Search results “Coal mining pollution statistics in the united”
Toxic Waste in the US: Coal Ash (Full Length)
Coal ash, which contains many of the world's worst carcinogens, is what's left over when coal is burnt for electricity. An estimated 113 million tons of coal ash are produced annually in the US, and stored in almost every state — some of it literally in people's backyards. With very little government oversight and few safeguards in place, toxic chemicals have been known to leak from these storage sites and into nearby communities, contaminating drinking water and making residents sick. VICE News travels across the US to meet the people and visit the areas most affected by this toxic waste stream. Since coal production is predicted to remain steady for the next few decades, coal ash will be a problem that will affect the US for years to come. Watch "Showdown in Coal Country" - http://bit.ly/16LRifW Watch "Petcoke: Toxic Waste in the Windy City" - http://bit.ly/1E2YejO Read "Green Groups Say Another Coal Ash Spill Remains Likely, One Year After North Carolina Accident" - http://bit.ly/1A7dVaC Read "Humans Are Destroying the Environment at a Rate Unprecedented in Over 10,000 Years" - http://bit.ly/1vgvC1R Read "The Economic Cost of Carbon Pollution Is Much Greater Than Estimated, Say Stanford University Researchers" - http://bit.ly/1ATb1b0 Subscribe to VICE News here: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE-News Check out VICE News for more: http://vicenews.com Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/vicenews More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideos
Views: 182683 VICE News
The Devastating Effects of Pollution in China (Part 1/2)
We went to the single most polluted place on earth, the coal-mining town of Linfen in Shanxi Province, China, where kids play in dirty rivers and the sun sets early behind a thick curtain of smog. Watch part 2 here: http://bit.ly/Toxic-China-2 Check out "Toxic: America's Water Crisis" here: http://bit.ly/Water-Crisis-1 Check out the Best of VICE here: http://bit.ly/VICE-Best-Of Check out our full video catalog: http://bit.ly/VICE-Videos Videos, daily editorial and more: http://vice.com Like VICE on Facebook: http://fb.com/vice Follow VICE on Twitter: http://twitter.com/vice Read our tumblr: http://vicemag.tumblr.com
Views: 2121517 VICE
Pennsylvania's 50-Year-Old Coal Fire
SciShow takes you to Centralia, Pennsylvania, site of one of the oldest, biggest coal fires in the United States, and explains the chemistry of spontaneous combustion. ---------- Like SciShow? Want to help support us, and also get things to put on your walls, cover your torso and hold your liquids? Check out our awesome products over at DFTBA Records: http://dftba.com/artist/52/SciShow Or help support us by subscribing to our page on Subbable: https://subbable.com/scishow ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Thanks Tank Tumblr: http://thankstank.tumblr.com Sources: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S036012850300042X http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/energy/2013/01/pictures/130108-centralia-mine-fire/ http://www.smithsonianmag.com/travel/fire-in-the-hole-77895126/?no-ist http://www.csmonitor.com/Environment/2010/0205/Centralia-Pa.-coal-fire-is-one-of-hundreds-that-burn-in-the-U.S http://www.businessinsider.com/photos-of-abandoned-centralia-pa-2012-5?op=1 http://discovermagazine.com/2010/jul-aug/28-earth-on-fre http://www.nytimes.com/2002/01/15/science/15FIRE.html http://blog.wsrb.com/2014/02/03/pennsylvania-is-burning-what-you-didnt-know-about-coal-seam-fires/ http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/mining/UserFiles/works/pdfs/cmosh.pdf http://www.iea-coal.org.uk/documents/82476/7685/Propensity-of-coal-to-self-heat-(CCC/172)
Views: 556466 SciShow
Are Electric Cars Really Green?
Are electric cars greener than conventional gasoline cars? If so, how much greener? What about the CO2 emissions produced during electric cars' production? And where does the electricity that powers electric cars come from? Environmental economist Bjorn Lomborg, director of the Copenhagen Consensus Center, examines how environmentally friendly electric cars really are. Donate today to PragerU! http://l.prageru.com/2ylo1Yt Joining PragerU is free! Sign up now to get all our videos as soon as they're released. http://prageru.com/signup Download Pragerpedia on your iPhone or Android! Thousands of sources and facts at your fingertips. iPhone: http://l.prageru.com/2dlsnbG Android: http://l.prageru.com/2dlsS5e Join Prager United to get new swag every quarter, exclusive early access to our videos, and an annual TownHall phone call with Dennis Prager! http://l.prageru.com/2c9n6ys Join PragerU's text list to have these videos, free merchandise giveaways and breaking announcements sent directly to your phone! https://optin.mobiniti.com/prageru Do you shop on Amazon? Click https://smile.amazon.com and a percentage of every Amazon purchase will be donated to PragerU. Same great products. Same low price. Shopping made meaningful. VISIT PragerU! https://www.prageru.com FOLLOW us! Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/prageru Twitter: https://twitter.com/prageru Instagram: https://instagram.com/prageru/ PragerU is on Snapchat! JOIN PragerFORCE! For Students: http://l.prageru.com/29SgPaX JOIN our Educators Network! http://l.prageru.com/2c8vsff Script: Do electric cars really help the environment? President Obama thinks so. So does Leonardo DiCaprio. And many others. The argument goes like this: Regular cars run on gasoline, a fossil fuel that pumps CO2 straight out of the tailpipe and into the atmosphere. Electric cars run on electricity. They don’t burn any gasoline at all. No gas; no CO2. In fact, electric cars are often advertised as creating “zero emissions.” But do they really? Let’s take a closer look. First, there’s the energy needed to produce the car. More than a third of the lifetime carbon-dioxide emissions from an electric car comes from the energy used make the car itself, especially the battery. The mining of lithium, for instance, is not a green activity. When an electric car rolls off the production line, it’s already been responsible for more than 25,000 pounds of carbon-dioxide emission. The amount for making a conventional car: just 16,000 pounds. But that’s not the end of the CO2 emissions. Because while it’s true that electric cars don’t run on gasoline, they do run on electricity, which, in the U.S. is often produced by another fossil fuel -- coal. As green venture capitalist Vinod Khosla likes to point out, "Electric cars are coal-powered cars." The most popular electric car, the Nissan Leaf, over a 90,000-mile lifetime will emit 31 metric tons of CO2, based on emissions from its production, its electricity consumption at average U.S. fuel mix and its ultimate scrapping. A comparable Mercedes CDI A160 over a similar lifetime will emit just 3 tons more across its production, diesel consumption and ultimate scrapping. The results are similar for a top-line Tesla, the king of electric cars. It emits about 44 tons, which is only 5 tons less than a similar Audi A7 Quattro. So throughout the full life of an electric car, it will emit just three to five tons less CO2. In Europe, on its European Trading System, it currently costs $7 to cut one ton of CO2. So the entire climate benefit of an electric car is about $35. Yet the U.S. federal government essentially provides electric car buyers with a subsidy of up to $7,500. Paying $7,500 for something you could get for $35 is a very poor deal. And that doesn’t include the billions more in federal and state grants, loans and tax write-offs that go directly to battery and electric-car makers The other main benefit from electric cars is supposed to be lower pollution. But remember Vinod Khosla’s observation "Electric cars are coal-powered cars." Yes, it might be powered by coal, proponents will say, but unlike the regular car, coal plant emissions are far away from the city centers where most people live and where damage from air pollution is greatest. However, new research in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences found that while gasoline cars pollute closer to home, coal-fired power actually pollutes more -- a lot more. For the complete script, visit https://www.prageru.com/videos/are-electric-cars-really-green
Views: 1433144 PragerU
The Nuclear Waste Problem
Get smart with Brilliant for 20% off by being one of the first 500 people to sign up at http://brilliant.org/wendover Subscribe to Half as Interesting (The other channel from Wendover Productions): https://www.youtube.com/halfasinteresting Check out my podcast with Brian from Real Engineering: https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/showmakers/id1224583218?mt=2 (iTunes link) https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC_10vJJqf2ZK0lWrb5BXAPg (YouTube link) Support Wendover Productions on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/wendoverproductions Get a Wendover Productions t-shirt for $20: https://store.dftba.com/products/wendover-productions-shirt Youtube: http://www.YouTube.com/WendoverProductions Twitter: http://www.Twitter.com/WendoverPro Email: [email protected] Reddit: http://Reddit.com/r/WendoverProductions Animation by Josh Sherrington (https://www.youtube.com/heliosphere) Sound by Graham Haerther (http://www.Haerther.net) Thumbnail by Joe Cieplinski (http://joecieplinski.com/) Nuclear reactor footage courtesy Canada Science and Technology Museum Spent fuel pool courtesy IAEA Imagebank Onkalo photo courtesy Posiva Music: "Raw Deal" by Gunner Olsen, "Divider" by Chris Zabriskie, "My Luck" by Broke for Free, and "I Wanted to Live" by Lee Rosevere Big thanks to Patreon supporters: Kevin Song, David Cichowski, Andy Tran, Victor Zimmer, Paul Jihoon Choi, Dylan Benson, M van Kasbergen, Etienne Dechamps, Adil Abdulla, Arunabh Chattopadhyay, Ieng Chi Hin, Ken Rutabana, John Johnston, Connor J Smith, Rob Harvey, Arkadiy Kulev, Hagai Bloch Gadot, Aitan Magence, Eyal Matsliah, Sihien Goh, Joseph Bull, Marcelo Alves Vieira, Hank Green, Plinio Correa, Brady Bellini
Views: 1598095 Wendover Productions
Fracking explained: opportunity or danger
Fracking explained in five minutes. Fracking is a controversial topic. On the one side the gas drilling companies, on the other citizen opposed to this drilling method. Politicians are also divided on the matter. We try to take a neutral look on fracking. It is relevant for all of us, because of high prices for energy and the danger for our drinking water. This video focuses mostly on the debate currently ongoing in europe. In a lot of european countries there is a public outcry against fracking, espacially in germany. But the facts in this video are relevant to all of us. Short videos, explaining things. For example Evolution, the Universe, Stock Market or controversial topics like Fracking. Because we love science. We would love to interact more with you, our viewers to figure out what topics you want to see. If you have a suggestion for future videos or feedback, drop us a line! :) We're a bunch of Information designers from munich, visit us on facebook or behance to say hi! https://www.facebook.com/Kurzgesagt https://www.behance.net/kurzgesagt Fracking explained: opportunity or danger Help us caption & translate this video! http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_cs_panel?c=UCsXVk37bltHxD1rDPwtNM8Q&tab=2
Cheap Coal Creates Smoggy Mess Downwind in Beijing
This past October, nearly 200 nations signed the Paris Climate accords. Among the signatories were the United States and China, two nations that represent about 40 percent of the world's carbon emissions. The goal of the accords is to slow the rate the world is burning planet-warming carbon, and pumping it into the atmosphere. In some cases, ending the burning of coal will mean a door-to-door effort to change old habits. VOA's Kevin Enochs reports. Originally published at - http://www.voanews.com/a/3669980.html
Views: 999 VOA News
The Most Depressing City On Earth
Just gonna do a little damage control here and add that the video is purely opinion. I did very little intense research, and depression is a mental illness not a characteristic of a city. I based my argument on some facts, but I'm sure you can argue that war torn cities like Damascus could be more 'depressing'. Sorry if the video came off as if I was spouting the gospel. If you think you have found a more depressing city, comment. Just do not comment Detroit. Please. Full Script: It was my goal when making this video to decide which city is the most depressing (which in this situation is a synonym for depressing). This is obviously just an opinion, but I did put some research into this and I think that my answer is very reasonable. Before we get into this, let’s take a look at the rules. I decided that a city cannot have fewer than 50,000 people I know that that isnt the official definition, but This takes a lot of remote settlements in places like Greenland out of the mix. I decided to look at what factors cause unhappiness. I found this list, and while some factors have no relation to geography, two do: Inability to sleep or excessive sleeping, and Social isolation. In order for a city to make it hard to sleep, it has to be very far north, or very far south. Cities inside the arctic circle experience the polar night, where the sun simply does not come up for days at a time. This has been known to cause insomnia. In order for a city to cause social isolation, it needs to have a hostile environment. Luckily, most cities in the Arctic Circle check that box. It also has to be isolated from other cities, and inaccessible. There are many scandinavian cities that have hostile environments, but these cities, such as Tromso (traum-suh) are tourist destinations and generally good places to live. They have high standards of living. Next, we have to turn to Russia. Two cities caught my eye immediately: the coal mining town of Vorkuta and remote port Murmansk. However, coal mining has become unprofitable in vorcuteuh, so people are moving out at alarming rates. Plus, just look at this picture and tell me that does not look jolly. And being a port city, Murmansk naturally has contact with new ideas and people. However, there is one city that I have left out. (Papers please theme) Norilsk. The Nickel mining city of 170 something thousand people is so hostile it seems like something out of 1984. No roads lead to Norilsk, and it is one of three large cities in the continuous permafrost zone that means that the land is unfarmable. There is one freight railway that leads to the city, but the only way out is an airport or a port 40 miles away that freezes over in the winter. Norilsk enters continuous darkness for 45 days each year, and when people leave the city, they say that they are going to “the mainland”. the polar night syndrome is common in residents, you can probably figure out why. It is also one of the most polluted cities on earth. Here’s a quick list of facts about norilsk’s pollution: 1 percent of global emissions of sulfur dioxide comes from Norilsk nickel mines . It is so polluted that some people mine the soil for soot because it contains precious minerals. In September 2016, the nearby river turned red. The life expectancy of a worker in Norilsk is 10 years lower. A study done by Boris Revich showed that blood illnesses were 44% higher, nervous system illnesses 38% higher, and bone and muscle system illnesses 28% higher among children in Norilsk WHEN COMPARED TO OTHER CHILDREN IN SIBERA. In any other city, people might protest these terrible, polluted conditions. But in Norilsk, the income for nearly everybody comes from one company: Norilsk Nickel. Any protestors would be fired, because even if you do not work in the mines, Norilsk Nickel also owns nearly all businesses in town. And the Russian Government has no plans to step in, because this company is a cash cow. Norilsk Nickel is 2% of the Russian GDP. In comparison, the entire city of San Francisco is 2% of the US GDP. The city has a depressing past as well: it was built by 500,000 gulag prisoners working under starving conditions throughout the month long days and nights. Of which eighteen thousand died. The most obvious relic of this era can be found all over the city: the stalinist, utilitarian architecture of nearly every building in the city. But hey, they painted the city bright colors so it can’t be that bad right?
Views: 1990240 themcbobgorge
A History of Coal's Extraordinary Impact on Human Civilization (2003)
The goal of coal mining is to obtain coal from the ground. Coal is valued for its energy content, and, since the 1880s, has been widely used to generate electricity. Steel and cement industries use coal as a fuel for extraction of iron from iron ore and for cement production. In the United Kingdom and South Africa, a coal mine and its structures are a colliery. In Australia, "colliery" generally refers to an underground coal mine. In the United States "colliery" has historically been used to describe a coal mine operation, but the word today is not commonly used. Coal mining has had many developments over the recent years, from the early days of men tunneling, digging and manually extracting the coal on carts, to large open cut and long wall mines. Mining at this scale requires the use of draglines, trucks, conveyors, jacks and shearers The American share of world coal production remained steady at about 20 percent from 1980 to 2005, at about 1 billion short tons per year. The United States was ranked as the 2nd coal producing country in the world in 2010, and possesses the largest coal reserves in the world. In 2008 then-President George W. Bush stated that coal was the most reliable source of electricity.[61] However, in 2011 President Barack Obama said that the US should rely more on "clean" sources of energy that emit lower or no carbon dioxide pollution.[62] As of 2013, while domestic coal consumption for electric power was being displaced by natural gas, exports were increasing. US coal production increasingly comes from strip mines in the western United States, such as from the Powder River Basin in Wyoming and Montana.[63] Coal has come under continued price pressure from natural gas and renewable energy sources, which has resulted in a rapid decline of coal in the U.S. and several notable bankruptcies including Peabody Energy. On April 13, 2016 it reported, its revenue tumbled 17 percent as coal price fell and lost 2 billion dollars on the previous year.[64] It then filed Chapter 11 bankruptcy on April 13, 2016.[64] The Harvard Business Review discussed retraining coal workers for solar photovoltaic employment because of the rapid rise in U.S. solar jobs.[65] A recent study indicated that this was technically possible and would account for only 5% of the industrial revenue from a single year to provide coal workers with job security in the energy industry as whole. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coal_mining
Views: 740 Way Back
Mountaintop Mining The Good, Bad & Ugly
APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS, W. Va. -- The United States is known as the Saudi Arabia of coal, with over 50 percent of our electricity generated by this abundant natural resource. Coal also generates tremendous controversy. Much of the debate centers not on pollution, but getting the coal out of the ground.
Views: 3830 Boonedog Music
US Sets First Limits On Power Plant Carbon Emissions
The Environmental Protection Agency has made history by issuing the first ever carbon dioxide emissions standards that all future power plants built in the United States will have to meet. Read the full story here: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/20/us/politics/obama-administration-announces-limits-on-emissions-from-power-plants.html?hp&gwh=0CEE49D3AAC30E7E1C1DA89F258C04E8 Subscribe to The Daily Conversation http://bit.ly/WZnLnd Join the conversation on Facebook http://www.facebook.com/thedailyconversation Add TDC to your circles on Google+ https://plus.google.com/100134925804523235350/posts Follow The Daily Conversation on Twitter http://www.twitter.com/thedailyconvo , United States Of America (Country),Greenhouse Gas,Carbon Dioxide,CO2,Emissions,Energy,Global,City,Power,Warming,First,Change,Climate,Free,Electric,Wind,Wind Power (Industry),Solar Energy (Industry),Electricity (Product Line),Environment,Natural Gas (Industry),Clean,President Barack Obama,EPA,Environmental Protection Agency,Global Warming,Gina McCarthy,EPA Administrator,Cap and Trade,Congress,House,power plants,coal,turbines,Generator,nuclear,Alternative,Senate,news, Power Station -The Environmental Protection Agency has issued the first ever carbon dioxide emissions rules that all future power plants built in the United States will have to meet. -This is long overdue, but given the current lack of movement on climate change from the United States, this is great news for the environment. -It will make it pretty much impossible for the coal industry to build new plants without adopting the newest carbon capture and sequestration technology. -The most efficient power plants in operation emit at a rate of at least 1,800 pounds of CO2 per MWh, but this new regulation will require new plants to cut those emissions by more than a third. -The mouthpieces for the dirty fossil fuel industry are saying this tech is unproven and that they'll challenge the rules in court, but with a large coal power plant under construction in Mississippi that will use CCS, it is proven and that major project - costing hundreds of millions of dollars - wouldn't be going forward unless the tech worked. -These new regulations will make America more energy independent by incentivising power companies to put a higher priority on clean energy, while simultaneously protecting the environment. -The administration is due to issue its proposal to limit emissions from existing power plants - which currently make up about a third of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions - in June 2014.
How Trump's rules on coal-fired power plants differ from Obama's
The Trump administration unveiled its plan to reverse President Obama's coal pollution rules. The new EPA proposal, called the Affordable Clean Energy Rule, would give states leeway on whether to limit emissions and by how much, and allow older power plants to operate longer. Yamiche Alcindor reports, and Judy Woodruff discusses the potential impact with Juliet Eilperin of the Washington Post. Find more from PBS NewsHour at https://www.pbs.org/newshour Subscribe to our YouTube channel: https://bit.ly/2HfsCD6 Follow us: Facebook: http://www.pbs.org/newshour Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/newshour Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/newshour Snapchat: @pbsnews Subscribe: PBS NewsHour podcasts: https://www.pbs.org/newshour/podcasts Newsletters: https://www.pbs.org/newshour/subscribe
Views: 4036 PBS NewsHour
Mountaintop Removal Coal Mining US Group Attacks Chinese Coal Company
A group in the United States called the Tennessee Conservative Union released an advertisement on Monday. The ad supports proposed state legislature that would ban mountain top removal for virgin peaks over 2,000 feet. But behind the ad is concern that a Chinese owned mining company, which has surface rights to about 48 square miles, would cause damage to Tennessee's mountains. [ADVERTISEMENT] "Tennessee has become the first state in our great nation to permit the red Chinese to destroy our mountains and take our coal. The same folks who hold our debt, hack our businesses, and have the worst conservation record in the world." Triple H Coal Company was bought by Chinese state-owned Guizhou Gouchuang Energy Holdings Group last year. This was the first Chinese acquisition of a US coal company, and a top Chinese CEO in the coal industry said Chinese coal companies were interested in further acquisitions. While TCU is worried about the destructive practice of mountain top removal, it is also concerned over Chinese companies with a poor environmental record acquiring US assets. [ADVERTISEMENT] "We're proud that Tennessee is a red state, but just how red are we willing to go?" Environmentalist group Appalachian Voices points out that while the coal is mostly sent to other US states now, it may not be that way for long. Last year the US sent 12% of US coal overseas, and as alternatives to coal become cheaper in the US, the group predicts, that percentage will increase. It also warns that if the coal industry becomes more international, the profits from Tennessee coal will go overseas while the pollution will stay at home. For more news and videos visit ☛ http://ntd.tv Follow us on Twitter ☛ http://twitter.com/NTDTelevision Add us on Facebook ☛ http://on.fb.me/s5KV2C
Views: 2200 NTDonChina
EPA Launches Back-To-Basics Agenda at Pennsylvania Coal Mine
NOTE: If you need captions, please click the CC button on the player to turn them on. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Scott Pruitt visited the Harvey Mine in Sycamore, Pa., April 14, 2917, to meet with coal miners and announce EPA’s Back-to-Basics agenda. The agenda reinforces Administrator Pruitt’s commitment to refocusing EPA on its intended mission, returning power to the states, and creating an environment where jobs can grow. More about the announcement and mine visit. For more about EPA: http://www.epa.gov/ We accept comments according to our comment policy: http://blog.epa.gov/blog/comment-policy/
50 Mining Engineering Interview Questions And Answers || Frequently asked questions in an interview
Mining engineering is an engineering discipline that applies science and technology to the extraction of minerals from the earth. Mining engineering is associated with many other disciplines, such as geology, mineral processing and metallurgy, geotechnical engineering and surveying. A mining engineer may manage any phase of mining operations – from exploration and discovery of the mineral resource, through feasibility study, mine design, development of plans, production and operations to mine closure. With the process of Mineral extraction, some amount of waste and uneconomic material are generated which are the primary source of pollution in the vicinity of mines. Mining activities by their nature cause a disturbance of the natural environment in and around which the minerals are located. Mining engineers must therefore be concerned not only with the production and processing of mineral commodities, but also with the mitigation of damage to the environment both during and after mining as a result of the change in the mining area. Salary and statistics Mining salaries are usually determined by the level of skill required, where the position is, and what kind of organization the engineer is working for.[citation needed] When comparing salaries from one region to another, cost of living and other factors need to be taken into consideration. Mining engineers in India earn relatively high salaries in comparison to many other professions, with an average salary of $15,250. However, in comparison to mining engineer salaries in other regions, such as Canada, the United States, Australia and the United Kingdom, Indian salaries are low. In the United States, there are an estimated 6,630 employed mining engineers, with a mean yearly salary of USD$90,070. Education Students outside Colorado School of Mines campus There are many ways to become a Mining Engineer but all include a university degree in Mining Engineering. Primarily, training includes a Bachelor of Engineering (B.Eng. or B.E.), Bachelor of Science (B.Sc. or B.S.), Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) orBachelor of Applied Science (B.A.Sc.) in Mining Engineering. Depending on the country and jurisdiction, to be licensed as a mining engineer a Master's degree; Master of Engineering (M.Eng.),Master of Science (M.Sc or M.S.) or Master of Applied Science(M.A.Sc.) maybe required. There are also mining engineers who have come from other disciplines e.g. from engineering fields likeMechanical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering,Geomatics Engineering, Environmental Engineering or from science fields like Geology, Geophysics, Physics, Geomatics, Earth Science,Mathematics, However, this path requires taking a graduate degree such as M.Eng, M.S., M.Sc. or M.A.Sc. in Mining Engineering after graduating from a different quantitative undergraduate program in order to be qualified as a mining engineer. The fundamental subjects of mining engineering study usually include: Mathematics; Calculus, Algebra, Differential Equations,Numerical Analysis Geoscience; Geochemistry, Geophysics, Mineralogy, Geomatics Mechanics; Rock mechanics, Soil Mechanics, Geomechanics Thermodynamics; Heat Transfer, Work (thermodynamics), Mass Transfer Hydrogeology Fluid Mechanics; Fluid statics, Fluid Dynamics Geostatistics; Spatial Analysis, Statistics Control Engineering; Control Theory, Instrumentation Surface Mining; Open-pit mining Underground mining (soft rock) Underground mining (hard rock) Computing; MATLAB, Maptek (Vulcan) Drilling and blasting Solid Mechanics; Fracture Mechanics In the United States, the University of Arizona offers a B.S. in Mining Engineering with tracks in mine operations, geomechanics, sustainable resource development and mineral processing. South Dakota School of Mines and Technology offers a B.S. in Mining Engineering and also an M.S. in Mining Engineering and Management and Colorado School of Mines offers a M.S. in Mining and Earth-Systems Engineering, also Doctorate (Ph.D.) degrees in Mining and Earth-Systems Engineering and Underground Construction and Tunnel Engineering respectively. In Canada, McGill University offers both undergraduate (B.Sc. or B.Eng.) and graduate (M.Sc. or M.S.) degrees in Mining Engineering. and the University of British Columbia in Vancouveroffers a Bachelor of Applied Science (B.A.Sc.) in Mining Engineering and also graduate degrees (M.A.Sc. or M.Eng and Ph.D.) in Mining Engineering. In Europe most programs are integrated (B.S. plus M.S. into one) after the Bologna Process and take 5 years to complete. InPortugal, the University of Porto offers a M.Eng. in Mining and Geo-Environmental Engineering and in Spain the Technical University of Madrid offers degrees in Mining Engineering with tracks in Mining Technology, Mining Operations, Fuels and Explosives, Metallurgy.
Views: 7898 Elisha Kriis
Killing the EPA Trump administration plans to gut budget, change how pollution is measured
rump Breaking News Network -Killing the EPA Trump administration plans to gut budget, change how pollution is measured President Donald Trump has been overt about his hostility toward the Environmental Protection Agency since taking office, from removing references to Barack Obama’s pro-environmental policies from the EPA website to suggesting a number of draconian budget cuts. Now it appears that even more sweeping EPA cuts are being proposed by the White House — and the EPA itself is doing little to fight back. Trump is in the midst of preparing an executive order that would drastically curtail how climate change impacts policy decisions, according to Reuters. This will include either diminishing or eliminating the “social cost of carbon” policy implemented by Obama, which attempts to affix a financial figure to the potential economic damage caused by global warming when creating new regulations. The current number is $36 per ton, going up to $50 per ton by 2030. By changing this, Trump plans to provide a boon to industries including auto manufacturing, drilling and coal mining. White House spokeswoman Kelly Love told Reuters that there was “nothing to announce at this time.” On Tuesday, Axios reported that the EPA doesn’t plan on fighting Trump’s current proposal to reduce the agency’s budget by 25 percent — roughly $2 billion — thereby firing 3,000 agency employees. “Senior Trump officials consider the EPA the leading edge of the administration’s plans to deconstruct the administrative state,” writes Jonathan Swan and Ben German. They also report that Trump’s EPA head Scott Pruitt has only opposed the administration on one issue — namely, cleaning up polluted former industrial sites known as brownfields. Source: http://www.salon.com/2017/03/15/killing-the-epa-trump-administration-plans-to-gut-budget-change-how-pollution-is-measured/ Trump Breaking News Network Ingles: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC6KZ... https://youtu.be/I7QizY90Xn8 TRUMPTBNN
1,000 Coal Plants Affected By Supreme Court's EPA Ruling
Under a ruling that revives a 2011 EPA regulation, coal power plants will be forced to reduce pollution that blows across state borders. Follow Zach Toombs: http://twitter.com/ZachToombs See more at http://newsy.com Sources: WJBK http://www.myfoxdetroit.com/ WEAU http://www.weau.com/ Clean Air Council http://cleanair.org/program/outdoor_air_pollution/epas_good_neighbor_rule Google https://www.google.com/maps/place/New+Haven,+CT/@41.920645,-73.1872746,7z/data=!4m2!3m1!1s0x89e7d8443a8070e5:0xf6a354c659b264ed The Wall Street Journal http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB10001424052702304163604579531594097453658?mg=reno64-wsj&url=http%3A%2F%2Fonline.wsj.com%2Farticle%2FSB10001424052702304163604579531594097453658.html EPA https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yHXUPZCUuGs The New York Times http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/30/us/politics/supreme-court-backs-epa-coal-pollution-rules.html?_r=0 Politico http://www.politico.com/story/2014/04/supreme-court-epa-air-pollution-106140.html?hp=r2 The White House https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1BTOvPwVtpo&list=PLRJNAhZxtqH_Sciw0wjqOEuuygrYa1JW7\ Image via: Wikimedia Commons / UpstateNYer http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:USSupremeCourtWestFacade.JPG
Views: 648 Newsy
Coal Mining in Oklahoma. 1952
Identifier: F2010.108.1.050 Description:Black and white film with audio. Film shows men mining coal at Star Coal Company a few miles east of Henryetta, Oklahoma. Film shows men working on the removal of coal from the the mine and the separation and grading process once it is extracted from the mine. The importance of the telephone is shown as a way for miners to communicate with crews above ground while working underground. Creator: Southwestern Bell Oklahoma Coverage: Henryetta (City), in Oklahoma (USA) MARC Geographic Areas: Oklahoma (oku); United States (xxu) Extent: (quantity/size) 7min 44sec Media: 16 mm film; Moving Images,AVI 1920X1080 29.97 FRAME RATE Subjects: Mines and mining To purchase a DVD or broadcast quality digital file contact us: http://www.okhistory.org/ /ohfees
COAL: The documentary
The Northwest is square in the middle of a controversial global debate: Should the region build export terminals that would open lucrative markets for the world's dirtiest fossil fuel? As the U.S. economy continues to struggle, can the country afford not to? COAL is a KCTS 9 and EarthFix original documentary. For more information on the documentary, visit: kcts9.org/coal or earthfix.us/coaldoc. For ongoing reporting on Coal in the Northwest, visit EarthFix: earthfix.info/coal/ Credits Written, Directed and Produced by Katie Campbell Photography by Michael Werner Katie Campbell Editor Michael Werner Narrator Katie Campbell EarthFix reporters Ashley Ahearn Bonnie Stewart Amelia Templeton Courtney Flatt Cassandra Profita Aaron Kunz Aerial photography by Katie Campbell Aerial support provided by Christopher Boyer, LightHawk Hunter Handsfield, LightHawk Additional photography Aaron Kunz Stock Footage - RevoStock Audio post production Milt Ritter Post Production Support Lisa Strube-Kilgore Phil Williams Chris Maske Music Lonely Rails Written by Seth Warren and C. Andrew Rohrmann. Performed by Seth Warren. Published by Sciencelab. Salt Flats Written by Miguel D'Oliveira. Published by BBC Production Music. Like a Phoenix Written by Steve Carter. Published by Chappell Recorded Music Library Ltd. Celtic Mist Written by Al Lethbridge. Published by Chappell Recorded Music Library Ltd. Pistola Written by Geoff Levin. Published by ZFC Music. Fluttering Leaves Written by Daniel Pemberton. Published by Chappell Recorded Music Library Ltd. The Couple Written by Al Lethbridge. Published by BBC Production Music. Halcyon Skies Written by Ben Hales and Matt Hales. Published by Chappell Recorded Music Library Ltd. The Loner Written by Miguel D'Oliveira. Published by BBC Production Music. Special Thanks to Dustin Bleizeffer Shannon Anderson LightHawk Keith Williams Thunder Basin Coal Company Leroy Rohde Andy Rohrmann Tom Lubnau Columbia River Pilots Aaron Toso Courtney Wallace Lauri Hennessey
Views: 155759 EarthFixMedia
Pipeline Nation: America’s Broken Industry
A pipeline network more than 2.5 million miles long transports oil and natural gas throughout the United States — but a top official in the federal government's pipeline safety oversight agency admits that the regulatory process is overstretched and "kind of dying." A recent spike in the number of spills illustrates the problem: the Department of Transportation recorded 73 pipeline-related accidents in 2014, an 87 percent increase over 2009. Despite calls for stricter regulations over the last few years, the rules governing the infrastructure have largely remained the same. Critics say that this is because of the oil industry's cozy relationship with regulators, and argue that violations for penalties are too low to compel compliance. VICE News traveled to Glendive, Montana, to visit the site of a pipeline spill that dumped more than 50,000 gallons of oil into the Yellowstone River, to find out why the industry has such weak regulatory oversight. Watch "Cursed by Coal: Mining the Navajo Nation” - http://bit.ly/1Gpy0cS Read “What Is the US Government Doing to Prevent the Next Oil Pipeline Disaster?“ - http://bit.ly/19KYgnM Read "Cleaner Air in China Might Mean More Carbon Dioxide Pollution” - http://bit.ly/1AGcwo7 Subscribe to VICE News here: http://bit.ly/Subscribe-to-VICE-News Check out VICE News for more: http://vicenews.com Follow VICE News here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/vicenews Twitter: https://twitter.com/vicenews Tumblr: http://vicenews.tumblr.com/ Instagram: http://instagram.com/vicenews More videos from the VICE network: https://www.fb.com/vicevideos
Views: 366717 VICE News
COP24 host, Katowice, attempts to go from black to green
The most important United Nations climate conference since the Paris Agreement of 2015 opens on Sunday (December 2) in Katowice, Poland, one of the most polluted coal-mining regions in Europe. The southern Polish city, which lies in the heart of the Silesia region is Europe's largest coal producer with over 40 mines operating in the area of some 4,500 square kilometres. Tens of thousands of people in the region depend on coal for their livelihoods. Drawing support from those with an emotional attachment to the job security, social fabric and national pride in coal, authorities have for long overlooked the downside for health and the planet. But more and more people realise that coal is not only feeding them, the polluted air takes a heavy toll. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO) the region has some of the most polluted areas on the planet, ranking alongside places with infamously bad air such as Beijing and New Delhi. Coal currently produces around 80 percent of the country's energy while inefficient furnaces and low grade coal used to heat homes add to the air pollution. Piotr Lubecki from a Silesian town of Goczalkowice Zdroj is one of the beneficiaries of a nationwide programme "Clean Air" launched earlier this year. The programme which helps to finance the replacement of old, inefficient furnaces has gained huge popularity in the Katowice area. Earlier this year the Polish government approved long-awaited regulations that define the quality of coal that can be used by households and ban the use of dirty, air polluting fossils. Although the regulations will only take effect from June 30, 2020, authorities in Katowice, in a drive to overcome the city's dirty reputation, have launched a fleet of drones monitoring the air quality and identifying households which burn low quality coal or garbage. Despite all efforts the improvement in the air quality may take time and Olgierd Bator, owner of a production house which makes anti-smog masks, is not going to be out of business any time soon. RESIDENT OF GOCZALKOWICE ZDROJ, PIOTR LUBECKI, SAYING: "When I smoked eco-pea coal earlier in the old furnace, I had to transport this coal (into house), I had to store it somewhere. And right now, with the gas furnace, I can control it either from the room or from the boiler room where we are now." COUNTRY SALES MANAGER AT DE DIETRICH FURNACE COMPANY, MARCIN WOJSZNIS, SAYING: "Generally speaking, the (government) programme 'Clean Air' is mainly aimed at eradicating the so-called 'energy poverty', so it is designed for people who need to insulate their houses and to exchange their heating systems from the so-called 'trashy furnace' to a condensing boiler or a heat pump." KATOWICE MUNICIPAL POLICE SPOKESPERSON, JACEK PYTEL, SAYING: "The Municipal Police in Katowice has been inspecting fireplaces for many years. During such an inspection, the officers check what do Katowice residents burn in their furnaces and also recently, what is the technical condition of the furnace, because in three years the furnaces that have been used for many years will have to be exchanged for new ecological ones". OWNER OF HISOUTFIT COMPANY, OLGIERD BATOR, SAYING: "We live in Silesia and there are many cities here which are on the list of 50 most polluted cities in Europe and because of that we wanted to meet the needs of our clients and create the masks like these which they can match their outfit and everyday look."
Views: 86 TV NEWS.PL
U.S. Takes Major Global Warming Step
The United States Environmental Protection Agency has unveiled its proposal to cut carbon dioxide emissions from coal-fired power plants by 30% from 2005 levels by 2030. Subscribe to The Daily Conversation https://www.youtube.com/TheDailyConversation Facebook http://www.facebook.com/thedailyconversation Google+ https://plus.google.com/100134925804523235350/posts Twitter http://www.twitter.com/thedailyconvo Greenhouse Gas,United States Environmental Protection Agency (Government Agency),EPA,Environment,clean,green,coal,carbon dioxide,global warming,climate change,Fossil-fuel Power Station,Carbon (Chemical Element),Natural Gas (Industry),wind,solar,Solar Energy (Industry),Wind Power (Industry),USA,United States,President Obama,Barack Obama,Obama,Hillary Clinton,economy,health,good,video,Gina McCarthy
Marco Rubio Doesn’t Understand How The Economy Works
During a recent appearance on CNN, Republican Senator Marco Rubio said that the planet is obviously warming but we can’t “destroy the economy” to save the planet. Clearly, Rubio doesn’t understand how the economy works, because every available piece of evidence shows that protecting the planet from destruction is a net gain for the economy (and the environment), but Rubio instead clings to those bogus Republican talking points about liberals wanting to wreck the economy to save the planet. Ring of Fire’s Farron Cousins discusses this.   Link – https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/marco-rubio-says-he-wont-destroy-our-economy-for-climate-change_us_5bc3af1de4b040bb4e837770 Support us by becoming a monthly patron on Patreon, and help keep progressive media alive!: https://www.patreon.com/TheRingofFire Spread the word! LIKE and SHARE this video or leave a comment to help direct attention to the stories that matter. And SUBSCRIBE to stay connected with Ring of Fire's video content! Support Ring of Fire by subscribing to our YouTube channel: https://www.youtube.com/theringoffire Be sociable! Follow us on: Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/RingofFireRadio Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/RingofFireRadio Google+: http://plus.google.com/118415831573195648557 Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/ringoffirenetwork/ Follow more of our stories at http://www.TROFIRE.com Subscribe to our podcast: http://www.ROFPodcast.com Nobody's ever accused Marco Rubio of being a smart guy, and he proved again this past weekend on CNN that he really doesn't understand how, well, anything is actually supposed to work. During an interview on CNN, Marco Rubio was talking about climate change, you know, the issue where just a few years ago he got mad during an interview and said, "Look, I'm not a scientist, man." Well, now I guess he's learned a little bit from scientists and says, "Yeah, we should probably do something about the environment and climate change, but we can't destroy the economy to do it." Here is the exact quote from Marco Rubio: "We're going to have to do something about the impact that it's having on low level coastal areas, and that means mitigation, hardening, lifting, how we manage water. We're all over that, but I'm also not going to destroy our economy. There's a reality here. There's a balance on that end of it that we need to be focused on." Marco, have you seen any of the studies that show that addressing climate change, reducing emissions, not destroying regulations, that literally every single one of those things actually creates more economic benefit than either ignoring them or destroying them? Because every available study happens to say that. In fact, those regulations that your president is slashing and burning at an alarming rate, those actually create more jobs here in the United States, and for every $1 spent on enforcement, it creates a $7 ripple effect throughout local economies. We could be investing in smarter energy, renewable energy, working on job training programs to take people out of the coal mines, get them working on wind turbines and solar panels. That would actually create more jobs and create fewer sick days for Americans, because that would also result in less pollution, which would create bigger economic benefits. There's literally no way to address the climate change catastrophe coming towards us without benefiting the economy. That's how that works. It is a win-win situation. We help fix the environment, and we get a robust, renewable energy economy with fewer emissions, fewer sick days, greater economic benefits, higher worker productivity, literally no one loses except for the fossil fuel industry CEOs who refuse to change for decades. But those are the only people you care about. Those are the only people your party cares about, and that's why you're willing to go on CNN and pretend that you don't know how the actual economy works. I know you've seen those studies, okay? Those studies have been out for years at this point, and none of them say that we have to burn down the economy in order to save the planet. In fact, all of them happen to say the exact opposite of that.
Views: 11226 The Ring of Fire
10 Most Polluted Cities on Earth
Follow the FACT MANIAC on Twitter! https://twitter.com/factmaniac Follow the FACT MANIAC on Instagram! https://instagram.com/FactManiac Follow the FACT MANIAC on Facebook! https://facebook.com/FactManiac Subscribe to The Matthew Santoro Podcast!: YouTube: http://bit.ly/MSPodcastYouTube Apple: http://bit.ly/MSPodcastApple Spotify: http://bit.ly/MSPodcastSpotify ...and every other platform! Follow me!: Twitter: http://twitter.com/MatthewSantoro Instagram: http://instagram.com/MatthewSantoro Facebook: http://facebook.com/MatthewSantoro Snapchat: http://snapchat.com/add/matthewsantoro Follow my daily amazing fact account - The Fact Maniac!: Twitter: http://twitter.com/FactManiac Facebook: http://facebook.com/FactManiac Instagram: http://instagram.com/FactManiac My PO box: Matthew Santoro 645 W 9th St Unit 110-120 Los Angeles CA 90015 United States Get a copy of my book: http://bit.ly/MindBlownBook Sources https://pastebin.com/LWb3Pc1L
Views: 348126 MatthewSantoro
Top 10 Shocking And Unknown Facts About Russia || రష్యా గురించి నమ్మలేని 10 షాకింగ్ నిజాలు | With CC
Top 10 Shocking And Unknown Facts About Russia - రష్యా గురించి నమ్మలేని 10 షాకింగ్ నిజాలు - With Subtitles ENTERTAINMENT ►SUBSCRIBE TO PLANET LEAF :- https://goo.gl/ZasYcY ►SUBSCRIBE TO CHUCHU SUPER KIDS :- https://goo.gl/g81TxT ►SUBSCRIBE TO TFC SPIRITUAL :- https://goo.gl/54LRFZ ►SUBSCRIBE TO PLANET MOJO :- https://goo.gl/KTxvkN ►SUBSCRIBE TO LOCAL BITES :- https://goo.gl/Ezfnz2 NEWS ►SUBSCRIBE TO TFC NEWS :- https://goo.gl/dDZS2g ►SUBSCRIBE TO TFC FILM NEWS :- https://goo.gl/M8XfZt ►SUBSCRIBE TO GOSSIPS KING :- https://goo.gl/reZFUd WEBSITES ►FOR COMPLETE ENTERTAINMENT & INFORMATION :- https://goo.gl/U7d6j1 ►FOR ONLINE GAMES :- https://goo.gl/Lnz2qz FOLLOW US ON SOCIAL MEDIA ►FACEBOOK - https://goo.gl/9nah8Q ►TWITTER - https://goo.gl/jpw19v ►GOOGLE+ - https://goo.gl/TuwAQm ►Blogger - https://goo.gl/mKEIe4 ►SCOOP IT - https://goo.gl/yKaf2o ►TUMBLER - https://goo.gl/xI2385 ►REDDIT - https://goo.gl/tbAjsV ►GOOGLE+ COMMUNITIES -https://goo.gl/epJ2op Here are 30, weird fun and interesting facts about Russia. Moscow is the capital and the largest city in Russia. The total Russian population is estimated at 142,500,482. Approximately 73.8% of the population lives in urban centers. The largest cities are Moscow (10.523 million), St. Petersburg (4.575 million), Novosibirsk (1.397 million), Yekaterinburg (1.344 million) and Nizhniy Novgorod (1.267 million.) The land border of Russia is 20,241 kilometers long, the second longest of any country. Russia is the largest country in the world – and is approximately 1.8 times the size of the US. Russia has a seat on the United Nations Security Council. Russia shares a border with 14 countries including Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Belarus, China, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and North Korea. No other country has as many borders. There are nine time zones across Russia. Russia is permanently on daylight savings time. The lowest point in Russia is the Caspian Sea – at 28 meters below sea level. The highest point is Mt. Elbrus at 5, 633 meters above sea level. It’s the highest mountain in Europe. A chairlift takes you to the 3000 meter mark so the climbing really starts there. Russian is one of the five most spoken languages in the world. Russians use the Cryillic alphabet instead of the Latin alphabet. Lake Baikal contains about 20% of the world’s fresh water and is the deepest lake in the world. About 1,700 species of plants and animals live in the lake, two thirds of which can be found nowhere else in the world. Life expectancy at birth for males is 64.04 years, and 76.02 years for females. The median age in Russia is 38.8 years. The population is declining at a rate of -0.02% per year. Russia has a very high literacy rate – with 99.7% of the population able to read and write by age 15. Moscow is home to more billionaires than anywhere else in the world. The latest count is 74. Russia has a per capita income of about $14,000. Russia’s economy is the eighth largest in the world. Russia is very corrupt. It is is ranked 127 out of 177 on Transparency International’s 2013 Corruption Perception Index. There are 46,812,553 million people between the ages of 16 and 49 that are fit for military service, and 22,304,718 million that are unfit for military service, principally because of health problems. Males are registered for the draft at 17. An amazing 25% of Russian males die before they turn 55. Russia has 12 active volcanoes. The Klyuchevskaya Sopka volcano in Kamchatka Territory has had 50 major eruptions in the last 270 years. The world’s most polluted city, Norilsk in Russia not only has a harsh climate with an average temperature of 15.5 F, but is so heavily polluted by heavy metals that it is economically feasible to mine the surface soil. In 2011 Russia became the world’s leading oil producer. It is the second largest producer of natural gas. It boasts the second largest coal reserve. This makes the country very susceptible to boom and bust cycles. Russia Day, a national holiday is June 12th. There are approximately 261.9 million cellphones in use and 42.9 million land lines. There are 1000 companies licensed to offer communication systems. Russians are not the biggest drinkers in Europe despite their vodka swilling image. Still the annual per capital consumption of alcohol is 15.76 liters, the fourth highest volume in Europe. The countries with higher consumption are Moldova, the Czech Republic and Hungary. Until 2011, anything containing less than 10% alcohol was considered to be a foodstuff and not alcoholic. They do have drinking and driving laws in effect – with drunk driving starting at 0.035% blood alcohol. The Trans- Siberian Railroad connects Moscow to the Russia Far East. It’s the longest railway line in the world. Everything explained in Telugu. Do not forget to like and share the video links...
Views: 31417 Planet Leaf
COP21: China reduces coal reliance - at a cost
(16 Nov 2015) Coal has long been China's key traditional energy and is known as "black gold", but it has seen a rapid decline in price and demand in recent months as Beijing tries to tackle the issue of air pollution. Many mines are closing as China looks to reduce its dependency on coal, many of these in the area of Ordos in Inner Mongolia. Qiu Zhijie is one of the investors in the Yongshun Coal Mine in Ordos and he is struggling to sell the last batch of his coal in storage before completely shutting down the mine. The miner said that most of his friends who invested in other coal mines have closed their operations and local media reported that 70 percent of private coal mines in Ordos have shut-down or stopped production. China's coal consumption last year fell by 2.9 percent and it was the first decrease in 15 years. Like many other cities that heavily relied on coal, Ordos feels the pain of the slowing growth of coal consumption. Trying to reduce reliance on coal, the city invested heavily in real estate and tourism but ended up building a huge new city that homes very few residents. It has become one of China's most infamous "ghost towns." Places like Ordos are bearing the brunt of China's promise to tackle the climate change issue. Although the current decline of coal consumption is good for China as it attempts to reduce emissions, it is far from enough, according to Dong Liansai, Climate and Energy Campaigner in Greenpeace's Beijing Office. After being accused of obstructing the last high-level climate negotiations in Copenhagen, Beijing has promised that in the upcoming Climate Change Conference in Paris it will play a constructive role. Efforts at home seem to show China is attempting to switch from coal to solar and wind power - and it has become a global leader in clean energy. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/7b122a0526d715a908a8cb8bcd4d7179 Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Views: 51 AP Archive
Debating the New EPA Rules for Carbon Emissions from Coal - TRNN Webathon Panel
Jeff Biggers, Daphnye Wysham, and Subhankar Banerjee discuss the details and limits of the new EPA rules for carbon emissions by coal-fired power plants
Views: 1420 The Real News Network
Justices rule against EPA power plant mercury limits
WASHINGTON (AP) -- The Supreme Court ruled Monday against the Obama administration's attempt to limit power plant emissions of mercury and other hazardous air pollutants, but it may only be a temporary setback for regulators. The justices split 5-4 along ideological lines to rule that the Environmental Protection Agency did not properly take costs into account when it first decided to regulate the toxic emissions from coal- and oil-fired plants. The EPA did factor in costs at a later stage, when it wrote standards that are expected to reduce the toxic emissions by 90 percent. But the court said that was too late. The rules, which took effect in April, will remain in place while the case goes back to a lower court for the EPA to decide how to account for costs, environmental advocates say. They were supposed to be fully in place next year. At issue was whether health risks are the only consideration under the Clean Air Act. The challenge was brought by industry groups and 21 Republican-led states, which argued that the regulations were too costly for coal miners, businesses and consumers. Writing for the court, Justice Antonin Scalia said the EPA was unreasonable in refusing to consider costs at the outset. "The agency must consider cost - including, most importantly, cost of compliance - before deciding whether regulation is appropriate and necessary," Scalia said. In dissent, Justice Elena Kagan said it was enough for EPA to consider costs later in the process. "Over more than a decade, EPA took costs into account at multiple stages and through multiple means as it set emissions limits for power plants," Kagan said. She was joined by the court's liberal members. The EPA said it is reviewing the court's decision and will determine any appropriate next steps once a review is completed. "EPA is disappointed that the Supreme Court did not uphold the rule, but this rule was issued more than three years ago, investments have been made and most plants are already well on their way to compliance," EPA spokeswoman Melissa Harrison said. Indeed, more than 70 percent of power plants already have installed controls to comply with the rules, said Vicki Patton, an attorney at the advocacy group Environmental Defense Fund. "EPA already has an economic analysis that it can rely on to demonstrate that the public health benefits of the standards far outweigh the costs," Patton said. The case is the latest in a string of attacks against the administration's actions to use the Clean Air Act to rein in pollution from coal-burning power plants. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., called the ruling "a cutting rebuke to the administration's callous attitude." He said it "serves as a critical reminder" to state governors, who are awaiting more EPA rules this summer aimed at curbing pollution from coal-fired power plants that is linked to global warming. States have already challenged those rules even before they are final, and Congress is working on a bill that would allow states to opt out of any rules clamping down on heat-trapping carbon dioxide. White House spokesman Josh Earnest called out McConnell for reprising his suggestion that governors should flout EPA regulations. He said McConnell was not advocating in the best interests of the American public. House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, suggested that the high court ruling gives opponents an opening "to protect the jobs and energy that are still at risk under this administration." In the case of the mercury rules, the costs of installing and operating equipment to remove the pollutants before they are dispersed into the air are hefty - .6 billion a year, the EPA found. But the benefits are much greater, 7 billion to 0 billion annually, the agency said. The savings stem from the prevention of up to 11,000 deaths, 4,700 nonfatal heart attacks and 540,000 lost days of work, the EPA said. Mercury accumulates in fish and is especially dangerous to pregnant or breastfeeding women, and young children, because of concern that too much could harm a developing brain. A disproportionate share of the 600 affected power plants, most of which burn coal, are in the South and upper Midwest. This story has been corrected to show John Boehner's title as House speaker instead of majority leader. 2015 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed. Learn more about our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use. Follow us on Twitter @Local12 and LIKE us on Facebook for updates!
Views: 197 LOCAL 12
U.S. electricity from coal: 53% in 1997, 48% in 2008, 45% in 2009
13 surface mines in a 80-mile stretch of WY produce over 400 million tons of coal each year -- about 40% of the total U.S. production, providing electricity to 20% of the U.S. homes. Arch Coal Black Thunder mine‏ http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BvUbU1auBCA and http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ahrl60Wlavw Coal accounted for 52.8 percent of the United States' net electrical generation in 1997. But coal's grip on the country's utility market has slipped, down to 48.2 percent in 2008 and to 44.6 percent in 2009, according to the Energy Information Administration - http://www.eia.doe.gov/fuelelectric.html 2/9/2011 - http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2011-02-09/-massive-closures-of-u-s-coal-plants-loom-chu-says-update2-.html (Excerpt) The EIA predicts plants with 7.7 gigawatts of capacity will close by 2018. Cambridge, Massachusetts-based The Brattle Group, a consulting firm, said in December that 50 to 65 gigawatts of capacity may be closed by 2020 because of environmental regulations. Analysts at Zurich-based bank Credit Suisse Group AG said in September that about 60 gigawatts of coal capacity may be retired. American Electric Power (AEP), Ohio-based, is one of the nation's largest electric utilities (almost 5 million customers linked to its 11-state electricity transmission and distribution grid). AEP is the largest electricity generator in the U.S. The utility recently announced that it will retire about 5,000 megawatts of coal-fired generation over the next five years. In 2009, AEP's fuel mix was 66 percent coal, 22 percent natural gas and the rest nuclear, hydro and various types of renewable power. AEP estimates that by 2017 its fuel mix will be 58 percent coal, 27 percent natural gas, and the rest nuclear, hydro and renewable. Also see: http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=American_Electric_Power --- 10/19/2010 American Electric Power Co. (AEP) is reviewing options to shut down more than 5,000 megawatts of coal power, but the pace will depend on regulations, a company executive said Tuesday. [Abut 13% of its total 38,000 megawatts capacity; AEP burned 76 million tons of coal in 2009] Federal and state regulations could add significant costs to operating coal-fired plants for their emissions. "How much of the capacity do you replace depends on the economy and depends on what the options are," such as the price of building cleaner natural-gas generation, said Nick Akins, AEP's executive vice president of generation. The utility gets 5,000 megawatts of generation from smaller, older and less-efficient coal units and there isn't economic justification to retrofit them with environmental upgrades. AEP is evaluating whether to retire and replace another 10,000 megawatts of power generation. "If we retire too much capacity too quickly, we will not be able to survive from a system dynamic," Akins said at the company's investor day meeting in New York City. AEP has been actively lobbying in Washington on an energy policy and regulatory concerns, such as the pace of implementing clean air rules. Akins said that the company will have to change how it contracts coal but did not provide further details. AEP is considering adding natural gas generating capacity for various brownfield projects but is not planning to make any new coal or nuclear investments in the near term, Akin said. --- More: http://groups.google.com/group/bob-mooney/web/powering-down === Powder River Basin coal mines, also see: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dajoJMXEE0o 1:49 minutes http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hdRlwKM4eIc 1:57 minutes http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GWebhWWNaMU 3:16 minutes http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ahrl60Wlavw 3:20 minutes http://www.wsgs.uwyo.edu/coalweb/WyomingCoal/default.aspx The video on here was done is from Plains Justice http://plainsjusticeblog.wordpress.com/2010/10/10/powder-river-basin-coal-mines-video/ === Coal Country docuementary: http://www.coalcountrythemovie.com/ VBS.TV took a trip to West Virginia to investigate the evils of mountaintop removal mining. http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/energy/blogs/watch-toxic-west-virginia === In all, more than 4000 animals died in the spill that fouled nearly a mile of Captina Creek in Belmont County, Ohio, on October 1, 2010. (Con't.) http://tinyurl.com/Coal-slurry-in-Captina-Cr Video (1:37 minutes) http://vp.mgnetwork.net/traveler.swf?embed_referer=&u=2e83506a2220102ea6fd001ec92a4a0d 10/10/2010 - Toxic coal sludge pollutes Ky. town 10 years later http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5jvwI07uAn7QJ0uvbYNgmpERomHfgD9IP0VP01?docId=D9IP0VP01 10/7/3020 - Journalist receives government records after 7 years http://www.rcfp.org/newsitems/index.php?i=11594 The editor of a mining industry newsletter received additional government records Monday regarding the investigation into one of the worst environmental accidents in SE U.S.
Views: 1104 rhmooney3
Rare Opportunity: Researchers See Potential In Mining Coal Waste
Throughout coal mining country of the Eastern U.S. you will find streams that run a peculiar rusty orange. It’s the result of pollution called acid mine drainage, or AMD. It’s estimated that about 10,000 miles of streams are polluted by AMD in Pennsylvania and West Virginia alone. In fact, researchers have calculated that every second, coal mines throughout the region are pumping out about 3,000 cubic feet of AMD. That’s roughly equal to an average May day’s flow of water in the Monongahela River as it winds through the region. http://wvpublic.org/post/rare-opportunity-researchers-see-potential-mining-coal-waste
Where Does Air Pollution Occur In The World?
"Where Does Air Pollution Occur In The World Air polluted cities in the world 27 sep 2011 10 most air what do these all have common, aside from fact they're not likely to show up on a pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances including gases, indoor and poor urban quality are listed as two world's modern smog does usually come coal but vehicular global conference health, 30 october 1 november 2018 was organized at who headquarters geneva, collaboration with un 2 may an 'alarming' 7 million people die each year pollution, report said, levels remain dangerously high many parts world28 2016 27), health organization (who) found that 92. Nine out of 10 people breathing polluted air who phys. National park the most polluted air on planet cities in pollution live science. What can you do to help? . May 2018 more than 90 percent of deaths linked to air pollution occur in low or was that 40 the global population still does not find out what nrcm is doing and you can do help reduce warming climate change advocate for clean, healthy maine causes, effects solutions one such form refers it occurs when any harmful gases, dust, smoke enters into atmosphere warming, a direct result increased imbalance gases understand concept reduce, reuse recycle throw away. At the time of publication, chinese maps on world air quality index or rank cities because many do not have resources political will to set up a it shouldn't be surprise if smog continues happen, said chiagozie 17 nov 2018 all these things are examples serious pollution that happen without any coal fired power plants world's biggest source sulfur dioxide pollution, which where, then, does modern come from? . Global warming maine pollution and climate change affect causes, effects solutions of air conserve energy. Air pollutants and global effects european environment agency. Polluted air is lethal in these parts of the world kids learn about pollution and how it effects environment healthsome scientists believe that releasing too much carbon dioxide into atmosphere one causes global warming. The air in these cities contains high levels of 27 feb 2018 pollution, water pollution and noise are among the different ways to some world's worst polluted places, babies born with birth defects, happens when chemicals or dangerous foreign according united nations, 783 million people do not have access clean 17 oct 2017 pollutants aren't always visible come from many sources. Environment for kids air pollution ducksters. World health organization air pollution affects 90% of population. Here's here's a list of the world's most polluted cities. World health organization releases new global air pollution data where is the world's most polluted city? Air a simple introduction to its causes and effects. 17 jan 2018 natural sources can sometimes be significant but do not usually create ongoing air pollution problems like the other source types can according to the world health organization, the air in these 30 cities was found to be the most polluted in 2016. Of the estimated 7 million deaths that occur every year from out variation which would between countries based on population demographics also described as global warming or greenhouse effect, most scientists now agree possible local authorities should consider using products do not contain wet deposition occurs when pollutants are carried in rain, snow, mist and 2 may 2018 more than 90. Air pollution world health organization. 31 oct 2018 eleven out of the 12 most polluted cities on a world health why india's air pollution is so horrendous but how did it get so bad? Let's take a 5 jun 2018 up to 7 million people per year die prematurely due to air pollution, the majority in low and middle income countries do not meet who air quality guidelines. Air polluted cities in the world who. Million people, mostly in cities, every year. Air pollution map which countries have the highest concentrations where does air come from? (u. Dec 2015 outdoor air pollution kills 3. Pollution levels are some of the highest in world. It shows how air pollution our world in data. Air pollution causes, effects, and solutions national geographic."
Views: 9 Question Force
Colstrip United
Lori Shaw is co-founder and director of Colstrip United, a grassroots movement dedicated to making the lesser-known, positive information about coal and coal energy more available to the public.
Changes in Mining Regulations
Views: 181 Veronica Isham
http://bestsolutions.cu.cc/bethesda-mining-company/ Bethesda Mining is a midsized coal mining company with 20 mines located in Ohio, Pennsylvania, West Virginia and Kentucky. The company operates deep mines as well as strip mines. Most of the coal mined is sold under contract, with excess production sold on the spot market. The coal mining industry, especially high-sulfur coal operations such as Bethesda, has been hard hit by environmental regulations. Recently, however, a combination of increased demand for coal and new pollution reduction technologies has led to an improved market demand for high sulfur coal. Bethesda has just been approached by Mid-Ohio Electric Company with a request to supply coal for its electric generators for the next four years. Bethesda Mining does not have enough excess capacity at its existing mines to guarantee the contract. The company is considering opening a strip mine in Ohio on 5,000 acres of land purchased 10 years ago for $5 million. Based on a recent appraisal, the company feels it could receive $4.5 million on an aftertax basis if it sold the land today. Strip mining is a process where the layers of topsoil above vein are removed and the exposed soil is removed. Some time ago, the company would simply remove the coil and leave the land in an unusable condition. Changes in the mining regulations now force the a company to reclaim the land; that is, when mining is completed, the land must be restored to near its original condition. The land can then be used for other purposes. Because it is currently operating at full capacity, Bethesda will need to purchase additional necessary equipment, which will cost $30 million. The equipment will be depreciated on a seven-year MACRS schedule. The contract runs for only four years. At that time the coal from the site will be entirely mined. The company feels that the equipment can be sold for 60 percent of its initial purchase price. However, Bethesda plans to open another strip mine at that time and will use the equipment at the new mine. The contract calls for the delivery of 500,000 tons of coal per year at a price of $35 per ton. Bethesda Mining feels that call production will be 550,000 tons, 625,000 tons, 710,000 tons, and 640,000 tons, respectively, over the next four years. The excess production will be sold in the spot market at an average of $40 per ton. Variable costs amount to $10 per ton, and fixed costs are $2,500,000 per year. The mine will require a net working capital investment of 3 percent of sales. The NWC will be built up in the year prior to sales. Bethesda will be responsible for reclaiming the land at termination of the mining. This will occur in year 5. The company uses an outside company for reclamation of all the company's strip mines. It is estimated the cost of reclamation will be $3 million. After the land is reclaimed, the company plans to denote the land to the state for use as a public park and recreation area. This will occur in year 6 and result in a charitable expense deduction of $5 million. Bethesda faces a 40 percent tax rate and has a 10 percent required return on new strip mine projects. Assume that a loss in any year will result in a tax credit. You have been approached by the president of the company with a request to analyze the project. Calculate the payback period, profitability index, net present value and internal rate of return for the new strip mine. Should Bethesda Mining take thecontract and open the mine?
Views: 585 green anderson
ENVIRONMENTAL | Benefits of Going Vegan
Jaclyn and Julia discuss how you can help improve the environment we live in while eating things that grow from the Earth that keep the mind and body clear of animal products, all while talking about how supporting the animal agriculture businesses is the biggest pollutant on the planet. Let us know what other topics you'd like us to discuss in the comments!!! VEGAN APPAREL https://www.Veganculture.co MEAL PLANS & NUTRITION COACHING https://www.Mealplansplus.com INSTAGRAMS https://www.instagram.com/vegancultureco/ https://www.instagram.com/jaclyntiffany/ https://www.instagram.com/juliarachelle/ https://www.instagram.com/mealplansplus/ FACEBOOOKS https://www.facebook.com/mealplansplus/ https://www.facebook.com/vegancultureco/ https://www.facebook.com/julessweg https://www.facebook.com/jaclyntiffanyw?ref=br_rs Environmental Statistics: Human-related Sources. In the United States, the largest methane emissions come from the decomposition of wastes in landfills, ruminant digestion and manure management associated with domestic livestock, natural gas and oil systems, and coal mining. Chicken, turkey, pig, and cow agriculture are collectively the largest producers of methane in the US. Methane is 20 times more powerful at trapping heat in the Earth's atmosphere than carbon dioxide. The meat egg and dairy Industries produce 65% of worldwide nitrous oxide emissions. Nitrous oxide is 300 times more powerful at trapping heat in the Earth's atmosphere is and carbon dioxide. If one person exchanges eating meat for a vegan diet they'll reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 1.5 tons per year. If every American dropped one serving of chicken per week from their diet it would save the same amount of CO2 emissions of taking 500,000 cars off the road. 1 calorie from animal protein requires 11 times as much fossil fuel as one calorie of plant protein. The diets of meat eaters create 7 times the greenhouse emissions of the diets of vegans. Nearly half of all water used in the United States goes to raising animals for food. It takes more than 2,400 gallons of water to produce one pound of meat one pound of wheat takes 25 gallons. You save more water by not eating one pound of me than you would by now taking a shower for 6 months. A vegan diet requires 300 gallons of water a day vs a meat eating diet which requires 4000 gallons per day. Animals raised for food create 89,000 pounds of excrement per second, none of which benefits from the waste treatment facilities like human excrement does. The situation creates massive amounts of groundwater pollution. Chicken, hog, cattle excrement has polluted 35,000 miles of rivers in 22 States. Raising animals for food uses 30% of the earth's land mass - about the same size as Asia. More than 250 million Acres of US Forest have been cleared to create cropland to grow grain to feed farmed animals. The equivalent of 7 football fields are bulldoze every minute to create more room for farm animals. Livestock grazing is the number one cause of plant species becoming threatened or going extinct in the US. Source: https://www.culinaryschools.org/yum/vegetables/
Views: 121 Vegan Culture
COP24: Tackling fast fashion waste with sustainable alternatives
(3 Dec 2018) LEADIN: A growing number of eco-friendly startups in Belgium are trying to tackle pollution from the fashion industry. By turning to techniques like 3D printing and recycling, they're hoping to reduce some of the fashion industry's global carbon emissions which amount to more than all international flights and maritime shipping combined. STORYLINE: The Belgian port city of Antwerp has been a fashion hub since the mid-80s. In his workshop, overlooking the Scheldt river, fashion designer Sebastiaan de Neubourg makes fashionable sunglasses using 3D printers. The ink is made from recycled plastic bottles, car dashboards and refrigerators. It's a slow process, taking up to two hours for each pair of glasses. Plastic waste is collected and shredded to make 3D printer filament. Transparent frames are made from soda bottles, white ones from refrigerators and black ones from car dashboards. Thirty-four-year-old engineer turned fashion designer De Neubourg quit his job three years ago to setup his own company. He turned to crowdfunding to start his W.R.YUMA brand. He says plastic can be recycled up to ten times. In the future, he plans to branch out and 3D print sunglasses in other cities around the world. "Waste, I believe, is design failure and I very much believe that the future economy and the future products that we will have and use, there will be no such thing as waste," he says. "And with these pairs of sunglasses, I want to show that sustainable fashion can not only be sustainable, but also wearable and beautiful and affordable in itself." The U.N.'s European Economic Commission (UNECE) estimates the fashion industry is responsible for producing 20 percent of global wastewater and 10 percent of global carbon emissions. That's more than the emissions of all international flights and maritime shipping combined. Tom Duhoux, a neighbour of De Neubourg's, tours second-hand stores around Belgium, collecting cotton from used denim jeans. Two years ago, 36-year-old commercial engineer and sustainability consultant Duhoux decided to try to produce jeans without damaging the environment. His HNST brand produces locally in Europe, cutting down on transport and reducing its carbon footprint. He also locally sources the cotton for his jeans. "This is actually where we harvest our cotton," explains Duhoux "Instead of taking new cotton that grows on a field, that requires a lot of water to grow, we use a cotton that's already around." "And these now will be shredded and made back into the fibres that we will use for yarn." Duhoux says he saves about 6,000 litres of water per pair of jeans. He also uses an expensive, but environmentally-friendly and non-toxic dying technique, and plants trees to offset the carbon emissions generated by transport involved in the process. But sustainable fashion is easier said than done. Dehoux says his HNST brand recycles more cotton per pair of jeans than anyone else - up to 50 percent. But any more than that doesn't appear feasible, claims Dehoux. "The amount of recycled content we have to date is the highest amount possible because in the recycling process, which is a mechanical process, the jeans are being chopped up, so the fibres, the fibre length gets shortened."he says. "So, we need to add the new fibres to have the good quality again. So, that's why we can't produce a hundred percent recycled jeans at the moment yet." Many of them are "techies" rather than fashionistas. Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork Twitter: https://twitter.com/AP_Archive Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/APArchives Google+: https://plus.google.com/b/102011028589719587178/+APArchive​ Tumblr: https://aparchives.tumblr.com/​​ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/APNews/ You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/6d7f8cf07884b2ead42f47ec29031637
Views: 80 AP Archive
International Treaty to Decrease Mercury Pollution
A United Nations treaty focused on lowering mercury pollution has been adopted by over 140 countries around the world, with some beginning the process of signing it. A United Nations treaty focused on lowering mercury pollution has been adopted by over 140 countries around the world, with some beginning the process of signing it. The treaty is called the Minamata Convention after the Japanese city that suffered from devastating mercury poisoning back in the 1950s. Data collected by the UN revealed that the level of mercury emissions in several developing countries was reportedly on the rise mostly due to pollution from small mining operations, and burning coal. Southeast Asian countries, where laws and regulations are struggling to keep up with the rate of industrialization, are responsible for nearly half of the yearly mercury emissions in the world. Juliane Kippenberg, senior researcher from the Human Rights Watch said: "Millions of people around the world are exposed to the toxic effect of mercury. This treaty will help protect both the environment and people's right to health." Mercury that has been released into the atmosphere then circulates through the air, water, and soil, and can end up in the bodies of living organisms. According to the World Health Organization, exposure to mercury inhalation can cause a number of different health problems and can be fatal in some cases.
Views: 269 GeoBeats News
Protecting Air Quality: Halting Imports of Polluting Engines
NOTE: If you need captions, please click the CC button on the player to turn them on. U.S. EPA works with Customs and Border Protection to inspect and test imports of high-emission engines at the Ports of Long Beach and Los Angeles, CA. For more information about EPA Enforcement and Compliance, go to https://www.epa.gov/enforcement/ For more information about our work at Ports, go to https://www.epa.gov/ports-initiative For more information about the Clean Air Act, go to https://www.epa.gov/clean-air-act-overview We accept comments according to our comment policy: http://blog.epa.gov/blog/comment-policy/
True cost of coal
I urge the Minnesota PUC to recognise the true costs of pollution by updating pollution cost estimates for utility energy planning based on current, credible science. Pollution from fossil fuels costs Minnesotans $2.1 billion annually in health and environmental costs - 94 percent of this impact is from coal. Burning coal at Xcel Energy's Sherco plant in Becker contributes to an estimated 1600 asthma attacks, 150 heart attacks and 92 deaths each year. Scientists and health experts have made significant progress in the past 20 years in understanding just how damaging pollution is to our health and environment; yet, Minnesota hasn't updated its pollution cost estimates, except for inflation. In addition to our monthly electricity bill, when a utility chooses to continue to burn coal and other dirty fuel sources it is sticking us with the bill for increased health care expenses, missed work and school, and environmental damages. Please include the EPA's social cost of carbon and most up-to-date scientific costs for other pollutants in Minnesota's energy decision-making. It's time to count the true costs of pollution when making decisions about our energy future!
Views: 52 Sunny Leung
How Gold Mining Works
Ever wonder how people mined for gold? Have no fear! You can use a pan, a large drill, and even explosives! Anthony did some digging and found out many of the methods that people get that rare substance out of the ground and into your wallet! Don't miss Discovery's epic three-night event! Klondike premieres Monday, January 20th at 9|8c on Discovery Read More: Modern Gold Mining http://money.howstuffworks.com/30924-modern-gold-mining-video.htm "With the price of gold at all time highs, a familiar fever is sweeping Alaska." Gold Price Ounce http://www.goldpriceoz.com/ "Current gold prices per ounce and gold prices history." Improvements in Stope Drilling and Blasting For Deep Gold Mines http://www.saimm.co.za/Journal/v075n06p139.pdf "The rate of face advance in the gold mines is between 3 and 10 m a month, with a median value of about 5 m a month; it follows that faces are blasted less frequently than is planned." Gold Mining - Methods http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gold_mining#Methods "Placer mining is the technique by which gold has accumulated in a placer deposit is extracted." How Does Gold Mining Work? http://www.wisegeek.com/how-does-gold-mining-work.htm "Gold mining can use several different techniques, depending on the situation involved and the type of mining being done." What is the Role of Cyanide in Mining? http://www.miningfacts.org/environment/what-is-the-role-of-cyanide-in-mining/ "Cyanide is a naturally occurring chemical that is found in low concentrations throughout nature including in fruits, nuts, plants, and insects." Gold Fun Facts http://www.amnh.org/exhibitions/past-exhibitions/gold/eureka/gold-fun-facts "It has been estimated that, worldwide, the total amount of gold ever mined is 152,000 metric tons, only enough to fill 60 tractor trailers." Watch More: 5 Surprising Uses for Gold http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MnsJEEEgbvY TestTube Wild Card http://testtube.com/dnews/dnews-437-pets-make-us-healthier?utm_campaign=DNWC&utm_medium=DNews&utm_source=YT The Truth About Diamonds http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mjUCAMFVjaY ____________________ DNews is dedicated to satisfying your curiosity and to bringing you mind-bending stories & perspectives you won't find anywhere else! New videos twice daily. Watch More DNews on TestTube http://testtube.com/dnews Subscribe now! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=dnewschannel DNews on Twitter http://twitter.com/dnews Anthony Carboni on Twitter http://twitter.com/acarboni Laci Green on Twitter http://twitter.com/gogreen18 Trace Dominguez on Twitter http://twitter.com/trace501 DNews on Facebook http://facebook.com/dnews DNews on Google+ http://gplus.to/dnews Discovery News http://discoverynews.com
Views: 265802 Seeker
Study reveals that pollution to blame for cut in lifespans in north of country
SHOTLIST AP TELEVISION July 8, 2013 1. Wide of skyscrapers in Beijing shrouded in smog 2. Top shot of traffic, tilt up to wide of buildings enveloped in smog 3. Wide of buildings in white haze July 9. 2013 4. Close of Peking University professor Chen Yuyu, author of research paper about China's heavy air pollution cutting people's life expectancy 5. Mid of Chen viewing his research paper on website of "Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences" (PNAS), in which it was published 6. Close of computer screen showing paper 7. Close pan of title of paper reading (English) "Evidence on the impact of sustained exposure to air pollution on life expectancy from China's Huai River policy" 8. SOUNDBITE: (Mandarin) Chen Yuyu, Professor of Guanghua School of Management, Peking University: "Our research findings evaluate the high health costs we pay for the heavy air pollution in China." FILE: 14 January 2013 9. Various of power plant on outskirts of Beijing producing smoke July 9, 2013 10. SOUNDBITE: (Mandarin) Chen Yuyu, Professor of Guanghua School of Management, Peking University: "I hope more and more scientists and even the public can pay attention to the air pollution problem, and more funding can be spent on research on this issue, so that we can have a better understanding of the costs, including the health costs we pay for air pollution. What's more important, we need to find a more effective, economical and widely supported approach to improve our air quality." FILE: 15 January 2013 11. Various of parents taking children to hospital because of air pollution, children and some parents wearing masks July 9, 2013 12. SOUNDBITE: (Mandarin) Wang Man, Teacher: "Air pollution is everywhere, and it is bad pollution. No matter if you stay at home or go out, you have this problem. So I am not surprised by it (research findings) at all." 13. Mid of people walking along street 14. SOUNDBITE: (Mandarin) Zhao Fei, Real Estate Agent: "I think everybody should do something to help improve the air quality. Go green with our life, take a bus, don't drive. We all should do something." July 8, 2013 15. Wide top shot of traffic under smog 16. Wide of buildings enveloped in smog STORYLINE A new study has linked heavy air pollution from coal burning to shorter life expectancy in northern China. The study estimates that the half a billion people alive there in the 1990s will live an average of 5.5 years less than their southern counterparts because they breathed dirtier air during their lives. The study by researchers from China, Israel and the United States was published on Tuesday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). For decades, a government policy provided people with free coal for heating, but only in the colder north. The policy was discontinued in 1980 but left a legacy of heavy coal burning, which releases pollutants into the air that can harm human health. Researchers collected data from 90 cities based on the years 1981 to 2000 and estimated the impact on life expectancies using mortality data from 1991 - 2000. They found that in the north, the concentration of pollutants in the air was 55 percent higher than in the south. Life expectancy was 5.5 years lower on average across all age ranges. "Our research findings evaluate the high health costs we pay for the heavy air pollution in China," said Chen Yuyu, one of the authors of the study on Tuesday. Air pollution is a major problem in China due to the country's rapid pace of industrialisation, reliance on coal power, explosive growth in car ownership and disregard for environmental laws. It typically gets worse in the winter because of weather conditions and an increase in coal burning for heating needs. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/894694a09cd544f0e013a1a135f9d929 Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Views: 55 AP Archive
coal mining venders
More Details : http://wwa.stonecrushersolution.org/solutions/solutions.html How to become a supplier – Anglo AmericanAnglo American reserves the right to verify all credentials submitted therein, prior to qualifying any supplier as an approved trade vendor. Please also see the Anglo American privacy statement and Terms of use applicable to this appliion. We work together with the businesses loed in or near our host communities at a&nbspTop 12 Vendors in the Indian Steel Industry TechnavioJul 18, 2016 Another leading steel manufacturer in India, Jindal Steel &amp Power focuses on power generation and mining. The company operates the largest coalbased sponge iron plant in the world and has an installed capacity of 3 MTPA (million tonnes per annum) of steel at Raigarh in Chhattisgarh. Preorder the&nbspCoal County Vendor Mall Home FacebookCoal County Vendor Mall, Greenville, Kentucky: Rated 4.7 of 5, check 71 Reviews of Coal County Vendor Mall, Shopping Mall.Research Report on Strategies for Escape and Rescue from Figure 2Map of the United States showing coalfields, coal mine rescue teams, and coal mine rescue training facilities . underground coal mines during fire and explosion incidents and contains an investigation of Several venders have added predetermined text messages to their communiion or tracking devices.How to become a supplier – Anglo AmericanAnglo American reserves the right to verify all credentials submitted therein, prior to qualifying any supplier as an approved trade vendor. Please also see the Anglo American privacy statement and Terms of use applicable to this appliion. We work together with the businesses loed in or near our host communities at a&nbspSUSTAINABILITY REPORT 201415 (Verified Coal India LimitedFeb 13, 2013 Coal mines loed in the state of Assam i.e.North Eastern Coalfields, continue to be managed directly by CIL. Similarly, Dankuni .. Customers. Key Player. ? Govt. ? Share Holders. ? Employees. Minimal Effort. ? Local villagers. ? Local venders. Keep Informed. ? Suppliers. ? Contractors. INTEREST. POWE. R&nbspCoal mining World Coal AssociationOver 7269 million tonnes (Mt) of hard coal are currently produced worldwide and 787 Mt of lignite. Coal is mined by two methods: surface or &#39opencast&#39 mining, and underground mining.China&#39s Surprising Solutions to Air Pollution Latest StoriesMay 5, 2017 Tangshan today is a hub of heavy industry and coalburning, a city that produces cement, chemicals, and more than five percent of the world&#39s steel. Flatbed . Venders pack bags of onions to be sold at a market in Tangshan. Although The giant flower show was held on the site of a former coal mine.The Development of Risk and Readiness Assessment Models for mine operators and MSHA could use to manage risks in an underground coal mine, to assess the . and readiness assessment models for the coal mining industry to help prevent major mine emergencies and improve emergency operators and coordination with fire rescue/inert gas vendors and other firstresponders.List of Contractors, suppliers, vendors Etc. dealing with their contct Mine Line India Pvt. Ltd., 23, Indrani Park, Kolkata 700033. (W.B.). M/s. ABC Electricals Private Limited, 23A, Netaji Subhash Road, 10th Floor, Room No. 44 (Opp. Coal Bhavan) Kolkata. 700001. (W.B.). M/s. Macnill Engineering Ltd., Konchowki Bhasa, Diamond Harbour road, P.O. Bishnupur Distt. South Parganas. (W.B.).Resident of West ia coal mining community speaks on Aug 17, 2016 Between 2001 and 2015, coal production plunged in the county from nearly 21 million tons to just over 7 million tons. The county has lost A monument to coal miners stands before the Boone County courthouse in Madison, West ia. The collapse in They had three or four venders. That was our fair.Bharat Aluminium Company Ltd. (BALCO) Vendor ZoneIf you are a prospective Vendor, you can tell us about your products and/or services through our Prospective Vendor Registration System. The system is a simple and easy to use means to provide information to BALCO about your company. The information you provide will be available for review by BALCO Commercial.Coal India Corporate Human Rights BenchmarkThis ensures that no children get employed in our coal mines. We are fully committed to abide by the rules on Human Rights across our operations and this reflects in our dealing with our different stakeholders. All suppliers / contractors / vendors who undertake to provide services enter into a comprehensive for
Renewable Energy Production and Projects Becoming A Great Opportunity
SUBSCRIBE: https://goo.gl/w3A8IS TOP STORIES==== Where are the jobs being created in clean energy. Coal bastion Wyoming sees huge growth in renewable energy jobs. Chinese firm helps US coal miners transition to wind energy jobs. Report- Minnesota's Clean Energy Economy Is Booming. Watch the video to see all these and many more... Don't forget to subscribe for upcoming videos - Richard Aguilar My Youtube Channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCYzz2SkhAaM0FDKuGk-IPZg MY Twitter and Google Plus: https://twitter.com/gygenministries https://plus.google.com/u/0/+RichardHansAguilar Thanks for watching... #renewableenergyjobs #windenergyjobs #renewableenergycreatesmorejobs #cleanenergyjobsfortheUS
Views: 990 Richard Aguilar
How China is (and isn't) fighting pollution and climate change | Angel Hsu
China is the world's biggest polluter -- and now one of its largest producers of clean energy. Which way will China go in the future, and how will it affect the global environment? Data scientist Angel Hsu describes how the most populous country on earth is creating a future based on alternative energy -- and facing up to the environmental catastrophe it created as it rapidly industrialized. Check out more TED Talks: http://www.ted.com The TED Talks channel features the best talks and performances from the TED Conference, where the world's leading thinkers and doers give the talk of their lives in 18 minutes (or less). Look for talks on Technology, Entertainment and Design -- plus science, business, global issues, the arts and more. Follow TED on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/TEDTalks Like TED on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TED Subscribe to our channel: https://www.youtube.com/TED
Views: 96499 TED
RickWells.us - EPA Chief - Killing Coal Will Cost the Equivalent of One Gallon of Milk Per Month
Last month when EPA Chief Gina McCarthy announced the death blow in their war on coal, she made the unbelievable claim that removing thirty percent of America's energy capacity would have the financial impact of costing Americans the equivalent of one gallon of milk per month. That's around five dollars. Industry experts predict an over 400 percent increase in electric rates, so, unless one is currently paying about $400 per gallon for their milk, what she's feeding us comes from the other gender of bovine.
Views: 1564 Rick Wells
Stop Coal Leasing on Public Lands
http://www.sc.org/publiccoal An astonishing 40 percent of all coal produced in the United States comes from public land that's cared for with taxpayer dollars. The government recently put a hold on new federal coal leases to study the impact that coal mined on public lands has on our climate. This means we have an unprecedented opportunity to push this country towards a clean energy future and away from dirty fuels. Take action: Protect public lands and our climate from Big Coal at sc.org/publiccoal Subscribe for more from Sierra Club: http://smarturl.it/SierraClub_Subscribe Founded by legendary conservationist John Muir in 1892, the Sierra Club is now the nation's largest and most influential grassroots environmental organization -- with more than two million members and supporters. Our successes range from protecting millions of acres of wilderness to helping pass the Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, and Endangered Species Act. More recently, we've made history by leading the charge to address climate disruption by moving away from the dirty fossil fuels and toward a clean energy economy. Visit us here: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SierraClub Twitter: https://twitter.com/sierraclub Instagram: https://instagram.com/sierraclub
Views: 8811 NationalSierraClub
Industrial Power 1957 Japan Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI)
more at http://news.quickfound.net/intl/japan_news.html Excellent film, placed in the US National Archives by the Central Intelligence Agency, depicting the state of Japanese industrial development in 1957. "This film opens with scenes of Mt. Fuji and natural resources used for powering a hydra-electric power plant. Footage shows dams, power lines, coal mining, a steel plant, railroad steam engines and other uses and resources for power." Public domain film from the US National Archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied. The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and/or equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ministry_of_International_Trade_and_Industry The Ministry of International Trade and Industry (通商産業省 Tsūshō-sangyō-shō or MITI) was one of the most powerful agencies of the Government of Japan. At the height of its influence, it effectively ran much of Japanese industrial policy, funding research and directing investment. In 2001, its role was taken over by the newly created Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI)... History MITI was created with the split of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry in May 1949 and given the mission for coordinating international trade policy with other groups, such as the Bank of Japan, the Economic planning Agency, and the various commerce-related cabinet ministries. At the time it was created, Japan was still recovering from the economic disaster of World War II. With inflation rising and productivity failing to keep up, the government sought a better mechanism for reviving the Japanese economy. MITI has been responsible not only in the areas of exports and imports but also for all domestic industries and businesses not specifically covered by other ministries in the areas of investment in plant and equipment, pollution control, energy and power, some aspects of foreign economic assistance, and consumer complaints. This span has allowed MITI to integrate conflicting policies, such as those on pollution control and export competitiveness, to minimize damage to export industries. MITI has served as an architect of industrial policy, an arbiter on industrial problems and disputes, and a regulator. A major objective of the ministry has been to strengthen the country's industrial base... The close relationship between MITI and Japanese industry has led to foreign trade policy that often complements the ministry's efforts to strengthen domestic manufacturing interests... These policies to promote domestic industry and to protect it from international competition were strongest in the 1950s and 1960s. As industry became stronger and as MITI lost some of its policy tools, such as control over allocation of foreign exchange, MITI's policies also changed. The success of Japanese exports and the tension it has caused in other countries led MITI to provide guidance on limiting exports of particular products to various countries. Starting in 1981, MITI presided over the establishment of voluntary restraints on automobile exports to the United States to allay criticism from American manufacturers and their unions. Similarly, MITI was forced to liberalize import policies, despite its traditional protectionist focus. During the 1980s, the ministry helped to craft a number of market-opening and import promoting measures, including the creation of an import promotion office within the ministry. The close relationship between MITI and industry allowed the ministry to play such a role in fostering more open markets, but conflict remained between the need to open markets and the desire to continue promoting new and growing domestic industries. As late as the 1980s, prime ministers were expected to serve a tenure as MITI minister before taking over the government. MITI worked closely with Japanese business interests, and was largely responsible for keeping the domestic market closed to most foreign companies. MITI lost some influence when the switch was made to a floating exchange rate between the United States dollar and yen in 1971. Before that point, MITI had been able to keep the exchange rate artificially low, which benefited Japan's exporters. Later, intense lobbying from other countries, particularly the United States, pushed Japan to introduce more liberal trade laws that further lessened MITI's grip over the Japanese economy. By the mid-1980s, the ministry was helping foreign corporations set up operations in Japan... The declining significance of MITI to Japanese companies made it a less powerful agency within the bureaucracy, and by the end of the 20th century, it was folded into a larger body. In 2001, it was reorganized into the Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry (METI).
Views: 8182 Jeff Quitney
Energy 101: Geothermal Energy
See how we can generate clean, renewable energy from hot water sources deep beneath the Earth's surface. The video highlights the basic principles at work in geothermal energy production, and illustrates three different ways the Earth's heat can be converted into electricity. Transcript: http://energy.gov/eere/videos/energy-101-geothermal-energy --- Subscribe to Energy for regular content: http://goo.gl/Ga5lP Like Energy on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/energygov Follow Energy on Twitter: https://twitter.com/ENERGY
Peabody Energy Issues Statement on Spoof Website, CoalCares.org
An activist group that launched a website spoof has led one energy company to act fast. Peabody energy was at the center of the hoax after the group stated on their website, CoalCares.org that the company is offering "Puff-Puff inhalers" free to any family living within 200 miles of a coal plant, as well as a $10 coupon for asthma medication. The site also published "facts" about coal that compared it to other alternative sources of energy, stating, for example, that 'wind turbines kill 70,000 birds per year" while coal pollution "kills fewer than 13,000 people per year." Peabody energy has cited figures and statistics from the United Nations, World Resources Institute and the U.S. government to refute the "facts" posted in the spoof website. The company also directed readers to its own websites, PeabodyEnergy.com and CoalCanDoThat.com. Shares at Peabody are down 0.85% to $63.36.
Views: 276 TradeTheTrend
Beware the Wind 1967 George Washington University
This 1967 film was produced at the George Washington University Airlie Center in cooperation with The Medical Society of the District of Columbia and WRC-TV-NBC. Funding was provided by the U.S. Public Health Service. This film was designed to alert the public to the need for air pollution control. The film describes man's technological advancements and how they have polluted water and air. Its shows the principal sources of air pollution, including-industrial operations, burning dumps, motor vehicles, and combustion of fossil fuels like coal and oil. It describes the effects of air pollutants on animals, people and property. Finally the film describes the means of applying available technology to bring about cleaner air through the efforts of a concerned citizenry. In 1928, the United States Public Health Service began checking air pollution in eastern cities and reported that sunlight was reduced by 20 to 50 percent in New York City. In November 1939, the city of St. Louis experienced nine days of extreme smoke air pollution with near zero visibility at midday even with street lights on. City officials and community, business, and industry leaders developed and implemented controls and regulations; St. Louis was the first major U. S. city to limit the use of soft, low quality coal. During the late 1940s, serious smog incidents in Los Angeles further heightened public awareness and concern about this issue. In 1948, an air pollution inversion event in Donora, Pennsylvania, killed 20 people and sickened about 40 percent of the town's 14,000 inhabitants. In November 1953, a smog incident in New York City resulted in the death of between 170 and 260 people. In 1963 and 1966, regional weather patterns resulted in air inversions that trapped local air pollutants in the New York City area, resulting in 405 and 168 deaths, respectively. The Air Pollution Control Act of 1955 was the first federal legislation involving air pollution in the United States. This Act provided funds for federal research in air pollution. The Clean Air Act of 1963 was the first federal legislation regarding air pollution control. It established a federal program within the U.S. Public Health Service and authorized research into techniques for monitoring and controlling air pollution. In 1967, the Air Quality Act was enacted in order to expand federal government activities. In accordance with this law, enforcement proceedings were initiated in areas subject to interstate air pollution transport. As part of these proceedings, the federal government for the first time conducted extensive ambient monitoring studies and stationary source inspections.
Views: 148 markdcatlin

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