in the last 10 years has been the Chinese position. They're emitting substantially more now than the United States. But what has really shifted the politics in China has been local air pollution," says Grubb. "What we see is a tremendous drive from the central government to try and close down old and inefficient coal power stations, put clamps on what had been a massive programme of coal power station construction." "Beijing has basically banned coal burning in its regions and is now set to ban petrol-driven cars because of the local air pollution. What I see is a big shift in terms of both its energy policy and its geopolitical positioning to say, 'Of course, China has to be part of the solution and we intend China to do well by being involved in the emerging clean technology businesses'." Also on this episode of Counting the Cost: Africa's cities: Africa's population of roughly 1.1 billion is expected to double by 2050, with more than 80 percent of that growth occurring in cities. The UN projects that 10 of the world's fastest-growing cities over the next 17 years will all be in Africa. Eight African cities are expected to more than double in population size in the next few years. The continent's top three fastest-growing cities are Dar es Salaam, Nairobi and Kinshasa. "On the good side, as these cities will get bigger, they'll have a more conglomeration of benefits that potentially can increase productivity that cities offer. We know that in Africa that families moving to big cities probably double their household incomes and job opportunities for all the people in the household. But the challenge is being able to manage that population growth and have livable cities," says Vernon Henderson of the London School of Economics. More from Counting the Cost on: YouTube - http://aje.io/countingthecostYT Website - http://aljazeera.com/countingthecost/ - Subscribe to our channel: http://aje.io/AJSubscribe - Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/AJEnglish - Find us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/aljazeera - Check our website: https://www.aljazeera.com/
Views: 3437 Al Jazeera English
A pipeline network more than 2.5 million miles long transports oil and natural gas throughout the United States — but a top official in the federal government's pipeline safety oversight agency admits that the regulatory process is overstretched and "kind of dying." A recent spike in the number of spills illustrates the problem: the Department of Transportation recorded 73 pipeline-related accidents in 2014, an 87 percent increase over 2009. Despite calls for stricter regulations over the last few years, the rules governing the infrastructure have largely remained the same. Critics say that this is because of the oil industry's cozy relationship with regulators, and argue that violations for penalties are too low to compel compliance. VICE News traveled to Glendive, Montana, to visit the site of a pipeline spill that dumped more than 50,000 gallons of oil into the Yellowstone River, to find out why the industry has such weak regulatory oversight. Watch "Cursed by Coal: Mining the Navajo Nation” - http://bit.ly/1Gpy0cS Read “What Is the US Government Doing to Prevent the Next Oil Pipeline Disaster?“ - http://bit.ly/19KYgnM Read "Cleaner Air in China Might Mean More Carbon Dioxide Pollution” - http://bit.ly/1AGcwo7 Subscribe to VICE News here: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE-News Check out VICE News for more: http://vicenews.com Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/vicenews More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideos
Views: 435826 VICE News
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Air_pollution_in_the_United_States 00:01:39 1 Clean Air Acts 00:03:57 2 International pollution 00:04:48 3 Health effects 00:05:32 3.1 Asthma 00:06:46 3.1.1 Prenatal Exposure and links to asthma 00:08:22 3.1.2 Exposures to Airborne Particulate Matter Components in New York 00:09:43 3.2 Heart Disease 00:12:05 3.3 Infection and cancer 00:12:48 3.3.1 Infections 00:14:40 3.3.2 Cancer 00:15:09 3.4 Central nervous system 00:15:18 3.4.1 Brain Development 00:18:12 3.4.2 Other health problems 00:18:22 3.4.3 Ozone-Related problems 00:19:18 4 Disparities in the effects of air pollution 00:19:27 4.1 Race and ethnicity 00:20:47 4.1.1 Environmental racism 00:20:56 4.2 Socioeconomic status 00:21:59 4.2.1 Impact of low SES and air pollution on health 00:22:09 4.2.2 Factors of environmental disparities due to low socioeconomic status 00:23:41 4.2.3 Education status 00:23:52 4.3 Environmental Justices and the Trump Administration 00:24:36 4.3.1 Implications on Clean Power Plan 00:24:45 4.3.2 Restrictions on the Environmental Protection Agency 00:25:12 4.3.3 The Paris Agreement 00:27:51 4.3.4 Energy Independence Executive Order 00:28:31 4.3.5 Revival of the Coal Industry 00:30:22 4.3.6 Environmental Health Education 00:30:59 5 Air pollution in California 00:31:46 5.1 Los Angeles air pollution 00:31:57 5.2 Air Pollution and Low SES Communities in California 00:33:18 5.3 Instances of environmental injustice 00:34:33 5.3.1 Diabetes in Los Angeles County Latino children 00:35:42 5.3.2 Proximity of schools to vehicle traffic in Culver City 00:36:11 5.3.3 Fracking violations in Kern County school zones 00:37:02 5.3.4 Inequalities in cumulative environmental burdens among three urbanized counties in California 00:38:57 5.3.5 Proposed coal terminal in West Oakland 00:39:07 6 Pollution level rankings 2013 00:44:10 7 See also 00:45:07 8 References 00:45:17 9 External links 00:47:40 Proximity of schools to vehicle traffic in Culver City 00:50:01 Fracking violations in Kern County school zones 00:52:38 Inequalities in cumulative environmental burdens among three urbanized counties in California 00:55:35 Proposed coal terminal in West Oakland 00:58:05 Pollution level rankings 2013 00:58:16 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.9581019405231996 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-E "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Air pollution is the introduction of chemicals, particulate matter, or biological materials that cause harm or discomfort to humans or other living organisms, or damages the natural environment into the atmosphere. Ever since the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in the United States, America has had much trouble with environmental issues, air pollution in particular. According to a 2009 report, around "60 percent of Americans live in areas where air pollution has reached unhealthy levels that can make people sick". Pollution in the United States has plummeted in the last decade, with pollutants such as nitrogen dioxide decreasing, despite the fact the number of vehicles on the road has not. This change is due to better regulations, economic shifts, and technological innovations. With respect to nitrogen dioxide, NASA reported a 32% decrease in New York City and a 42% decrease in Atlanta between the periods of 2005-2007 and 2009-2011. Air pollution can cause a variety of health problems including, but not limited to infections, behavioral changes, cancer, organ failure, and even premature death. These health effects are not equally distributed in terms of race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, education, and more in the United States. California has the worst air quality of any state, and in most surveys the cities in California rank in the top 5 or top 10 of most polluted air in the United States.
Views: 3 wikipedia tts
Views: 203 LOCAL 12
This is a composite of five clips (4 less than being each less than a minute and one clip being 8:30 minutes) of Elias Bailey and others portraying themselves in the documentary Before the Mountain Was Moved (1969, 60 minutes) -- the complete film is shown here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lferrcK4cwQ The documentary explores the coal mining industry and the local's attempts to pass state legislation to conserve the environment -- The citizens of Raleigh County, West Virginia watch as strip mining destroys the forest they've always called home. It is a land dominated by heritage, history and a simple way of living that has not seen much change in the past century. The people who live around the mining activities are not eager to see their homes, their way of living, their heritage, disappear through greed and questionable mining processes. === Mountain Top Removal coal mining - A bargin with the devil (2006) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jKw4CM_aBmc === This is an from "Edwight, Near the Mouth of Hazy" by community historian Rick Bradford. The book chronicles the trajectory of a town in West Virginia's Coal River Valley.] http://seamsandstory.wordpress.com/20... (Excerpts) Shumates Branch is currently under water and coal sludge. Bailey Mountain ceases to exist, as Massey Energy's massive mountaintop removal strip mining has torn the mountain asunder. In November 1952, Virgil Adams augered into No.1's water—water under such pressure that it stripped the whole hillside of soil and vegetation as it surged down to the creek. In late March 1980, in a repeat performance, the old Hazy mine "blew out" with water pouring from the opening at the rate of 300 cubic feet per second taking out part of the road. John F. Kennedy, while campaigning in Welch in 1960, said: "Unless the next administration deals with the question of what to do with men when machines have thrown them out of work...what has happened here in West Virginia is going to happen all across the country." === COAL SURFACE MINING AND RECLAMATION: An Environmental and Economic Assessment of Alternatives COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS UNITED STATES SENATE 93RD CONGRESS, 1ST SESSION MARCH 1973 Serial No. 93-8 (92-43) http://groups.google.com/group/bob-mooney/web/1973-senate-report ==== ENFORCEMENT OF STRIP MINING LAWS (1975) Center for Science in the Public Interest 1779 Church Street, Northwest Washington, D.C. 20036 http://groups.google.com/group/bob-mooney/web/cspi-enforcement-of-strip-mining-laws-1975
Views: 1395 rhmooney3
The Environmental Protection Agency announced a new proposal to cut industry carbon pollution. Under new rules, new natural gas and coal-fired power plants would have to install technology to capture and store emissions. Hari Sreenivasan talks to Juliet Eilperin of The Washington Post about what's on the agenda at the EPA.
Views: 2176 PBS NewsHour
Enforcement actions at the EPA under Donald Trump have fallen to a 30-year low, showing that the priorities of this organization are no longer about protecting the environment – they are about protecting corporate interests. So the corporations who are dumping toxins that cause cancers, respiratory distress, and countless other ailments are getting away scot free while we struggle to survive. Ring of Fire’s Farron Cousins discusses this. Link – https://www.courthousenews.com/epa-prosecution-of-egregious-pollution-cases-at-a-30-year-low/ Become a member today!: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCYWIEbibRcZav6xMLo9qWWw/join Support us by becoming a monthly patron on Patreon, and help keep progressive media alive!: https://www.patreon.com/TheRingofFire Spread the word! LIKE and SHARE this video or leave a comment to help direct attention to the stories that matter. And SUBSCRIBE to stay connected with Ring of Fire's video content! Support Ring of Fire by subscribing to our YouTube channel: https://www.youtube.com/theringoffire Be sociable! Follow us on: Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/RingofFireRadio Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/RingofFireRadio Google+: http://plus.google.com/118415831573195648557 Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/ringoffirenetwork/ Follow more of our stories at http://www.TROFIRE.com Subscribe to our podcast: http://www.ROFPodcast.com *This transcript was generated by a third-party transcription software company, so please excuse any typos. You know, there's probably never been a better time in the entire history of the United States than right now to be a corporation. I India got a massive tax cut that saving millions of dollars every single year. You've paid off just about everybody that you need to pay off running this country and in return they have given you everything you could ever want. Now I've mentioned in the past how white collar criminal prosecutions under this current administration have absolutely dropped off the map. Well, it goes even further than that because in addition to not prosecuting regular white collar criminals, you know the kinds of on Wall Street who liked to steal our money and then pay a tiny fine to get out of it. But environmental enforcement under the trump administration, a prosecution has fallen 60 percent in just the last year. The EPA has had 60 percent fewer prosecutions last year in 2018. Then they did the previous year in 2017, 72 percent fewer prosecutions. That occurred in 1988 when we had republicans running the show. But that was a different breed of Republican, wasn't it? I mean, that was 30 years ago. Now we've got a different breed of republican and that's what's so terrifying. It's not that environmental crimes have plummeted. No, they're actually getting worse. They're getting more creative, they're getting more deceptive and their chemicals are getting more destructive for the human body. So that's not why prosecutions have dropped off. Prosecutions have dropped off because the current incarnation of the Republican party running our government doesn't believe that we should punish them. They don't want these corporate polluters who also happen to be massive campaign spenders to ever feel like they're trying to hurt their bottom line or make them pay a little bit money or gosh darn it, make them feel bad about giving entire communities cancer. Those things happen in the United States. Literally, entire communities develop cancer from the toxins put out there by corporate America. And here we are today sitting with an EPA that doesn't even want to prosecute him. Now, the reason I brought up the 19, 88 fact that, uh, we're down 72 percent in prosecutions that we were back then is because here's the thing. Even Reagan and Bush Sr admitted that climate change was a threat to the United States. George Hw Bush actually had his government craft a plan to figure out how to address this problem. He had the Pentagon look into it as a potential national security issue and they wanted to address this. They were not in office long enough to address it and maybe they wouldn't have addressed it even if they had won that second term. But nonetheless, there was a time in this country when Republicans, when the issue of science on climate change wasn't divisive.
Views: 8587 The Ring of Fire
The Obama administration announced a proposal that aims to force a 30 percent cut carbon in emissions from power plants by 30 percent on Monday (June 2). Under Obama's plan, by 2030 just over 30 percent of U.S. electricity will come from coal and about the same amount from natural gas, with wind, solar and other alternative sources providing about 9 percent. The latest figures show that in 2012, coal supplied 37 percent of U.S. electricity, compared with 30 percent from natural gas, 19 percent from nuclear power plants, 7 percent from hydropower sources such as dams and 5 percent from renewable sources such as wind and solar, according to a CNN report. The Environmental Protection Agency projected that Obama's proposal would cut pollution that leads to soot and smog by over 25 percent by 2030. The reductions would also prevent 2,700 to 6,600 premature deaths and 140,000 to 150,000 asthma attacks in children. The plan could affect 1,600 power plants, about 600 of which operate mainly on coal, the Guardian reported. The cost of the new plan is estimated to be as high as $8.8 billion a year. U.S. states would have until June 30, 2016 to submit proposals for meeting the reduced emissions targets.
Views: 1049 News Direct
Watch as Ed Morris, senior engineer for We Energies, and Arlyn Petig, field manager for Alstom Power, Inc., show us around the Pleasant Prairie Power Plant (P4). We get a birdseye view of the nitrogen oxide and SO2 reduction systems - which both capture more than 90 percent of emissions - and Alstom's CO2 pilot project, which is capturing 90 percent of the the CO2 from 1.5 percent of the plant's overall flue gasses. For more visit http://tour.americaspower.org.
Views: 10705 factualitytour
In-depth piece on the political controversy surrounding new proposed changes in coal mine regulations. Washington, DC Correspondent for WTVW-TV Local 7 News, Evansville, IN. Shot, written, and edited by Veronica Rohrmoser. July 2011. Video courtesy of the US Department of Labor and the United Mine Workers of America. INTRO: A NEW PROPOSAL TO BETTER PROTECT THE HEALTH OF COAL MINERS IS KICKING UP DUST ON CAPITOL HILL. CONGRESSMAN LARRY BUCSHON'S FIRST BILL SINCE HE TOOK OFFICE CHALLENGES THE SCIENCE BEHIND NEW PROPOSED REGULATIONS TO PROTECT MINE WORKERS FROM DEVELOPING BLACK LUNG DISEASE. THE NUMBER OF CASES HAS DOUBLED IN THE LAST DECADE AND IS AFFECTING A GROWING NUMBER OF YOUNGER WORKERS. THE PROPOSAL DECREASES THE STANDARD FOR THE AMOUNT OF DUST PARTICLES IN THE AIR BY 75 PERCENT...LOCAL 7'S VERONICA ROHRMOSER...EXPLORES HOW THE PROPOSED REGULATIONS—AND THE BILL TO BLOCK THEM—WILL AFFECT LOCAL COAL MINERS.
Views: 186 Veronica Isham
Identifier: F2010.108.1.050 Description:Black and white film with audio. Film shows men mining coal at Star Coal Company a few miles east of Henryetta, Oklahoma. Film shows men working on the removal of coal from the the mine and the separation and grading process once it is extracted from the mine. The importance of the telephone is shown as a way for miners to communicate with crews above ground while working underground. Creator: Southwestern Bell Oklahoma Coverage: Henryetta (City), in Oklahoma (USA) MARC Geographic Areas: Oklahoma (oku); United States (xxu) Extent: (quantity/size) 7min 44sec Media: 16 mm film; Moving Images,AVI 1920X1080 29.97 FRAME RATE Subjects: Mines and mining To purchase a DVD or broadcast quality digital file contact us: http://www.okhistory.org/ /ohfees
Views: 3811 OHS Film and Video Archives
The Northwest is square in the middle of a controversial global debate: Should the region build export terminals that would open lucrative markets for the world's dirtiest fossil fuel? As the U.S. economy continues to struggle, can the country afford not to? COAL is a KCTS 9 and EarthFix original documentary. For more information on the documentary, visit: kcts9.org/coal or earthfix.us/coaldoc. For ongoing reporting on Coal in the Northwest, visit EarthFix: earthfix.info/coal/ Credits Written, Directed and Produced by Katie Campbell Photography by Michael Werner Katie Campbell Editor Michael Werner Narrator Katie Campbell EarthFix reporters Ashley Ahearn Bonnie Stewart Amelia Templeton Courtney Flatt Cassandra Profita Aaron Kunz Aerial photography by Katie Campbell Aerial support provided by Christopher Boyer, LightHawk Hunter Handsfield, LightHawk Additional photography Aaron Kunz Stock Footage - RevoStock Audio post production Milt Ritter Post Production Support Lisa Strube-Kilgore Phil Williams Chris Maske Music Lonely Rails Written by Seth Warren and C. Andrew Rohrmann. Performed by Seth Warren. Published by Sciencelab. Salt Flats Written by Miguel D'Oliveira. Published by BBC Production Music. Like a Phoenix Written by Steve Carter. Published by Chappell Recorded Music Library Ltd. Celtic Mist Written by Al Lethbridge. Published by Chappell Recorded Music Library Ltd. Pistola Written by Geoff Levin. Published by ZFC Music. Fluttering Leaves Written by Daniel Pemberton. Published by Chappell Recorded Music Library Ltd. The Couple Written by Al Lethbridge. Published by BBC Production Music. Halcyon Skies Written by Ben Hales and Matt Hales. Published by Chappell Recorded Music Library Ltd. The Loner Written by Miguel D'Oliveira. Published by BBC Production Music. Special Thanks to Dustin Bleizeffer Shannon Anderson LightHawk Keith Williams Thunder Basin Coal Company Leroy Rohde Andy Rohrmann Tom Lubnau Columbia River Pilots Aaron Toso Courtney Wallace Lauri Hennessey
Views: 169274 EarthFixMedia
rump Breaking News Network -Killing the EPA Trump administration plans to gut budget, change how pollution is measured President Donald Trump has been overt about his hostility toward the Environmental Protection Agency since taking office, from removing references to Barack Obama’s pro-environmental policies from the EPA website to suggesting a number of draconian budget cuts. Now it appears that even more sweeping EPA cuts are being proposed by the White House — and the EPA itself is doing little to fight back. Trump is in the midst of preparing an executive order that would drastically curtail how climate change impacts policy decisions, according to Reuters. This will include either diminishing or eliminating the “social cost of carbon” policy implemented by Obama, which attempts to affix a financial figure to the potential economic damage caused by global warming when creating new regulations. The current number is $36 per ton, going up to $50 per ton by 2030. By changing this, Trump plans to provide a boon to industries including auto manufacturing, drilling and coal mining. White House spokeswoman Kelly Love told Reuters that there was “nothing to announce at this time.” On Tuesday, Axios reported that the EPA doesn’t plan on fighting Trump’s current proposal to reduce the agency’s budget by 25 percent — roughly $2 billion — thereby firing 3,000 agency employees. “Senior Trump officials consider the EPA the leading edge of the administration’s plans to deconstruct the administrative state,” writes Jonathan Swan and Ben German. They also report that Trump’s EPA head Scott Pruitt has only opposed the administration on one issue — namely, cleaning up polluted former industrial sites known as brownfields. Source: http://www.salon.com/2017/03/15/killing-the-epa-trump-administration-plans-to-gut-budget-change-how-pollution-is-measured/ Trump Breaking News Network Ingles: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6KZ... https://youtu.be/I7QizY90Xn8 TRUMPTBNN
Views: 2407 Trump Breaking News Network
If the biggest companies in the world had to account for all the environmental damage they cause, could they still turn a profit? According to a UN-supported analysis, no way. In fact, the 3,000 largest publicly-traded companies were responsible for $2.15 trillion in environmental damages in 2008 – but these damages are often written off as “externalities” and are not accounted for on the bottom line. What’s even worse, these externalities cost the global economy an estimated $4.7 trillion per year in health and social costs, lost ecosystem services and pollution. ￼ Marine debris on Kamilo Beach, Hawaii, washed up from the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. (Image Credit: Algalita) These figures come from Natural Capital at Risk, a 2013 report on the top 100 externalities of business produced by a combined effort of the United Nations Environment Programme, TEEB (The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity), the World Business Council for Sustainable Development and Trucost consulting firm. ￼ Valley of the Drums, a toxic waste site in Kentucky, United States, 1980. (Photo Credit: EPA) As Greenpeace points out in its breakdown of the report, almost no business on Earth would be profitable if it accounted for every greenhouse gas it emitted into the air, how much land it monopolized and poisoned, and how many diseases were spread in relation to its products. One example is the mercury that Chisso Chemical Corporation dumped into a Japanese bay for four decades, and that resulted in the deaths of nearly 1,800 people and the spread of birth defects and disabilities in 10,000 more. Obviously, the impacts to health and environment don’t stop there. “The unpaid costs of modern industry include the honey bee collapse that affects global pollination, the massive health effects of endocrine disrupting chemicals from the hydrocarbon chemical industry, and of course, global warming that will impact humanity and all of nature into the future,” writes Greenpeace International co-founder Rex Weyler. ￼ Fire at toxic waste storage site at Krasny Bor, May 24, 2008. (Photo via WikiMedia Commons) The Natural Capital at Risk report investigated a broad swath of industries, including agriculture, forestry, fisheries, mining, utilities, cement, steel, paper and petrochemicals, and concluded that no sector generates enough revenue to cover its real, external costs. The report calculates that these costs tally up to an astounding $7.3 trillion per year, or 13 percent of the global economic output in 2009. ￼ Coal ash being stored in the West Pans. (Photo: Richard Webb) The majority of these costs were incurred via greenhouse gas emissions (38 percent of the total), followed by water use (25 percent), land use (24 percent), air pollution (seven percent), land and water pollution (five percent) and waste (one percent
Views: 35 what if
Watch the full documentary: http://bit.ly/1EG1HE1 A pipeline network more than 2.5 million miles long transports oil and natural gas throughout the United States — but a top official in the federal government's pipeline safety oversight agency admits that the regulatory process is overstretched and "kind of dying." A recent spike in the number of spills illustrates the problem: the Department of Transportation recorded 73 pipeline-related accidents in 2014, an 87 percent increase over 2009. Despite calls for stricter regulations over the last few years, the rules governing the infrastructure have largely remained the same. Critics say that this is because of the oil industry's cozy relationship with regulators, and argue that violations for penalties are too low to compel compliance. VICE News traveled to Glendive, Montana, to visit the site of a pipeline spill that dumped more than 50,000 gallons of oil into the Yellowstone River, to find out why the industry has such weak regulatory oversight. In this excerpt, VICE News heads to the site of the Yellowstone River pipeline spill where the EPA's Onsite Coordinator talks about the difficulties of recovering oil once it’s polluted the water, and whether pipe degradation has contributed to the increase in pipeline spills across the United States. Watch "Cursed by Coal: Mining the Navajo Nation” - http://bit.ly/1Gpy0cS Read “What Is the US Government Doing to Prevent the Next Oil Pipeline Disaster?“ - http://bit.ly/19KYgnM0 Subscribe to VICE News here: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE-News Check out VICE News for more: http://vicenews.com Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/vicenews More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideos
Views: 21784 VICE News
Fugitive Emissions of Methane. Full Article: https://landfill-gas.com/fug Fugitive Emissions of Methane (Biogas and Landfill Gas) Explained It is well known that unintentional escapes of methane and landfill gas (fugitive emissions) occur when methane escapes from a myriad of tiny leaks from production facilities, wells, pipes, compressors and other equipment. Methane continually escapes through tiny leaks from the equipment associated with coal mining or natural gas extraction, landfills, landfill gas utilization plants, and biogas plants. It is obviously very important to reduce all these fugitive methane emissions to an absolute minimum. Methane is more than 80 times more damaging to the atmosphere and more powerful than carbon dioxide over a 20-year time frame. It's the second leading contributor to climate change, after carbon dioxide. Methane accounts for approximately 25 % of the world’s climate warming. Accidentally released methane emissions are the inevitable byproduct of the oil and gas industry and agriculture, and occur from all methane equipment. But, not only from equipment it also gets released when cattle blow-off! Vegans are right when they say reducing demand for dairy and meat will help the environment. 80 % of the GHG emissions due to enteric fermentation (digestion in stomachs) are from the digestive systems of cattle. But, that's enough about cattle emissions, what about biogas plants which imitate cattle to make methane. Unintentional emissions will be occurring from all biogas plants. Storage tanks inevitably leak a small amount, as do pipe joints, valves and other equipment. Other fugitive emissions will occur when digesters are opened-up for maintenance, and during commissioning. However, biogas plant and landfill gas utilization plants would be expected to be similar to those for the natural gas supply industry. Fugitive emission research conducted within the natural gas industry estimates the US national methane fugitive emissions rate for natural gas at about 0.42%. A not insignificant amount overall, and it needs to be reduced. However, the amounts are tiny when compared with the fugitive emission of methane from cattle, and landfills. Municipal solid waste landfills are the third-largest source of human-related methane emissions in the United States, accounting for approximately 15% of these emissions in 2016. Similar figures apply to all developed nations. But, as Vegans can point out. This is well below the 26% emitted from cattle through enteric fermentaton. Thanks for watching right through! Sources of all quoted statistics are in our article here: https://landfill-gas.com/fug ___________________________ This presentation contains images that were used under a Creative Commons License. Click below to see the full list of images and attributions: https://app.contentsamurai.com/cc/243195 ------------------------------------------- To view this video on YouTube go to: https://youtu.be/SDAwXf3q-zA ------------------------------------------- CONNECT WITH US: https://twitter.com/anaerobicnews https://www.facebook.com/anaerobicdigestion/ https://uk.pinterest.com/radiman/renewables-anaerobic-digestion/ ------------------------------------------ Don't forget to check out our YouTube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/user/AnaerobicDigestion and click the link below to subscribe to our channel and get informed when we add new content: https://www.youtube.com/user/AnaerobicDigestion?sub_confirmation=1 --------------------------------------------
Views: 79 AnaerobicDigestion
Jaclyn and Julia discuss how you can help improve the environment we live in while eating things that grow from the Earth that keep the mind and body clear of animal products, all while talking about how supporting the animal agriculture businesses is the biggest pollutant on the planet. Let us know what other topics you'd like us to discuss in the comments!!! VEGAN APPAREL https://www.Veganculture.co MEAL PLANS & NUTRITION COACHING https://www.Mealplansplus.com INSTAGRAMS https://www.instagram.com/vegancultureco/ https://www.instagram.com/jaclyntiffany/ https://www.instagram.com/juliarachelle/ https://www.instagram.com/mealplansplus/ FACEBOOOKS https://www.facebook.com/mealplansplus/ https://www.facebook.com/vegancultureco/ https://www.facebook.com/julessweg https://www.facebook.com/jaclyntiffanyw?ref=br_rs Environmental Statistics: Human-related Sources. In the United States, the largest methane emissions come from the decomposition of wastes in landfills, ruminant digestion and manure management associated with domestic livestock, natural gas and oil systems, and coal mining. Chicken, turkey, pig, and cow agriculture are collectively the largest producers of methane in the US. Methane is 20 times more powerful at trapping heat in the Earth's atmosphere than carbon dioxide. The meat egg and dairy Industries produce 65% of worldwide nitrous oxide emissions. Nitrous oxide is 300 times more powerful at trapping heat in the Earth's atmosphere is and carbon dioxide. If one person exchanges eating meat for a vegan diet they'll reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 1.5 tons per year. If every American dropped one serving of chicken per week from their diet it would save the same amount of CO2 emissions of taking 500,000 cars off the road. 1 calorie from animal protein requires 11 times as much fossil fuel as one calorie of plant protein. The diets of meat eaters create 7 times the greenhouse emissions of the diets of vegans. Nearly half of all water used in the United States goes to raising animals for food. It takes more than 2,400 gallons of water to produce one pound of meat one pound of wheat takes 25 gallons. You save more water by not eating one pound of me than you would by now taking a shower for 6 months. A vegan diet requires 300 gallons of water a day vs a meat eating diet which requires 4000 gallons per day. Animals raised for food create 89,000 pounds of excrement per second, none of which benefits from the waste treatment facilities like human excrement does. The situation creates massive amounts of groundwater pollution. Chicken, hog, cattle excrement has polluted 35,000 miles of rivers in 22 States. Raising animals for food uses 30% of the earth's land mass - about the same size as Asia. More than 250 million Acres of US Forest have been cleared to create cropland to grow grain to feed farmed animals. The equivalent of 7 football fields are bulldoze every minute to create more room for farm animals. Livestock grazing is the number one cause of plant species becoming threatened or going extinct in the US. Source: https://www.culinaryschools.org/yum/vegetables/
Views: 127 Vegan Culture
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Water_pollution_in_the_United_States 00:00:28 1 Overview 00:02:07 2 Municipal sewage 00:06:47 3 Urban runoff 00:11:05 4 Industrial pollution 00:11:15 5 Agricultural pollution 00:11:25 6 Pollution incidents 00:13:38 7 Polluted water bodies (partial list) 00:14:46 8 See also Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. Listen on Google Assistant through Extra Audio: https://assistant.google.com/services/invoke/uid/0000001a130b3f91 Other Wikipedia audio articles at: https://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=wikipedia+tts Upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts Speaking Rate: 0.7611049315775484 Voice name: en-US-Wavenet-E "I cannot teach anybody anything, I can only make them think." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= Since the 1960s, water quality in surface water bodies in the United States has generally improved, due to the implementation of the 1972 Clean Water Act. However, many water bodies are still being polluted from one or more categories of sources, which may include agriculture, industry, or urban runoff.
SHOTLIST AP TELEVISION July 8, 2013 1. Wide of skyscrapers in Beijing shrouded in smog 2. Top shot of traffic, tilt up to wide of buildings enveloped in smog 3. Wide of buildings in white haze July 9. 2013 4. Close of Peking University professor Chen Yuyu, author of research paper about China's heavy air pollution cutting people's life expectancy 5. Mid of Chen viewing his research paper on website of "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences" (PNAS), in which it was published 6. Close of computer screen showing paper 7. Close pan of title of paper reading (English) "Evidence on the impact of sustained exposure to air pollution on life expectancy from China's Huai River policy" 8. SOUNDBITE: (Mandarin) Chen Yuyu, Professor of Guanghua School of Management, Peking University: "Our research findings evaluate the high health costs we pay for the heavy air pollution in China." FILE: 14 January 2013 9. Various of power plant on outskirts of Beijing producing smoke July 9, 2013 10. SOUNDBITE: (Mandarin) Chen Yuyu, Professor of Guanghua School of Management, Peking University: "I hope more and more scientists and even the public can pay attention to the air pollution problem, and more funding can be spent on research on this issue, so that we can have a better understanding of the costs, including the health costs we pay for air pollution. What's more important, we need to find a more effective, economical and widely supported approach to improve our air quality." FILE: 15 January 2013 11. Various of parents taking children to hospital because of air pollution, children and some parents wearing masks July 9, 2013 12. SOUNDBITE: (Mandarin) Wang Man, Teacher: "Air pollution is everywhere, and it is bad pollution. No matter if you stay at home or go out, you have this problem. So I am not surprised by it (research findings) at all." 13. Mid of people walking along street 14. SOUNDBITE: (Mandarin) Zhao Fei, Real Estate Agent: "I think everybody should do something to help improve the air quality. Go green with our life, take a bus, don't drive. We all should do something." July 8, 2013 15. Wide top shot of traffic under smog 16. Wide of buildings enveloped in smog STORYLINE A new study has linked heavy air pollution from coal burning to shorter life expectancy in northern China. The study estimates that the half a billion people alive there in the 1990s will live an average of 5.5 years less than their southern counterparts because they breathed dirtier air during their lives. The study by researchers from China, Israel and the United States was published on Tuesday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). For decades, a government policy provided people with free coal for heating, but only in the colder north. The policy was discontinued in 1980 but left a legacy of heavy coal burning, which releases pollutants into the air that can harm human health. Researchers collected data from 90 cities based on the years 1981 to 2000 and estimated the impact on life expectancies using mortality data from 1991 - 2000. They found that in the north, the concentration of pollutants in the air was 55 percent higher than in the south. Life expectancy was 5.5 years lower on average across all age ranges. "Our research findings evaluate the high health costs we pay for the heavy air pollution in China," said Chen Yuyu, one of the authors of the study on Tuesday. Air pollution is a major problem in China due to the country's rapid pace of industrialisation, reliance on coal power, explosive growth in car ownership and disregard for environmental laws. It typically gets worse in the winter because of weather conditions and an increase in coal burning for heating needs. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/894694a09cd544f0e013a1a135f9d929 Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Views: 67 AP Archive
The most important United Nations climate conference since the Paris Agreement of 2015 opens on Sunday (December 2) in Katowice, Poland, one of the most polluted coal-mining regions in Europe. The southern Polish city, which lies in the heart of the Silesia region is Europe's largest coal producer with over 40 mines operating in the area of some 4,500 square kilometres. Tens of thousands of people in the region depend on coal for their livelihoods. Drawing support from those with an emotional attachment to the job security, social fabric and national pride in coal, authorities have for long overlooked the downside for health and the planet. But more and more people realise that coal is not only feeding them, the polluted air takes a heavy toll. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) the region has some of the most polluted areas on the planet, ranking alongside places with infamously bad air such as Beijing and New Delhi. Coal currently produces around 80 percent of the country's energy while inefficient furnaces and low grade coal used to heat homes add to the air pollution. Piotr Lubecki from a Silesian town of Goczalkowice Zdroj is one of the beneficiaries of a nationwide programme "Clean Air" launched earlier this year. The programme which helps to finance the replacement of old, inefficient furnaces has gained huge popularity in the Katowice area. Earlier this year the Polish government approved long-awaited regulations that define the quality of coal that can be used by households and ban the use of dirty, air polluting fossils. Although the regulations will only take effect from June 30, 2020, authorities in Katowice, in a drive to overcome the city's dirty reputation, have launched a fleet of drones monitoring the air quality and identifying households which burn low quality coal or garbage. Despite all efforts the improvement in the air quality may take time and Olgierd Bator, owner of a production house which makes anti-smog masks, is not going to be out of business any time soon. RESIDENT OF GOCZALKOWICE ZDROJ, PIOTR LUBECKI, SAYING: "When I smoked eco-pea coal earlier in the old furnace, I had to transport this coal (into house), I had to store it somewhere. And right now, with the gas furnace, I can control it either from the room or from the boiler room where we are now." COUNTRY SALES MANAGER AT DE DIETRICH FURNACE COMPANY, MARCIN WOJSZNIS, SAYING: "Generally speaking, the (government) programme 'Clean Air' is mainly aimed at eradicating the so-called 'energy poverty', so it is designed for people who need to insulate their houses and to exchange their heating systems from the so-called 'trashy furnace' to a condensing boiler or a heat pump." KATOWICE MUNICIPAL POLICE SPOKESPERSON, JACEK PYTEL, SAYING: "The Municipal Police in Katowice has been inspecting fireplaces for many years. During such an inspection, the officers check what do Katowice residents burn in their furnaces and also recently, what is the technical condition of the furnace, because in three years the furnaces that have been used for many years will have to be exchanged for new ecological ones". OWNER OF HISOUTFIT COMPANY, OLGIERD BATOR, SAYING: "We live in Silesia and there are many cities here which are on the list of 50 most polluted cities in Europe and because of that we wanted to meet the needs of our clients and create the masks like these which they can match their outfit and everyday look."
Views: 110 TV NEWS.PL
A pipeline network more than 2.5 million miles long transports oil and natural gas throughout the United States — but a top official in the federal government's pipeline safety oversight agency admits that the regulatory process is overstretched and "kind of dying." A recent spike in the number of spills illustrates the problem: the Department of Transportation recorded 73 pipeline-related accidents in 2014, an 87 percent increase over 2009. Despite calls for stricter regulations over the last few years, the rules governing the infrastructure have largely remained the same. Critics say that this is because of the oil industry's cozy relationship with regulators, and argue that violations for penalties are too low to compel compliance. VICE News traveled to Glendive, Montana, to visit the site of a pipeline spill that dumped more than 50,000 gallons of oil into the Yellowstone River, to find out why the industry has such weak regulatory oversight. Watch "Cursed by Coal: Mining the Navajo Nation” - http://bit.ly/1Gpy0cS Read "Cleaner Air in China Might Mean More Carbon Dioxide Pollution” - http://bit.ly/1AGcwo7 Subscribe to VICE News here: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE-News Check out VICE News for more: http://vicenews.com Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/vicenews More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideos
Views: 65692 VICE News
When you hear the term “Clean Energy” what do you think it means? Almost everyone would agree the term means wind and solar power. But that’s a premise that is ripe for questioning. When you start to look at the bigger picture, the illusion of “clean” wind turbines and solar panels quickly goes SPLAT! VISIT Clear Energy Alliance https://clearenergyalliance.com/ FOLLOW us! Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ClearEnergyAlliance Twitter: https://twitter.com/clearenergy Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/clearenergyalliance For list of sources and downloadable transcript: https://clearenergyalliance.com/project/clean-energy/ Script: Energy consumers everywhere, we need to clean up our act! Anti-fossil fuel activists are nodding their heads at that one. Except, I’m thinking about something a little different than what they’re thinking. I’m referring to the commonly used phrase, “clean energy.” All of us, even those who understand that oil, natural gas, and coal run the world, often refer to wind and solar as “clean” without even questioning it. It’s time to do some questioning. What is it that makes wind and solar clean and fossil fuels dirty? Well, with wind and solar you don’t see anything getting burned like you do with oil, natural gas, and coal. And it’s the burning that creates pollution. Fair enough. But let’s take a closer look at that. Air pollution from the burning of fossil fuels in the United States has been in steep decline since 1970. And that dramatic drop across all six pollutants the EPA classifies as dangerous took place as Americans increased their fossil fuel use by 40 percent. From 1988 to 2015 our vehicle miles traveled have more than doubled! So as America has grown we’ve used more fossil energy, traveled a lot more and yet the air we breathe has continued to get cleaner. That’s amazing. And, for those who are worried about energy-related CO2 emissions, they’ve been in decline for more than a decade. Oh, and here’s one more amazing fact. Since 1970, the pollution coming out of the tailpipes of our cars and trucks has been reduced by 99 percent. Seriously, 99 percent. I’m not kidding, you can ask the EPA. Now, what about wind and solar? We feel like they’re clean because we don’t burn them. Well… not directly. But, let’s be real. They aren’t born of unicorns and pixie dust. Producing solar panels and windmills requires a lot of mining for resources, especially for rare earth minerals. China owns 95% of the rare earth market and the Chinese government isn’t all that protective of the environment. Their mining projects are creating giant, toxic and radioactive lakes. It’s a serious problem they will be dealing with for decades. And what about land use? The US Energy Information Administration estimates that natural gas, and coal use about 12 acres of land per megawatt of electricity produced. Solar and wind gobble up four and six times the amount of land that coal and natural gas do. So, what’s so clean about that? There are other environmental impacts to consider. Industrial wind and solar projects kill a lot of wildlife. Wind turbines alone are estimated to kill 600 thousand birds a year along with a million bats. The bats are very important to our ecosystem because they are essential to pollination. Wind turbines cause visual blight and have negative health impacts for the people who live around them, like noise, shadow flicker, and vibrations. Let’s keep in mind that fossil fuels have been running the world since they began fueling the industrial revolution and still carry more than 80 percent of the load. Wind and solar contribute less than three percent to our energy use and for that small amount of power, we’re dealing with a significant amount of environmental nastiness. The point of all this is not to disparage wind and solar, but to talk about them in a way that makes sense. It’s ridiculous to say fossil fuels are dirty while wind and solar are clean. They’re not. All energy sources and technologies have their impacts, but in the case of oil, natural gas and coal, there have been astonishing improvements over the past half-century. They are much, much cleaner and getting more so all the time. So all you energy consumers clean up your act. Stop using the word “clean” when talking about wind and solar. For the Clear Energy Alliance, I’m Mark Mathis. Power On.
Views: 90117 Clear Energy Alliance
13 surface mines in a 80-mile stretch of WY produce over 400 million tons of coal each year -- about 40% of the total U.S. production, providing electricity to 20% of the U.S. homes. Arch Coal Black Thunder mine http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BvUbU1auBCA and http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ahrl60Wlavw Coal accounted for 52.8 percent of the United States' net electrical generation in 1997. But coal's grip on the country's utility market has slipped, down to 48.2 percent in 2008 and to 44.6 percent in 2009, according to the Energy Information Administration - http://www.eia.doe.gov/fuelelectric.html 2/9/2011 - http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-02-09/-massive-closures-of-u-s-coal-plants-loom-chu-says-update2-.html (Excerpt) The EIA predicts plants with 7.7 gigawatts of capacity will close by 2018. Cambridge, Massachusetts-based The Brattle Group, a consulting firm, said in December that 50 to 65 gigawatts of capacity may be closed by 2020 because of environmental regulations. Analysts at Zurich-based bank Credit Suisse Group AG said in September that about 60 gigawatts of coal capacity may be retired. American Electric Power (AEP), Ohio-based, is one of the nation's largest electric utilities (almost 5 million customers linked to its 11-state electricity transmission and distribution grid). AEP is the largest electricity generator in the U.S. The utility recently announced that it will retire about 5,000 megawatts of coal-fired generation over the next five years. In 2009, AEP's fuel mix was 66 percent coal, 22 percent natural gas and the rest nuclear, hydro and various types of renewable power. AEP estimates that by 2017 its fuel mix will be 58 percent coal, 27 percent natural gas, and the rest nuclear, hydro and renewable. Also see: http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=American_Electric_Power --- 10/19/2010 American Electric Power Co. (AEP) is reviewing options to shut down more than 5,000 megawatts of coal power, but the pace will depend on regulations, a company executive said Tuesday. [Abut 13% of its total 38,000 megawatts capacity; AEP burned 76 million tons of coal in 2009] Federal and state regulations could add significant costs to operating coal-fired plants for their emissions. "How much of the capacity do you replace depends on the economy and depends on what the options are," such as the price of building cleaner natural-gas generation, said Nick Akins, AEP's executive vice president of generation. The utility gets 5,000 megawatts of generation from smaller, older and less-efficient coal units and there isn't economic justification to retrofit them with environmental upgrades. AEP is evaluating whether to retire and replace another 10,000 megawatts of power generation. "If we retire too much capacity too quickly, we will not be able to survive from a system dynamic," Akins said at the company's investor day meeting in New York City. AEP has been actively lobbying in Washington on an energy policy and regulatory concerns, such as the pace of implementing clean air rules. Akins said that the company will have to change how it contracts coal but did not provide further details. AEP is considering adding natural gas generating capacity for various brownfield projects but is not planning to make any new coal or nuclear investments in the near term, Akin said. --- More: http://groups.google.com/group/bob-mooney/web/powering-down === Powder River Basin coal mines, also see: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dajoJMXEE0o 1:49 minutes http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hdRlwKM4eIc 1:57 minutes http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GWebhWWNaMU 3:16 minutes http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ahrl60Wlavw 3:20 minutes http://www.wsgs.uwyo.edu/coalweb/WyomingCoal/default.aspx The video on here was done is from Plains Justice http://plainsjusticeblog.wordpress.com/2010/10/10/powder-river-basin-coal-mines-video/ === Coal Country docuementary: http://www.coalcountrythemovie.com/ VBS.TV took a trip to West Virginia to investigate the evils of mountaintop removal mining. http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/energy/blogs/watch-toxic-west-virginia === In all, more than 4000 animals died in the spill that fouled nearly a mile of Captina Creek in Belmont County, Ohio, on October 1, 2010. (Con't.) http://tinyurl.com/Coal-slurry-in-Captina-Cr Video (1:37 minutes) http://vp.mgnetwork.net/traveler.swf?embed_referer=&u=2e83506a2220102ea6fd001ec92a4a0d 10/10/2010 - Toxic coal sludge pollutes Ky. town 10 years later http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5jvwI07uAn7QJ0uvbYNgmpERomHfgD9IP0VP01?docId=D9IP0VP01 10/7/3020 - Journalist receives government records after 7 years http://www.rcfp.org/newsitems/index.php?i=11594 The editor of a mining industry newsletter received additional government records Monday regarding the investigation into one of the worst environmental accidents in SE U.S.
Views: 1110 rhmooney3
(9 Dec 2015) LEAD-IN: Despite Beijing announcing its first ever red alert for air pollution, smog is not a new phenomenon for the city's residents. But staying up to date with the latest air quality readings is becoming easier. New devices are being released, bringing the latest pollution forecasts to mobile phones and even allowing residents to monitor air quality in their own homes. STORY-LINE: In years past, a smog shrouded Beijing was accepted as a fact of life in the big city. But increasingly, with the region canvassed with dozens of monitoring stations and with smart phones feeding air quality index readings to finger tips, people are taking notice. Companies, big and small, are using the internet, smart devices and big data to help the Chinese assess the quality of the air they breathe, not only outside - but also at home. The idea is they'll be be able to make informed decisions about how they go about their daily life. Origins, a Beijing-based start up, has seen its Laser Egg device flying off the shelves since the Beijing government implemented its first red alert on air pollution on December 8th. The egg-shaped portable device measures air pollution on a real-time basis. A built-in laser beam picks up particles in the air, presenting a calculation of the fine particulate matter per cubic metre. Put next to an air purifier, the air quality index drops to levels similar to alpine air. Bit when left outside on a smoggy Beijing day, levels of PM 2.5 (particulates smaller than 2.5 micrometers, considered the most harmful for human health) rise dangerously, up to 250 micrograms per cubic metre (December 9 at 6pm). "Air pollution is completely invisible. In your house, you have no idea if it's very healthy or hazardous," says Liam Bates of Origins. "You really can't tell. So we wanted to create a device which would be really easy to use, really affordable, and tells you are your air purifiers working? Are you breathing healthy air?" Selling for 379 Yuan (59 US dollars), the Laser Egg aims to highlight the sometimes forgotten issue of indoor air pollution. "We've seen that in Beijing, I would say on average, if there was no sort of air purification, indoor air will be 20 to maybe 30 percent better than outside. If the windows are closed. So when it's 400 (air quality index) outside, you are still breathing hazardous air inside. It is like sleeping next to a bonfire." A customer, Chen Yan, drops by the courtyard space that is also used as Origins' office to buy two air purifiers and a few Laser Eggs. "In the past, Chinese people were not very much aware of environmental protection," says Chen. "Even though the government appealed to the people to care about this issue, they felt it did not really affect them. But now everyone is experiencing it themselves. The awareness of this issue will increase in the future and it is a good thing." Polluted air throughout broad swaths of China is having severe health effects. A study led by atmospheric chemist Jos Lelieveld of Germany's Max Planck Institute and published this year in Nature magazine estimated that 1.4 million people each year die prematurely because of pollution in China. Most of the pollution is blamed on coal-fired power plants, along with vehicle emissions and construction and factory work. China, the world's biggest carbon emitter, plans to upgrade coal power plants over the next five years to tackle the problem, and says its emissions will peak by around 2030 before starting to decline. Air Visual is another company born out of the air quality crisis. Beijing is surrounded by provinces rich in heavy industries and coal mines, and factory emissions tend to linger over the city until winds pick up. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/e2e1950fa8b8f95b902031a73ec5a198 Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Views: 32 AP Archive