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Congo, My Precious. The Curse of the coltan mines in Congo
Watch more https://rtd.rt.com/tags/illegal-mining/ The Democratic Republic of Congo in Africa is one of the world’s most resource-rich countries. A wide range of rare minerals can be found here in abundance, all commanding high prices in world commodity markets. Diamonds for jewellery, tantalum, tungsten and gold for electronics; uranium used in power generation and weaponry and many others. Congo has copious deposits of raw materials that are in high demand internationally but remains one of the poorest countries in the world. From colonisation, with the horrors of slavery and other atrocities, to a turbulent and equally brutal present in which militant groups control the mines, Congo’s richness in natural resources has brought nothing but misery. Referred to as “conflict minerals”, these riches leave only a trail of death, destruction and poverty. Under Belgian rule, Congolese labourers were often required to meet quotas when mining different minerals. Failure could mean punishment by having a hand cut off with a machete. The country gained independence in 1960, but that didn’t put a stop to slave and child labour or to crimes being committed to extract and exploit the minerals. Warring militant fractions from inside the country and beyond seized control of mines for their own benefit while terrorising local populations. For our translator, Bernard Kalume Buleri, his country’s history of turmoil is very personal; like most Congolese people, he and his family fell victim to the unending mineral based power struggle. Born in the year of his country’s independence, he has lived through war and seen his homeland torn apart by violent looting and greed. His story is a damning testament, illustrating how nature’s bounty, instead of being a blessing, becomes a deadly curse. SUBSCRIBE TO RTD Channel to get documentaries firsthand! http://bit.ly/1MgFbVy FOLLOW US RTD WEBSITE: https://RTD.rt.com/ RTD ON TWITTER: http://twitter.com/RT_DOC RTD ON FACEBOOK: http://www.facebook.com/RTDocumentary RTD ON DAILYMOTION http://www.dailymotion.com/rt_doc RTD ON INSTAGRAM https://www.instagram.com/rtd_documentary_channel/ RTD LIVE https://rtd.rt.com/on-air/
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Mines Zaïre
27 mars 1997 Zaire: c'est la région la plus favorisée par ses richesses minières qui va tomber dans les prochains jours sous contrôle de la rebellion au régime de MOBUTU. - PL mine située en plein air, des mineurs travaillent la terre pour extraire des minérais. - Carte du Zaire situant les villes minières: Kisangani, mines d'or exploitées par des entreprises originaires du Canada. Lubumbashi, mines de cuivre exploitées par l' entreprise américaine AMF et mines de cobalt exploitées par l'entreprise australienne ANVIL. Il y a aussi au centre du pays des exploitations de diamants gérées par des anglo-américains et autres gisements traditionnels gardés par l'Union Minière Belge. BT tableau indiquant que le Zaire est dans le monde le 1er producteur de cobalt, le 2ème de diamants et le 5èmè de cuivre. - DP quartiers de la capitale, KINSHASA. PANO paysages illustrant les beautés naturelles du pays. - ITW Emery KALAMBA, avocat de la societé minière Banro, évoquant que les compagnies étrangères apportent leur technologie et leur puissance à ce pays africain. - ITW Williams MALLANTS, ex-conseiller de Mobutu, actuel conseiller du chef rebelle Laurent KABILA et le plus important diamantaire du pays, affirmant que les hommes de Kabila vont gagner la paix comme ils vont gagner la guerre. - ITW Antoine GLASER, journaliste et auteur du livre "Lettre du continent indigo", estimant que MALLANTS, en ayant connu les stratagèmes de Mobutu et de Kabila, a pu garder les meilleures connexions en matière d'affaires. - Réunions organisées par les rebelles en territoire conquis, pour adhérer leurs compatriotes à leur politique. Miliciens à l'entrainement, et en premier plan grâce à un montage, GP du chef rebelle Laurent KABILA. Images d'archive INA Institut National de l'Audiovisuel http://www.ina.fr Institut National de l'Audiovisuel http://www.ina.fr Abonnez-vous http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=Inahistoire #INA #Histoire
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Timeline of United States military operations | Wikipedia audio article
This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article: Timeline of United States military operations 00:00:33 1 Extraterritorial and major domestic deployments 00:00:52 1.1 1775–1799 00:03:29 1.2 1800–1809 00:04:53 1.3 1810–1819 00:09:13 1.4 1820–1829 00:10:43 1.5 1830–1839 00:13:10 1.6 1840–1849 00:15:56 1.7 1850–1859 00:21:11 1.8 1860–1869 00:24:21 1.9 1870–1879 00:26:21 1.10 1880–1889 00:27:54 1.11 1890–1899 00:32:44 1.12 1900–1909 00:36:24 1.13 1910–1919 00:44:36 1.14 1920–1929 00:48:10 1.15 1930–1939 00:49:03 1.16 1940–1944 00:50:41 1.17 1945–1949 00:53:01 1.18 1950–1959 00:56:15 1.19 1960–1969 00:58:50 1.20 1970–1979 01:02:00 1.21 1980–1989 01:12:01 1.22 1990–1999 01:22:28 1.23 2000–2009 01:27:43 1.24 2010–present 01:34:18 2 Battles with the Native Americans 01:34:36 3 Relocation 01:35:09 4 Armed insurrections and slave revolts 01:37:14 5 Range wars 01:38:06 6 Bloody local feuds 01:38:25 7 Bloodless boundary disputes 01:39:13 8 Terrorist, paramilitary groups and guerrilla warfare 01:39:25 8.1 18th and 19th century 01:40:12 9 Labor–management disputes 01:40:47 10 State and national secession attempts 01:41:25 11 Riots and public disorder 01:41:48 12 Miscellaneous 01:43:01 12.1 Latter-day Saints 01:43:16 12.2 Republic of Texas 01:43:33 13 See also 01:43:42 14 Notes Listening is a more natural way of learning, when compared to reading. Written language only began at around 3200 BC, but spoken language has existed long ago. Learning by listening is a great way to: - increases imagination and understanding - improves your listening skills - improves your own spoken accent - learn while on the move - reduce eye strain Now learn the vast amount of general knowledge available on Wikipedia through audio (audio article). You could even learn subconsciously by playing the audio while you are sleeping! If you are planning to listen a lot, you could try using a bone conduction headphone, or a standard speaker instead of an earphone. You can find other Wikipedia audio articles too at: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCuKfABj2eGyjH3ntPxp4YeQ You can upload your own Wikipedia articles through: https://github.com/nodef/wikipedia-tts "The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing." - Socrates SUMMARY ======= This timeline of United States government military operations is based on the Committee on International Relations (now known as the U.S. House Committee on Foreign Affairs). Dates show the years in which U.S. government military units participated. Items in bold are the U.S. government wars most often considered to be major conflicts by historians and the general public. Note that instances where the U.S. government gave aid alone, with no military personnel involvement, are excluded, as are Central Intelligence Agency operations.
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